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message 1: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 35101 comments Mod
This is the thread to discuss Sudan:

The Republic of Sudan (i /suːˈdæn/),[6] Arabic: جمهورية السودان‎, Jumhūrīyat al Sūdān, is a country in northeastern Africa. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, Kenya and Uganda to the southeast, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest. The world's longest river, the Nile, divides the country between east and west sides.

The people of Sudan have a long history extending from antiquity which is intertwined with the history of Egypt, with which it was united politically over several periods. After gaining independence from Egypt and the United Kingdom in 1956, Sudan suffered seventeen years of civil war during the First Sudanese Civil War (1955–1972) followed by ethnic, religious and economic conflicts between the Northern Sudanese (with mainly Nubian and Arab roots), and the Christian and animist Nilotes of Southern Sudan.

This led to the Second Sudanese Civil War in 1983, and because of continuing political and military struggles, Sudan was seized in a bloodless coup d'état by colonel Omar al-Bashir in 1989, who thereafter proclaimed himself President of Sudan.

The civil war ended with the signing of a Comprehensive Peace Agreement which granted autonomy to the southern region of the country. Following a referendum held in January 2011, Southern Sudan will secede on 9 July 2011.

A member of the United Nations, Sudan also maintains membership with the African Union, the Arab League, the Organisation of the Islamic Conference and the Non-Aligned Movement, as well as serving as an observer in World Trade Organization.

Its capital is Khartoum, which serves as the political, cultural and commercial centre of the nation, while Omdurman is the largest city. Officially a federal presidential representative democratic republic, the politics of Sudan are widely considered by the international community to take place within an authoritarian dictatorship due to the influence of the National Congress Party (NCP).[13] These factors led to the termination of diplomatic relations between Sudan and Chad, obstruction of humanitarian assistance to the civilian population and war crimes charges being issued against members of the Sudanese government.

On 4 March 2008, the International Criminal Court (ICC) issued an arrest warrant for al-Bashir on charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity related to the ongoing conflict in the Darfur region of western Sudan, the first sitting head of state ever indicted by the ICC.[14][14] And on 12 July 2010, the ICC issued a second arrest warrant for al-Bashir, adding the charge of genocide.

Source: Wikipedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sudan

Its Flag




Location



Capital

Capital and Largest City - Khartoum

Emblem

[image error]

Government

Government: Federal presidential democratic republic

- President Omar al-Bashir (NCP)

- Vice President Salva Kiir Mayardit (SPLM)

- Vice President Ali Osman Taha (NCP

The Republic of Sudan website:

http://www.presidency.gov.sd/en/


message 2: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 35101 comments Mod
One book which covers the horrible history of this country was What is the What by Eggers.

What is the What by Dave Eggers by Dave EggersDave Eggers

Very powerful book about a lost boy caught in the turmoil.


message 3: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 35101 comments Mod
Sudan by Ninie Hammon by Ninie HammonNinie Hammon

Publisher's Synopsis:

Sudan 2000. The largest nation in Africa has been turned into an immense killing field, with over two million lives destroyed in a brutal and ongoing civil war. Human rights journalist Ron Wolfson travels to the heart of Africa to investigate reports of modern day slavery. When Bedayene guerrillas raid a small Dinka village and capture a young girl, her father, a simple farmer, mounts an against-all-odds attempt to redeem his daughter. While Ron’s brother, a U.S. congressman, seeks to force international political pressure, Ron becomes an eyewitness to the horrors of slavery. His life will never be the same after he joins a father in his desperate search for his little girl—before it’s
 too late.

“...a story of convicting significance.”
FOX Television Host Governor Mike Huckabee


message 4: by Jill (new)

Jill Hutchinson (Bucs1960) For a look at the Sudan (or Soudan as it is sometimes styled) during the period of 1880-1898 and particularly "Chinese" Gordon and the siege of Khartoum by the Mahdi and his Dervishes, I would recommend:

Khartoum The Ultimate Imperial Adventure by Michael Asher by Michael Asher (no photo available).


message 5: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 35101 comments Mod
Thank you Jill for your add. The book looks quite informative.


message 6: by Jill (new)

Jill Hutchinson (Bucs1960) You are quite welcome.....I am very interested in the British experience in Africa and how it shaped the attitudes of the indigenous population and moved them to break the chains of colonialism. Two other books which touch on the history of the Sudan are:

Queen Victoria's Little Wars by Byron Farwell by Byron Farwell(no photo available)
Eminent Victorian Soldiers Seekers of Glory by Byron Farwell by Byron Farwell


message 7: by 'Aussie Rick' (new)

'Aussie Rick' (AussieRick) Hi Jill, "Khartoum: The Ultimate Imperial Adventure" is a great story isn't it! I have read it and a few books on Gordon which I really enjoyed.


Khartoum The Ultimate Imperial Adventure by Michael Asher by Michael Asher

Imperial Vanities The Adventures of the Baker Brothers and Gordon of Khartoum by Brian Thompson by Brian Thompson

The road to Khartoum A life of General Charles Gordon by Charles Pocklington Chenevix TrenchThe road to Khartoum: A life of General Charles Gordon(no cover) by Charles Pocklington Chenevix Trench

I am yet to read the following books:

Sword of the Prophet The Mahdi of Sudan and the Death of General Gordon by Fergus Nicoll by Fergus Nicoll

Gordon of Khartoum The Saga of a Victorian Hero by John Waller by John Waller


message 8: by Jill (new)

Jill Hutchinson (Bucs1960) I have added a couple of your recommendations to my every expanding, never-ending TBR pile. Thanks....I am also interested in Gordon.


message 9: by 'Aussie Rick' (new)

'Aussie Rick' (AussieRick) Hi Jill, I hope you enjoy them. I also like reading about Gordon and I have a book on Kitchener I'd like to read one day soon as well.


message 10: by Jill (new)

Jill Hutchinson (Bucs1960) Oooh, Kitchener.....I haven't read anything about him but need to do that......what book do you have? Another interesting Victorian soldier is Lord Roberts, affectionately called "Bobs" by the British public......a very complex man.


message 11: by 'Aussie Rick' (new)

'Aussie Rick' (AussieRick) Hi Jill, so many interesting Victorian soldiers to read about eh! The book that I have on Kitchener was originally published as two volumes and then later released into one, so it’s a book of just under 600 pages but it looks very good. Its by John Pollock and is titled; "Kitchener: Architect of Victory, Artisan of Peace".

Kitchener Architect of Victory, Artisan of Peace by John Pollock by John Pollock


message 12: by Jill (new)

Jill Hutchinson (Bucs1960) Thanks, I will look for that......the more pages, the better. It appears that your reading tastes mirror mine. Sorry for getting us off the subject of Sudan.


message 13: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 35101 comments Mod
And back to Sudan.


message 14: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (last edited Jun 23, 2011 08:20PM) (new)

Bentley | 35101 comments Mod
I think this is worth watching: (Sudan, Clooney, Referendum to Separate Sudan, Genocide)

Winds of War - Parts 1 - 6

Winds of War: Part One:

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/21134540/...

Winds of War - Part Two:

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/21134540/...

Winds of War - Part Three:

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/21134540/...

Winds of War - Part Four

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/21134540/...

Winds of War - Part Five

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/21134540/...

Winds of War - Part Six

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/21134540/...

Meet John Prendergast:

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/21134540/...

"Not to start a war, but to stop one"

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/21134540/...

George Clooney was sick with malaria earlier this year:

George Clooney Sick With Malaria From Sudan

http://www.thirdage.com/celebrities/g...

http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/ent...

http://www.independent.ie/lifestyle/i...

The Valentino Achak Deng Foundation:

http://www.valentinoachakdeng.org/



message 15: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 35101 comments Mod
War in Darfur (The Darfur Conflict)

The Darfur Conflict[14][15] was a guerrilla conflict or civil war centered on the Darfur region of Sudan. It began in February 2003 when the Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A) and Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) groups in Darfur took up arms, accusing the Sudanese government of oppressing non-Arab Sudanese in favor of Sudanese Arabs.

One side of the conflict was composed mainly of the official Sudanese military and police, and the Janjaweed, a Sudanese militia group recruited mostly from the Arab Abbala tribes of the northern Rizeigat region in Sudan; these tribes are mainly camel-herding nomads.

The other combatants are made up of rebel groups, notably the SLM/A and the JEM, recruited primarily from the non-Arab Muslim Fur, Zaghawa, and Masalit ethnic groups. Although the Sudanese government publicly denies that it supports the Janjaweed, it has been providing financial assistance and weapons to the militia and has been organizing joint attacks targeting civilians.[16][17] The Sudanese government uses oil revenues to fund a military capacity that is in turn, used to conduct war in Darfur. Oil revenues collected from companies around the world fund the civil war as well as violations of international human rights and humanitarian law.

Sudan’s oil wealth has played a major part in enabling an otherwise poor government to fund the expensive bombers, helicopters and arms supplies which have allowed the Sudanese government to launch aerial attacks on towns and villages and fund militias to fight its proxy war in Darfur.

There are various estimates on the number of human casualties, ranging from under twenty thousand to several hundred thousand dead, from either direct combat or starvation and disease inflicted by the conflict. There have also been mass displacements and coercive migrations, forcing millions into refugee camps or over the border and creating a large humanitarian crisis.

The Sudanese government and the JEM signed a ceasefire agreement in February, 2010, with a tentative agreement to pursue further peace. The JEM has the most to gain from the talks, and could see semi-autonomy much like South Sudan.

However, talks have been disrupted by accusations that the Sudanese army launched raids and air strikes against a village, violating the February agreement. The JEM, the largest rebel group in Darfur, has said they will boycott further negotiations.

In Darfur, over 5 million people have been affected by the conflict.

Source: Wikipedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_in_D...


message 16: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 35101 comments Mod
Conversations from Penn State:

Video

http://conversations.psu.edu/episodes...


message 17: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)


message 18: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)


message 19: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 35101 comments Mod
Valentino Achak Deng & his family in Sudan

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vjqD3W...


message 20: by Becky (new)

Becky (groundhawg) I thought I'd pop into this forum with a question. I'm currently moderating the production of The Four Feathers by A.E.W. Mason by A.E.W. Masonas an audiobook on Librivox. Its really piqued my interest in a new section of history. I'm looking for a little background on England's involvement in the Sudan/surrounding areas around the 1880's. Any suggestions?


message 21: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 35101 comments Mod
I think the book Jill mentioned in message 4 might be beneficial.


message 22: by Jill (new)

Jill Hutchinson (Bucs1960) Becky.....another book I mentioned will also give you some background of the colonial experience in Africa during the time period in which you are interested.

Queen Victoria's Little Wars by Byron Farwellby Byron Farwell.

I really like the book you are moderating and there is also a film of the book, made in England in 1939 which is quite well done.

The Four Feathers by A.E.W. Mason by A.E.W. MasonA.E.W. Mason


message 23: by Pradeep (new)

Pradeep Jayatunga (pravan) | 52 comments A bit of light reading on the subject would be Wilbur Smith's Triumph of the Sun.


message 24: by Michael (new)

Michael Flanagan (Loboz) Found this THE FIRST JIHAD Khartoum, and the Dawn of Militant Islam by Daniel Allen Butler by Daniel Allen Butler looks intriguing.


message 25: by Bryan, Honorary Contributor - EMERITUS (new)

Bryan Craig | 11679 comments Mod
Pradeep wrote: "A bit of light reading on the subject would be Wilbur Smith's Triumph of the Sun."

Thanks, Pradeep. Don't forget to cite the book with a book cover, author photo, and author link:

The Triumph of the Sun (A Courtney Family Adventure, #12) (The Ballantyne Novels, #5) by Wilbur A. Smith Wilbur A. SmithWilbur A. Smith


message 26: by 'Aussie Rick' (new)

'Aussie Rick' (AussieRick) Michael wrote: "Found this THE FIRST JIHAD Khartoum, and the Dawn of Militant Islam by Daniel Allen Butler by Daniel Allen Butler looks intriguing."

Looks like an interesting book Michael.


message 27: by Scott (new)

Scott | 134 comments I have friends presently in Sudan. It is becoming more and more difficult to travel anywhere in the country, especially for those crossing the border between South Sudan and Sudan. Much of the oil is in the new country of Southern Sudan, but the pipelines to export the oil are in the north on the Mediterrean Sea. This interdependency could be grounds for co-operation, but lately it has has been the source of new conflict as accusations of diverting oil and non-payment. are exchanged


message 28: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 35101 comments Mod
I never realized the horrible conditions there until I did some recent reading about the conflict. Horrible really what those folks have gone through. I hope your friends are indeed safe.


message 29: by Jill (new)

Jill Hutchinson (Bucs1960) A harrowing but inspiring tale of the triumph of the human spirit.


They Poured Fire On Us From The Sky

They Poured Fire on Us From the Sky The Story of Three Lost Boys from Sudan by Benson Deng by Benson Deng

Synopsis

Benjamin, Alepho, and Benson were raised among the Dinka tribe of Sudan. Their world was an insulated, close-knit community of grass-roofed cottages, cattle herders, and tribal councils. The lions and pythons that prowled beyond the village fences were the greatest threat they knew. All that changed the night the government-armed Murahiliin began attacking their villages. Amid the chaos, screams, conflagration, and gunfire, five-year-old Benson and seven-year-old Benjamin fled into the dark night. Two years later, Alepho, age seven, was forced to do the same. Across the Southern Sudan, over the next five years, thousands of other boys did likewise, joining this stream of child refugees that became known as the Lost Boys. Their journey would take them over one thousand miles across a war-ravaged country, through landmine-sown paths, crocodile-infested waters, and grotesque extremes of hunger, thirst, and disease. The refugee camps they eventually filtered through offered little respite from the brutality they were fleeing.
In They Poured Fire on Us From the Sky, Alepho, Benson, and Benjamin, by turn, recount their experiences along this unthinkable journey. They vividly recall the family, friends, and tribal world they left far behind them and their desperate efforts to keep track of one another. This is a captivating memoir of Sudan and a powerful portrait of war as seen through the eyes of children. And it is, in the end, an inspiring and unforgettable tribute to the tenacity of even the youngest human spirits.


message 30: by Alisa (new)

Alisa (MsTaz) | 5617 comments A History of the Sudan: From the Coming of Islam to the Present Day
A History of the Sudan From the Coming of Islam to the Present Day by P. M. Holt by P.M. Holt

Synopsis
Here is a new edition of well-known introductory history of the Sudan, which takes events of this troubled region up to 1998. This extended coverage considers the last years of Jaafar Nimeiri's government to his fall from power in 1985; the subsequent transitional military regime; the return to parliamentary rule, and the current attempts to establish an Islamic state under a renewed military regime. More than a political narrative, this book shows how the modern Sudan has been shaped by three key elements in its history: the influence of the Ottoman Empire; the impact of British domination; and, above all else, the enduring indigenous tradition of the region, produced by the intermingling of its African and Arab Muslim inheritance.


message 31: by Alisa (new)

Alisa (MsTaz) | 5617 comments Sudan's Painful Road To Peace: A Full Story Of The Founding And Development Of Splm/Spla
Sudan's Painful Road To Peace A Full Story Of The Founding And Development Of Splm/Spla by Arop Madut-Arop by Arop Madut-Arop

Synopsis
A record of the founding and development of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement and the Sudan People's Liberation Army and its subsequent military campaigns (1983-2005). "The author believes that the true story of the founding and development of the Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) and the Sudan People Liberation Army (SPLA) and its subsequent military campaign has not been previously documented in such detail. It starts with a brief summary of the Anya Nya war (1955-1972) going through the Ten Year Truce ushered in by the Addis Ababa Peace Accord of 1972 and covers the politics which led to the founding of the SPLA in 1983. The political and military campaign of the SPLA/SPLM from 1983 up until the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in 2005 is examined in detail"--cover.


message 32: by Alisa (new)

Alisa (MsTaz) | 5617 comments Sudan: Darfur and the Failure of an African State
Sudan Darfur and the Failure of an African State by Richard Cockett by Richard Cockett

Synopsis
Over the past two decades, the situation in Africa’s largest country, Sudan, has progressively deteriorated: the country is in second position on the Failed States Index, a war in Darfur has claimed hundreds of thousands of deaths, President Bashir has been indicted by the International Criminal Court, a forthcoming referendum on independence for Southern Sudan threatens to split the country violently apart.

In this fascinating and immensely readable book, the Africa editor of the Economist gives an absorbing account of Sudan’s descent into failure and what some have called genocide. Drawing on interviews with many of the main players, Richard Cockett explains how and why Sudan has disintegrated, looking in particular at the country’s complex relationship with the wider world. He shows how the United States and Britain were initially complicit in Darfur—but also how a broad coalition of human-rights activists, right-wing Christians, and opponents of slavery succeeded in bringing the issues to prominence in the United States and creating an impetus for change at the highest level.


message 33: by James (new)

James (jbgusa) | 53 comments Alisa wrote: "Sudan: Darfur and the Failure of an African State
Sudan Darfur and the Failure of an African State by Richard Cockett by Richard Cockett

Synopsis
Over the past two decades, the situation in Africa’s largest country, Sudan, has progressively deteriorated: the country is in second position on the Failed States Index, a war in Darfur has claimed hundreds of thousands of deaths, President Bashir has been indicted by the International Criminal Court, a forthcoming referendum on independence for Southern Sudan threatens to split the country violently apart


Is South Sudan's independence covered in the book?


message 34: by Alisa (new)

Alisa (MsTaz) | 5617 comments James I don't know, I have not read it. Maybe someone else can answer that question.


message 35: by James (new)

James (jbgusa) | 53 comments Alisa wrote: "James I don't know, I have not read it. Maybe someone else can answer that question."

Thanks. I have been fascinated with the possible potential of a non-radical-Muslim, free enterprise zone in that area.


message 36: by Jill (new)

Jill Hutchinson (Bucs1960) The River War

The River War by Winston Churchill by Winston ChurchillWinston Churchill

Synopsis;

This instructive treatise on a Middle Eastern conflict was written by one of history's greatest figures. Churchill recounts the operations directed by Lord Kitchener on the Upper Nile from 1896 to 1899, offering valuable insights into a historic clash of Western and Arabic cultures. 22 maps and plans.


message 37: by Chrissie (last edited Jul 31, 2013 09:50PM) (new)

Chrissie I liked this:

Dreams in a Time of War: A Childhood Memoir
(Note: Historical Fiction)


Dreams in a Time of War A Childhood Memoir by Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’o by Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’oNgũgĩ wa Thiong’o

Synopsis:

By the world-renowned novelist, playwright, critic, and author of Wizard of the Crow, an evocative and affecting memoir of childhood.

Ngugi wa Thiong’o was born in 1938 in rural Kenya to a father whose four wives bore him more than a score of children. The man who would become one of Africa’s leading writers was the fifth child of the third wife. Even as World War II affected the lives of Africans under British colonial rule in particularly unexpected ways, Ngugi spent his childhood as very much the apple of his mother’s eye before attending school to slake what was then considered a bizarre thirst for learning.

In Dreams in a Time of War, Ngugi deftly etches a bygone era, capturing the landscape, the people, and their culture; the social and political vicissitudes of life under colonialism and war; and the troubled relationship between an emerging Christianized middle class and the rural poor. And he shows how the Mau Mau armed struggle for Kenya’s independence against the British informed not only his own life but also the lives of those closest to him.

Dreams in a Time of War speaks to the human right to dream even in the worst of times. It abounds in delicate and powerful subtleties and complexities that are movingly told.


message 38: by Jill (new)

Jill Hutchinson (Bucs1960) First Sudanese Civil War: Africans, Arabs, and Israelis in the Southern Sudan

First Sudanese Civil War Africans, Arabs, and Israelis in the Southern Sudan, 1955-1972 by Scopas S. Poggo by Scopas S. Poggo (no photo)

Synopsis:

This book is a comprehensive investigation, discussion, and analysis of the origins and development of the first civil war in the Sudan, which occurred between 1955 and 1972. It was the culmination of ethnic, racial, cultural, religious, political, and economic problems that had faced the Sudan since the Turco-Egyptian conquest of the country in 1821. The hostilities between the Northern and Southern regions of the Sudan also involved foreign powers that had their own geopolitical interests in the country. The first Sudanese civil war is a classic example of intra-regional and inter-regional conflicts in Africa in the twentieth century.


message 39: by Jerome (new)

Jerome | 3804 comments A Poisonous Thorn in Our Hearts: Sudan and South Sudan's Bitter and Incomplete Divorce

A Poisonous Thorn in Our Hearts Sudan and South Sudan's Bitter and Incomplete Divorce by James Copnall by James Copnall (no photo)

Synopsis:

What happened after Africa's biggest country split in two? When South Sudan ran up its flag in July 2011, two new nations came into being. In South Sudan a former rebel movement faces colossal challenges in building a new country. At independence it was one of the least developed places on earth, after decades of conflict and neglect. The '"rump state'", Sudan, has been debilitated by devastating civil wars, including in Darfur, and lost a significant part of its territory, and most of its oil wealth, after the divorce from the South. In the years after separation, the two Sudans dealt with crippling economic challenges, struggled with new and old rebellions, and fought each other along their disputed border.

Benefiting from unsurpassed access to the politicians, rebels, thinkers and events that are shaping the Sudans, Copnall draws a compelling portrait of two misunderstood countries. A Poisonous Thorn in Our Hearts argues that Sudan and South Sudan remain deeply interdependent, despite their separation. It also diagnoses the political failings that threaten the future of both countries. The author puts the turmoil of the years after separation into a broader context, reflecting the voices, hopes and experiences of Sudanese and South Sudanese from all walks of life.


message 40: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 35101 comments Mod
Thank you Jerome and Jill.


message 41: by Jill (last edited Jun 15, 2014 07:09PM) (new)

Jill Hutchinson (Bucs1960) This book describe one of the most famous incidents of the British colonial years in Africa.

Khartoum 1885: General Gordon's Last Stand

Khartoum 1885 General Gordon's Last Stand (Campaign) by Donald F. Featherstone by Donald F. FeatherstoneDonald F. Featherstone

Synopsis:

Early in 1881 unrest in the Sudan began to crystallise around Mohammed Ibn Ahmed el-Sayyid Abdullah. Proclaiming himself the long-expected Madhi, the Guided One of the Prophet, he preached that the Sudan was to be purged of its Egyptian oppressors. Drawn in by the Egyptian failure to deal with the situation, the British sent General Gordon to organise an evacuation. On reaching Khartoum however, General Gordon believed, incorrectly, that the Madhi could be reasoned with. Instead of negotiating, the Madhi besieged the town for 317 days. This title looks in particular, although not exclusively, at the battles fought by the British columns sent to relieve Khartoum.


message 42: by Jerome (new)

Jerome | 3804 comments South Sudan: From Revolution to Independence

South Sudan From Revolution to Independence by Matthew Arnold by Matthew ArnoldMatthew Arnold

Synopsis:

In July 2011 the Republic of South Sudan achieved independence, concluding what had been Africa's longest running civil war. The process leading to independence was driven by the Sudan Peoples' Liberation Movement, a primarily Southern rebel force and political movement intent on bringing about the reformed unity of the whole Sudan. Through the Comprehensive Peace Agreement of 2005, a six year peace process unfolded in the form of an interim period premised upon 'making unity attractive' for the Sudan. A failed exercise, it culminated in an almost unanimous vote for independence by Southerners in a referendum held in January 2011. Violence has continued since, and a daunting possibility for South Sudan has arisen - to have won independence only to descend into its own civil war, with the regime in Khartoum aiding and abetting factionalism to keep the new state weak and vulnerable. Achieving a durable peace will be a massive challenge, and resolving the issues that so inflamed Southerners historically - unsupportive governance, broad feelings of exploitation and marginalisation and fragile ethnic politics - will determine South Sudan's success or failure at statehood. A story of transformation and of victory against the odds, this book reviews South Sudan's modern history as a contested region and assesses the political, social and security dynamics that will shape its immediate future as Africa's newest independent state.


message 43: by Jerome (new)

Jerome | 3804 comments An upcoming book:
Release date: December 14, 2014

Sudan and South Sudan: From One to Two

Sudan and South Sudan From One to Two by Bona Malwal by Bona Malwal (no photo)

Synopsis:

The Republic of Sudan that emerged from the end of British rule in 1956 was a construction of colonialism with deep cultural divisions between those in the culturally Arab and religiously Islamic north and those in the primarily black African south. The history of Sudan since independence has been marked by two long and bloody civil wars and resulted in the secession of South Sudan in 2011. But both nations continue to face significant political and socio-economic challenges, while South Sudan is plagued by armed rebellion and political corruption.

This moving and important volume by Sudan's former Minister of Culture and Information provides a factual and personal account of the break-up of Sudan. It lifts the veil on the country's often difficult past, exploring its troubled postcolonial history, and looks to the future in an attempt to provide solutions for both Sudan and South Sudan's many challenges.


message 44: by Barbara (new)

Barbara Schultz (aviationhistorian) | 6 comments I'm glad to know that the book will be done soon. I was in Sudan circa early 1970s. I came by train from Wadi Halfa on the northern border down to Khartoum. I found the people very engaging - loved the fact that I could get a mango or guava shake just about every where. Because there was no longer transport, I hitched a ride on top of a sesame truck into Ethiopia. I will put this book on my 'must' read list. I'd love to know more about the country and its people.


message 45: by Bryan, Honorary Contributor - EMERITUS (new)

Bryan Craig | 11679 comments Mod
Interesting, Barbara. Did you travel there for work? I remember reading recently Lord Kitchener who ran Egypt and the Sudan before WWI, envisioned Britain running the country behind a African figurehead, but I will have to read on to see if that actually happened.


message 46: by Barbara (new)

Barbara Schultz (aviationhistorian) | 6 comments I decided to go overland around the world. I started in Berlin - to Morocco - Algeria - through the Hoggar pist to Tamanraset (spelling here may not be accurate) - Niger, Upper Volta, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Dohomey, Nigeria. The plan was to cross C.A.F. into Rwanda but then there was more than an edge of danger crossing through central Africa for a single white woman not to mention Uganda's crazy dictator. My only option to get to east Africa was to go back through the Sahara and through Libya to Egypt. No Arabic passport to enter Libya so on to Tunesia, Palermo, Greece, and then Cairo overland to Tanzania and points east. How fun it was to ride on a camel truck through the Sahara - not really. But the barge up the Nile from Aswan to Wadi Halfa was most interesting. I kept looking for Bogart!


message 47: by Barbara (new)

Barbara Schultz (aviationhistorian) | 6 comments I do think that having the British at the helm in Sudan would have possibly resulted in a much better outlook for the Sundanese - similar to Kenya. Arriving in Nairobi after being in Ethiopia, I thought I had found heaven.


message 48: by Bryan, Honorary Contributor - EMERITUS (new)

Bryan Craig | 11679 comments Mod
Amazing, Barbara, thanks for sharing. You are a true adventurer.

With all the injustice found in colonialism, you can make an argument that nation-building can be more successful if the colonial empire built a strong infrastructure and an educated middle-class in its colony.


message 49: by Jill (new)

Jill Hutchinson (Bucs1960) Barbara.....I think Bogart would have liked you!!! What a great adventure.


message 50: by Jerome (new)

Jerome | 3804 comments Another:
Release date: December 16, 2014

South Sudan: Colonialism, Resistance and Autonomy

South Sudan Colonialism, Resistance and Autonomy by Lam Akol by Lam Akol (no photo)

Synopsis:

The newly created state of South Sudan, declared by the United Nations as recently as 2011, has yet to be extensively written about by the international commentariat.

Lam Akol, a scholar of international repute in the field, as well as a politician with close knowledge of the workings of government (he was former foreign minister and is now leader of the opposition), presents a history South Sudan that is uniquely authoritative and thorough. The book carries a foreword by Alan Goulty, who oversaw the secession discussions leading up the declaration of this, the world's newest country.

This book is essential reading for anyone involved in Africa and international development.


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Books mentioned in this topic

What Is the What (other topics)
Sudan (other topics)
Khartoum: The Ultimate Imperial Adventure (other topics)
Queen Victoria's Little Wars (other topics)
Eminent Victorian Soldiers: Seekers of Glory (other topics)
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Authors mentioned in this topic

Dave Eggers (other topics)
Ninie Hammon (other topics)
Michael Asher (other topics)
Byron Farwell (other topics)
Charles Chenevix Trench (other topics)
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