Mark Uncommon Valor's Reviews > Exploring Psalms, Volume 2

Exploring Psalms, Volume 2 by John     Phillips
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M 50x66
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Aug 19, 08

bookshelves: to-read, commentary

Although The Title of this psalm declares it a psalm of David, some scholars have challenged that. They say the psalm contains a number of Chaldean expressions, so David could not have written it ; it must have been written at a much later date than David's day. In that case, where did the title come from ?

Why should we assume that David had no contact with Chaldea ? Wasn't his empire a phenomenon that would interest other great powers like Egypt, Assyria, Babylon ? Didn't his kingdom stand astride the most important trade routes of the ancient world ? Wasn't Israel at one end of the Fertile Cresent and Chaldea at the other end ? Hadn't Abraham himself come from Chaldea ? Wouldn't the Chaldeans want to establish diplomatic relations with this new power in the west, if for no other reason, to insure the safety of their caravans ? Why should David not know some Chaldean words, supposedly of Chaldean orgin ( 139:3,4,8,and 20 ), are found in earlier books of the Bible written before the days of David, books like Leviticus and 1 Samuel. So why not let David have the credit for this psalm ?

The writer is obviously a poetic genius and a man who knew and loved God. God is referred to by name six times and by personal pronoun thirty times. The psalmist refers to himself fifty times. It is a song of profound spiritual experience. All such experience is, by its nature, personal and intimate . . . the engagement of a soul with God.

by John Phillips : Intro. to Psalm 139 commentary.
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