Makes a convincing case the comparison is fully warranted.
Aside from the relentless detail which demonstrates this, one thing I found fascinating wasMakes a convincing case the comparison is fully warranted.
Aside from the relentless detail which demonstrates this, one thing I found fascinating was the fact Frederick Jackson Turner, he of the Frontier thesis, was in communication with Friedrich Ratzel, the German writer who, in 1906, published a book called 'Lebensraum'.
Two things are thus demonstrated: the idea of stealing vast territories in Eastern Europe to expand German and build its "character" along the lines our Frontier did for us; and two, Germans were directly inspired by Americans in the settler-colonial project of empire....more
Just finished reading 'NATO's Secret Armies: Operation Gladio and Terrorism in Western Europe.' Authored by Dr. Daniele Ganser, a Senior Researcher atJust finished reading 'NATO's Secret Armies: Operation Gladio and Terrorism in Western Europe.' Authored by Dr. Daniele Ganser, a Senior Researcher at the Center for Security Studies at the Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich, Switzerland, it was published in 2005.
Some of the key findings of Ganser's research are these:
The US CIA and British MI6, following the Second World War, set up secret right-wing organizations in all of the future NATO states, as well as the ostensibly neutral states, outside the Soviet-controlled eastern Bloc.
These structures varied in terms of how closely they were aligned with local governments. In fascist countries like Spain and Portugal, the organizations were closely aligned with and known to the local government's highest levels. In those countries with a more liberal democratic bent, these structures were unknown even to the highest levels of the local governments.
Many of the operatives of these terrorist forces employed by the US and Great Britain were explicitly fascist. In the case of Germany, the US carried on a public de-Nazification program after the war in concert with the German government even as it recruited some of the most vicious war criminals as allies, such as Klaus Barbie (the Butcher of Lyon) and Reinhard Gehlen (a Nazi intelligence chief whose organization was turned into the West German intelligence agency which later became the Bundesnachrichtendienst, the BND), along with hundreds of others.
Ostensibly established to operate as stay-behind forces in the event of a Soviet invasion of Western Europe, these forces nevertheless operated as both terrorist forces aimed at destroying leftist politics by way of direct attack or false flag terrorism blamed falsely on the left to discredit it.
In numerous countries, from the 40s to the 90s, such as Belgium, Italy, France, Portugal, Spain, Greece, Turkey, these right-wing Trojan Horse forces controlled mainly by the United States, engaged in massacres, torture, multiple coups d'etat, and other violence.
While it is known the countries in the Soviet Bloc enjoyed at best a limited degree of sovereignty--in fact, this was stated quite openly by Brezhnev and other Soviet leaders, the countries in Western Europe, where freedom was said to reign in contrast to the Soviet bloc, also enjoyed only a very limited sovereignty due to these secret, US-controlled organizations. In the Western case, however, this was not open, it was kept secret.
John F. Kennedy's assassination followed a period of leftist political success in Italy and a secret, right-wing, CIA-controlled subversion campaign. Kennedy insisted on a compromise with the Italian left. After he was assassinated, a right-wing coup went ahead in Italy under the auspices of the CIA and its Italian operators.
The purported and much-discussed dysfunction of democracy in places like Italy, Greece, and other countries was really a result of manipulation and terror at the hands of these CIA-controlled terrorist forces.
In the West German state of Hesse, in the early 1950s, authorities--believing in the de-Nazification program--discovered, broke-up, and arrested the Nazis and neo-Nazis comprising the local, CIA-controlled secret army without realizing they were run by the United States. The US protected the individuals involved and the West German government was compelled to drop any further investigation.
In 1955, West Germany's entry into NATO was dependent on the American condition that West Germany would refrain from pursuing right-wing extremists, a demand the West German government felt compelled to accept.
Between 1982-5, a series of false-flag massacres (blamed on communists) took place at the hands of these right-wing terrorists and, in one case at least, included the participation of US Marines, in the Brabant region of Holland. 29 civilians were killed.
Though the CIA possessed a list of these right-wing terrorists, and controlled them, the Dutch Prime Minister at the time, Ruud Lubbers, said it would be "pretty much lethally dangerous" for him to talk about it.
The worst, but not the only, massacre carried out by these CIA-controlled terrorists occurred in Italy. On August 2, 1980 a bomb went off in the Bologna railway station killing 85 people and injuring some 200 others. It was blamed on Italian communists as part of a campaign to manipulate Italian politics and move the country's political culture to the right....more
Burn, a great short story by Daniel Swensen, introduces the reader to Alexa--a young woman with a terrible gift, a gift that attracts the wrong kind oBurn, a great short story by Daniel Swensen, introduces the reader to Alexa--a young woman with a terrible gift, a gift that attracts the wrong kind of attention, that of the Good Guys Who Reassure Her They Only Want to Use Her Gift to Get the Bad Guys.
Swensen's story leapfrogs between past and present until it reaches a fiery denouement. Writing with great economy and precision, he conjures images and emotions that are both vivid and dreamlike, if that is not too much of a contradiction. Cinematic is the word that came to mind as I was reading Burn. And I don't use that word lightly.
Alexa is a character you will care about. Someone you will cheer and root for. She is human. She has heart. And she is starting to get a handle on this gift of hers. Bad news for the Good Guys and the Bad Guys....more