Nov 11, 11
Read from October 24 to November 12, 2011
Alasdair MacIntyre examines the historical and conceptual roots of the idea of virtue and its absence in modern life. His research of the classical Aristotle tradition reveals the nature of virtue, how it existed and why. This is a comprehensive book and well-written, although you will often find yourself going back to re-read many sentences and paragraphs because of their depth.
Other key concepts and ideas presented include:
- Tradition of the virtues has predominantly risen within and first articulated in the Greek, especially the Athenian polis
- Emotivism claims that a rational justification for an objective morality has failed
- Morality was a relatively new notion in the culture of the Enlightenment
- Virtues in Heroic societies help us to understand classical society and the relationship between a person and where they born in their social structure and what this means for his morality or code of behaviour (privileges & duties)
- The relationship of virtue to motive
The concept of Internal and external goods
“It is always within some particular community with its own specific institutional forms that we learn or fail to learn to exercise the virtues”. Some virtues are fostered by certain types of social institutions and endangered by others.