likely no review to come here as reading seems to've taken a surmounting lead, prioritistically speaking, over trying to put into words feelings about...morelikely no review to come here as reading seems to've taken a surmounting lead, prioritistically speaking, over trying to put into words feelings about something made out of words already, & words that make my words feel like grunts. i will say this. i started vineland a few times--as pretty much most pynchon--w/o success, & over the yrs my assumptions about the follow-up, w/ 17 yrs b/w, of what i consider to be the greatest novel of the 20th century, skewed toward the heavy majority--that vineland was first considered the end of pynchon (something like scorsese's new york, new york), & then, after the appearance of mason & dixon & against the day, simply a low anomaly in his freshly invigorated pantheon. mason & dixon & against the day are now the last two remaining pynchon's for me to read, so i feel just slightly qualified to offer this opinion on vineland: it is a completely fucking extraordinary book, containing a heretofore previously & occasionally attempted, but unperfected, love for the characters that i don't even know if pynchon intended to be there. sure, there is a pervasive gloom of paranoia holding the book together like woodglue, but the characters, heroes, foils & villains alike, are the most sympathetic gathering of folks in anything i've ever read by him, except for maybe the short story the secret integration, which is about kids & was written when he was in his early 20's.
also: reading bleeding edge just previously to vineland, i could not help but notice two very specific things & many, many stylistic echoes that make the two seem to be sister books. the first specific thing, which i believe is a device he uses in other books as well, but never so prevalent as in these two, are the constant, & hilarious, mention of biopics, w/ an actor & a subject selected, seemingly for their incongruities. they are short, some might say easy jokes, particularly for a writer like pynchon, but where & the way he interjects them always add context to the writing before & after it. my two favorite in vineland are john ritter in the bryant gumbel story & pee-wee herman in the robert musil story. the other obvious, though not as simply pointed out, similarity in the two books is pynchon's treatment of women. it is not a departure on the whole, as one of the things i've always admired about pynchon is his ability to mine the ever-so-fertile differences b/w women & men, but never treating them both as more-or-less human, i.e. the women are as evil or, though rarely, as good as any of the men, a complex & ambiguous equality that i don't hear mentioned enough. the women in all his books are their own guardians of their sexual freedom & w/o judgement, from the writer at least. sometimes what emerges is as dark as it gets, but never not counterbalanced--or counterobliterated--by the men. what is different in bleeding edge & vineland is that, maybe not completely, but way more than is usual in his other books, they outnumber the men in importance, depth (not the writing, but the choices he makes in focusing on), &, well, sheer numbers. vineland, more than bleeding edge, at times even comes across to me it not one all by itself, at least thomas pychon's closest approximation of a feminist novel (if a feminist novel can be written by a man). i began to get the same feeling when i was reading 2666, that the massive sprawling plot(s) & long introspective stories were exquisite window dressing for what essentially was a novel (or 5) about the indignities man has for yrs subjected women to. vineland is less that, but more focused on the individual complexities of the women throughout the book. that said, i'm a dood, so maybe that's why it seems to stand out so much to me.
guess this sorta turned into a review after all, kinda, so i guess i feel the need to conclude it in some way. two of, at the most, my five favorite writers are thomas pynchon & donald barthelme. in the last six months i've read books by the two of them that are considered to be of lesser quality than the rest of their oeuvre. w/ don b., it was his final book, the slim novel the king. in both cases i was ever so pleasantly surprised that i was surprised in the first place that both books are works of genius, detours, if only slightly, from each writer's normal tread. in the case of vineland, it has both deepened suspicions i held for pynchon's writing for awhile, while also causing me to recalibrate completely the lens i view his work through.
in other words, pynchon sorta resembles what the late, great dj john peel said about my favorite band the fall: "always different, always the same."(less)
hopefully review to come. not hopeful to come soon. other than kid's books i've read to my daughter, this is only the second time i've finished a book...morehopefully review to come. not hopeful to come soon. other than kid's books i've read to my daughter, this is only the second time i've finished a book & immediately started reading it again from the beginning. the first was Tenth of December & was mainly b/c i was staying w/ my best friend temporarily, it had just come out, he'd just gotten it, i was broke, the library had an outrageous waitlist, it was amazing & george saunders fucking rules. this will be the first time i am doing this w/ a book i already own, an unbelievably huge (actual--not wishlist) & ever-metastasizing to-read pile & just b/c. thomas pynchon is for me part of a select group including the coen brothers, pavement & many others, that i am incapable of experiencing objectively. so, from an admittedly absolute & impossible non-objective viewpoint, do not believe the haters, the mehs, people w/ a built-in auto-response of disappointment to anything new by a writer sacred to them, people (similar but not the same as previous) incapable of considering a book on its own merit, people (also similar but different) incapable of considering a book within any context other than the writer's previous works, or probably me, either, for that matter. i will say this with absolute impossible non-objectivity: i loved Inherent Vice, but Bleeding Edge, while sharing many qualities (& how could it not--it's pynchon), is an altogether different beast & way better, more complex &, frankly, way more old school pynchonesque than anything review-wise i've come across. as captain beefheart used to say, "back to front." more to come . . .(less)
This book was 90% f-u-double hockey sticks-ing amazing. Only one real dud among the essays, it's the type of book that sends you spinning in ten diffe...moreThis book was 90% f-u-double hockey sticks-ing amazing. Only one real dud among the essays, it's the type of book that sends you spinning in ten different directions in route to the finish. Since beginning this book, I've rewatched The Hudsucker Proxy, No Country for Old Men, Raising Arizona (twice), Fargo, Burn After Reading, and True Grit, with everything else in my waiting mental queue; I started Myths of Greece and Rome, compiled by Bryan Holme from the writings of Thomas Bulfinch with an exceptional intro by Joseph Campbell (I'm crapping you negative); reread my Nausea; and have been marshaling my Cain and Camus collections for some more long overdue rereadings.
More to come shortly--like an actual discussion of the actual book.
I have no idea what just happened to me as I finished this book. I have very little idea what happened in the book. The plot is there, seemingly right...moreI have no idea what just happened to me as I finished this book. I have very little idea what happened in the book. The plot is there, seemingly right in front of you, and yet. . . and yet, it is still, a week after finishing it, almost completely indiscernible. More importantly, it is seemingly entirely unnecessary. I keep saying seemingly, I think, because a) I am trying to evoke a feeling I got that, while things may seem to be this way or that, or saying this or saying that, that they are not this or that, or they are not saying this or that; and b) I'm excusing my nebulous non-understanding of the book. The characters are there. They come up, out and right at you, and yet. . . and yet, I don't know who among them, if any, this book is about. I did not develop lasting attachments to any of them, at least not while reading the book. There is one that now, seemingly at least, has branded himself into my head, busted his way into the gallery of characters from fiction I've read over the years, a real rogues gallery of people like the Misfit from A Good Man is Hard to Find, or Gene Harrogate, the 'defiler of melons' from Suttree, or Ned Pointsman, Lazlo Jamf, Brig. Gen. Ernest Pudding, Blodgett Waxwing, or any number of major characters but not co-protagonists of Gravity's Rainbow, or Belacqua Shuah from More Pricks Than Kicks and Dream Of Fair To Middling Women, who is, without a doubt, the main character of his tales and yet. . . and yet; I could obviously go on with this list seemingly forever without making the point I'm trying to make. But that's kind of the point. Getting back, for one second, to the character I was referring to though, a certain Cap Leech, doctor, midwife, medicine man, among many other things, seems to be, by the end of the book, for lack of a better word, the protagonist of The Beetle Leg. The novel ends with some sort of confession from Leech, a short italicized ramble with his name as a heading, maybe one of the only really clear indicators of anything throughout the whole book. But what it meant was lost on me. Further, I have no clear recollection of his entrance into the story, but I'm pretty sure it's at least over halfway through, and though, for me at least, his thoughts, in many ways, dominate the story from the moment he appears, there is so much happening elsewhere that I can't, or don't know how to, put any of it in any kind of perspective. And that gets me to as good a place as any to say why I loved this book so much. It doesn't fucking matter! The writing itself is so purely perfect that the fact that reading the book made me feel like I was coming out of a heavy anesthesia, or that I was viewing everything through the filter of some trick you play on your vision by mashing your thumb into your eyeball works in a way, obviously entirely intentional on the part of Hawkes, so perfectly that to imagine seeing it without that eclipse-like detachment would make it. . . well, fuck if I know. How could I if I don't really know what it was the way that it was?
That unnameable point one comes to in any book you end up really loving, that moment you no longer notice you are reading a book and are just witnessing the story, or even the moment you notice you no longer notice that. . . Sometimes it comes 5-10 pages in, sometimes 350-500. Other than the first 20 or so pages I read before putting it down for over a month before picking it back up, I have no idea where that unnameable point in The Beetle Leg was, and it's not like I didn't go back and try and find it, either. And the book is a trim 159 pages total.
Let me say a couple of things on the other side over here that might make some of you want to actually read this. The back of my New Directions Paperback edition tells us that it was Hawkes's second full-length novel, first published by ND in 1951, and that apparently it spent 'more than fifteen years of underground existence' before 'emerging as a classic of visionary writing'. Newsweek referred to it as a 'surrealist Western,' and Albert J. Guerard called it a violent and poetic portayal of 'a landscape of sexual apathy.' And, S.K. Overbeck writes in his essay John Hawkes: The Smile Slashed By a Razor from Contemporary American Novelists:
The mixture of pity and exhilaration in the human condition is recreated with chilling authenticity by Hawkes. His is a search into the pit that stops at no amount of terrifying discovery. Admitting everything, rejecting nothing, Hawkes writes from a viewpoint of few American authors.
Overbeck also writes:
While it is true that Hawkes writes like, sounds like, no one else at all, it is equally true that his fiction "shares a birthmark," as he puts it, with a body of writing that might arbitrarily be represented by authors such as Faulkner, Kafka, Conrad, Lautréamont, Djuna Barnes, Flannery O'Connor, Nathanael West and Kraft-Ebbing.
When trying to understand or explain my thoughts on what writers came to mind as I read this, certainly Faulkner was one, and to a lesser extent O'Connor. But while her characters occupy a similar emotional landscape as do those in The Beetle Leg, she is intentionally as clear as one can be about the outcomes they suffer as Hawkes is intentionally. . . shit, I can't think of a word loaded enough to capture what he does; perhaps obtuse, but only if using some kind of secondary definition that eliminates reference to lacking intelligence or wit, like say, 'not sharp, pointed, or acute in form; blunt,' or 'not distinctly felt.' Of Hawkes's The Lime Twig, O'Connor stated she felt an intense sense of suffocation when reading it. I'm obviously out of my depth here, as usual, but the writers I mostly felt, while at the same time restating that Hawkes has a stamp all his own, were, sort of oddly I guess, Beckett, as a precursor, but mainly in the areas of detachment and isolation coupled with a fondness for grotesque humor; and, as someone who I simply can't imagine was not influenced by Hawkes, and even particularly The Beetle Leg, Cormac McCarthy. Beckett is Beckett, and somewhat incomparable to almost anyone in my opinion, but the main glaring lack of similarity here was the obsessive self-involvement of the characters/narrators in the works of Beckett I thought of while reading this, particularly First Love and Other Novellas. With McCarthy, again it is an almost eerie, bizarro-type feeling I get. While the language and dialogue could at times be lifted from one and dropped into the other without noticing it at all, Hawkes's book seems completely bereft of any of the literary and biblical allusion McCarthy's work is rife with. McCarthy also seems to be able to keep the reader in the loop as far as the plot goes even with the density of language and ideas he is throwing at you. Where McCarthy seems to fit somewhere in the scheme of retelling or re-interpreting myths as old as language itself, there is no parable or archetype or anything of the type to be found in The Beetle Leg. On a somewhat less profound note, it is interesting to me that Hawkes creates a world in which women live, move and do, and in ways equally as simple and complicated, as good and as bad, and as incomprehensibly bat-shit crazy as the men do, and that is something I don't think McCarthy does, or, as is totally his right and really not to the detriment of his work, have any interest in.
So this is way too long and I've lost any thread of what I might've been trying to say, but I'm gonna try to anyway real quick and then include a couple of passages just to show the utter twisted beauty of Hawkes's actual writing. First, there's this great, true story about a dinner Donald Barthelme hosted, not too long before his death, in New York where he contrived to bring together a group of his peers, most of the greatest, at the time, living North American postmodernist fiction writers. There was no great purpose or agenda for the event, just a dinner. Apparently Barthelme deliberated with great concern over the guest list, consulting a somewhat baffled Walter Abish, who felt out his league even giving his opinion on the subject. In the end, included were folks like Kurt Vonnegut, William Gaddis, William Gass, Robert Coover, John Barth, Susan Sontag (oddly the only woman writer invited), Abish, and John Hawkes, maybe a few others. Thomas Pynchon had politely declined, claiming to be caught between the coasts of Montana and Arizona. My point in mentioning this story is that apparently the only two people who had a good time were Barth and Hawkes, which was generally no surprise as they both liked a tipple and were of an outgoing nature. That was pretty much all I knew of Hawkes other than many, many titles from shelving his books over the years. To say the least, The Beetle Leg was not at all what I expected, and yet. . . and yet, I could've expected just about anything and it would not have been at all what I got, which is a book almost unlike any I've ever read before. And I've read a few.
A couple of excerpts. . .
The desert filled with women. They swarmed within sideboards of beaten wagons, staring ahead for sign of well or a shade in which to dismount and shake. Three cartloads plied the desert. Banded warm members, they traveled free of the farmer and cattle driver, chopped to the roots stray outcroppings of slate colored grass. These were women who rode unwatched on the dry bottom of the lake with empty breasts and nameless horses, and even the oldest unsnapped heavy collars and soured the passing miles from the tail boards where they sat and dangled their weak legs. They nodded to the thrust, the side slapping of the wheels.
“But I believe there’s trouble.” Again Luke climbed to his sod post and waited. Narrowly he glanced at Ma. “Yes, sir. Them women don’t have no water. Not a drop.”
“That’s all right.” Ma passed quickly with the basket. “You don’t draw such things to my attention.”
“Well,” Luke pulled on his hat, “I reckon they’d survive about anything.” He walked away, sat down and watched her.
And those women were roughly able to sing songs of the skewered lamb and waters driven back by faith or oath. They were dry. The boards on which they sat, scraped of fodder, might have burst aflame if the sun were caught briefly in the eye of a watch glass. They traveled in three lifeless dories with dead oarlocks and rotted sails; they sang stiffly, managed to hold the reins. They backtracked, chewed the sand and made their way over weary, salty miles to see one woman their own age brought to bed.
Every one of them made the trip. There was not a woman in the desert who had not left the animal pens, truck garden patch and particular gully of the home to sit all day in the sun, breathe the air of ancient lying in and love. For hours, under a never swaying skirt, a bare ankle remained chocked against brake iron or plank. The desert gave them up and they advanced; they might have died of thirst. But open-jawed and black, with matted and twisted cuts of hair, they crowded wagons taken from the farm.
They drew near, and Luke for the first time saw women’s faces. Once again on the sod hut, a thin scout in the sunlight, a bent marker limp through standing, his own face worked, pursed and dripping as he watched. Bonnets, ribbons but no curls, skull-blackened and thirsty they stared back above the slick fronts of horses plodding low, stepping singly, flat and without wind away from the wheels that were nearly locked. Instead of three wagon loads he would have liked to have seen just one face cleansed of the sun and that had not been formed and set long ago to the sudden bloody impression of a coffin bone. A few could not hear the meek but steady notes of their sisters’ hymns and pushed their ears with hand that had been raised trembling three days and nights. “I want to see one,” he searched among the tucked and tired wives, “before she’s learned to keep shut. And outlive a man.”
He did not wave.
On impulse, throwing off his coat, Cap Leach, in the days when he could shave a cow’s heart thin as glass and determine with one look beneath the sheets the span of the stricken, dared to extract the secret of a dead woman; on a wintry morning, having arrived according to the law too late, he attended the birth of Harry Bohn. The mother, dead but a moment, gave up the still live child in an operation which, hurried and unexpected, was more abortive than life saving and, when the doctor drew back, lapsed into her faintly rigorous position. the son, fished none too soon from the dark hollow, swayed coldly to and fro between his fingers. Leech left his scalpel stuck midway down the unbleeding thigh, buried the wailing forceps in his shiny bag, stepped outdoors with the infant and disappeared, thereafter, through all his career, barred from the most fruitful of emergencies.
But attendance at the surrounded bedside was not his special pleasure, he was not keen to treat night after night the umbilical cord like a burnt cork. He did not care for the sight of a swelling that decreased and felt no duty to bring relief to a woman lying in a shaft. Her only discoloration was for a purpose, and Cap Leech believed in the non-usefulness of burst organs; no good could come of it.
In the days following his clandestine operation upon the corpse, days of smooth cheeks and high collar, he teetered between the whiteness of a hall and the spotted robe tied behind the sufferer’s back. His training had begun with a set of wired bones in a dry box--he had clicked the teeth--and ended with poppy leaves smoldering in a pharmaceutical brash dish. Unguentine on the tip of his finger, reference to the tight page of a textbook, a limb swaddled in lay wrappings of bandage, the count of clear blood cells like constellations; with spectacles and shaved temples he took to searching coal bins for the wounded.
Cap Leech was no longer a midwife. A family of one son and one unborn had been abandoned for earaches and faeces smuggled in milk bottles when he set out with a few sticks and powders for thirty years practice among those without the chance of recovery, doomed, he felt, to submit. With him went the child whose features he had touched off by a slight grazing of the tongs.
He wandered the fields and lifted, dropped arms. At times, appearing starved and old, he answered questions and advised upon the description of a sore or at sight of a smoking specimen. He cauterized, poked, and painted those abrasions and distempers which, when healed, were forgotten or which, at their worst and sure to enlarge, brought a final shrinking to nameless lips.
The box grew brown with age. Once, in the empty frenzy of a cold night, he flung the bones across a whitened plain. But, always in time, he discovered the marble counter, the revolving fan, and jugs of pills. He crawled jerkily across the gumwood floor, stethoscope pressed upon the shell of a beetle sweeping hurriedly its wired legs. He mixed a foamy soda draught in paper cups, dust in water.
An old obstetrical wizard who now brought forth no young, losing year after year the small lock-jawed instruments of his kit, chalking black prescriptions on the leaves of a calendar, he was reduced to making the little circuits of malignant junctions, in conversation only now and then with a crafty druggist. His skills became an obsessive pastime and he looked even at the hobbling animal with a heavy eye. Warts appeared on the medicine man’s hands.
Keret's moody, semi-fabulist tales are not miles away from George Saunders, excepting that he can pop off a one or two-page story here and there and h...moreKeret's moody, semi-fabulist tales are not miles away from George Saunders, excepting that he can pop off a one or two-page story here and there and he seems much more preoccupied with the subject of love, maybe as a possibility, but more evidenced in obsession with the past, seemingly the only place one can be certain it actually existed. Still, politics often drive the stories and this is where I see a kinship with the two. I won't stretch the Keret-Saunders much further lest it snaps like a rubber band, but I do think similarities in age (Keret is 45, Saunders 53), and their shared inability to avoid the political as a consequence of place, both geographical and emotional (Saunders, of course, is from the U.S.; Keret is from Israel), contributes some to the connection in my head. Mostly, Keret displays the same unique ability as Saunders to simplify without bludgeoning, creating miniature alternate worlds with imagination, humor and intelligence, garnering empathy for unlikeable characters, sometimes even going so far as to reveal those unlikeable characters to be us, or me, or you maybe.(less)
Holy shit. Small disclaimer: I met the man once. I met him we was already a hero of mine from Airships, Geronimo Rex & Ray, which I read my freshm...moreHoly shit. Small disclaimer: I met the man once. I met him we was already a hero of mine from Airships, Geronimo Rex & Ray, which I read my freshman year of college. That was 1988. Hannah was gone almost a decade from his fascinating & tumultuous teaching career at Alabama, but the stories of his five year reign as the wild man of Tuscaloosa still reverberated through the Creative Writing program, enthralling students and faculty alike. I'd be shocked & removed if anythings changed twenty years on. There is the tale of him, at the close of an afternoon drinking session @ the Chukker (where I saw Roky Erikson, the Mummies, The Cramps, and even Sun Ra; post-stroke, but fucking Sun Ra, mother fucker!), returning to his convertible MG to find it filled with water. Supposedly, he calmly removed a revolver from his glove compartment and fired several rounds into the floorboard to facilitate the draining process. There is the story of the flaming arrow, shot from some distance, striking a perfect bullseye in the front door of his then separated wife's home. & there is the legend of him fleeing some unknown fix he'd found himself in while purportedly researching an article for Esquire on the growing influence of of organized crime along the Mississippi Gulf Coast. His traveling companion, a fellow professor not quite hipped yet to the possibilities inherent in accompanying Hannah for any activity, awoke being vigorously shaken by the writer, & was told to grab anything packed, leave the rest, and get his ass in the car. As the dazed man began an attempt to appeal to reason, or ascertain the cause for such radical measures, he noticed the small duffel bag of semi-automatic weapons as well as the pistol tucked into Hannah's belt, & did what he was told. What followed was a early morning car chase involving Mississippi State Troopers, &, after crossing the state line, Alabama Troopers as well. The younger professor later gave account of an unruffled Barry Hannah calmly explaining to him that they were merely being escorted by the troopers, who'd recognized him shortly after beginning to give chase. And finally, there is the true whopper, the story of how Hannah, an undeniable American literary star whose 1972 novel Geronimo Rex had won the William Faulkner Prize while simultaneously being nominated for the National Book Award, whose 1978 story collection Airships won the Arnold Gingrich Short Fiction Award, and a year later received the prestigious Award in Literature from the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters, came to be fired from his teaching position at Alabama in 1980. Many details leading up to the incident vary wildly according to the source, though one essential one remains the same. Whether he was using it as a prop for a lecture about what he called literature's six movements, or detaining students attempting to walk out on an impromptu flugelhorn solo he though relevant to the class, or, my personal favorite, that he brandished it before telling a student "he was going to teach him how to write about fear, right hear and right now," Hannah pulled out a revolver and apparently appeared convincing enough like he might actually use it that the end result was his prompt dismissal from the University. I met him, not at a reading or party, but in passing @ his ex-wife's home where I happened to be hanging out with his daughter Lee, a member of my college circle & a friend to this day.
Those who've read Barry Hannah would likely not be surprised by the tales above, nor by the fact that all of them are about 75% true. His fiction is peopled throughout by troubled lunatics, disgraced failures, morally vacant youth, amorally monstrous villains, pimps, whores, junkies, dealers, the sick, the suicidal(less)