Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read.
Start by marking “Totem and Taboo: Resemblances Between the Psychic Lives of Savages and Neurotics” as Want to Read:
Totem and Taboo: Resemblances Between the Psychic Lives of Savages and Neurotics
Enlarge cover
Rate this book
Clear rating
Open Preview

Totem and Taboo: Resemblances Between the Psychic Lives of Savages and Neurotics

3.78 of 5 stars 3.78  ·  rating details  ·  4,294 ratings  ·  96 reviews
In this controversial study Freud applies the theories and evidence of his psychoanalytic investigations to the study of aboriginal peoples and, by extension, to the earliest cultural stages of the human race before the rise of large-scale civilizations. Relying on the reports of ethnographers such as J. G. Frazer, E. B. Tylor, and others, Freud points out the striking par ...more
Paperback
Published March 1st 2000 by Prometheus Books (first published 1913)
more details... edit details

Friend Reviews

To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up.

Reader Q&A

To ask other readers questions about Totem and Taboo, please sign up.

Be the first to ask a question about Totem and Taboo

This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Add this book to your favorite list »

Community Reviews

(showing 1-30 of 3,000)
filter  |  sort: default (?)  |  rating details
Alex
I found it incredibly 'stimulating' - a suitable word I think; considering a certain sexual implication that it carries. Not that I found it sexually stimulating or anything... it's mostly about incest... it's just... that it's Freud, because y'know... I'm not actually... oh, whatever.

...

But wait! Maybe I did. That's the point. Incest and our outlawing of it could well be the start of civilisation. If you didn't want to do it, you wouldn't need social taboos - and eventually laws - to prohibit
...more
Dayes Mohammed
اضطررت لحذف بعض المقاطع من أجل النشر : (

*
يبدو الطوطم نظاما ً اجتماعيا ً أكثر من كونه دينيا ً ، فهو لا يسير وفق تشريعات تشابه إلى حد ٍ ما تشريعات الأديان ، إنما بأنظمة محظورات تشبه المحظور الديني ، و إن كنت أرجح ان كل محظور اجتماعي له ركيزة دينية ، و مع هذا فأنا لا أجزم حتى الآن أن هذه المحظورات لم تستمد قوتها من أفكار دينية ، كما أن الدين الذي يشكله الكاهن يقيم بفكرة الحراة مبدا السيطرة و السلطة المجتمعية و سلطاته الخاصة .

*
يشكل مفهوم الحرام لدى فرويد ؛ فكرة الخوف من قوى خفية قادرة على الإيذاء و
...more
Darren
Best bullshit history ever!!!! Better than the Bible!
Ameera H.  Al-mousa




وجد فرويد تشابه ملحوظ بين عصاب الأفعال القهرية وبين الطقوس والشعائر الدينية ، ووصف عصاب القهر بأنه دين خاص مشوه ، والدين بأنه قهري عام .

تناول التوتم والتابو بمافيه الفزع من الاتصال بالمحارم البارز لدى الأجناس البدائية منه لدى المتمدنية وكيف أدى إلى إتخاذ إجراءات خاصة للوقاية منه ؟

أيضاً فحص نواهي التابو ( أقدم صور القيود الأخلاقية) وبين الازدواج العاطفي ، فاكتشف في التصور البدائي للكون الذي ينسب الإرادة للجمادات مبدأ المغالاة في تقدير أهمية الواقع النفسي ، مبدأ القدرة المطلقة للأفكار الذي يوجد ب
...more
Cărăşălu
It's my first book by Freud and it was... impressive. First of all, I must praise his writing style (or, perhaps, the translator). It's a very readable book even if you are a total newbie to the subject matter of the book, and it's not some ordinary subject matter: combining anthropological data and psycho-analytical insight, Freud tries nothing less than to trace the origin of culture (more precisely of religion, morals, social organization and so on). The book has four parts, the first three o ...more
Leo Zukimi
this book is incredible
specially for those who love reading about psycho matters
and for those who are searching about religious matter and how it started
it was almost like a bible to me cause i feel like it's answering about 25% of my unanswered questions
and helps me to build up the perfect expressions for my own theory for life and universe
knowing how our ancestors lived their religious and organized their relations ... and the problems they face it ... their sexual life ... all these help us t
...more
Lauren
Freud is not en vogue right now, but there's something compelling about his idea that culture began with the Oedipal event: the killing of the father. If you've ever wondered where the human taboos of murder, incest, and cannibalism come from, Dr. Freud has an answer for you. It's not so far out. For instance, it's easy to imagine cannibalism as means to a holy bond, uniting people with each other and the divine; as my professor pointed out, "eating the flesh" marks some of our most sacred/intim ...more
Richard
An engrossing myth of its own is presented to us in the Freud-Jung dyad. Carl Jung for all his flaws - and they were many - was possessed of a genius that was unafraid to tread into new and unsecured territory that challenged the narrow and limiting definition of “libido” insisted upon by Freud. The unhappy result was a parting of the ways for Freud the mentor and Jung the young protégé. What we have here is an unusually long treatise by Freud that stands as his necessary response to this painfu ...more
Laleh
Nov 18, 2011 Laleh rated it 4 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: هر آن‌که در نظام تابویی می‌زید یا دوست دارد درباره‌ی نظام‌های تابویی اطلاعات کسب کند.‏
Shelves: psychology
»‏
یکی دیگر از وجوه خط مشی انسان بدوی در قبال پادشاه، یادآور جریانی است که به فراوانی در بیماری‌های روانی و به ویژه در بیماری معروف به هذیان اذیت و آزار دیده می‌شود. بدینمنوال که بیمار اعتبار و اهمیت شخص معینی را تا آنجا که ممکن است بالا می‌برد و قدرتی نامحدود و باورنکردنی را به او نسبت می‌دهد تا آنکه بتواند با دلیل و به حق مسئولیت همه بلاهایی را که به سرش (بیمار) می‌آید، از او بداند.‏
«
به نقل از متن کتاب، صفحه‌ی 90

در کتاب «توتم و تابو»، فروید کاوش‌های خودش را می‌گذارد کنار نوشته‌های فریزر، وونت و
...more
HuDa AljaNabi
هذا ما إحتجتُ إليه بالضبط في الوقت الحاضر.
الكتاب مهم جداً, ولم يدفعني شيء لأكماله, كون التشويق فيه بحد ذاته أنه كتاب علم نفس, لا بل كاتبه فرويد!
أكثر ما كنت أفكر فيه في طفولتي وجدته هنا, لماذا نطلق لقب عمو أو خالة على أشخاص ليسو بالفعل أعمامنا أو خالاتنا, بل هي عادة وضرورة "إحترامية" مطبّقة عندنا.
كيف أن للأخ أن لا يذكر إسم أخته, ويستعيض عن الاسم بكلمة "البيت" في جهاز الموبايل ويعتبرها حرمة أن يذكر أخته أو ما يخصها, هو أيضا مذكور بعناية ضمن عادات الشعوب في هذا الكتاب, وتفسيرُ منع الحماة عن زوج الب
...more
Jason
although i am, at heart, a staunch jungian, freud has never failed to blow me away whenever i explore his work...i've read the introductory lectures on psycho-analysis and absolutely loved them, this collection of essays is no different...
admittedly, there could be no jung without freud...he did the essential groundwork upon which all other theoretical frameworks regarding human psychology are constructed...
here, his thoughts on the culture and the development of the super-ego are thoroughly and
...more
Alejo
First of all, Freud's theories are, to put it mildly, patchy. His observations are rarely proven substantially while the very scope of 'em requires a ton of examples and references. Funny how the man himself never hesitates to state it, immediately noticing that it doesn't bother him much.

Nevertheless, the puzzle that Freud lays down provokes introspection and reflection. Although I just can't find any of the Oedipus complex in me, his thoughts on the nature of the taboo and the ambivalence of e
...more
Matthew Leroy
Overall a tough book to summarize in a few pithy statements. For me Freud fulfills such a complex space, being both a genius and an incredibly naive product of his times. What Freud seems to think of his own conclusions about the primacy of the oedipal complex in the creation of culture at times stating boldly how important it is, and at other times discussing how there is complexity and he would not dare to be simple minded about these matters.

Freud discussed "primitive" tribes, and how they p
...more
Al Grey


في هذا الكتاب يتحدث عبقري علم النفس ّسيجموند فرويد عن المقدسات و مصدر الحرام في المجتمعات ، مستنداً على نظام الطوطمية أو تقديس بعض الحيوانات لدى الشعوب البدائية ، أسهب جداً - بشكل ممل إن سمحتم لي بالوقاحة - بذكر أمثلة عديدة ، لكنه كتاب بأفكار قيمة فعلا و يحتاج لقراءة متأنية و نفس طويل

اقتباس من الكتاب عن تناقل المحرمات :

( تبقى المحرمات قائمة جيلاً بعد جيل ، وربما فقط بحكم التقليد ، المتناقل عن طريق السلطة الأبوية و الاجتماعية ، و من المحتمل أيضا أن تكون قد غدت جزءاً عضويا من الحياة النفسية للأجي
...more
Matt
I didn't love this one as much as I love some other Freud I read-- this is, to a surprising degree-- a book on anthropology more than psychology. Freud, I guess, wants to explore the roots of the incest taboo, and ultimately finds that the Oedipus complex explains it. But it's a long row to hoe before he gets there, most of which is taken up with summarizing examples from Fraser et al, material I found kind of boring in the individual books and moreso here, stripped of context and left as illust ...more
Tatev
There are two ways to approach this book. One is that you treat it from the psychological perspective. In that case you being supposedly Freudian brings you greatest satisfaction since you are once again reaffirmed in your conviction that Freud knows everything and can provide an answer to every single question about Universe. Then again if you are Jungian all this book provides for you is all consuming irritation because your guru has long ago proved how wrong Freud was, has limited his underst ...more
Ben
"In the beginning was the Deed."

This work is comprised of four short interrelated essays (in a style similar to Freud's Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality) and is Freud's first major attempt to apply psychoanalysis to the field of anthropology (he does this much more successfully, from my recollection, in Civilization and Its Discontents more than 15 years later). In this work he looks at the concepts of totemism and taboo in primitive societies and compares them to the modern cases of comp
...more
Mohammad
اطروحة الكتاب هي محاولة تفسير سيكولوجية من منظور التحليل النفسي لأقدم طقوس الانسان البدائي هي "الطوطم" أو الحيوان المقدّس وما ارتبط به من "تابوهات" أي تحريمات ومحظورات لقتل هذا الحيوان وتحريم الزواج الداخلي بين افراد القبيلة التي تنتمي الى نفس الطوطم. محاولة التفسير هذه يمكن أن تعدّ وجهة نظر جديدة لا يمكن التسليم بقطعيتها ولا مجال سوى الاندهاش من غرابتها، تنضم بذلك الى الدراسات الانسانية والاجتماعية والاقتصادية والسياسية المتنوعة التي اعتمدت نظرياتها على استقراء ما زوّدته الدراسات الاثنوغرافية ح ...more
William Durden
If you want to understand the 'band of brothers' and get a theoretical framework for democracy underpinned by not just psychoanalytic theory but research into tribal modes of existence, you'll want to read this book. Fits well with Derrida's "Politics of Friendship."
Morgan
«Χωρίς την υπόθεση μιας μαζικής ψυχής, μιας συνέχειας στη συναισθηματική ζωή των ανθρώπων, που κάνει δυνατό το ξεπέρασμα της διακοπής των ψυχικών πράξεων, διακοπή που οφείλεται στην εξαφάνιση (θάνατο) των μεμονωμένων ατόμων, η κοινωνική ψυχολογία γενικά δε θα μπορούσε να υπάρξει. Αν οι ψυχικές διαδικασίες δε συνεχίζονταν από τη μια γενιά στην επόμενη, αν κάθε γενιά ήταν υποχρεωμένη να υιοθετήσει από την αρχή μια αντιμετώπιση της ζωής, σε αυτόν τον τομέα δε θα υπήρχε καμία πρόοδος και καμία εξέλι ...more
Sina
ریشه و منشاء توتمیسم(که خود بعدها ریشه و منشاء دین و مذهب می‌گردد)، چیزی نیست جزعقده اُدیپ(پدرکشی، احساس ندامت به دلیل دوگانگی عواطف، مقدس دانستن پدر در ظاهری جدی)‏
این هم یک نظر و فرضیه بر اساس اصول روانکاوی. من قادر به تایید و یا رد کردنش نیستم
§--
Lots of Montaigne-like catalogs of weird, primitive peoples. Fascinating stuff, even though it's all just Frazer regurgitated. Maybe just read Frazer. Most of the book is an overview of the data, the commonly observed practices among savages (excuse me: "the developing world."). Freud then provides another overview, this time of the major scholarly explanations offered [Frazer, Tylor, Lang, MacLennan, Spencer, Darwin]. Then, finally, he steps in and offers a contribution that he admits, does not ...more
Eduardo Sangarcía
Toda especulación sobre los origenes de la cultura y la civilización humanas resulta apasionante. Las ideas de Freud sobre la similitud entre ontogénesis y filogénesis me parecen muy seductoras, y si a eso le aunamos una exposición clara y amena - tan distinta de algunos de sus sucesores que parecen textos para iniciados en una oscura religión - todo está servido para que sigamos al austriaco en su viaje hacia el origen de la cultura, la religión y la ética: el parricidio, crimen primordial que ...more
Hamid Hasanzadeh
کتاب توتم و تابو یکی از معروفترین آثار پدر روانکاوی ، زیگموند فروید می باشد و به طور قطع می توان گفت که یکی از جالب ترین و بحث برانگیز ترین نوشته هایش است.
آنچه که در این اثر جالب است همان معادله ایست که فروید برای حل آن تلاش می کند، معادله ای که در یک طرف آن اقوام وحشی و بدوی و در سمت دیگرِ تساوی بیماران روانی قرار دارند.البته خود محقق بیان می کند که این تساوی تقریبی می باشد.

در قسمت اول این کتاب که عنوان آن ترس از زنای با محارم می باشد، به شرح مثال هایی از توتم پرستی و تابوهای ناشی از آن در اقوا
...more
Saeed Abdavi
در کتاب دو موضوع به هم پیوسته به نام های توتم و تابو به طور مستقل مورد برسی قرار میگیرد.البته تابو به دلیل اینکه اثار و نتایج ان تاکنون به گمان نویسنده باقی مانده و اثرات عمیقی بر زندگی روانی انسانها داشته بیشتر مورد توجهه قرار میگیرد.نویسنده میکوشد با توجه به تحقیقات و برسی هایی که در مورد زندگی بدویان معاصر انجام شده است به ریشه یابی به وجود امدن توتم و سپس منع های تابویی بپردازد .در این راستا عوامل مختلف روانکاوی از جمله عقده ادیپ،دوگانگی عواطف،سرکوب شدن غرایز و ...برای تحلیل رفتار افراد بدوی ...more
M Pereira
This is an interesting attempt of Anthropology and Archaeology by Freud. One thing that I found especially interesting is the wide variety of resources that he used and appeals to for these essays. I would never have expected Freud to have based his work on totemism on Durkheim for instance. I have to say though, there was a lot in this book I could not understand. If I attempted to understand this book, there seemed in my view, a large emphasis on sexuality and taboo, particularly on incest rit ...more
Javier
So yes, the two preeminent synergies of human nature; the sacred (Totem) and the forbidden (Taboo) are traced right back into good ol' Oedipus backyard; not without succinct argumentation and erudition. This simple yet fascinating manifesto is a page turner; Freud's lack of literary élan is replaced by his referral skills and vast knowledge. Fortunately for him, as he himself acknowledges, others like Frazer and Andrew Lang did the legwork that was necessary for his synthesis. We would be in err ...more
Floriel Maree
|27\04\14|

Se è antropologia, perchè deve finire col parlare di psicologia e nevrosi? Capisco che è Freud ma...


Ok, comunque, soprattutto ciò che mi ha spiegato sulla rilevanza ed il significato dei Totem ( e i relativi tabù che sono volti a vietare) mi è stato molto utile, ora mi devo soffermare sulle altre teorie antropologiche, meno psicologiche...

Amjad Fayoumi
هنا يُخرج فرويد نظرية التحليل النفسي من العيادة و من علاج المرضى النفسيين بيطبقه على التاريخ الانساني منذ البداية و ليضع نظرية تفسّر ظهور الطوطمية (الحيوان المقدس عند القبيلة) كأول اشكال التديُّن و ظهور اول تابو (التحريم و التحظير) و كل هذا بالاستعانة بما سجله الانثروبولوجيين من معرفة عن الانسان البدائي اي انه يستخدم أدلة لاثبات ان جريمة قتل الاب طمعا بالام ( عقدة أوديب) حدثت فعلا ! و لعل هذا اضعف ما في الحبكة فلو تركت على القصة على رمزينها افضل ، و هذه الجريمة التي أدت الى رحلة طويلة انتهت بتقد ...more
Bria
Now that I'm old and cranky and have lost all my awe at the beauty of the mysticism of humanity, I have a hard time appreciating (nonfiction) books when I can't trust that any of the information in them is remotely accurate. Maybe if Freud were to reanimate and rewrite this book with the last 100 years of anthropology, historical analysis, sociology, science-based psychology and cognitive science in mind, I would have an easier time with it. In fact, today I am founding the Re-Animate Freud Soci ...more
« previous 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 99 100 next »
topics  posts  views  last activity   
Goodreads Librari...: Date first published 2 15 Jun 07, 2013 05:14AM  
What are the motifs and themes in Totem and Taboo? 6 94 Sep 27, 2011 06:10PM  
  • On Feminine Sexuality, the Limits of Love and Knowledge: The Seminar of Jacques Lacan, Book XX: Encore
  • The Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious (Collected Works 9i)
  • Eros and Civilization: A Philosophical Inquiry into Freud
  • The Lacanian Subject: Between Language and Jouissance
  • The Elementary Forms of Religious Life
  • The Psychology of Intelligence
  • Freud: A Life for Our Time
  • Psychoanalysis and Religion
  • The History of Sexuality 2: The Use of Pleasure
  • Playing and Reality
  • Looking Awry: An Introduction to Jacques Lacan Through Popular Culture
10017
Sigmund Freud (Arabic: سيغموند فرويد)
On this date in 1856, Sigmund Freud was born in Moravia. Freud grew up in Vienna, where he lived until fleeing the Nazis in 1938. He earned a medical degree from the University of Vienna in 1881. He and Joseph Breuer co-wrote Studies in Hysteria (1895). Freud developed his theory on psychoanalysis, then wrote The Interpretation of Dreams (1900), The Psychopatho
...more
More about Sigmund Freud...
The Interpretation of Dreams Civilization and Its Discontents The Ego and the Id Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis The Future of an Illusion (The Standard Edition)  (Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud)

Share This Book

“No neurotic harbors thoughts of suicide which are not murderous impulses against others redirected upon himself.” 30 likes
“fear of death.” Our study of psychoneurotic disturbances points to a more comprehensive explanation, which includes that of Westermarck. When a wife loses her husband, or a daughter her mother, it not infrequently happens that the survivor is afflicted with tormenting scruples, called ‘obsessive reproaches’ which raises the question whether she herself has not been guilty through carelessness or neglect, of the death of the beloved person. No recalling of the care with which she nursed the invalid, or direct refutation of the asserted guilt can put an end to the torture, which is the pathological expression of mourning and which in time slowly subsides. Psychoanalytic investigation of such cases has made us acquainted with the secret mainsprings of this affliction. We have ascertained that these obsessive reproaches are in a certain sense justified and therefore are immune to refutation or objections. Not that the mourner has really been guilty of the death or that she has really been careless, as the obsessive reproach asserts; but still there was something in her, a wish of which she herself was unaware, which was not displeased with the fact that death came, and which would have brought it about sooner had it been strong enough. The reproach now reacts against this unconscious wish after the death of the beloved person. Such hostility, hidden in the unconscious behind tender love, exists in almost all cases of intensive emotional allegiance to a particular person, indeed it represents the classic case, the prototype of the ambivalence of human emotions. There is always more or less of this ambivalence in everybody’s disposition; normally it is not strong enough to give rise to the obsessive reproaches we have described. But where there is abundant predisposition for it, it manifests itself in the relation to those we love most, precisely where you would least expect it. The disposition to compulsion neurosis which we have so often taken for comparison with taboo problems, is distinguished by a particularly high degree of this original ambivalence of emotions.” 1 likes
More quotes…