Five important trends related to the distance products are shipped listed at the end of the "Peak Travel**spoiler alert** Useful notes from the book:
Five important trends related to the distance products are shipped listed at the end of the "Peak Travel" chapter: 1&2. Higher wages in China make it possible for it to be cost-effective for the U.S. to start making things itself again (with the help of technology). 3. Emergence of 3-d printing could completely eliminate the need to for around-the-world shipping of many products 4. Crowdsourcing apps such as ridesharing, etc. that could eliminate the need for car ownership without needing to completely rebuild infrastructure 5. Driverless cars - dedicates all of Ch12 to explaining the implications to a world full of driverless cars - virtually no accidents, no need for parking, highly efficient travel without traffic jams, no car ownership (compares the two models of the future, Google's model (computer only) vs. car-makers (supplementing human driving with AI help)).
Ch13 "The Next Door" is all about possible options for the future to address current transportation problems. Filled with several ideas about how to address some of the contradictions that currently exist within our transportation system - such as the desire to have products shipped right to our door, but hating to deal with delivery trucks on the road. Some ideas: -Creating more pedestrian friendly spaces to avoid forcing walkers/bikers in areas where they are openly competing with cars. e.g., The closing off of Times Square in NYC. -Make shorter-term transportation plans because technology and traveling behavior change so quickly (e.g., ride services and driverless cars) -Use tolls to regulate driving behavior - it would cost more to drive during peak hours (congestion pricing) -Use variable pricing for road use - trucks should cost more given the increased damage they do to the roads -Persuade businesses to time shift start and quit times for employees -Convert traffic lights to traffic circles - safer and faster because drivers don't have to stop completely (20% faster) -Mass transit should focus on existing infrastructure instead of building light rail systems from scratch (e.g., make buses a priority travel system - special faster lanes buses would be allowed to take - express transit lanes) -The last mile problem (getting from main roads to door-to-door) is a problem for public transportation, but ride-share services combined with shuttle or bus-share services might solve this problem in the future. -For goods shipping, use carpool lanes for exclusive truck use to reduce congestion -As far as global warming issues go, the inevitable solution is a switch to more renewable energy sources, but also reducing the number of miles traveled by our goods - currently the price of fossil fuels (on the environment especially) is subsidized by the government -Culturally, changing the lack of social norms for walking and biking could be hugely beneficial (statistics about American's walking: in 1980 5.6% commuted to work by foot, in 2012 2.8% - we walk about 2.5 miles a day, which is about half what a healthy person should cover, and is about half of what the average Australian or Swiss citizen does - Amish men (represent American 150 years ago) walk about 9 miles a day. Countries with higher daily steps have lower obesity rates.
Basic chapter summaries:
Ch1 - Morning Alarm - all the parts of his iPhone and how far they traveled Ch2 - The Ghost in the Can - the incredible uses of aluminum, how it is in everything now, and how it gets transported from beginning to end (most useful recycled product) Ch3 - Morning Brew - detailed look at how far his coffee travels to get to him Ch4 - Four airliners a Week - the danger of driving cars and how unfazed most people are by the level of risk (compared to if 4 airliners a week crashed) Ch5 - Friday the 13th - following how many fatal crashes happen in a single day and the psychology behind why drivers make mistakes Ch6 - Pizza, Ports and Valentines - introduction to the port system and how much coordination must take place to allow a place like Dominoes to deliver a pizza on time Ch7 - The Ladies of Logistics - the development of the busiest ports - LA and Long Beach and how they handled the logistics of shipping and the development of the infrastructure needed for it Ch8 - Angels Gate - detailed description of cargo traffic controllers who regulate order in which ships come into port and how backed up they get when problems occur Ch9 - The Ballet in Motion - details of how container ships work, pilots that bring them into harbor, etc. Ch10 - The Last Mile - description of UPS service and how it gets packages the last mile of shipping to customer's door - includes assessment of obstacles building up for future shipping needs Ch11 - Peak Travel - traffic engineer's assessment of future of transportation and how dire infrastructure problems are in U.S. if things continue in current direct Ch12 - Robots in Paradise - the curent status of driverless cars and what the future could look like Ch13 - The Next Door - ideas for solving transportation now and in the future