Scott's Reviews > Four Fish: The Future of the Last Wild Food

Four Fish by Paul Greenberg
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's review
May 15, 2011

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Basically says that the same thing that's happening with industrial agriculture is being replicated with fish, including all of the problems. Speaks about overfishing's effects on a native tribe in the Yukon; something like 500,000 wild salmon are left in the atlantic; scientists' effort to create a viable aquaculture system with the wrong fish (european sea bass, or branzino); tons of salmon are farmed in Chile because of its viable climate; many farmed salmon/ sea bass are escaping into waterways and thus reducing the genetic diversity of wild stocks. Salmon have adapted to the specific river system they reside in, thus mass-breeding one salmon variety and reintroducing it to all overfished rivers would not be a viable solution either; thus, very close attention to detail needs to be paid to developing these systems and seeing the effects of these systems.
Frustrating because it appears as if Greenberg advocates the aquaculturing of a fish, the barramundi/ asian sea bass, because it is well suited to the confined, semi-controlled environments present in aquaculture; yet if such a system was to be mass-implemented as CAFOs are, it seems as though the same problems would again arise, even if the system was a closed inland system.
In many cases, a total ban on fishing in a particular area or of a particular fish (for example, when noone was fishing the Atlantic during WWII) has allowed for the rebound of wild fish stocks. Thus, the follwing two rules can be dervied from Greenberg's evidence:
1) don't eat wild-caught fish
2) don't eat farmed fish
* except on very rare occasions.
Which is concurrent with both a suggestion that Raj Patel and Mark Bittman had: a drastically reduced amoun of meat (including fish) consumption per capita, especially in developed nations, is needed if we are to halt the ecological and social problems caused by the mass-production of meat.

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