This was the second of the three books required for my teaching credential class, “Teaching for Equity in Secondary Schools”. See my review of the firThis was the second of the three books required for my teaching credential class, “Teaching for Equity in Secondary Schools”. See my review of the first book, Holler If You Hear Me: The Education of a Teacher and His Students by Greg Michie, for more background on that class and my griping about it.
Noguera’s book (like the third book, “The Dream-Keepers: Successful teachers of African American children”) was wonderfully intentioned, and provides a lot of guidance and even wisdom. But also like that third book, it suffers from some fundamental flaws.
Now, I think like an academic. I like evidence laid out for my judgement without the burden of someone else tweaking that evidence as a result of their own conclusions. I respect advocacy: the world is better because people care deeply about things, and work hard to bring dreams to fruition — and sometimes that includes writing books. But the mission of an advocate and an academic are separate, at least in my opinion.
My frustrations with advocacy pretending to be academic are manifold, but two big ones kept me from appreciating Noguera’s book.
The first is that he, as a liberal/progressive activist, almost certainly lives in a liberal/progressive echo chamber, in which everyone more or less agrees on what is right and just and fair, and they universally condemn those that they don’t agree with as stupid, or greedy, or venal, or something else that makes it trivial to ignore their objections and concerns.
That is actually visible in the book’s full title: “City schools and the American dream: Reclaiming the promise of public education”. It doesn’t take too much investigating to discover there are a lot of people in the United States that don’t have dreams of public education, and there are plenty that see public education as a nightmare for a variety of reasons. So scattered throughout, Noguera points out how what he advocates will help “us” succeed in this dream of a mission, and he never acknowledges — much less accepts — that there will be people as impassioned as his is fighting to stop him to fulfill their own dreams.
So it’s a bit difficult not to groan when he speaks of increasing funding for schools, or “changing policy at the state and Federal level” as if we’ve just taken a few missteps and stumbled and need merely to stand up straight and get back on track.
My second difficulty is that split mission of advocate and academic. In chapter six he covers some research he led at Berkeley High School, and that one chapter is (mostly) a model of reasoned discourse and analysis. But elsewhere, he contradicts himself and misuses his evidence. For example, in chapter ?, he castigates other scholars for their defeatist “victimology” and describing the problem as one of an “inherited inferiority complex”, but then acknowledges that when his own son was struggling academically, he was worried about “acting white” and only succeeded when he distance himself from his former friends. The terms Noguera and his opponents use are different, but both are talking of the same thing.
The book does have these flaws, which is why I can’t wholeheartedly recommend it. Many folks reading it from within the liberal/progressive echo chamber won’t see its flaws and will perhaps become more radicalized (which is, frankly, what my professor wants), while those outside that echo chamber are likely to become irritated by the advocacy, as I have, and won’t get much out of it. That’s too bad, since Noguera’s experiences and suggestions are often useful....more
I'm very happy the bookclub's dictatress selected this, the first novel in the author's "Prostitution Trilogy", because the third, The Royal Family,I'm very happy the bookclub's dictatress selected this, the first novel in the author's "Prostitution Trilogy", because the third, The Royal Family, is 800 pages (divided into 593 chapters).
The Sisters Brothers, Charlie and Eli, are notorious gunmen and assassins in the gold-rush era wild west. The narrator is younger brother Eli, and iThe Sisters Brothers, Charlie and Eli, are notorious gunmen and assassins in the gold-rush era wild west. The narrator is younger brother Eli, and it seems he is feeling increasingly reluctant towards job.
This is a mostly delightful tour of geology, earthquakes and plate tectonics, with an emphasis on California's infamous San Andreas Fault and the 1906This is a mostly delightful tour of geology, earthquakes and plate tectonics, with an emphasis on California's infamous San Andreas Fault and the 1906 earthquake that devastated San Francisco. I can highly recommend it.
Much to the delight of info gluttons, Winchester as always ranges widely from the nominal focus of the book. Any reader looking for an in-depth history of the whys and wherefores of the earthquake and fire will be more than satisfied, as well anyone wondering about the broader surrounding topics.
Of course, if you want your author to go straight to the heart of the matter, this isn't your book and, furthermore, you really should forego any of Winchester's books.
By the way, this book was more personal to me than to most of you out there: I've lived in San Francisco for almost my entire adult life, and I'm a third-generation Californian (and almost a third-generation San Franciscan). I've backpacked for many years in the Sierras, thrown up millions of years ago by the mechanisms he describes in the book, and I felt connected to every scene he describes in the city.
Still, my reaction to this book isn't unalloyed praise. I think there were several false notes. The more obvious one was the connection to Pentecostalism. I agree it was an important phenomena of the time — actually, I wouldn't be here if my mother's parents hadn't found each other while attending a Pentecostal church during the depression. But the movement almost certainly would have taken off with or without San Francisco's earthquake; that kind of exuberant religiosity seems to be a fundamental part of U.S. culture. Despite the specific anecdotes that tie the two stories together, I felt it was really a post hoc, ergo propter hoc kind of connection, and detrimental to the book's focus.
The other significant annoyance was that several times the author referred to San Francisco and other places in close proximity to the fault as "very dangerous". Now, maybe when the Big One hits I'll change my tune, but substantially fewer than 1000 Californians have died in earthquakes in the past century. As I'm writing this at the end of April 2013, and the New York Times just reminded me that three years after the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake (which killed 63 in the region), Los Angeles lived through the Rodney King riots, which killed 54. And, of course, at least 15 (and possibly many more) have just died in the explosion of a fertilizer company in Texas. Frankly, life is dangerous; everyone dies in the end.
Living in an earthquake zone does slightly raise the likelihood of dying prematurely (or being seriously injured), but there are many, many other factors that affect mortality rates even more. Coastal California — right along the San Andeas Fault — has a famously benign climate, for example. I suspect the overall health of the locals is higher because of it, and probably lengthens their life expectancy more than the earthquake risk shortens it. Winchester even makes fun of the residents of Portola Valley, a town that lies directly upon the fault line — amused at how they argue endlessly about whether and where to move this building or that, only to go back to sipping their sauvignon blanc. He agrees that their "way of life [is] quite unrivaled in its quality anywhere in the world", yet still thinks that there can be "no greater monument to hubris" that the choose to live there.
I suppose he really thinks they'd be better off somewhere else, but I think there's a lot of hubris in his assertion that he is right and several million residents of the San Francisco Bay Area are being irrational. Perhaps he should have asked the scientists at the Menlo Park's USGS — the same folks he thanks for helping in his studies. After all, their office is on alluvial soil about eight miles from Portola Valley, and they undoubtedly live in the area. It apparently did not occur to Winchester to ask them what they feel about that risk.
I'll take the certitude of a quake and its consequent increase in my mortality over living elsewhere, thank you.
This is a sometimes heart-wrenching and sometimes ecstatic narrative of the dramatic era that brought San Francisco through some incredible times andThis is a sometimes heart-wrenching and sometimes ecstatic narrative of the dramatic era that brought San Francisco through some incredible times and changes.
If you love San Francisco — or you're interested in rock 'n' roll, gay history, traumatic 70s racial politics, or even the 49ers football team, you'll probably find this book riveting.
If you're a San Franciscan, the public library has 52 copies to share out, although as of Christmas 2012, there are 206 requests outstanding, so you still might have to wait a while. Update, 27 April 2013: the public library has declared this a "On the Same Page" book, which means they want as many people reading it as possible at the same time to foster discussion. So there are now 120 holds on the first copy returned of 472 copies....more
Everyone in San Francisco, native or visitor, knows the Ferry Building and the Transamerica Pyramid and the city's other iconic structures. In Cityscapes: San Francisco and its Buildings, a collection of his columns in the San Francisco Chronicle, John King explores other, less well known but decidedly noteworthy buildings.
Cityscapes is a guide book of sorts. It discusses buildings that you don't find in regular guides and it shows how, in San Francisco, the past integrates with the present and allows for the changes of the future. It opens our eyes and make us appreciate the vibrant, architectural kaleidoscope that is San Francisco.
Stumbled on a visit from the author to the SFPL, and was quite impressed by the prose. A tiny bit disappointed that he read from the mountain lion-BigStumbled on a visit from the author to the SFPL, and was quite impressed by the prose. A tiny bit disappointed that he read from the mountain lion-Big Sur passage instead of the geology-of-the-Sierras passage, but I guess that's what his quick survey indicated the audience preferred. (It's just I'm planning on doing the JMT in six or seven weeks...)...more
In its April 20th, 2011, issue, the Economist did an incredible eight-article special issue on California’s seriously dysfunction economic and governaIn its April 20th, 2011, issue, the Economist did an incredible eight-article special issue on California’s seriously dysfunction economic and governance quandary. See here for an index (it appears to be outside the Economist’s pay-for-content wall).
This book, California Crackup: How Reform Broke the Golden State and How We Can Fix It, is listed first among the article’s sources.
Why would this series of articles (and probably this book) be of interest to anyone outside of California? The principle culprit is argued to be “direct democracy” — the ability of the impassioned mob to impose its will. My thesis is that the past few decades has transformed mass culture — television, then the web — from a relatively conservative elitist institution into one that now tremendously accentuates and empowers that same mob rule. If it arouses passions, it can be turned into profit, and the profit will be higher if those passions are further inflamed. The dysfunction that started in California for other reasons is spreading like a metastasizing cancer throughout American democracy.
Just after last year’s autumnal equinox I started an 80-or-so-mile backpacking trip down in King Canyon National Park, in the southern Sierra Nevadas.Just after last year’s autumnal equinox I started an 80-or-so-mile backpacking trip down in King Canyon National Park, in the southern Sierra Nevadas.
I’m sure people that don’t hike or backpack wonder what one does on such a trip besides strain and sweat and get tired and dirty. Well, one of the things I do is study the world around me. The high Sierras exposes a lot of geology that becomes quite fascinating once one starts looking closely, asking questions, and learning a bit. For example, the famous domes of Yosemite aren’t replicated in too many places — why? Well, it has to do with the kind of rock they’re made of, which depends on where and how that rock was formed, how quickly it cooled, etc.
I’ve spent plenty of time in Yosemite, but that last trip was a few hundred miles south, and I soon realized the geology was different in some intriguing ways. The rock around me had a lot more variation in color than I usually see in Yosemite, with green and beige as well as a wide range of grays. And quite a bit of pure quartz. I started wondering if King Canyon’s granite had a less pure chemical mix than Yosemite’s, which might also explain why it spalls and exfoliates differently, creating needle-shaped peaks instead of domes.
Now, just a few days ago, I finished a novel in which several of the characters spent a short time backpacking just a dozen or so miles north of where I had been, and one of their party was a geology geek, explaining that they were hiking to one of the purer portions of the Sierras, granite-wise. Specifically, he explained they were going up the Cartridge Pluton, which was one of the many plutons the Sierra Nevada batholith was composed of.
Well, we geeks love our technobabble, and I resolved to learn how to use this new terminology better — especially since I hope to hike the JMT in the next year or two.
So I figured there might be a book on the geology of the Sierra Nevada, and lo-and-behold, what I found was this book, Geology of the Sierra Nevada. That wasn’t so tough, it seems. It’s by the University of California Press’ California Natural History Guides, which is really nice: I’ve got half a dozen of their other guides, and they’re good stuff.
Well, there’s a lot of information in here, and I very much enjoyed devouring it, but it was too much to gulp down in one read. Much of the information is still in a jumble in my brain, and I’m pretty sure I couldn’t tell a coherent version of very many of these stories of my favorite mountains.
It covers the elemental side of the geology, of course, without getting into any deep detail regarding chemistry. Oh, sure it is mentioned that one kind of lava is higher in silica and another in iron, but I’m embarrassed to say that stuff just dribbles out of my brain. It isn’t that I don’t enjoy chemistry, I just have no pre-assigned place in my brain for the chemistry of rocks, so it isn’t staying put.
But then there’s the history of the geology. When did those tectonic plates do their thing, and how were volcanoes involved, and how did all those huge chunks of granite — er, “granitic rock” get there? And that tale is a good one, and helps explain the relationship between igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rock. I’m still a bit unclear on where “granite” fits into that triad — sometimes it seems to be described as metamorphic, other times igneous. I think the answer might be that there are wide gray zones at the boundaries of igneous and metamorphic, and then again between metamorphic and sedimentary. But I’d have to get a real geology textbook to clarify that.
Oh, yeah, it turns out “granite” isn’t a word geologists use much, because it isn’t precise enough. The Sierras seem to contain at least half-a-dozen different kinds of different “granitic rock” in different locales, and they are what cause the different behavior.
The tales of John Muir and the other men (yeah, at that point and in this scope, pretty much all men) were also fun. We tend to think of John Muir as the old guy with the long gray beard, so it was a bit startling to discover he was the sheep-herding non-expert underdog in the Sierra’s geological debates (which were a rip-roaring topic of conversation back then).
Other folks interested in hiking or backpacking (or skiing, river rafting, rock climbing, etc.) should consider reading this. Hey, get too copies. One for the glovebox and one for the bathroom.
The rest of you who don’t know what you’re missing in the Sierras, well, you probably don’t need to bother. ...more
Partner book to his "Ecotopica". Better in some ways, but mostly more-of-the-same in too many ways. Daydream fulfillment to such an implausible extentPartner book to his "Ecotopica". Better in some ways, but mostly more-of-the-same in too many ways. Daydream fulfillment to such an implausible extent that it gets tiresome. The problems of the time, as bad as they were, didn't signal the end of the world, much to many liberals' surprise.
The only detail I can clearly recall is that some fellow invents a solar cell that can be made in a backyard kiln but has astonishing efficiency; enough that petroleum can be dispensed with, and it can be made by neighborhood craftspeople, not in billion-dollar corporate-own fabrication plants. How convenient!...more
Good points I recall: the author presents an intriguing list of social, economic, environmental and technological changes thaRead this soooo long ago.
Good points I recall: the author presents an intriguing list of social, economic, environmental and technological changes that add up to, more or less, a progressive liberal fantasyland.
Bad points I recall: the political upheaval that made the forgoing possible was implausible at the time, but worse was that the same inventory, above — which was the raison d'etre for the novel — also became tiresome. Think of it as a staged tour of a Potemkin village. Time after time, everything has somehow worked out exactly as the revolutionaries [author] wanted it to, showing how wonderful life would be if only people would share and follow through on the vision! Interfering details such compromises, radical changes that didn't work out so well, or even just the messiness of quotidian existence: none of these are permitted.
I might be mis-remembering. The downside of the revolution might have gotten more airplay than I recall, but that certainly wasn't what has stuck with me after twenty-five or thirty years. I also have no recollection of a plot, so I suspect it was mostly there in service to the guide tour of the author's vision.
One detail I do remember is that San Francisco's Market Street was torn up and the (supposedly) ancient stream that used to lie along that path was brought back to life. In the intervening years while on a congested and chaotic Market Street, I've often tried to imagine a stream and a garden path there instead.
Nice fantasy, but not really plausible enough to be an important book. ...more
Checked out from library, was immediately finding the plants I'd stumbled upon while backpacking. That's becaThanks, Tammy, for the Christmas present!
Checked out from library, was immediately finding the plants I'd stumbled upon while backpacking. That's because it only does flowering plants, and it sorts them by color. I'll still also get A Sierra Nevada Flora because it encompasses all flora, so maybe I'll work my way up to trees later.
Snow Plant (Sarcodes sanguinea) blooming near Lake Tahoe in the Granite Chief Wilderness Area.
A pocket (4 1/2" x 6", but 1" thick) guide to the plants of the Sierra Nevada mountains, including brief notes — when available — on which are edible.A pocket (4 1/2" x 6", but 1" thick) guide to the plants of the Sierra Nevada mountains, including brief notes — when available — on which are edible.
Uses a dichotomous key, which isn't a problem, but also is suffused with botanical jargon I can't seem to learn. Which really makes it hard to use for the uninitiated. If I somehow learn the common name for a plant, I could look it up in the index, and thus come in the back door. But just to find those tidbits of whether native Americans ate some plant, or used it as a nosebleed remedy?
Nope, especially not when Weeden's Foreword points out:
It is doubtful, however, that a person would care to exist on the Sierran cuisine. Though there are many edible plants in the Sierra Nevada, their taste is often disgusting, making the plants unpalatable except to someone actually starving. Aside from some of the juicy berries there are no savory morsels in the coniferous forests.
My curiosity was not based on the possibility of starving, so this is something of a damper. I do, however, still want to hunt up an example of Miner's Lettuce ("Montia perfoliata is edible raw or cooked. The stems and lvs are excellent in salads. The roots are edible raw or after boiling.")
Uses a dichotomous key, which isn’t as friendly as Karen Wiese’sSierra Nevada Wildflowers, which sorts them first by the color of the flower. But WUses a dichotomous key, which isn’t as friendly as Karen Wiese’sSierra Nevada Wildflowers, which sorts them first by the color of the flower. But Wiese’s does not list nearly as many plants. I’ll have to take a look at some other references, I guess.
(Note: the prices for used editions on Amazon are outrageous, yet sequoiahistory.org still lists it at retail price on their product page. Examine a library copy, then purchase there.) ...more