Ernst W. Mayr


Born
in Kempten, Germany
July 05, 1904

Died
February 03, 2005

Website

Genre

Influences


For the computer scientist, see Ernst Wilhelm Meyr

Ernst Walter Mayr (July 5, 1904 – February 3, 2005) was one of the 20th century's leading evolutionary biologists. He was also a renowned taxonomist, tropical explorer, ornithologist, and historian of science. His work contributed to the conceptual revolution that led to the modern evolutionary synthesis of Mendelian genetics, systematics, and Darwinian evolution, and to the development of the biological species concept.

Although Charles Darwin and others posited that multiple species could evolve from a single common ancestor, the mechanism by which this occurred was not understood, creating the species problem. Ernst Mayr approached the problem with a new definition for the concept of speci
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Average rating: 4.01 · 4,030 ratings · 110 reviews · 32 distinct worksSimilar authors
What Evolution Is

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3.99 avg rating — 3,176 ratings — published 1964 — 22 editions
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This is Biology: The Scienc...

3.96 avg rating — 230 ratings — published 1997 — 18 editions
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The Growth of Biological Th...

4.28 avg rating — 144 ratings — published 1982 — 9 editions
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One Long Argument: Charles ...

4.09 avg rating — 94 ratings — published 1991 — 7 editions
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What Makes Biology Unique?

4.13 avg rating — 105 ratings — published 1997 — 11 editions
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Toward a New Philosophy of ...

4.13 avg rating — 46 ratings — published 1988 — 2 editions
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The Birds of Northern Melan...

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3.44 avg rating — 45 ratings — published 2001 — 2 editions
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Principles of Systematic Zo...

4.42 avg rating — 33 ratings — published 1969 — 2 editions
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Evolution and the Diversity...

4.15 avg rating — 34 ratings — published 1976 — 4 editions
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Populations, Species, and E...

3.97 avg rating — 29 ratings — published 1970 — 2 editions
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More books by Ernst W. Mayr…
“Every politician, clergyman, educator, or physician, in short, anyone dealing with human individuals, is bound to make grave mistakes if he ignores these two great truths of population zoology: (1) no two individuals are alike, and (2) both environment and genetic endowment make a contribution to nearly every trait.”
Ernst Mayr

“According to the concept of transformational evolution, first clearly articulated by Lamarck, evolution consists of the gradual transformation of organisms from one condition of existence to another.”
Ernst Mayr

“I published that theory [of speciational evolution] in a 1954 paper…and I clearly related it to paleontology. Darwin argued that the fossil record is very incomplete because some species fossilize better than others... I noted that you are never going to find evidence of a small local population that changed very rapidly in the fossil record... Gould was my course assistant at Harvard where I presented this theory again and again for three years. So he knew it thoroughly. So did Eldredge. In fact, in his 1971 paper Eldredge credited me with it. But that was lost over time.”
Ernst Mayr