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La costruzione della realtà sociale

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3.92 of 5 stars 3.92  ·  rating details  ·  436 ratings  ·  17 reviews
In questo libro Searle volge la sua attenzione ad alcuni aspetti fondamentali della cultura umana tradizionalmente poco considerati dalla letteratura filosofica, ma che svolgono un ruolo decisivo nella nostra esistenza quotidiana. L'autore esamina la struttura di quelle porzioni del mondo che sono fatti solo per accordo umano - poderose creazioni dell'uomo come la moneta, ...more
Paperback, Piccola Biblioteca Einaudi. Nuova serie, 262 pages
Published 2006 by Einaudi (first published March 1995)
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Marc Nash
Really disappointing although possibly my fault in a bad choice. I had assumed this was going to be an argument about how everything we take as reality is in fact a construction of mind and language. But it posited that there are a group of 'brute facts' that exist with or without there being anyone to observe it (if a tree falls in a forest but there's no one to hear it etc), such as there is snow on top of Mount Everest, and then there is a category of socially constructed reality such as mone ...more
Leo Horovitz
My first contact with Searle, or at least the first time I actually read a text by Searle, was roughly a year and a half ago, when I was attending a philosophy class where we were supposed to write an essay on a subject of our own choosing in the area of the philosophy of mind. I had gotten interested in Searle's argument against the possibility of strong AI because I had been in contact with his Chinese room thought experiment while studying AI during my computer science studies several years a ...more
Theresa Macphail
I found this to be an intriguing counterpoint to the social constructionism of the 80s and early 90s. Read in juxtaposition to Latour and in conjunction with Hacking, I think that Searle makes an interesting argument. This might be a bit "dated" by now, but if you're going to read Latour and Woolgar, I see no reason not to indulge in work that was a reaction to the Social Construction of Facts.

Interesting side note: Political scientists were assigning this book at Cal last fall, which is why I
...more
Tyler
Dec 14, 2009 Tyler rated it 4 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: Fans of Philosophy
Recommended to Tyler by: Various Reviews
Shelves: philosophy
How can ideas that depend upon the human mind be said to be true? Does there even exist such a thing as social facts? Many thinkers have doubted it, but only now has a philosopher taken the question up.

John Searle shows here how ontologically subjective concepts can be objective facts. Intentionality is key, but only collective intentionality makes social facts possible. Yet this collective intentionality is exactly what libertarians deny – consider Margaret Thatcher, who tells us there are no
...more
Chad S.
Post-Modernism got you down? Are your friends speaking of "truth" in the plural? If so, Searle has the answer for you! All kidding aside, the book indirectly addresses prevailing viewpoints of post-modernism and post-structuralism as aforementioned. The book begins with Searle making the distinction between what Anscombe dubbed, "brute facts," facts that are not dependent upon human-life, and what he calls "social facts" and "institutional facts," which are dependent upon human existence. His ma ...more
Joshua Stein
Searle's The Construction of Social Reality is terrific as a brief introduction to Searle's view of metaphysics; it takes a stab at giving an account of social institutions in terms of psychological features distributed across collections of individuals and, so far as I can tell, is the most successful attempt at bridging the gap between the physical, psychological, and social in recent intellectual history. There are many reasons to be concerned about Searle's ideas (his open use of Cartesian l ...more
Blyden
The Social Construction of Reality, a sociology of knowledge by Peter Berger and Thomas Luckmann which explained the existence of social facts, social objects, and social institutions from a phenomenological and broadly symbolic interactionist perspective, with a focus on the importance of languge, was published in 1966. It was a seminal work in the constructivist movement within the social sciences and probably originated, or at least popularized the concept of “social construction”. It is a we ...more
Jeff Rowe
First off, I know exactly squat about philosophy. In fact, I don’t even like it very much because usually whatever the philosophy dude is saying is incomprehensible to me. Along comes this John Searle book, so I read a few pages. Wow, I actually understood what the guy is saying. So I kept going. The basic idea is that we've been hobbled by Cartesian dualism for a long time, which claims that the only thing real is objective truth apprehensible through reason (science). Subjective experience is ...more
IWB
In this book, Searle's project is to give an account of the existence of social phenomena in a one-world ontology; that is, an ontology that presupposes naturalism. His project is descriptive insofar as he attempts to explain how social fact (y) is derived from or constructed “on top” of brute facts (x’s). Facts about social institutions (such as money or marriage) are objectively true in a world constituted by atoms and fields of force for the following reason: Institutions and other convention ...more
Matt
Searle's explanation of social and institutional facts (e.g. money, marriage, war) is very interesting and a valuable introduction to concepts we all know are there but don't quite know how to think about.

This exposition ended after chapter six. Chapters seven, eight and nine are a defense External Realism (the view that there is a world independent of conscious representation) and the Correspondence Theory of Truth (the view that for a statement to be true it must correspond to some 'fact' in t
...more
Bryan
This is probably my favorite of John Searle's always readable, always fascinating books. The subject is an extrapolation of Searle's earlier work and grounds some of his later books. In it, he attempts to give an ontological account of social facts, like money, presidents, and universities, as distinct from brute facts, for instance, the atomic weight of hydrogen. To borrow Searle's language, how can X count as Y in context C, when there is nothing about X's brute facts that would indicate its s ...more
Rob
Searle has taken on an extremely interesting subject, how the objects of our social life come to be. What is the nature (or ontology) of money, weddings, court proceedings, state lines, war, and other "social facts" compared to "brute facts" such as the temperature outside, the composition of the computer you now use, and the number of fingers on your hand? This book clearly spells out an External Realist position on the basic constructs of the world we inhabit, whether socially constructed or f ...more
Tom
I really loved this book. There are a lot of ideas that Searle incorporates from his previous work (which I have yet to read), but he always does a good job of providing a succinct summary of those ideas, so a person who hasn't read some of his earlier stuff isn't completely lost. Overall, he presents a theory of social reality that is grounded in physical ("brute") facts--something that I've always knew was mostly correct but had not before seen it articulated. My only complaint is that there w ...more
Gavin
Excellent book describing the difference between social facts and brute facts and showing how social facts are ultimately derived from brute facts about reality.
The writing is very clear and powerful. John Searle might be one of my new favorite authors.
Julien V
Not as helpful as I'd imagined. Searle gets caught up in all sorts of contrived linguistic mess to justify empty points. And I'm sitting here screaming: "This is trivial!" "Tautology!" "Show me the content"!.
Alice
This is an incredibly accessible introduction to the topic of social constructivism. Easy to understand and fairly moderate. A good place to start.
Kate
Oct 18, 2007 Kate marked it as to-read  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: philosophers who don't get bogged down in cerebral mires
Shelves: philosophy
i've had this book for years, opened once or twice. i just love the name, the concept the idea.
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Mechanical Construction 2 7 May 25, 2013 03:47AM  
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John Rogers Searle (born July 31, 1932 in Denver, Colorado) is an American philosopher and the Slusser Professor of Philosophy and Mills Professor of Philosophy of Mind and Language at the University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley). Widely noted for his contributions to the philosophy of language, philosophy of mind and social philosophy, he was the first tenured professor to join the Free S ...more
More about John Rogers Searle...
Mind: A Brief Introduction The Mystery Of Consciousness Minds, Brains and Science (1984 Reith Lectures) The Rediscovery of the Mind (Representation and Mind) Mind, Language And Society: Philosophy In The Real World

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