- What has started as a religious and folk art, turned into art for rich estates. Art for rich people is what gives them some sort of pleasure (differ- What has started as a religious and folk art, turned into art for rich estates. Art for rich people is what gives them some sort of pleasure (different kinds of beauty) - Religious art was pushed aside and all money, critics, art schools were concentrated in art for rich estates. - True art has to express some feeling that was experienced by an artist him/herself, while art for rich estates demands beauty and grace, each time more and more sophisticated. - That art for rich estates, which nowdays is treated as only art, has no connection with true folk's art, it is known only by insignificant number of people and in reality is a fake art. - It corrupts ordinary people severely when they are touched by that fake art. - Since number of people who understand art of rich estates is so insignificant, it has no meaning at all, despite what is being attributed to it. Those elitists who claim art to be a privilege for Nitcshian' superhumans, are more sincere then those who say that art has some positive impact on people in general. - As a result modern art describes only vanity, melancholy and lust . - Art for those rich estates is only amusement, something to kill tons of free time those people have and hide their laziness and idleness. - Any amusement tends to get old at some point so those people are always looking for new kinds of amusement. In the end they reached a place where there were no new kinds, so they declare there's nothing more to create and started to look for new forms of amusement instead of kinds. Someone takes some unusual form, renews it with porno details, which weren't allowed before and art lovers declare such inventor a great writer. - At the same time there's no reason to abuse such inventor: even if we don't like what he's doing and do like what has been doing before and we will start to criticize him from the hights of Leonardo, Bach or someone else, we will only look from previous art positions, which are still obscure for majority of people. - Art becomes obscure or even ceases to be an art when it has one goal - to entertain rich estates. The problem is that it is very hard goal: those people are world-weary and it is impossible to create even lowest kind of art without some kind of inner ability. That's why people who produce such art have to create new ways to make something that at least looks like art. Those ways are: borrowing, imitation, amaziness and amusement. - Talented people are no rarity at all. There's nothing special about them. For Tolstoy to be a true artist man has to have the highest level of outlook for his time, has to experience some feeling and has to have potential and desire to express that feeling and also a talent to do it. - What really happens is that a young man creates something, driven by his feeling, his work becomes well-known and critics are saying that his work is not bad but it isn't on the same level as Dante or Beethoven or Raphael and the artist starts to imitate those who were held up as an example. His work will be very poor now, mainly it will be fake art. - Main feature of a great art is a contagion, when recipient gets some feeling from an artist. That can happen when artist's feeling was very special, very clear and very sincere. - Tolstoy treats his own books as a bad kind of art, for the rich people....more
Author of this book, first prime-minister of Free Russia died today, he was 53. He was widely hated in his country. In 1992, when Russia was on the verAuthor of this book, first prime-minister of Free Russia died today, he was 53. He was widely hated in his country. In 1992, when Russia was on the verge of starving he released prices for goods and empty state stores collapsed. Pretty quickly new private stores somehow was filled with food and other products. Vast majority thought he stripped ordinary people from cheap food and clothes (although those were not available for several years already) and he was removed from his office. (there is a big debate about his reforms and I also don't think that whole Milton Freedman theory should be implemented so easily. Too many people suffered and became unreasonbly poor (scientists, teachers, classical scholars, etc)
This book is clever. Main point: Stalin's regime made some sort of silent pact with soviet people: you are being cheaply fed but you have to sit quietly in political sense, you have to accept dictatorship. Untill people indeed were fed the pact worked. But when Ronald Regane administration crashed oil prices down, one side of the pact - Soviet state - couldn't perform its obligations according to the pact (to feed its own people) and collapsed ("Гибель империи" means "Fall of the Empire"). That's how Soviet Union died. Every word proved by numbers, tables and diagrams.
There's one thing I don't agree (that's why 4 stars). He thought and tried to prove in this book, that separation of Russia, Ukraine and Belorussia in 1991 was the natural progress of events which I strongly believe wasn't so....more