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AMERICAN HISTORY > GREAT DEPRESSION

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message 1: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 31547 comments Mod
This is a thread to discuss the Great Depression and any materials related to that time period in history.


message 2: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 31547 comments Mod
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression in the decade preceding World War II. The timing of the Great Depression varied across nations, but in most countries it started in about 1929 and lasted until the late 1930s or early 1940s.

It was the longest, most widespread, and deepest depression of the 20th century. In the 21st century, the Great Depression is commonly used as an example of how far the world's economy can decline.[2] The depression originated in the U.S., starting with the fall in stock prices that began around September 4, 1929 and became worldwide news with the stock market crash of October 29, 1929 (known as Black Tuesday). From there, it quickly spread to almost every country in the world.

The Great Depression had devastating effects in virtually every country, rich and poor. Personal income, tax revenue, profits and prices dropped while international trade plunged by ½ to ⅔. Unemployment in the U.S. rose to 25%, and in some countries rose as high as 33%.[3] Cities all around the world were hit hard, especially those dependent on heavy industry. Construction was virtually halted in many countries. Farming and rural areas suffered as crop prices fell by approximately 60%.

Facing plummeting demand with few alternate sources of jobs, areas dependent on primary sector industries such as cash cropping, mining and logging suffered the most.

Some economies started to recover by the mid-1930s. However, in many countries the negative effects of the Great Depression lasted until the start of World War II.

Remainder of article: Wikipedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_De...


message 3: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 31547 comments Mod
From Modern American Poetry:

http://www.english.illinois.edu/maps/...


message 4: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 31547 comments Mod
The Great Depression:

http://www.42explore2.com/depresn.htm


message 5: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 31547 comments Mod
From the Eleanor Roosevelt Historic Site:

The Great Depression (1929-1939)

http://www.nps.gov/archive/elro/gloss...


message 6: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)


message 7: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 31547 comments Mod
American History 102:

http://us.history.wisc.edu/hist102/le...


message 8: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 31547 comments Mod
Library of Economics and Liberty:


http://www.econlib.org/library/Enc/Gr...


message 9: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 31547 comments Mod
A Case of Unemployment:

http://www.ingrimayne.com/econ/Econom...


message 10: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 31547 comments Mod
Timeline of the Great Depression:

http://www.google.com/search?client=s...


message 11: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 31547 comments Mod
Great Depression Pictures:

http://history1900s.about.com/od/phot...


message 12: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)


message 13: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)


message 14: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 31547 comments Mod
United States History:

http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h156...


message 15: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)


message 16: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 31547 comments Mod
New Deal Network:

http://newdeal.feri.org/


message 17: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)


message 18: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 31547 comments Mod
Riding The Rails - A&E (VIDEO)

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexper...


message 19: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 31547 comments Mod
SparkNotes on the Depression:

http://www.sparknotes.com/history/ame...


message 20: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 31547 comments Mod
Macrohistory and World Report:

http://www.fsmitha.com/h2/ch15wd.html


message 21: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 31547 comments Mod
THE GREAT DEPRESSION LEARNING GUIDE

http://www.shmoop.com/great-depression/


message 22: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 31547 comments Mod
Photo Essay on the Great Depression:

http://www.english.illinois.edu/maps/...


message 23: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 31547 comments Mod
Encyclopedia Britannica (Romer)

http://elsa.berkeley.edu/~cromer/grea...


message 24: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)


message 25: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 31547 comments Mod
Best of History Website:

http://www.besthistorysites.net/ushis...


message 26: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)


message 27: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)


message 28: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 31547 comments Mod
From Revolution to Reconstruction

http://www.let.rug.nl/usa/H/1994/ch9_...


message 29: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)


message 30: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 31547 comments Mod
Great Depression, Great Disaster

http://library.thinkquest.org/J001569/


message 31: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 31547 comments Mod
The Great Depression:

Library of Congress

http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroom...


message 32: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)


message 33: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 31547 comments Mod
Great Myths of the Great Depression:

http://www.mackinac.org/4013


message 34: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)


message 35: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 31547 comments Mod
Great Depression and How it Compares to Today:

http://www.thegreatdepressioncauses.com/


message 36: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 31547 comments Mod
Top Five Causes of the Great Depression

http://americanhistory.about.com/od/g...


message 37: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 31547 comments Mod
History News Network:

http://hnn.us/articles/61931.html


message 38: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 31547 comments Mod
The Great Recession versus the Great Depression

http://krugman.blogs.nytimes.com/2009...


message 39: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)


message 40: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)


message 41: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 31547 comments Mod
The Great Depression and Children Books:

http://www.carolhurst.com/subjects/us...


message 42: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 31547 comments Mod
The Great Depression in Washington State:

http://depts.washington.edu/depress/e...


message 44: by Chaynyth (new)

Chaynyth (yknots) Dust Bowl Diary by Ann Marie LowAnn Marie Low (no author photo available)

I read this a couple of years ago and found it to be an interesting insight into the everyday life of someone living in the Dust Bowl. There are journal entries, excerpts of letters, etc. in it. I was very much intrigued by children going off to be school teachers in other poor towns hit hard by the Dust Bowl Era (and Great Depression), the fluctuating prices on grains, livestock, and dairy goods, and the impressions farmers had of the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) groups doing work around their farms and neighborhoods.


message 45: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (new)

Bentley | 31547 comments Mod
Thank you Jane for the add.


message 46: by Alisa (new)

Alisa (MsTaz) | 5516 comments Have this on my to-read list, might be of interest to others:
The Worst Hard Time The Untold Story of Those Who Survived the Great American Dust Bowl by Timothy Eganby Timothy EganTimothy Egan
Publishers Weekly
Egan tells an extraordinary tale in this visceral account of how America's great, grassy plains turned to dust, and how the ferocious plains winds stirred up an endless series of "black blizzards" that were like a biblical plague: "Dust clouds boiled up, ten thousand feet or more in the sky, and rolled like moving mountains" in what became known as the Dust Bowl. But the plague was man-made, as Egan shows: the plains weren't suited to farming, and plowing up the grass to plant wheat, along with a confluence of economic disaster—the Depression—and natural disaster—eight years of drought—resulted in an ecological and human catastrophe that Egan details with stunning specificity. He grounds his tale in portraits of the people who settled the plains: hardy Americans and immigrants desperate for a piece of land to call their own and lured by the lies of promoters who said the ground was arable. Egan's interviews with survivors produce tales of courage and suffering: Hazel Lucas, for instance, dared to give birth in the midst of the blight only to see her baby die of "dust pneumonia" when her lungs clogged with the airborne dirt. With characters who seem to have sprung from a novel by Sinclair Lewis or Steinbeck, and Egan's powerful writing, this account will long remain in readers' minds. (Dec. 14)
Copyright © Reed Business Information, a division of Reed Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. --This text refers to the Hardcover edition.

From The New Yorker
On April 14, 1935, the biggest dust storm on record descended over five states, from the Dakotas to Amarillo, Texas. People standing a few feet apart could not see each other; if they touched, they risked being knocked over by the static electricity that the dust created in the air. The Dust Bowl was the product of reckless, market-driven farming that had so abused the land that, when dry weather came, the wind lifted up millions of acres of topsoil and whipped it around in "black blizzards," which blew as far east as New York. This ecological disaster rapidly disfigured whole communities. Egan's portraits of the families who stayed behind are sobering and far less familiar than those of the "exodusters" who staggered out of the High Plains. He tells of towns depopulated to this day, a mother who watched her baby die of "dust pneumonia," and farmers who gathered tumbleweed as food for their cattle and, eventually, for their children.


message 47: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (last edited Jan 30, 2011 05:20PM) (new)

Bentley | 31547 comments Mod
This is a conservative view:

Presentation made at Cato Institute:

Location:
Cato Institute
Washington, DC

Event Date:
06.01.09

Speakers:
Amity Shlaes

The Forgotten Man A New History of the Great Depression by Amity Shlaes by Amity Shlaes

Summary

Amity Shlaes, syndicated columnist and author of the bestselling The Forgotten Man: A New History of the Great Depression, discusses the Great Depression and how it relates to the current financial crisis.

She explores the economic atmosphere that led to the Depression, and proposes ways to avoid the mistakes of the 1930s.

Bio

Amity Shlaes is a senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations and a columnist for Bloomberg. Her work has appeared in publications from National Review to the New Yorker. She is the author of Germany: The Empire Within, The Greedy Hand: How Taxes Drive Americans Crazy and What to Do about It, and, most recently, The Forgotten Man: A New History of the Great Depression.

Other Book:

The Greedy Hand How Taxes Drive Americans Crazy and What to Do About It by Amity ShlaesAmity Shlaes

Highlights of Talk:

* The Monopoly Board Game's Origins in the New Deal
* Andrew Mellon and Bank Regulation in the 1920's
* The Environment of Economic Freedom in the 20's0
* The Role of Taxation in the Great Depression
* Other Regulatory Causes of the Depression
* The Persecution of Old Businesses and Business Leaders
* Responses to Roosevelt's
* Comparisons to the Current Crisis
* Growing Government Control of the Economy
* Modern Views of the Great Depression
* Comparing Obama's and Roosevelt's Plans
* Additional Causes of the Depression
* Different Views of Economic Theory

Video presentation on Fora TV:

http://fora.tv/2009/06/01/Amity_Shlae...

Note: I wasn't that impressed; but others might be.


message 48: by Chaynyth (new)

Chaynyth (yknots) Alisa: I'm going to add that to my growing mountain of books to be read. ;) I've always been fascinated with agricultural history, but it's one of those areas that seems to get overlooked quite often.

The Worst Hard Time The Untold Story of Those Who Survived the Great American Dust Bowl by Timothy Egan by Timothy EganTimothy Egan


message 49: by Bentley, Group Founder, Leader, Chief (last edited Jan 30, 2011 06:24PM) (new)

Bentley | 31547 comments Mod
American Experience had this great presentation on the dust storms and this period with great footage:

Surviving the Dust Bowl

http://video.pbs.org/video/1311363860/#

Note: Highly recommended


message 50: by John (last edited Feb 08, 2011 05:11PM) (new)

John E | 106 comments Timothy EganTimothy Egan has written a great, readable book. Two others that I enjoyed were the classic study by Donald Worster Dust Bowl The Southern Plains in the 1930s by Donald Worster Donald Worster (no photo available) and the charming, heartbreaking story of the impact on the children who moved with their parents to California's Central Valley Children Of The Dust Bowl (Turtleback School & Library Binding Edition) by Jerry Stanley by Jerry Stanley.


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Books mentioned in this topic

The Great Depression: A Diary (other topics)
The Great Depression: America 1929-1941 (other topics)
The Great Depression: 1929-1939 (other topics)
Lords of Finance: The Bankers Who Broke the World (other topics)
Dust Bowl Diary (other topics)
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Authors mentioned in this topic

Robert S. McElvaine (other topics)
Pierre Berton (other topics)
Liaquat Ahamed (other topics)
Benjamin Roth (other topics)
Ann Marie Low (other topics)
More...