Interview with Tracy Chevalier

January, 2013

Tracy Chevalier Tracy Chevalier has not only created rich, fictional worlds around Dutch painter Johannes Vermeer (Girl with a Pearl Earring) and English artist William Blake (Burning Bright), but she's placed characters of her own invention within time's true events. Now, with her latest historical novel, The Last Runaway, she does the latter, turning her eye to 1850 Ohio and the Underground Railroad. Chevalier's new book, her first not set in Europe, follows a young Quaker woman named Honor Bright, who, after immigrating to America from England, starts hiding runaway slaves. The author and expat (she's lived in London for 25 years) talks to interviewer Florence Kane about quilting, being an outsider, and researching with all five senses.

Goodreads: How did the idea for The Last Runaway come to you?

Tracy Chevalier: It's quite funny. Now, the more I look at it, I think my interests as a teenager are reflected somewhat in my books. I was interested in Vermeer and unicorns, so I wrote The Lady and the Unicorn. I was interested in William Blake, so I wrote Burning Bright. And in this instance, I grew up going to a Quaker camp, so I used to go to meetings as a teenager. I still do, although I'm not officially a Quaker. I have a lot of respect for the values. And it seemed really natural to me that I would write about that. I also knew I wanted to write about the Underground Railroad. Then I found out there were a lot of Quakers who worked on it.

GR: You studied at Oberlin College, which is close to the novel's setting. While there as a student, did you know of its history with the antislavery movement?

TC: I was aware of it. Oberlin is very proud of its history. When the college was founded [in 1833], they immediately admitted both women and African Americans as students. And that was something that no other college in the country had done. And it was always a very principled place. I knew there had been an Underground Railroad stop there because there are a couple of sculptures, one on campus and one in the town, which is of these railroad tracks emerging from the ground. But I didn't look at it at the time and think, "Oh, I'm going to write about this in 30 years." I would have been amazed. But then I've been amazed at all the things I've written about in the end.

GR: Your heroine Honor Bright is a fish out of water when she arrives in America. Were your own feelings of moving to the UK similar to hers?

TC: Having her go to the States sort of allowed me, strangely enough, to explore my experience of being an American here, at least in the early days. And I think there's that feeling when you move to a new country where you're just kind of out of step with the society you're living in. The things that they refer to, you don't really understand. The way they pronounce things—oregano instead of oregano. I would ask for something, and I'd be pronouncing it my way, and they'd just kind of be looking at me. I could just see people not exactly wincing, but a little kind of flinch. It takes years to iron all that stuff out. Sometimes it's just so damn tiring being the outsider. On the other hand, for me, I know that it probably made me the writer I am, so I accept it. I think at the end of the book, I think Honor is starting to let go of the grip in her mind on England and on her past life and starting to look forward. America at that point was full of people who'd moved from other places, so it wasn't like she was alone in that. One of the great flexibilities about the States is that it is, or it certainly was, able to embrace so many different people from so many different places and make them feel like they belong.

GR: Have you ever considered writing a novel of pure fiction, a nonhistorical one?

TC: I certainly have. I don't know exactly what I'm writing next, but I have a feeling that it is not going to be completely historical. I'm not sure. I think I'm still too much in the early days to say what it is at the moment. It probably won't be completely contemporary, but there will be more links toward contemporary. I've been toying with the idea of interlinked stories along the lines of [Elizabeth Strout's] Olive Kitteridge.

GR: Goodreads member Janet Hogan Chapman says, "I love Tracy's books. What research techniques does she use?"

TC: All of my books start with a spark of an idea. I usually start by researching around that specific spark. So I'll start reading a lot; I get a lot of books out on the period. I could do all of the research just reading. But of course I don't like to do it that way. First of all, I have to go visit. So I was driving around the cornfields of Ohio for quite a bit. And I would just pull over to the side of the road and get out and stand and smell and look. And just look at the way the light fell on the fields. Sometimes I took pictures, sometimes I didn't. Anybody seeing me or tailing me would just wonder, What on earth is she doing? And I couldn't tell you what it was that I felt. I just took in the sense of what that part of Ohio was. It's funny because you look at things so differently when you are writing a novel. Suddenly everything becomes interesting. Things I knew nothing about before—like the way a barn is built, the way a barn holds hay or straw, or how you put the pigs. And now suddenly I wanted to know everything. So the research is kind of a combination of all sorts of things. Books primarily, but a lot of "on-the-job training," too, I like to call it. I need to be there. I need to walk around, I need to smell and see with all of my senses—the way my characters would.

GR: Honor is a talented quilter. Did you know anything about quilting before writing her character?

TC: No! What I did was take a quilting class. And after that was over, I joined a quilting group, which I still go to every Monday. I just last week finished my first quilt, big sized. I work entirely by hand because I wanted to do what my character did. There's nothing like holding the needle and pricking your fingers and realizing how you hold your thimble and how you keep from getting blood on the material. Honor, she gets ready all of her needles first before she does anything. And I learned to do that, too, from one of my quilting ladies. And it's those sort of details you don't know until you've done it. A lot of people think, Oh, quilts—they're so quaint, or they're sort of artsy-craftsy. And I don't look at them that way at all. I think they're something very different and really fundamental to our lives. And when you see a really old quilt, you feel completely connected to the woman who made it.

GR: Goodreads member Diane asks, "[Did she find] anything in her research for The Last Runaway that changed her initial perception of the subject of slavery during that period of time, and did it change her book while she was writing it? For example, when I was reading Booker T. Washington's autobiography he said that he didn't know of any Negroes who were treated badly, beaten, or abused. He had heard of stories like that, but he didn't know of any personally. That really did shock me. And he went into great detail to describe the close bonds between the two races that he either knew of or experienced."

TC: That is really surprising. I think that the reason for that is...the reason we mostly hear the bad things, the bad relationships between black and white people at that time is because that's more newsworthy. If that relationship were to be a good one—and I hesitate to even use that word, because it's hard for us to imagine that—but then that's not something people would write about. I suppose the most surprising thing I discovered was the Negro pew at the Quaker meeting. I had always thought of Quakers as honorable, and that all of them would not be prejudiced and would be opposed to slavery. And most of them did oppose slavery. Having said that, in the early 18th century a lot of them kept slaves. So that was a bit of a surprise. So then I thought in a weird sort of way that makes it more interesting. You don't want to have good guys who are all good. And I think this is a book where Quakers are presented in a more realistic way. But it did surprise me that they weren't obviously opposed to slavery, that it took a while for them to reach that position, that even when there were black members at meetings, they hesitated having black and white people sit together. The white superiority and black inferiority, and you just think, How on earth could they have thought that way? But the civil rights movement didn't bring equality to black Americans until the '60s, and that's not very long ago, so the shock continues. It's really surprising.

GR: Goodreads member Allison Kopczynski asks, "As a writer of historical fiction, what is the biggest challenge for you in separating the fact (history) from fiction?"

TC: That's a really tough one. I think the hard part is being true to the facts without having them weigh down the story. Most of the time we don't live our lives in the arc of a novel: a beginning, middle, and end, and some sort of resolution. Our lives are not really made up that way, and when you translate somebody's real life into a book, you have to find a way to honor the facts and yet also satisfy the storytelling. And sometimes that means not bending the truth but molding the truth into a kind of sculpture people can look at.


Interview by Florence Kane for Goodreads. Florence is a Brooklyn-based writer whose work has appeared in Vogue, Architectural Digest, and T Magazine.

Learn more about Florence and follow what she's reading.

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Comments (showing 1-23 of 23) (23 new)

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message 1: by Angela (new)

Angela Gaskell I am so excited to read The Last Runaway. I always look forward to reading Chevalier's books. They are so different and incomparable.


message 2: by Rosemary (new)

Rosemary Gangloff Love her books!!


message 3: by Marge (new)

Marge Looking forward to her newest book - her subjects always interest me


message 4: by Linda (new)

Linda Heinl Similar to Tracy, I had a summer Quaker experience as a young teen and I also am an Attender at a local Quaker Meeting. My husband is an Ohioan and we lived there when first married. So needless to say, I am very excited to read The Last Runaway. I have also loved her other books.


message 5: by Sharon (new)

Sharon Delightful interview. Have read all her books with great enjoyment and certainly looking forward to this new book.


message 6: by Cathy (new)

Cathy So excited to see that she has another book out. I love the way she writes. You feel like you are a part of the story. I'm always disappointed when I come to the end of her books and want the stories to continue.


message 7: by Teresa (new)

Teresa I stayed at a Bed and Breakfast in Dresden, OH. It was a very old house and the front faced the narrow street which had railroad tracks (still in use) running down the center of it. The curators showed me a secret room they had discovered during renovations with a very narrow set up steps which ended at the original ceiling. They had later discovered the house, and those steps, had been used for the underground railroad. It was fascinating. Can:t wait to read this. My father's family and our ancestors on his side were Quakers.


message 8: by Darlene (new)

Darlene I love Tracey's books and look forward to reading this one. Thanks for a great interview.


message 9: by Nancy (new)

Nancy I read Girl with the Pearl Earring and thought it was well written . I am looking forward to reading The Last Runaway as I also come from a town that was part of the Underground Railroad. Owosso, Michigan has a home that housed slaves as they were headed to Canada.


message 10: by Nancy (new)

Nancy I have read The Girl with the Pearl Earring though haven't read this book yet. However, I've read this article and other reviews and I am struck that the English-born heroine seems to conveniently turn a blind eye about the horrors the English perpetrated on the Irish. They didn't even treat the Irish as well as American slaves; the latter viewed (albeit wrongly) as assets.


message 11: by Crystal (new)

Crystal I too am so excited to read the new book. My great-great-grandfather was involved in Underground Railroad, but up in Indiana.

To whomever wrote the intro:
"who, after immigrating to America from England, "
" who, after EMIGRATING to America from England,


message 12: by Suzanne (new)

Suzanne Love Tracy's writing. Have even read some of her books twice! I am anxiously waiting to receive the newest book.


message 13: by Barbara (new)

Barbara Erickson I loved her "Pearl Earring" so will read her new book because I grew up with Amish neighbors in northern Indiana.


message 14: by Marwan (new)

Marwan I'm still in love with that girl &with here pearl Earring ...so I will read this book soon....


message 15: by Mary (new)

Mary Mccoy smith As an Ohioan who belongs to this church I am so excited this wonderful author has decided to write a novel on this subject.


message 16: by Jan (new)

Jan Gardner Enjoyed the interview - can't wait to read the latest from this talented writer, glad I am first on my library reservation list!


message 17: by Roselynn (new)

Roselynn Great interview.
I loved The Girl with the Pearl Earning! Can't wait to read this book.


message 18: by Brian Forbes (last edited Jan 09, 2013 07:47PM) (new)

Brian Forbes Wondering how many actually read "The Girl with 'A' Pearl Earring?"

Actually she was an emigrant from England, and an immigrant to America, and since whoever is the subject of the sentence, not the object, whomever is incorrect.

One presumes that by America, USAnia was meant, since America includes North, Central, and South America, from Cape Columbia in Nunavut, Canada to Diego Ramirez Islands, Águila Islet, Chile.


message 19: by Sharon (new)

Sharon Brian Forbes wrote: "Wondering how many actually read "The Girl with 'A' Pearl Earring?"

Actually she was an emigrant from England, and an immigrant to America, and since whoever is the subject of the sentence, not th..."


Read them all and enjoyed them all.
Excellent points made !


message 20: by Ann (new)

Ann I enjoyed this book immensely. I am now rereading Girl with a Pearl Earring.


message 21: by James (new)

James M. I am so sorry I missed the interview with this great author, whose work I admire very much. Girl with a Pearl Earring is a work as polished as a Vermeer painting, and Beautiful Creatures complemented the life of one of my great heroes in history, Mary Anning. I look forward to reading The Last Runaway, for several reasons. The most pertinent being that I grew up 'next' to the Choptank River on the border of Delaware. There Quaker citizens would aid Harriet Tubman who brought slaves 'up the railway' to freedom. As a child this information was not part of my white, segregated education, and indeed is denied by many today. I admire Ms. Chevalier for her earnest uncovering of a hidden and amazing legacy to human rights and freedom.


message 22: by Melba (new)

Melba Tolliver Two things caught my attention in this interview: the phrase "women and African Americans" in describing Oberlin College's admissions policy, and "good relationships" in a discussion about slavery.
The first phrase "women and African Americans" is crazy and misleading even though it is widely used---and abused--in our modern day civil rights and feminist eras. The phrase ignores the obvious regarding black females. Perhaps I should assume that black women were counted twice? Or that "women" excludes all but white females?
It's also disturbing to read the preposterous suggestion that a "good relationship" is possible between two human beings where one OWNS the other, and is able to subject the OWNED one to every conceivable crime and humiliation. Equally outrageous is the claim that "newsworthiness"---rather than accuracy--accounts for the overwhelming evidence that bad relationships, not good ones, best describes the reality of what went on between the enslaved and their masters.
As both writers and readers, Chevalier, Kane,and the rest of us, must keep an eye out for our own hidden assumptions, assumptions that reveal themselves even in our best-intended language.


message 23: by Joanna (new)

Joanna What most strikes me most about "the Last Runaway" was how well the author "gets" Quaker worship, and how well she expressed it. It was no surprise to read she had experience, in her formative years, at a Quaker summer camp. I enjoyed 3 years at a Friends Boarding School in Ohio, an institution that was started around the time of this novel. How well she describes the "settling in" to some, but not all, meetings for worship.
I also appreciate how the author gave voice to how Friends convictions lead ecomomic choices. Some of Honor's contemporaries refused to buy slave-grown cotton. Some of mine have refused to buy non-union picked grapes and Nikes produced by factories employing children. And, I thank the author for not painting Friends with too broad a brush, as we each interpret the divine on our own.
Finally, I am also happiest with some kind of needle in my hand. The author so well expressed my feelings of quiet satisfaction at transforming fabric scraps into flower gardens of quilts, and the calming meditative act that sewing is for me.


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