I have to say when this case happened back in 2009, I, like many other people, believed Amanda to be guilty because I saw her smile in court with herI have to say when this case happened back in 2009, I, like many other people, believed Amanda to be guilty because I saw her smile in court with her boyfriend and the I heard the way many people were talking about the case. I assumed she was guilty because of the way she acted and how inconsiderate she looked in her own murder trial. But now, almost 6 years later and after reading new information emerged out of the case and having moved to Italy myself in 2011 and lived in Rome for a while, I have to say now I believe this girl is innocent, she might smile in her own murder trial and she might act inappropriately but that does not make her a murderer. Having moved to Rome for my first year in law school, I experienced first hand how shitty the Italian legal system was and having been asked out by Italian police and being harassed and treated inappropriately by almost every Italian guy I came in contact with, I believed Amanda's story that the prosecutor treated her unfairly and misappropriated the evidence just to show that she was the murderer. Italian legal system is very different from the American legal system and in my opinion doesn't even come close to treat people fairly and to afford a fair trial to accused. I also believed Amanda when she said she confessed and accused Patrick because she was under pressure and had been treated badly by the police. Now, after reading this book and watching her appear on talkshows, I do believe her innocence and hope that now she can finally enjoy her life as a normal girl should have. ...more
this book is fascinating. of course being chinese myself, I grew up with my grandparents telling me stories about the war in Nanking and my grandpa bethis book is fascinating. of course being chinese myself, I grew up with my grandparents telling me stories about the war in Nanking and my grandpa being from Nanking and escaped the massacre, the astrocities and brutalities the japanese had committed in Nanking had always meant something more to my family. especially since my great grandma was killed by the japanese there. This book described briefly the history of japan and how it was the americans that opened the door and ended the japanese isolation. the japanese had admired and feared western military power and thus committed itself to brutal training of its own children. Theres always the saying in Asia that be hard on your enemy and be harder on yourself and I guess the japanese had achieved that. Iris Chang also suggested that the defeat of nanking was also due to the cowardice of the chinese soldiers because the chinese outnumbered the japanese by 10 to 1 and yet they offered their surrender without any fight. This was no news to me as the same characteristic is still being displayed by the chinese in china as in last month, a chinese with a fruit knife killed and injured 15 people on a bus and 4 more after the killer got off the bus and no one resisted him. I guess chinese military and government at that time was also at fault for losing the war and perhaps what happened in nanking can be lesson for both the chinese and the japanese.
it came as a surprise to me when Iris mentioned in the book that it was the western foreigners that showed the most courage and helped saving more people and some of them even risked their own lives. the saddest part was probably the last chapter of the book where it mentioned the whereabouts of all the foreigners after they saved the lives of thousands of chinese. not only did they never received anything in return, most of them ended up paying a price of their own lives for what they had done in china. None of them had received the attention like Schindler did after ww2. in fact, none of the books and articles and films even mentioned them. also, most japanese war criminals had gone on without any punishments. even more outrageous was the fact that many prominent japanese today still denied the existance of the rape in the first place, as evidenced by the attitude of many of them after a recent lawsuit by the women that were raped during the war....more
a lot of interesting facts about saints, churches, and crusades, but I thought this book was supposed to be about Templars. It only contained some infa lot of interesting facts about saints, churches, and crusades, but I thought this book was supposed to be about Templars. It only contained some information about templars, most of book was talking about Crusades. ...more
Been from China myself, this books is a masterpiece. It told me stories that was never been told to me when I was a student in China back in the 80s aBeen from China myself, this books is a masterpiece. It told me stories that was never been told to me when I was a student in China back in the 80s and 90s. All the characters described in the book such as Deng, Zhu, and Peng were described to us as heroes in Chinese schools. I truly believed it when Frank Dikotter said that in recent interviews, people who survived the great famine still blamed the Soviet Union for the whole disaster, it was what had been told to me in Chinese school. Even now, China places country's reputation and face above human life such as the train crash that happened recently. I guess you would not really understand China unless you see it from a different perspective which is what Frank Dikotter offered me. ...more
Who is the first conqueror of Britain: it's king Claudius of roman empire he conquered the island on a war elephant and Rome names it the province ofWho is the first conqueror of Britain: it's king Claudius of roman empire he conquered the island on a war elephant and Rome names it the province of Britania.Rome left Scotland and Treland alone and built the city of Bath
Who was the first Christian missionary: st. Paul who had preached to europe and Asia minor but later beheaded by emperor Nero
The first "barrack emperor": the emperors who had been elected in Rome by the soldiers to further their own goals. they were born during time of chaos in Roman history, the first of which was Maximinus, who was born a shepherd and later murdered the emperor and declared himself emperor. he never set foot in Rome and he was later killed by his officers. many more of this types of emperors followed in Rome.
The first christian monk is St. Anthony of Egypt, who were orphaned at 20 and gave away all his wealth to the poor and ended up living in an isolated place in the desert until age 105.
a small lord in northern India arranged a smart marriage and expanded its own territory and formed the first centrally controlled India emperor and this emperor is Chandragupta I of Gupta dynasty. During his son Chandragupta II's reign, he made India into a golden age and during which time the famous book Journey to the West actually happened here.
Saint Nicolas was a bishop of a small church in Turkey. He was born in Turkey and his story became legend when he gave 3 pounches of gold away to save 3 girls from becoming prostitutes. He later been buried in Turkey and a group of merchants brought him back to Bari, Italy. His idea of gift giving and Roman's celebration of Saturnalia was what really set things off. The Dutch brought this tradition with them to NYC and people started calling him Santa Clause.
Who is considered the first king of France: Clovis I, who united all the Franks What was the first complete codification of Roman law: Emperor Justinian's Corpus Iuris Civilis, who combined all the written Roman laws and books such as digest. It became the ancestor of legal system in Europe...more
This book is about a boy named Deo who fled from Africa to New York City with only $200 and no english at all. Plus, he had a fake visa. 2 years laterThis book is about a boy named Deo who fled from Africa to New York City with only $200 and no english at all. Plus, he had a fake visa. 2 years later, this boy whom no one believed in and many people discriminated against got into Columbia University, graduated with honor, later on to Harvard School Public Health, after so many struggles, he finally achieved his dream of a lifetime--Dartmouth Medical School. After all the accomplishment and all the suffering, he decided to go back to Rwanda and opened up a clinic, a place where he dreamt of opening but never had the mean to actually do it. It tells the strength of a human being. How things are really possible if you want it badly enough. Human beings have a lot of potential, you just need to catch the right opportunity and sum up the right amount of courage. Deo couldn't have done what he eventually achieved without the help of Charlie, Nancy, and Sharon, who sacrificed their own money and lives to help Deo achieve his dream. Opportunity plus hardwork, sweat plus smart, that's how you achieve a dream. Nobody is stupid, everyone has the potential to succeed. If you are willing to put in the effort and if you want it badly enough, if you want it more than anyone else, if you are willing to work harder than other people, then the life will be yours and your dream will come true. If a boy who did not even speak english and who did not even have the basic means to survive in NYC can do it, then so can you. ...more
The Chinese came to United States, mainly western regions to dig the gold. But the gold rush began to dissipate almost as quickly as it had begun. TheThe Chinese came to United States, mainly western regions to dig the gold. But the gold rush began to dissipate almost as quickly as it had begun. Then the Chinese in US had been taxed as foreign miners and then driven out of this business. The railroads the Chinese helped to build had enabled the Americans from the East to travel by train to the west and started looking for jobs here in the west. Those Americans started to blame the Chinese for taking away their job. Then on May 6, 1882, the government passed Chinese Exclusion Act, strictly limited any further immigration from China and excluded Chinese already in the country from citizenship. The Chinese remained here were obliged for their own survival , had to withdraw from direct competition and they got into restaurant or the laundry businesses. When Japan attacked Pearl Harbor, FDR had for Chinese's help to attack the common enemy, so they repeled the exclusion act in December 1943. When Communist party took over the country, they enforced a household registration system that prevent the rural Chinese from flooding the cities looking for jobs. This policy made it extremely hard for rural Chinese from leaving their own village, not to mention their own country.
It is depressing to read all those stories, people desperate to get to America. As a legal Chinese immigrant to United States at age 14, I despise all the illegal immigrants, American government granting safe haven, permanent residency to illegal immigrants who have no reason to stay is a slap on the face for legal immigrants like me. There are people who suffered so much to come to America, there are also people who come to United States, caused misery for so many other people, then get permission to stay in this country and became millionaire. Sometimes i felt that this government need to do so much to improve the immigration system.
It is also painstaking to read the stories of the peasants who came illegal through the ship the Golden Venture, people onboard were willing to die rather than going back to China, and those who did accept deportation had ended up being sterilized, having their uterus removed, and forced abortion. People do have a right to fight for what they want, I guess in the end, those who didn't give up and those who withstood their grounds were the winners. They stayed and built their own lives here in the "Golden Land". Although I still hate illegal immigrants, i have to admit that I understand their situation and I do feel sorry for them and I too believe people have the right to fight and to believe in the future...more
The Fallacy of Composition: -is the belief that what is true of a part is true of the whole.
Urban Facts and Fallacies: governmental intervention on houThe Fallacy of Composition: -is the belief that what is true of a part is true of the whole.
Urban Facts and Fallacies: governmental intervention on housing prices is one of the reasons why housing price is so high. Restrictions on the building of homes and apartment buildings take many forms. "Smart Growth" laws restrict the expansion of home building in suburban areas. "open space" laws which simply forbid the building of anything on land set aside in various areas. Respect for property rights mean that existing residents and potential newcomers compete for the same space on an equal basis in the marketplace, rather than in a political process in which only the existing residents can vote. Cities sometimes can reduce the cost by spread over vast numbers of people living in a limited urban area, reducing the cost per person compared to what it would cost per person over vast countrysides. The resources are also more readily available nearby, the transportation costs are lower and is easier to find employee in case of machine breakdown. Other costs in cities are greater than suburban areas like the sewage disposal because the country soil can absorb and decompose human wastes,
Male-Female facts and fallacies: employers sometimes want to segregate women from men at work, typically if an occupation was one that attracted males, the distraction of a female worker in their midst could adversely affect productivity.
Academic facts and fallacies: normally, in a university, the faculty decides the rules of the whole school because the administrators wouldn't know about the fundamentals of the school.legally, the ultimate authority at a college or university rests with the board of trustees including the power to fire the university presidents, but most trustee members only meet with each other for 5 hours per month. Faculties even have the power of corruption, like selecting textbooks based on how much money they got paid by publishers. Some university teachers will intent on selecting course where they don't have to put course which they don't have to do too much research. A lot of professors give out grade inflation to keep away from negative evaluation. Universities nromally only offer full tenture system to professors that can bring about research revenues for the school. Now a lot of universities even participate in the lobbying strategy to lobby congress for more grants. It is common today for football coaches in universities getting paid higher than university president.
racial Facts and fallacies: most people believe that minorities earn less than the majority population but statistics show that minorities are generally a lot younger than majorities and younger people normally earn less than majorities. People think that employers discriminate against minorities because the color of their skin, not so, most employers discriminate because of cost-benefit analysis, many people have said that each person should be judged as an individual but virtually no one actually does that because the cost of acquiring sufficient knowledge about an individual is often far more than it is worth. Employers only forgot about discrimination once the minorities have reached the point where the benefits of sorting the minority individual exceeded the costs of doing so. Anti-discrimination law determines that the burden of proof falls on the accused in the cases to demonstrate the validity of the criteria used. most employers settle the cases outside of the court, even when they have not discriminated. prices charged by stores in low income neighborhoods tend to be higher than prices charged by stores in middle income neighborhoods because the operation costs are higher in ghetto areas.
Third world facts and fallacies: most people believe that geography impact the poverty of a country. What human beings can do with a given geographic environment changes over time as knowledge and experience grow. Geography plays a crucial role in determing how wide the cultural universe extends at any given place. countries with rich resources like Russia is not even among the top 70 nations of the world in real income per capita, which countries with no resources are rich like Japan. Argentina has fewer people per square mile than the United States but has a per capita real income that is only a fraction of that of americans. India has a population per square mile that is several times that of either Argentina or United States, but not quite as many people per squire mile as Japan, which has a far higher real income per capital than india. ...more
There are three basic flavors of incentive: economic, social, and moral. Any incentive is inherently a trade-off, the trick is to balance the extremesThere are three basic flavors of incentive: economic, social, and moral. Any incentive is inherently a trade-off, the trick is to balance the extremes. Every incentive has a dark side, WC Fields once said: a thing worth having is a thing worth cheating for.
The Ku Klux Klan was founded in the immediate aftermath of the civil war by 6 soldiers in TN, the 6 young men founded the 3k just for a circle of friends, Ku Klux Klan in Greek meant "circle". It began as a harmless prank group, but later it evolved into terrorist organizations. Later, Atlanta became the headquarter of KKK because many people believed that a lot of Atlanta politicians and sheriffs were members of KKK. The KKK was much like the real estate agencies--the group whose power was derived in large part from the fact that it hoarded information. The same with insurance companies, after 1990, the internet had been invented and consumers were able to compare prices, insurance companies had no choice but to lower the price. The day the car is driven off the lot is the day that the car losts its value because even if the car is perfect, the buyer will assume that the seller knows something the buyer doesn't.
The first trick of asking questions is to determine if your question is a good one. Just because a question has never been asked does not make it a good one.