Bennett opened up for me the perspective of German Army professionals after WWI, a side of the German experience that I had not yet incorporated intoBennett opened up for me the perspective of German Army professionals after WWI, a side of the German experience that I had not yet incorporated into my novel-in-progress. It reinforced for me the sense that Hitler never had any real initiatives of his own except to gain and exercise power. He often took credit for and used the ideas and goals of others, claiming them as his own....more
A fascinating study of a Nazi who was tried at Nuremberg and acquitted.
Schacht first gained prominence as the banker who solved the hyper-inflation pA fascinating study of a Nazi who was tried at Nuremberg and acquitted.
Schacht first gained prominence as the banker who solved the hyper-inflation problem in Germany in 1923, for which he was appointed President of the Reischbank. He was an important supporter of Hitler in the 1930-32 period before Hitler became Chancellor and was rewarded by an appointment as Minister of Economics after Hitler took power. A clear case can be made that Schacht's association with Hitler was calculated for the purpose of advancing his own career, power and fame.
Schacht was instrumental in providing the funds for Germany's rearmament program, including the invention of the notorious MEFO bills (promissory notes based on nothing used to hide the extent of Germany's rearmament). He fought with Goering over economic policy and lost when Goering's Four Year Plan - totally devoted to war production at the expense of consumer-friendly policies - was adopted by Hitler.
Schacht became a major participant in several anti-Hitler plots, including the pre-Munich plot in 1938. Subsequently, Schacht publicly antagonized Hitler and was removed from all positions, later to be arrested and sent to a succession of concentration camps.
Liberated from Dachau by the Allies in 1945, Schacht was immediately arrested and brought to trial at Nuremberg, where it was judged that his anti-Hitler activities outweighed his role in preparing the German armed forces for war. The judges apparently believed Schacht when he insisted he thought Hitler was rearming for defensive purposes only.
Here is a fascinating "might have been" item ...
... in 1938, Allen Dulles led the American effort with the German underground (including Schacht) whereby civilians attempted to push the military into anti-Hitler action. *** Was that the policy of the US government at the time? What was FDR's role in Dulles' efforts? ***
... Schacht & Gisevius met with Witzleben … who controlled troops in the Berlin area … had enough power to seize the centralized government and Hitler, and to neutralize Nazi opposition … could have accomplished a coup d'etat … Witzleben formulated the plans after Schacht convinced him of the need for violence to rid Germany of Hitler
... Hitler's success of Munich undermined the planned coup … public rejoicing that territory (Czechoslovakia) had been added without war … both the generals and the nation as a whole came to believe that Hitler knew best how to handle international problems … Hitler had been right and Schacht wrong regarding what the English would do ... Schacht lost prestige among the generals.
... the night fter the Munich Agreement was signed … Witzleben, Schacht and Gisevius tossed their plans into the fire … *** literally? ***
After his acquittal at Nuremberg, Schacht founded a private banking house in Düsseldorf. He also advised developing countries on economic development. He died in 1970 at the age of 93.
A solid mystery story ... all the characters in the same house - one of them did it. The interactions between the police were superb. There were alsoA solid mystery story ... all the characters in the same house - one of them did it. The interactions between the police were superb. There were also many pertinent observations about the process of aging and the ways of responding to the inevitable.
A word regarding James' descriptions of people and places ... I was both a tiny bit irritated that the many descriptions slowed down the story and yet often entranced by their quality. ...more