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Todo lo sólido se desvanece en el aire: la experiencia de la modernidad

4.26  ·  Rating Details ·  1,720 Ratings  ·  101 Reviews
En contra de lo que convencionafmente se piensa, la revolución moderna ha concluido. A partir de las conmociones revolucionarias del arte, la literatura, la política y la vida cotidiana, el espíritu del modernismo ha desarrollado unas tradiciones propias aun vigentes, tradiciones que paradójicamente sacrifican el pasado y el presente para abrir una perspectiva de futuro. A ...more
Paperback, 386 pages
Published January 1st 2001 by Siglo XXI Editores (first published 1982)
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Jeremy
Sep 03, 2013 Jeremy rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This is an amazing book. Most works that try to explicate modernity seem to take the French revolution as their starting point, but Berman's intense, wide-ranging examination is rooted much more in Germanic and Russian thought. He uses Goethe, Marx, Baudilare (ok, so some french), Dostoyevsky, Bely etc. to try and show how the sensibility of modernity itself has developed largely out of literature, and how we can see that sensibility at work in our own age with issues of geography and city plann ...more
Andrew
First off, subject matter aside, Marshall Berman is a beautiful damn writer. He can take four weighty, academic ideas-- the relationship between Faust and modern technology, Baudelaire's conception of Paris, the role of St. Petersburg in Russian modernization, and the effects of modernist planning on New York-- and make them sing and dance. Especially the New York essay. He's on home turf, and he is as rapturous as Woody Allen in the opening scenes of Manhattan.

In the introduction, he denounces
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Mohammad
تجربه خواندن «تجربه مدرنیته» یک تجربه ناب است: تجربه یک مواجهه از بالا بدون خُرد کردن متن؛ تجربه مواجهه با «خوانش» به معنای اصیل و دست اول آن؛ و تجربه مواجهه با تاریخ بدون جدا کردن آن از متن زندگی
هر بخش این کتاب، به اندازه کل کتاب عالی بود (هرچند بخش اول، دوم و چهارم درخشش بیشتری داشت). در جای جای آن نکات بدیع و افقهای بسیاری برای خواننده ای که ذهن خودش مانند مولف مشوش و دلمشغول نسبت طرحواره های انتزاعی زندگی اصیل با روایت واقعی و درهم زندگی مدرن است یافت میشود (بخصوص برای خواننده ایرانی که هنوز
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Ahmad Sharabiani
All That Is Solid Melts Into Air: The Experience of Modernity, Marshall Berman
All That Is Solid Melts into Air is an academic text written by Marshall Berman between 1971 and 1981, and published in New York City in 1982. The book examines social and economic modernization and its conflicting relationship with modernism.
عنوان: تجربه مدرنیته؛ نویسنده: مارشال برمن؛ مترجم: مراد فرهاد پور؛ تهران، طرح نو، 1379؛ در 443 ص؛ فروست: فلسفه و فرهنگ؛ شابک: 9645625890؛ چاپ دوم 1380؛ چاپ سوم 1381؛ چاپ هفتم 138
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Amir
Oct 02, 2014 Amir rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
یکی از خوندنیترین منابع برای درک مدرنیته که هرچند سی و اندی سال میگذره از نوشته شدنش هنوز حرفهاش تازهست. کتاب نه تجربهی سرنگونی اتحاد جماهیر شوروی رو از سر گذرونده، نه انفجار اطلاعات و اینترنت رو و نه فرو ریختن برجهای دوقلو رو. اما قضیه وقتی جالب میشه که میفهمی نویسنده در فصل مربوط به فاوست گوته گریزی هم میزنه به انقلاب کشور ما. مارشال برمن برای تجربه کردن مدرنیته سر زده به سرچشمهها و اسلاف و همین راز موندگاری این کتاب هست.
این کتاب خوشخون رو و مخصوصا شاهکار کتاب، فصل مربوط به فاوست رو به همه تو
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Murtaza
May 18, 2017 Murtaza rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
In the Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx writes the following passage, from which the title of this book is taken:

All that is solid melts into air, all that is holy is profaned, and man is at last compelled to face with sober senses his real conditions of life, and his relations with his kind.

What Marx was referring to was the nature of modern capitalist economies to mercilessly remake society again and again, taking human beings along for the ride and forcing them to adapt their own external and i
...more
Megan
I found Berman's analysis to be lacking in the rigor necessary for this type of project to really turn out well. The culling of literary texts and historical moments for archetypes of the experience of modernity is already, in my mind, a dubious enterprise; to then use these archetypes to form normative judgments which mask themselves as historical description - St. Petersburg as a model of "the modernism of underdevelopment" - only strengthens my skepticism of Berman's conclusions.
I heard someo
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Anna
I love the Marx quote that this book is titled after and centred around:

All that is solid melts into air, all that is sacred is profaned, and men at last are forced to face… the real conditions of their lives and their relations with their fellow men.


As well as having a beautiful ring to it, this statement proves fruitful as a means of discussing what modernism and modernisation are in different historical, geographical, and disciplinary contexts, as well as the dialectic between them. Berman wr
...more
Andrea
I loved this book, loved its provocations on how capitalism and literature and our strivings in the world are intertwined, loved how a new dialectic is brought into Marxist thought and this is tied into our dreams for the future and our visions for a full life, loved that its is grounded in the pain, and yet excitement and vision too, of capitalist destruction. Entirely dialectical, restless, searching, wary of solutions and 'end stages' and static utopias. It is also entirely based on the voice ...more
AC
Jun 02, 2010 AC rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: modernism
Berman's point is clear and casts an important light -- his notion of modernity and, far more importantly to me, the claim that modernity has deep roots that should be nourishing and renewing (wonderful!).

But his method of getting the reader there is not sound. I'm glad to have spent some hours reading in it - but it's enough.
Mohammadreza
این یادداشت رو تو دوران کارشناسی، وقتی با نشریۀ انجمن اسلامی دانشگاه همکاری میکردم و برای بخش فرهنگیش نوشتم و حالا با کمی حک و اصلاح اینجا میارمش. یه انرژی و حس جوانانه هست تو این یادداشت که دوسش دارم، مخصوصا وقتی یادم میاد که چقدر این کتابو دوست داشتم و دوبار خوندمش.
هر آنچه سخت و استوار است دود مي شود و به هوا مي رود
اين كتاب تلاشي است براي درك مفهومي حقيقي از زندگي مدرن و تناقصات و سردرگميهاي آن، آنگونه كه هست از طريق بررسي و كنكاش ميان چند كتاب برجسته ادبي و اجتماعي كه حاصل تفكر برتر بشر هستند
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Jonathan Norton
May 08, 2014 Jonathan Norton rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
First published at the end of the 70s, this is Berman's superb study of the topics of "modernity", "modernism" and "modernisation", illuminating the subtle differences between them. We start with the Faust story, taken as a parable about the notion of "development", and then on the Marx's diagnosis of capitalism as the blinding white heat that melts away all traditional forms (the quote that gives the book its title). After a visit to Baudelaire's Paris there is a long study of St Petersburg, a ...more
ArEzO.... Es
كتاب شامل ِ اين فصلهاست:
فاوستِ گوته: تراژديِ توسعه و رشد -- هر آنچه سخت و استوار است دود ميشود و به هوا ميرود: ماركس و مدرنيسم و مدرنيزاسيون -- بودلر: مدرنيسم در خيابان -- پترزبورگ: مدرنيسم ِ توسعهنيافتگي -- دههي 1860: انسانِ جديد در خيابان -- قرنِ بيستم: ظهور و محو ِ شهر -- در جنگل ِ نمادها: نكاتي پيرامونِ مدرنيسم در نيويورك.

مدرن بودن يعني اسير شدن در چنگِ سازمانهاي بوروكراتيكِ عظيمي كه قادر به كنترل و غالبا قادر به تخريبِ همهي احتماعات، ارزشها و جانها هستند؛ و با اين همه دست بسته نبودن در پي
...more
Zeynep K
Sep 14, 2016 Zeynep K rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
modernizmi, sürekli değişen bir dünyada kendimizi evimizde hissetmek için yapılan bir mücadele olarak düşündüğümüzde, modernizmin hiçbir tarzının asla tanımalayıcı olamayacağını görürüz. kurduklarımız ve başardıklarımız arasında en yaratıcı olanları bile, eğer hayat devam edecekse, bizim ya da çocuklarımızın onlardan kaçmayı ya da dönüştürmeyi isteyeceğimiz hapishanelere ya da kabirlere dönecektir. / 12

iletişim / 16

saint-preux, metropoldeki hayata ilişkin deneyimini şöyle anlatır: 'her daim çarp
...more
Armin ard
Mar 29, 2017 Armin ard rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
این کتاب اولین مواجهه ی روشمند من با مارکسیسم بود
هنوز ضربه ی عمیقی که ازش خوردم رو یادم نمیره..
به معنی واقعی معرکه ست
Cole Stratton
This is a difficult book to review because of how broad and complex Berman's subject matter is. His exploration of the feeling of modernity is poetic, academic, boring and enthralling. He is exceptional at textually analyzing nearly anything – architecture, literature, painting, film, dance, theater. He begins with Goethe's Faust and very elegantly describes the experience of creative destruction as modernity ripped across the world with the industrial revolution. The old has continued to be swe ...more
kubilay
Aug 09, 2014 kubilay rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
modernite uzerine yazilmis belki de en iyi kitap. allah bu insanliga bir daha faust'u, kapital'i yazdirtmasin dedirtiyor.
Maziar Attarieh
May 06, 2013 Maziar Attarieh rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
فصل نیویورک پر از نوستالژی نویسنده است و به همین خاطر رنگ و بویی کاملاً جدا دارد؛ و درخشانترین فصل کتاب است. از کتابهایی است که خواندن چندبارهش هم بسیار لذتبخش است. ...more
Alex Csicsek
Jan 24, 2010 Alex Csicsek rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This extraordinary introduction to modernism, conceived of at its most general, highlights the common thread of the greatest in literature and arts over the past three centuries to paint the picture of a modern people simultaneously desperate to tear off their shackles and horrified of what that true freedom might mean. From the liberation offered by Marxism to the ultimate prison imagined by Foucault, Berman nimbly navigates among modernism in all its incarnations and picks out the common threa ...more
Eric
Jul 10, 2016 Eric rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Un estudio muy enfocado en la relación entre el modernismo y la modernidad a través del análisis de textos célebres de distintas épocas, enfocándose en Baudelaire, Goethe, Nueva York de los 60's y la Rusia zarista. Tiene el pecado de repetir mucho expresiones como "en Fausto, Goethe quiso decir que...", como si el autor no estuviera muerto y sepultado. También tiene una visión medio naive del capitalismo, típica de escritor norteamericano de los 80's, y su miedo a meterse con el postmodernismo o ...more
Mansour Boostani
آیا ما (جامعه ما) مدرن شده ایم یا همچنان سنتی هستیم؟
آیا ما ملتی عقب مانده هستیم یا ملتی بزرگ؟
مدرن بودن به چه معنا است؟
سنتی بودن به چه معنا است؟
جامعه ما اگر چه شکلی بیابد می¬توانیم بگوییم که ما مدرن شده ایم؟
جوامعی که آنها را مدرن می دانیم دارای چه ویژگی هایی هستند؟
مهمترین عامل یا عوامل عقب ماندگی یا توسعه نیافتگی ما چیست؟
آیا علت مدرن نشدن ما در درون فکر و فرهنگ ما است یا در سیاست گذاری های کلان دولتی؟
آیا اگر دولت بخواهد می تواند ما را مدرن کند؟
به این پرسش های در این کتاب پرداخته نمی شود. اما کسا
...more
Chelsea Szendi
This is a really hard book to classify. Its premise is to take a particularly haunting phrase from the Communist Manifesto and discuss the dislocating effects of modernity in an impressionistic way. I found it really hard to get into because it seemed a bit sentimental and earnest, and then I felt bad about myself for being such a cynical shrew. I do, after all, feel like the world is a better place with Marshall Berman in it.

I'd actually really like to read this with undergraduates someday.
Cheryl Hudson
Feb 08, 2014 Cheryl Hudson rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition

A dazzling account of the impact and meaning of modernity. Berman's depth of understanding, his erudition and his ability to convey the range of emotional and intellectual responses to modernity is breathtaking. He sweeps across history, philosophy, literature, art and architecture with enormous knowledge and insight. His writing both humbles and elevates the reader. This is a book I had been meaning to read for a long time and I am glad I stopped procrastinating.
Scott Laughlin
Aug 01, 2008 Scott Laughlin rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
A Marxist cultural study that really illuminates who and what we are as moderns. There are chapters on Goethe, Marx, Baudelaire, and Russian Literature--all amazingly insightful. In many ways, I will keep this book by my side, as I will delve into it often. Not the most easy reading, of course, but extremely enlightening.
Burcu
Sep 10, 2010 Burcu rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Let me tell you this much, it gets even better the second time around. I read this years ago as I was still trying to figure out where my thesis was going, it provided some valuable paths for research. Now that all that is past and then some, it provided me a lot of insight that becomes even more meaningful with life experience and in our current times.
cristiano
Jan 26, 2008 cristiano rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
salam.beheton be khatere khondane in ketab tabrik migam.yeki az behtarin tarjomehaye dostame yani morade farhadpour.kheyli ali bood.marshal berman khodesh yeki az nazariye pardazane post moderne ke dar in ketab dod shodane moderniye ro khob be tahrir keshide.va ensafan morad ham vase tarjome kam nazashte.nazare shoma chetore?
Perrystroika
Mar 05, 2012 Perrystroika rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: theory, lit-crit
I love this book. it's sloppy, unsystematic and repetitive. it also got me to read Goethe, Pushkin, Biely, Gogol, Jane Jacobs and Robert Caro and in that sense it does what criticism should do, it transmits passion.
Jason
May 08, 2012 Jason rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Harder to read in the beginning unless you are familiar with modernism work and writing. Still essential. Get's pretty vivid when talking about modernism in the streets, the Netsky Prospect, Petersberg, and New York. Push through, it's rewarding.
Matt
Mar 13, 2009 Matt rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Berman for president!
Matt
Berman's unorthodox approach to Marx really summed up my own political philosophy. This is digestible theory. A must read for those that remain optimistic.
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Marshall Berman (born 1940, The Bronx, New York City) is an American philosopher and Marxist Humanist writer. He is currently Distinguished Professor of Political Science at The City College of New York and at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York, teaching Political Philosophy and Urbanism.

An alumnus of Columbia University, Berman completed his Ph.D. at Harvard University in 1968
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“The sort of individualism that scorns and fears connections with other people as threats to the self's integrity, and the sort of collectivism that seeks to submerge the self in a social role, may be more appealing than the Marxian synthesis, because they are intellectually and emotionally so much easier.” 6 likes
“The Bronx Mural would end at the end of the Expressway itself, where it interchanges on the way to Westchester and Long Island. The end, the boundary between the Bronx and the world, would be marked with a gigantic ceremonial arch, in the tradition of the colossal monuments that Claes Oldenburg conceived in the 1960s. This arch would be circular and inflatable, suggesting both an automobile tire and a bagel. When fully pumped up, it would look indigestibly hard as a bagel, but ideal as a tire for a fast getaway; when soft, it would appear leaky and dangerous as a tire, but as a bagel, inviting to settle down and eat.” 0 likes
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