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Los de abajo

3.61 of 5 stars 3.61  ·  rating details  ·  3,957 ratings  ·  201 reviews
Durante la Revolución Mexicana, Mariano Azuela fue médico de la facción la que comandaba Francisco Villa, de ahí que algunas de sus más notables obras literarias estén inspiradas por aquellos hechos de armas. Entre todas ellas, Los de abajo, redactada en 1915 en El Paso (Texas), sintetiza admirablemente lo que el ilustre escritor pensaba de la Revolución y cómo vio él mism ...more
Paperback, 144 pages
Published August 1st 1997 by Penguin Books Ltd (first published 1915)
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Pedro Páramo by Juan RulfoLike Water for Chocolate by Laura EsquivelThe Labyrinth of Solitude and Other Writings by Octavio PazLos de abajo by Mariano AzuelaThe Death of Artemio Cruz by Carlos Fuentes
Mexican Literature
4th out of 161 books — 76 voters
One Hundred Years of Solitude by Gabriel Garcí­a MárquezLove in the Time of Cholera by Gabriel Garcí­a MárquezThe House of the Spirits by Isabel AllendeLike Water for Chocolate by Laura EsquivelThe Alchemist by Paulo Coelho
Latino/Latina Fiction
107th out of 533 books — 791 voters

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This review is bilingual. First, you will find the English version and after that one, you will find the Spanish version.

I had to read this novel as part of the Spanish program in high school, in my country, Costa Rica. Los de Abajo that it can be translated as "The ones from bellow". I think it's a wordgame, since indeed the main characters are from the low levels of society but also, most of them are soldiers that supposed to be very brave, so they have a lot "balls" that indeed they can be fo
First of all, this is NOT a history book. If you're interested in learning about the Mexican Revolution pick up a history book.
Second of all, you didn't get the point. It's not about the life of rural Mexico, or how people lived, or how they lost their ideals. It's about joining "la bola" the mass of people fighting for no particular reason. The "campesinos" didn't really join the fight because they believed they were getting land and freedom, they joined because they believed in their leaders,
Este maravilloso libro cuenta la vida de Demetrio Macias y su grupo de amigos durante la Revolución Mexicana, es una historia tan sencilla pero tan bien hecha que no es de extrañar que en un momento te haga reír y al otro te haga sentir un nudo en el estomago.

El uso del lenguaje es impecable, puedes oír a los personajes hablando en tu cabeza con la jerga de aquellos tiempos, imaginarte los paisajes por los que van avanzando, la gente que encuentran a su paso y te hace amar u odiar a sus persona
Next year marks the centennial of the publication of Mariano Azuela's "The Underdogs," often said to be "the greatest novel" of the Mexican Revolution of 20 November 1910. It may be, though it isn't a sweeping and detailed account of that fierce but doomed uprising. Rather, it's a slim book of brief segments that look at the revolution in intimate terms by focusing on the innocence, confusion, courage and eventual disillusionment of Demetrio Macias, an illiterate Indian who like other disenfranc ...more
Alberto Jacobo Baruqui
Esta es sin duda la mejor obra de Mariano Azuela, quien formó parte del grupo de "Los Dorados". "Los de Abajo" tiene la cercanía al movimiento de la Revolución con unos ojos analíticos, valientes y sinceros. Se comparten sin miedo las vivencias y esclarece algunas de las barbaries que existene en todas los movimientos de su clase, donde casi siempre se termina una injusticia para dar entrada a una distinta pero con nombres y esquemas diferentes.
Dentro del Clan de Francisco "Pancho" Villa, Azuel
Joselito Honestly and Brilliantly
A novel of the Mexican revolution of 1910.

As in most revolutions, this was supposed to have been staged in order to topple a dictatorship and to gain freedom from tyranny. The book, however, illustrates that not all of those who take part in a revolution know what they are revolting for. Some "freedom fighters" take to the hills with their own personal agenda, some of them even fugitives from the law themselves.

Survivors of the revolution, assuming they emerge therefrom victorious, would metamor
Shane Westfall
I loved reading this one! Several of the criticisms mentioned in other reviews are valid, yet where I felt Azuela excelled was in illustrating the "gray". No saintly protagonists nor sinister bad guys to be found...simply a portrait of real humans embroiled in a conflict where perhaps the only moral difference between the two parties depends on whom one is cheering for. Sure, Cervantes' ride off into the mercantile business seemed a bit of a stretch, but then no more so than Shakespeare relying ...more
Alex Lopez-barton
Gives an excellent overview of the Mexican Revolution 1910 which is amazing as he wrote it from his experiences.
Elyse Hdez
Es el primer libro que leo que relata a la revolución mexicana, la verdad es que no logré entender el titulo del libro hasta casi el final de la obra... Realmente muy recomendado!

The Underdogs really reminded me of Blood Meridian by Cormack McCarthy. I think that there are several reasons for that. First, the story is very violent, but the violence is part of the environment. It is not gratuitous. The violence is simply as much a part of the environment as the blood red sunsets and the Sierra.

Another aspect of this book that reminds me of McCarthy's western novels is the terseness of the dialog. These characters are actually more talkative than the ones in McCarthy's wo
A short novel following the progress of a small band of participants in the Mexican Revolution years of 1910-15. In the thread of my recent reading, this book nicely continues one of the themes of The Poisonwood Bible; the "people" (peasants, rural villagers, i.e. the poorest and least advantaged) rarely have much of a grasp on what the revolution is supposed to mean for them. They have almost nothing, suffer continuous hunger and hardship, and all too often that's what they still have after the ...more
Carmen Amato
A couple of years ago I walked through a display of Mexican Revolution photographs in a museum in Rome, Italy. Meant primarily to showcase the era's photographers, the photographs were a sepia-toned illustration of the brutality and confusion of the times. All of the images we association with early 20th century Mexico were there--horsemen with crossed bandoliers and wide palm sombreros, women in white dresses with ruffled bodices, ragged laborers in white cotton rags, soldiers in short jackets ...more
En estos días releí "Los de abajo". Y no hay punto de comparación entre cómo la leí hace años y cómo la he leído hoy. Para empezar uno piensa de inmediato en una novela anterior "Andrés Pérez, maderista," que pese a tratar un tema de la Revolución está más cerca del tratamiento costumbrista y pseudo realista de las novelas anteriores. Me interesó mucho la segunda parte de Los de abajo, cuando ha triunfado la Revolución y la gente de Demetrio Macías se une a los villistas. Entonces aparecen dos p ...more
Necesité leer este libro en mi clase de la reclusión mexicana, no me gusta el primer parte mucho, pero los dos partes finales eran emocionantes y importantes.
Mi cita favorita era;

"-¿por que pelean ya, Demetrio?
Demetrio, las cejas muy juntas, toma distraído una piedrecita y la arroja al fondo del cañón. Se mantiene pensativo viendo el desfiladero, y dice: -Mira esa piedra cómo ya no se para "

Si le gusta historia, la revolución mexicana, y ficción se recomiendo esta novela corta.
Andrea Merelo

NO es novela historica y si buscan ver como es el pueblo mexicano es una gran novela. Los personajes son increíbles, aún así lo odie de principio a fin. Desde la manera en que esta redactado hasta lo que pasa, pero puede que lo segundo sea más que nada frustración/indignación de leer como nadie sabía porque peleaba. Está bien redactado, pero aún así no me agrada el estilo.
Luis Zamarro Fraile
This book was written and published while the mexican revolution of 1910 still was fighting. Mariano Azuela, narrates how regular citizens jump into conflict for personal reasons and end up defending up a cause that really dont seem to understand, but they keep fighting anyway...It doesnt matter what politic color we are while seeking power, once we arrive there we all become the same...
Mike Dunne
Next year marks the centennial of the publication of Mariano Azuela's "The Underdogs," often said to be "the greatest novel" of the Mexican Revolution of 20 November 1910. It may be, though it isn't a sweeping and detailed account of that fierce but doomed uprising. Rather, it's a slim book of brief segments that look at the revolution in intimate terms by focusing on the innocence, confusion, courage and eventual disillusionment of Demetrio Macias, an illiterate Indian who like other disenfranc ...more
This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here.
While I can't honestly say that I enjoyed reading this book, I do understand and appreciate its literary significance. Los de abajo paints a realistic picture of what the Mexican Revolution was like on the ground for the guerrilla fighters, combining the valiant rhetoric of the Cause with the dry reality of an endless struggle. Even 100 years after the start of the Revolution, reading this novel helped make sense of some of the contemporary issues in today's Mexico. The open-ended nature of the ...more
Mary Clare
After considering the chaotic nature of the Mexican Revolution and the succession of one ruler after another throughout the early twentieth century, this novel provides a great fictional story that molds into this history. The reader is able to experience the battles and struggles with the multitude of characters. Azuela uses colloquial language that can make the read more difficult, but if using the Catedra edition, the footnotes provide excellent background information. In summary, this novel ...more
José Manuel Frías
"Los de abajo" es una novela breve de Mariano Azuela, quien ejerció como médico militar en las tropas revolucionarias mexicanas. Aquella experiencia le permitió conocer desde dentro el fenómeno de la revolución en dichas tierras. Aquellos conocimientos fueron plasmados en su libro, escrito en 1915 y publicado a modo de diario, por trozos, en el transcurso del propio conflicto bélico, un acto de valentía al contar en el texto aquello que otros autores preferían silenciar.
Azuela presenta con crude
Mary Frantz
Los de abajo tells the story of the Mexican Revolution from the perspective of the people. I really enjoyed that the book felt very colloquial, as if I were experiencing the revolution first hand. It was also interesting to read about influential characters of the revolution from a first hand perspective. Azuela also painted the revolution as an organic and essential element of the Mexican culture of the time period. It felt as if the rebels were working to achieve a majestic and idolized revolu ...more
Happy Carlock
Mariano Azuela intricately tells the story of the Mexican Revolution from the perspective of the revolutionaries, framing the entire war in terms of the disillusionment and hypocrisy it stirred in Mexican society. His rich dialogue and profound use of metaphors, personification, hyperboles, and other literary techniques not only serve to describe the revolution, but also distinguish the book itself as revolutionary. On several accounts, characters in the book including Demetrio Macias' wife and ...more
Janey Fugate
At times while reading Los de Abajo I wasn't sure if what has happening was just plain weird or if I was misunderstanding the scene. For example, a scene I had to read twice was when Demetrio and company meets el guero Margarito and joins him and la Pintada at a dinner party. At one point, guero Margarito stands up and shoots his reflection in the mirror, shattering the glass and throwing the party into chaos. This scene encapsulates the stark brutality, surprising randomness, and deeper symboli ...more
Sophia K-l
I was struck, throughout the whole novel, at the consistent and pervasive uncertainty, not only about the outcome of the revolution but also about what each and every individual was fighting for. This uncertainty, which creates a sense of disunity among what appear to be unified groups, really illustrated to me whole the way in which the Mexicans were lost in regards to their identity in this period. No one really knows what exactly he or she are fighting for; they are motivated, at times, just ...more
Callie Deddens
Reading this book without any historical context would take a lot away from an understanding of it. Fortunately, I read the version published by Catedra and thus had the benefit of footnotes which explained discrepancies between Demetrio Macías' assertions about historical occurrences and what actually occurred. From a brief introduction to the important figures in the Mexican Revolution and the explanations in the footnotes, I was able to get an impression of the utter aimlessness of the cause ...more
Jan 12, 2009 Rocky is currently reading it  ·  review of another edition
This book was written by a man with first-hand experience of the Mexican Revolution. He explores not only the excitement and idealism behind the revolution but also the disillusionment that followed. This is a small but vivid window of social upheaval in Mexico. This edition comes with an engaging introduction by Ana Castillo.
Read this for two different undergraduate courses in college: once in Spanish, once in English. Does not really have a plot that connects, makes sense that it was published as a serial in an El Paso newspaper.

Thought I would read it again after spending another five years in Mexico. Maybe I'd have a new perspective? Nope. It's still depressing and illustrates the tough reality of the Mexican Revolution: years of struggle and war to just go from one corrupt government to another.

I suspect that th
Read my full review here:

Azuela writes about an exile in the Mexican Revolution who takes up arms against the Federales, and forms his own band of rebels.

The book itself is short and very fast-paced. It only took about two hours for me to finish, even taking my time to try and understand what was going on. I was reading one of those free Amazon English-version of a Spanish book, and free translations always have an awkward pacing, just in their nature. Bu
Nadie sabe a ciencia cierta lo que ocurrió en uno de los periodos más agitados en la historia moderna de nuestro país: la Revolución Mexicana.

A pesar de ser referido como el acontecimiento político-social nacional más importante del siglo pasado, existen un sinnúmero de historias que mezclan la realidad y la ficción. Héroes y villanos; mitos y leyendas; la tiranía y la libertad… ¿Cómo poder discernir entre la verdad o la mentira?

En su tiempo, el escritor y médico Mariano Azuela González (1873-19
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  • Here's to You, Jesusa!
  • The Death of Artemio Cruz
  • The President
  • El llano en llamas
  • Las muertas
  • Los ríos profundos
  • Don Segundo Sombra
  • Facundo: Or, Civilization and Barbarism
  • The Labyrinth of Solitude and Other Writings
  • Balún Canán
  • Los recuerdos del porvenir
  • Doña Bárbara
  • Noticias del Imperio
  • Tiempo de silencio
  • Confabulario
  • El cuarto de atrás
  • Los pazos de Ulloa
  • The Lost Steps
Mariano Azuela González was a Mexican author and physician, best known for his fictional stories of the Mexican Revolution of 1910. He wrote novels, works for theatre and literary criticism.
More about Mariano Azuela...

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“La revolución beneficia al pobre, al ignorante, al que toda su vida ha sido esclavo, a los infelices que ni siquiera saben que si lo son es porque el rico convierte en oro las lágrimas, el sudor y la sangre de los pobres. || The revolution benefits the poor, the ignorant, who all his life has been a slave, the unfortunate who do not know if they are is because the rich becomes the tears, sweat and blood of the poor in gold.” 6 likes
“¿Será justo abandonar a la patria en estos momentos solemnes en que va a necesitar de toda la abnegación de sus hijos los humildes para que la salven, para que no la dejen caer de nuevo en manos de sus eternos detentadores y verdugos, los caciques?” 3 likes
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