At the same time, it's lovely the way the author boldly, deftly and artfully inhabits the minds of a variety of animal characters including a rat, dog, tortoise, elephant, rhino and sloth. A recommended read: There's hope in empathy and art.
Quoteable: "That the purpose of our lives is to celebrate the grandeur of the cosmos."
This tale is told in the shifting point of view of a wild bear, a circus elephant, a factory farmed pig and a rescued pet dog — all of whom have gaineThis tale is told in the shifting point of view of a wild bear, a circus elephant, a factory farmed pig and a rescued pet dog — all of whom have gained a human awareness of the world. As a consequence of their awakened awareness, the animals realize they are at war with the humans who hunt them, use them for entertainment, eat them and imprison them.
Pointedly, although the animals retain some of their instincts, their intelligence distinctly puts them on the same playing field as humans able to talk and reason and communicate with each other as a social group.
On gaining awareness, the animals see that they have been at the mercy of, and subservient to, human desires. It’s terrifying and tragic to realize that The Awareness logically puts us at war.
The Awareness is a powerful book and a quick read.
Writers, read this for: Structure. It’s told in four parts. One chapter in each section contains the point of view of each of the four animals as the calamity unfolds....more
The animal advocacy movement joins the trend toward more data-driven efforts with this book by Nick Cooney founder of The Humane League (notably one oThe animal advocacy movement joins the trend toward more data-driven efforts with this book by Nick Cooney founder of The Humane League (notably one of the top two charities at EffectiveAnimalActivism.org ).
The book compiles and summarizes studies done about what makes people become vegetarian and stay vegetarian and who is most likely to choose vegetarianism aimed at targeting animal advocacy to be most effective.
It's a utilitarian approach to ethics combined with market research with an eye toward getting the most people to go meat-free to save the most animals — which makes sense for animal advocacy.
As the typical vegetarian described here, I didn't find much of this information surprising. There's the sense that there's not a ton of data and Cooney is conservative about drawing conclusions in cases where there's not depth of supporting evidence.
While I'm familiar with the logic, I struggled with some of the "greatest good for the greatest number" framework assumed here. Fortunately, it's not often in practice a matter of either or choices (cows vs. fish or, in the case of global poverty, one child you know vs. children overseas).
Generally, the choices we are asked to make for good are easier (eat more plant-based meals, donate more of our disposable income to charities which help people in the poorest countries). In addition, when there's an end goal in sight, "end poverty" or "stop animal cruelty" effective altruism can be extremely motivating.
So while Cooney points out that more lives will be saved if people eat fewer chickens and fish and that is to be encouraged, the data also shows strides are made when people cut out red meat (as it may be a first step to less meat consumption overall later) or choose to eat meat-free more often.
"The takeaway for vegetarian advocates? They should encourage people to take the first steps toward meat-free eating, not encourage them to go from omnivore to vegan in one meal." (See more takeaways, download the vegan advocacy checklist.)
I've always considered my vegetarian diet a personal choice, but I think Cooney makes a good point — why not answer the inevitable questions about it in ways that would make people more likely to consider it a viable option?
Because, yes, it would reduce animal suffering if more people ate less meat and, yes, I do wish my loved ones would consider a diet that would reduce their risk of heart disease, cancer, and diabetes.
Besides, more vegetarians means better food choices at grocery stores, restaurants and holiday parties!
Notable: According to this book by being vegetarian for 25 years I have saved 725 lives! Imagine personally slaughtering that many animals - more than two each month. I couldn't, and that's why I made the choice. So grateful to my teenage self. The average woman is responsible for the suffering and death of 29 animals per year, 37 animal deaths for men.
The section on vegetarian meats has some interesting historical information. Proponents of plant-based meats included breakfast cereal company founder John Harvey Kellogg and Clara Barton founder of the Red Cross.
Quotable: "Eating vegetarian chicken strips needs to become as American as eating apple pie."
Pairs well with: In Defense of Animals: The Second Wave (2005) essays edited by Peter Singer, especially part III Activists and Their Strategies; the works cited in the book are also available for download ...more
The New York Times runs an essay contest on the ethics of meat eating. The judges are animal rights advocates and plant-based nutrition gurus. TheyThe New York Times runs an essay contest on the ethics of meat eating. The judges are animal rights advocates and plant-based nutrition gurus. They are all men.
Carol J. Adams wrote "The Sexual Politics of Ethics" and questioned the choice of an all male panel. Why wasn't a single female included (Karen Davis, Pattrice Jones, Lauren Ornelas, Erica Meier, Josephine Donovan, Greta Gaard, Lori Gruen, Marla Rose, Laura Wright, Kim Socha, Breeze Harper, Jasmin Singer or Mariann Sullivan for example)?
But the source of my "uh oh" was discomfiting de ja vu — when I'm not reading the women I'm missing out.
I bought the 20th Anniversary Edition of The Sexual Politics of Meat: A Feminist-Vegetarian Critical Theory and started reading. There are three prefaces — to the original book (1990), to the 10th anniversary edition, and to the 20th edition — and a foreword before the actual book begins.
The book describes the intersection between feminism, pacifism and vegetarianism (conversely male dominance, war, and meat-eating).
The early chapters such as, "The Rape of Animals, the Butchering of Women," link the consumption of animals and women. They are painful reading. Adams draws attention to gut-churning abuses that mirror modern news headlines i.e. Georgia Republican Compares Women to Cows, Pigs, And Chickens (His thinking: Pigs must carry dead fetuses to term and so must women. Sad, but that's life. Abortion is unethical).
It's reading a book about an atrocity during the atrocity — reading about the dystopia you inhabit.
When I read news like this I think, "We shouldn't treat animals like that either." and "If we raised the bar for how we treat animals, we'd treat ourselves better."
This idea of including animals "within the moral circle of consideration" is part of a vegetarian body of thought and literature. Vegetarians have been expressing this idea before the word vegetarian was coined in 1847 (They were called Pythagoreans before. The followers of Pythagoras had religious and ethical beliefs including metempsychosis, the transmigration of souls into the bodies of other animals, which excluded the eating of animals).
Adams dives into this discussion in the middle of the book and the chapter "The Word Made Flesh" where she talks about how, "Meat eating is a story applied to animals, it gives meaning to animals' existence." and the alternate vegetarian narrative. Instead of a hero's journey, she describes a "vegetarian quest" wherein dietary choices conflict with the dominant culture.
By the final chapters, I was wildly adding to my to-read list. In the last chapter, "Feminist-Vegetarian Critical Theory," Adams lists numerous works of fiction with feminist-vegetarian themes.
The book ends on a utopian note, "Feminist-vegetarian activity declares that an alternative worldview exists, one which celebrates life rather than consuming death; one which does not rely on resurrected animals but empowered people." and with a call for the "creation of vegetarian rituals that celebrate the grace of eating plants" and help counter patriarchal consumption.
Of note, some feminist science fiction and utopian connections: the chapter "Frankenstein's Vegetarian Monster" explores the Creature's vegetarianism and notes other works by Romantic vegetarians including Percy Shelley's Queen Mab (arguably the first feminist, vegetarian, pacifist Utopia, Adams says)
Fact: the average American eats 43 pigs, three lambs, 11 cows, four calves, 2,555 chickens and turkeys and 861 fishes in a lifetime
Pairs well with: Upton Sinclair's The Jungle; Percy Shelley's Queen Mab; Mary Shelley's Frankenstein; "Eat Rice Have Faith in Women," Fran Winart
"It's a difficult task, o citizens, to make speeches to the belly which has no ears." — Cato
"The men were better hunters than the women, but only because the women had found that they could live quite well on foods other than meats. — Alice Walker, The Temple of My Familiar
"[The slaughterhouse] carries out its business in secret and decides what you will see, hides from you what it chooses." — Richard Selzer
"If the words which tell the truth about meat as food are unfit for our ears, the meat itself is not fit for our mouths." — Emarel Freshel
"As long as man kills the lower races for food or sport, he will be ready to kill his own race for enmity. It is not this bloodshed or that bloodshed, that must cease, but all needless bloodshed — all wanton infliction of pain or death upon our fellow beings." — Henry Salt
"May the fairies be vegetarian!" — Judy Grahn, "The Queen of Swords"...more
Of all the causes one could devote their life to in this world — farm animals? It's easy to forget how much we love them. Gene Baur offers a reminder.Of all the causes one could devote their life to in this world — farm animals? It's easy to forget how much we love them. Gene Baur offers a reminder.
Baur, co-founder of Farm Sanctuary, http://www.farmsanctuary.org, a farm animal protection organization with sanctuaries in New York and California, talks about his activism on behalf of farmed animals.
The book contains disturbing descriptions of suffering and facts about how animals are treated. It also examines the consequences for human health and the environment. It does not, however, tip over into titillating descriptions of violence. Rather, the focus is on the animals (the small percentage among the billions slaughtered) that make their way to farm sanctuary.
The humane farms serve as sanctuaries for the animals, but also for the activists. Watching individual, named animals at ease and healthy on the farm, people can take comfort in the lives they can save while confronting the institutionalized cruelty inflicted on billions of others.
It can be easy to forget how enjoyable and healing it is to see animals living in peace. In part, that's because, viewed as commodities, most animals are now hidden from view in warehouses. Factory farming has become standard practice (actually a number of increasingly "efficient" and increasingly cruel practices) enforced by agribusiness.
With the suffering of farmed animals come health and environmental disasters and failures in social justice for the contract farmers and farm workers.
So, yes, of all the causes one could devote their life to in this world Gene Baur chose farm animals. Thank you, Mr. Baur.
He makes a compelling case for why people should consider the treatment of cows, chickens, ducks, turkeys, and pigs. When we're aware, we care.
Pairs well with non-fiction:Twelve Steps to a Compassionate Life by Karen Armstrong; Forks Over Knives by Gene Stone; The China Study by T. Colin Campbell; and The Life You Can Save and Animal Liberation by Peter Singer
Pairs well with fiction:The Jungle by Upton Sinclair; Animals by Don Le Pan; The Ethical Assassin by David Liss; Never Let Me Go by Kazuo Ishiguro; The Unit by Ninni Holmqvist; and Vegan Revolution... With Zombies! by David Agranoff
Quotes: "...it's not much of a stretch to say that our health care crisis is closely tied to the health crisis in the animal agriculture industry."
"...there are now more prisoners than farmers in the United States. Sometimes it's hard to tell the difference." (attributed to Brian Halwell of the Worldwatch Institute http://www.worldwatch.org)
"Accepting institutionalized animal cruelty as a cost of doing business requires a flexible conscience, and I guess we shouldn't be surprised when the same attitude starts slipping into the way we treat each other."
"It's time to face industrial agribusiness, whose blindness to the suffering of animals is almost equal by their indifference to the well-being of the public. Our health, the appropriation of scarce planetary resources, food security, and how we treat other animals cannot be left to corporations and the government alone."
"...farm animals are sentient beings, capable of awareness, feeling, and suffering, and we humans have an ethical obligation to refrain from behaviors that inflict suffering on them."
"Eating plants instead of animals goes a long way toward promoting kindness and sustainability, not to mention good health."
"It is remarkable how easily and insensibly we fall into a particular route, and make a beaten track for ourselves...The surface of the earth is soft and impressionable by the feet of men; and so with the paths which the mind travels. How worn and dusty, then, must be the highways of the world, how deep the ruts of tradition and conformity!" — Henry David Thoreau, Walden
"Every person and every living creature," Leo Tolstoy wrote, "has a sacred right to the gladness of springtime." ...more
“My food is not that of man; I do not destroy the lamb and the kid, to glut my appetite; acorns and berries afford me sufficient nourishment. My compa
“My food is not that of man; I do not destroy the lamb and the kid, to glut my appetite; acorns and berries afford me sufficient nourishment. My companion will be of the same nature as myself, and we will be content with the same fare. We shall make our bed of dried leaves; the sun will shine on us as on man, and will ripen our food. The picture I present to you is peaceful and human.” — Frankenstein, (1818)
Did you know that Mary Shelley’s monster in Frankenstein is vegetarian?
Although perhaps not destined to be a classic, David Agranoff’s The Vegan Revolution…With Zombies, (2010), follows this tradition of using monsters to talk about issues and examine our behavior.
“That’s the point of a zombie movie, read deeper. The old way is decaying and dying.”
At the same time, it’s a romp of satire, irreverent bizarro fiction, perfect for Halloween reading. This fast-paced book bites into the apocalypse (brought on by meat-eating), post-apocalypse (what would vegans do) and utopia in 154 pages.
In this book, everyone’s a target: Portland hipsters, the overused zombie trope and factions of animal activists. Along the way, it offers a quick insider’s intro to vegan subcultures (freegan, straight edge, raw foodies) and history.
“The tension was as thick as 1990s style vegan cake.”
The main target: meat-eaters. They get skewered. The heroes: all vegan all the time.
The underlying issues are no joke. The protagonist, Dani, goes vegan moved by the idea that, “If it’s murder in my head I need to act like it’s murder in my heart.”
As she comes to see the world with vegan eyes, eating meat becomes more and more repulsive. Meat eaters look a lot like zombies (even before they literally shift),
“Watching most people eat their lunch was as grotesque to Dani as a scene in a movie of zombies ripping someone up and eating them.”
“Dani on the other hand felt great. Vegetables. Who knew?”
There’s a lot of silliness, swearing, and, unfortunately, too many typos in this novel of vegan wish-fulfillment.
The book’s final chapters and its epilogue are memorable though. Agranoff pays attention to an overlooked aspect of the apocalypse (It’s the animals!) and also takes the time to look past the initial catastrophe. Cult classic, perhaps?
Pairs well with: Already read Frankenstein and ready for more monsters? How about some vegan vampires? Try The Lithia Trilogy by Blair Richmond. For more polished dark vegan humor, try David Liss' The Ethical Assassin.
For a nonfiction take on the vegan revolution try, Farm Sanctuary: Changing Hearts and Minds About Animals and Food, Gene Baur’s account of his work for farm animal protection:
“I believe we can create a truly humane, sustainable, and health food production system without killing any animals. I imagine a revolution in veganic agriculture in which small farmers grow a variety of vegetables, fruits, grains, and legumes, all fertilized with vegetable sources.”
This book will definitely make you want to eat vegan food in Portland, Ore. and plan a visit to the Vegan Mini-Mall. Go to TryVeganPDX for resources. ...more
Brilliant! Brilliant! But what is this book about?
How we treat our pets? Specieism and animal rights? Democracy? A utopia where the slaves revolt andBrilliant! Brilliant! But what is this book about?
How we treat our pets? Specieism and animal rights? Democracy? A utopia where the slaves revolt and create their society in the hills? What happens after an alien invasion? Classism? Are we the ruling class or the revolutionists? Are we the ones who can't walk or the ones who can't see? Cultural conditioning. The dangers of adaptation. Privilege. What it means to be free. Balance of power? A coming of age story: falling in love? Familial love? Kindness. Friendship. Finding your voice?
And what are these alien creatures? Horses? Dogs? Humans? Primates. Monkeys? Muppets? Could I draw a picture of Charley or Little Master? Would it look the same as yours?
A strange, subversive little book. Question everything. Enjoy! ...more
A delightful, playful, artful exploration of what it means to be human and how we treat animals, women, and mothers — fantasy with philosophical underA delightful, playful, artful exploration of what it means to be human and how we treat animals, women, and mothers — fantasy with philosophical underpinnings.
The story begins in a world in which women are turning into a variety of animals (wolverine, swan, snapping turtle, pig) and animals (including many pets: dogs, cats, guinea pigs) are turning into women. It follows the journey of a Setter named Pooch who is becoming a nubile young women and desires to be a opera star. She loves Carmen. It starts with Pooch and her family as they cope with the changes and, then, as Pooch enters the world at large it shows how society is faring. The tight, compact set up of the story blossoms.
At the beginning of Chapter 19, Emswhiller quotes Nietzsche, "And I say unto you: one must still have chaos in oneself to be able to give birth to a dancing star." As the story progresses, there is chaos within Carmen Dog — antagonists switch sides and allegiances become more ambiguous. It ends with dramatic scenes and circus acts.
Of note: I can't think of another story I have read that has a baby as a central character and in which the infant's development plays a key role and mirrors the story's theme. It's a positive portrayal of motherhood in a science fiction.
Pairs well with: Emshwiller's The Mount and Olaf Stapleton's Sirius qtd. at the beginning of Chapter 20 of Carmen Dog "Everything worth while in him had come from mankind...His love of the arts, of wisdom, of the 'humanities'! God! Would that wisdom lay rather in 'caninities'!
Quotes: "She makes a silent vow to be a vegetarian from now on even if she has to starve to do it. Better that than even the remote possibility of eating one's friends and fellow sufferers." — Pooch, in Carmen Dog
"Well, she thinks, I shall love my kind of love anyway, doggedly, for I must certainly do the best I can with my own nature and if my nature is to love too well or from afar or to be grateful for crumbs — well, so be it." — Pooch, in Carmen Dog
"May we all soon go about as our real selves and take joy in it, saying, yes, yes, to whatever we are." — Rosemary, in Carmen Dog
"The world looks so beautiful! She wonders how one can not do for it anything that needs to be done, or at least all one can do." — Pooch, in Carmen Dog
"Ah, but is it not the mind that is the real grace of Homo Sapiens? Al the things to think about! All the things to read and appreciate! All the arts! All the things of the spirit!" — Pooch, in Carmen Dog
"Whatever life brings, we'll share," she says, and "I can do no more than the best I can." — Pooch to Baby in Carmen Dog
There are many great reasons to be vegetarian, and Don LePan's dystopia highlights the rationale behind one of them, "I don't eat anything with a faceThere are many great reasons to be vegetarian, and Don LePan's dystopia highlights the rationale behind one of them, "I don't eat anything with a face." Animals explores what it means to be human, where we draw the line, and what/who we decide falls low enough below that line to be eaten (after being systematically tortured). It also explores how those lines are justified and how they change when resources are scarce.
In Animals, children who cannot talk well become pets and/or are eaten, although the dystopian society uses justification and insulating language to distance itself from this harsh reality.
These imaginings are horrific and frightening. Personally, I prefer imagining vegetarian utopias where there are no slaughterhouses and society aims for universal equality and elevation. Readers may find perfection dull, but I think there is room for authors to be more inventive about dramatizing worlds of utopia, transformation, and positive possible futures.
However, to call attention to facts most people would rather ignore, to sound an alert, to derail complacency, and to give voice to abandoned perspectives — there's nothing like dystopia.
Pairs well with: Ninni Holmqvist's The Unit and Kazuo Ishiguro's Never Let Me Go — other dystopias where the line is drawn disturbingly close to home (this could be you!). Also, Richard Adam's The Plague Dogs and the graphic novel We3 by Grant Morrison — books that give voice to those who cannot speak and remind us of atrocities that occur daily on our behalf. And, of course, Peter Singer's Animal Liberation mentioned by LePan in the author's afterword.
Writers, read this for: an interesting structure — a shifting third person narrative as related by Naomi telling her story of her love for Sam (who society has deemed a "mongrel") and that of Broderick Clark, Sam's brother, a scientifically-minded (and uses footnotes) anti-factory farming, small-farm advocate — and voice, LePan creates the internal dialogue of Tammy, the simple-minded, impoverished mother who gives Sam up; Carrie, a harshly practical, guilt-ridden woman; Sam, an intelligent and gentle being, who is unfortunately and heartbreakingly deaf; and Naomi, a maturing girl who, via her love for Sam, questions societal norms and becomes an independent thinker.
"Once again many people are quite willing to admit openly that they more or less know what they are doing is hideously wrong. They just don't want to really know." — Broderick Clark
"Inside himself, he wondered simple things: Why does it hurt so much? When will she take me home?" — Sam
"If you start saying things like that, thinking things like that, pretty soon people will be saying there's no line to be drawn. They'll start saying that anything which can move and can make noises is just like a human, is just as good as a human, should have everything a human has. But do you think a thing like that can take on the responsibilities of a human? Do you?" — Carrie, yelling "Ah ink ah cud. Ah ink ah cud do at. Es." — Sam, unheard
"...the way someone looks if they love you, love you not for you only, but just for being like anybody else. You could imagine so many things if you looked in a creature's eyes, you could never know, it was like looking into clouds, or into water, you could never know really, it was better to look away."
In Defense of Dolphins contains some fun facts about dolphins who are aquatic, auditory, emotional, interconnected, highly-social, intelligent nonhumaIn Defense of Dolphins contains some fun facts about dolphins who are aquatic, auditory, emotional, interconnected, highly-social, intelligent nonhuman beings. Dolphins have spherical brains and have been around in their modern form for more than 10 million years (compared with 5 million years for humans and just 100,000 for homo sapiens). They can share auditory information with each other in a way that would be akin to humans being able to "... see what something looked like through someone's else's eyes." and this may give them a shared and interconnected sense of self, explaining why they opt to remain in a group rather than escape as individuals — if this is made possible — when trapped in tuna nets.
It also offers some interesting speculations: What would humans be like if we had evolved in the water without tools and hands? What if human intelligence were assessed by dolphin standards (with an emphasis on social, emotional, auditory interactions)? How would we stack up?
"We might say that, in the ocean, nature may select for specialists in relationships not tools — for emotional sophistication perhaps more than for cognitive sophistication."
The key idea here is that dolphins are intelligent in a way that is different from humans, best described as "alien" intelligence (per marine scientist Diana Reiss), and therefore, dolphins are ethically entitled to treatment as individuals. White provides some science and research to support a perspective expressed in Douglas Adams' novel The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy (1979).
"It is an important and popular fact that things are not always what they seem. For instance, on the planet Earth, man had always assumed that he was more intelligent than dolphins because he had achieved so much — the wheel, New York, wars and so on — while all that dolphins had ever done was muck about in the water having a good time. But conversely, the dolphins had always believed that they were far more intelligent than man — for precisely the same reasons."
To anyone predisposed to imagine that dolphins may be intelligent in ways that are different from humans, there isn't much surprising here. Rather than delving into an understanding of dolphin intelligence, this book skims the surface. In large part, this is because White (while often using terms familiar to the animal rights movement: sentient-ism, speciesism, and anthropocentric bias) makes a strategic decision to address this book to skeptics rather than people who might already be familiar with the concept of respecting nonhuman intelligences (readers of works by philosophers and ethicists Jeremy Bentham and Peter Singer, for example.) White's premise is that the case for dolphin intelligence is so strong as to convince even someone resistant to the idea that nonhumans can think, and once so convinced, anyone will naturally understand the necessity of treating dolphins with the same moral code — do no harm — accorded any human individual.
This is the intriguing story of a self-destructive English Ph.D. student, Ariel Manto, who reads a cursed book, The End of Mr. Y, and enters a virtualThis is the intriguing story of a self-destructive English Ph.D. student, Ariel Manto, who reads a cursed book, The End of Mr. Y, and enters a virtual reality (or is it?). The book references Samuel Butler's utopia, Erewhon, and was influenced by Michio Kaku's Parallel Worlds, and Simon Singh's Big Bang (both nonfiction science). It contains some interesting discussions of quantum physics and the not uncommon accompanying contemplation of the intersection of science and religion. It raises questions about the nature of consciousness, time, matter, thought, God and reality. For the protagonist, philosophical musings become matters of life, death and love.
There's some animal rights interest: an incidental vegetarian protagonist and some less incidental scenes illustrating empathy with the plight of lab rats. Along with David Liss' The Ethical Assassin, this is an example of non-polemical fiction with embedded animal rights themes.
Author Scarlett Thomas was born in London in 1972 and teaches English Literature and Writing at the University of Kent. This is her fourth novel. The author was interviewed in a 2007 article by Colleen Mondor at BookSlut. ...more
The China Study provides a rebuttal to diet plans such as Atkins and South Beach, but tellingly it's not located on the same shelves as these books. YThe China Study provides a rebuttal to diet plans such as Atkins and South Beach, but tellingly it's not located on the same shelves as these books. You'll find it in the nutrition section. Campbell is to diet and nutrition advice what John Gottman is to relationship advice (a scientist who provides a reasoned analysis of what works after investing a lifetime of the research in the subject and walking the talk in his own life). It's sound advice not sensational.
The China Study won't tell you anything you probably didn't already know or intuit about what to eat. Fruits, vegetables, and whole grains are good for you. Eat a variety. Don't go hungry. You can't get enough of these healthy foods.
"Eating should be an enjoyable worry-free experience, and shouldn't rely on deprivation," Campbell says.
What is startling though is how good these good foods are — so much so that the preventative effects of these foods trump genetics. They stave off heart disease and cancer. These and many other diseases are not inevitable, but can be prevented, even treated, by eating only healthy foods. Campbell makes the case in chapter after chapter of compelling research.
For an interesting comparison read this with Ray Kurzweil and Terry Grossman's Fantastic Voyage: Live Long Enough to Live Forever. Kurzweil also argues that illness and infirmity are not inevitable with age although his approach relies on a barrage of supplements and technological innovation. Kurzweil says technology will save us whereas Campbell says nature provides. Noting the appetizing color of fruits and vegetables that contain the antioxidants, which shield our bodies from disease, Campbell says, "Whether you believe in God, evolution or just coincidence, you must admit this is a beautiful, almost spiritual, example of nature's wisdom."
Campbell also offers some behind the scenes insight into how nutrition information gets researched and passed on to the public and why we get mixed messages and confusing information about what to eat.
But "good food and good health is simple," Campbell says. He boils all the studies and research down to one sentence, "...eat a whole foods, plant-based diet, while minimizing the consumption of refined foods, added salt and added fats."
"The Heat Death of the Universe," by Pamela Zoline and "Rachel in Love," by Pat Murphy and "What I Didn't See," by Karen Joy Fowler were highlights of"The Heat Death of the Universe," by Pamela Zoline and "Rachel in Love," by Pat Murphy and "What I Didn't See," by Karen Joy Fowler were highlights of this collection of short fiction. Includes Octavia Butler's "The Evening and the Morning and the Night," about an invented Duryea-Gode disease which makes people tear at their own flesh, and is also in her collection Bloodchild and Other Stories. The essays that follow each story provide a great introduction to feminist science fiction and point to resources for further study, reading in the tradition....more