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كيف نقرأ ولماذا
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كيف نقرأ ولماذا

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3.6 of 5 stars 3.60  ·  rating details  ·  1,593 ratings  ·  181 reviews
لا توجد طريقة واحدة للقراءة الجيدة, وإن كان هناك سبب رئيسى يفرض علينا أن نقرأ. فالمعلومات المتاحة لا نهاية لها, فأين توجد الحكمة؟ إذا حالفك الحظ فسوف تلتقى بمدرس متميز يقدم لك المساعدة , لكنك وحيد فى نهاية المطاف, وعليك أن تمضى دون وساطة من أحد. فالقراءة بفهم هى أعظم المتع التى تتاح لك فى أوقات العزلة, لأنها على الأقل فى حدود تجربتى هى أعظم المتع الشافية, لأنها تردك إلى ال ...more
Paperback, 337 pages
Published 2010 by المركز القومى للترجمة (first published 2000)
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Community Reviews

(showing 1-30 of 3,000)
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sckenda
Why do we read? We are lonely. According to literary critic Harold Bloom, we read because we cannot know enough people, and reading returns us to “otherness.” [ I think he means that reading introduces us to a variety of people and of experiences that we would never encounter in a normal life span.] Imaginative literature is otherness, and as such makes us less lonely. Thus, reading well is one of the great pleasures that solitude can afford, and it is one the most healing of pleasures.

Second
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Riku Sayuj

This book has come by some harsh criticism, especially by eminent reviewers like Terry Eagleton and fellow goodreaders. In spite of the bad reviews by goodreaders I usually take at their word, I decided to give the book a chance. With Bloom’s combination of ideas such as Shakespeare being the progenitor of all modern fiction and poetry, of the bard also being the inventor of ‘Human” in literature and with Bloom's audacious theory on all literary works being nothing more than a sort of plagiarism
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Trevor
This is a remarkably conservative introduction to how to read and why. His selection of texts is also quite conservative and illustrative of his ideological positioning. What is most interesting is that he spends so much time criticising the very idea of reading from within an ideological position that he appears completely blind to the fact of his own ideology or even that it is an ideology. This ideology is most clearly illuminated at the end of the book when he discusses why it is good to rea ...more
Bruce
I thoroughly enjoyed this book. I enjoyed it not as a didactic exposition of reading and its values, which it is not, but as an example of how works of literature might be read and what profit there is in reading good works of literature well. Having read a number of Bloom’s works and several reviews of this present book, I knew at the onset that its title may seem misleading. Yes, it is true that in his Prologue Bloom articulates five principles or suggestions or general observations about read ...more
Mohamed Ateaa
بعض تعليقات علي الكتاب و افكار جاءت علي نفس فكرته قد تعجبكم و تشجعكم علي قراءة الكتاب

(1)
لماذا نقرأ ؟
- اجابات خاطئة : لان القراءة تجعلنا نبدو مثقفين (لا مثقفين)
القراءة لا تثقف احد يمكنك ان تقرأ اطنان من الكتب دون ان تعي حرف واحد و يمكنك ان لا تقرأ و تكون جد مثقف - هي عملية عقلية ف المقام الاول لكن ف الغالب من يقرأون يتم تثقيفهم ذاتيا
- اجابات مبتسرة : لان القراءة مفيدة
القراءة لا تفيد الا من يريد ان يستفيد كم من مرة قرأ البعض الكثير من الكتب دون ان يفقهوا شيء و لم يستمتعوا اطلاقا - وكم من قليل قرأ
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Anthony
Nov 12, 2007 Anthony rated it 1 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: Aspiring lit snobs, masochists
Shelves: given-up-on
Really dull and pedantic view of literature, IMO. On the one hand, it purports to explain why one should read (I'll save you the time and money-- read for enjoyment). On the other hand, it contains many references to literature that it makes almost no sense to read it unless you have already read the copious books Prof. Bloom makes reference to. All of this begs the question: To whom is this book targeted? I humbly suggest: To no-one in particular.

As someone who posits that literature should be
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matthew
Oct 07, 2008 matthew marked it as to-read  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: nonagenarian bibliophiles and people who think shakespeare is the SHIT
i love harold bloom. i just read all his stuff. i had to stop reading this one, though, because, essentially, you have to've read everything that bloom's read to appreciate it, and i'm not quite yet that old. it really should be entitled "how to reread and why", 'cause the book is one ginormous spoiler. he really really really loves shakespeare, too, and he doesn't let ye forget it! i'll come back to it in some years. he's still a great writer.
Allie
Mega Yale lit. critic Harold Bloom is an intelligent reader with a love for good literature, which I admire. I enjoyed his enjoyment of reading, his philosophy of reading, and message on the importance of solitary reading & reading quality lit., all of which will positively influence the way that I approach reading, and I am very grateful for it. This said, I had just a few issues:

(1) I feel that the book is more of a personal work for him; it's more like "I'm Really Old (69 when this book w
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Mark
Well, to be blunt to begin, Bloom is a snob when it comes to what is worth reading, and when it comes to the works I've read that he discusses, I disagree with his interpretations on at least half of them. But who wants to only read things that agree with what they already think? I may differ with him quite a bit, but Bloom is passionate about his reading. There are more than a few of his opinions that made me look at a work differently. My opinion may not have been his, but the act of reassessi ...more
Kat
I don't think Harold Bloom can so much as take a shit without referencing the act to Shakespeare in some way, shape or form.

I understand now that he is a Shakespeare scholar, but prior to picking up this book, I had no idea. I knew him to be a literary critic and scholar and therefore assumed he would be treating the topic of reading and literature to an academic analysis. Really, the book should be titled "How to Read Everything as an Offshoot of Shakespeare." On the general topic of reading he
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pierlapo  quimby
Breve test di controllo sulla assimilazione degli argomenti dibattuti nel volume.

Se alla fine del libro:

ipotesi a)
brucerete la vostra biblioteca per non correre il rischio di contaminare l'opera completa di Shakespeare da pericolosi influssi pre-shakespeariani, post-shakespeariani o (orrore!) anti-shakespeariani,
ovvero,
avvierete le pratiche per la modifica del vostro nome o cognome (fa lo stesso) in Shakespeare,
ovvero,
ucciderete, stuprerete, mutilerete nel nome di Shakespeare,
il libro avrà raggi
...more
Riah
Jun 02, 2010 Riah rated it 5 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: Any bibliophile; Literary buffs
This is one of my absolute favorite books. It is a psychological perspective of becoming a bibliophile. Even deeper, though, it explicitly describes how we become connected to a story, a character, a moment. How does reading turn into experiencing? Why does it happen? What do author's do to make sure you love the experience or at least remember it forever? Why do we strive to gain this experience? What characters should we turn to so we can meet that need? These are the questions and answers of ...more
Emily
I thought there were a lot of smart, astute observations although Bloom, possibly being the most well-read person alive today, has no qualm with telling you exactly what he thinks is good and what is garbage and what you should read and why and how you should read it. As a premise, this sounds nosy and elitist but I didn't find it off-putting. I actually found a lot of great insight in his short explications. More than any observation about a work in particular, it was Bloom's personal experienc ...more
thegift
more how to read what harold bloom reads. i agree with idea reading is ultimately private, not necessarily socially ameliorative, nor productive of greater mind or heart, but also that it is more that people read that is important rather than set texts must be read. most texts chosen i have read, some with less impact than suggested, some i have not read or remember only vaguely…

i do not read poems much, i value plays in production not text. no surprises, no texts that are not eurocentric or ame
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mohamed mostfa
للأسف الشديد فأن المؤلف اخفق للغايه فى هذا الكتاب وهذا من وجهة نظرى للأسباب الأتيه

اولا ... اسم الكتاب هو ( كيف نقرأ ولماذا ) وللأسف فأن مضمون الكتاب جاء مغايرا لهذا الاسم . فعندما يقع نظر الانسان على هذا العنوان لأول مره يذهب تفكيره فى ان المحتوى يتحدث عن القراءة وكيفيتها مثل الاقتناء والتركيز والمقارنه بين الكتاب ومثيله الخ الخ الخ ... ولكن للأسف فأن الكتاب يتضمن نقد ادبى قد كتبه الدكتور هارولد بلوم للعديد من الاعمال الادبيه الغربيه من القصص القصيره الى الروايات الى المسرحيات الى القصائد الشعر
...more
Evan Elizabeth Harder
well, he's kind of a windbag...but, it's interesting
Nikhilesh
Oct 29, 2012 Nikhilesh rated it 5 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: every bibliophile
Shelves: on-hold, favourites
Every reader should read this book. Harold Bloom seems to have as many admirers as the detractors, for various reasons, but he makes makes sense to me when he outlines the meaning of reading and unless you dive deeper into what he is saying and apply that to the books you read you wont be able to discover for yourself what he means. So, I've decided after reading the first couple of chapters to cover the books he discusses in this book as I go along this book to really understand what he is sayi ...more
John
Dec 19, 2012 John rated it 2 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: People with a sound literary background
Before getting this book from the library, I had heard of Harold Bloom, but I had never read any of his books. Most of what I'd heard was positive so I was really looking forward to reading How to Read and Why.

But, alas, I was not prepared for Bloom's massive erudition, and his prologue pretty much finished me off. Consider, for example, this sample from page 23 of the Scribner edition, "Value, in literature as in life, has much to do with the idiosyncratic, with the excess by which meaning gets
...more
Christopher Walborn
This book is not geared toward the academic, rather it is a popular book on reading quality literature. What this means is that Bloom does not spend time discussing the theory and techniques of literary scholarship and criticism, but instead models a very personal, pleasurable style of attentive reading. The length of the book precludes a thorough examination of any specific work. Instead it is a survey to whet the appetite, an aperitif. It is quite like an interesting few days spent with a live ...more
Ryan
I read this sometime in 2008, 2009. I just skimmed this book, reading only Bloom's take on a handful of authors and his chapter summaries. It is an uneven collection of essays. It is only when dealing with his favorite authors (Shakespeare, Cormac McCarthy, Faulkner) that his discussion becomes rapt and interesting. Bloom's answers to the two central questions (How to read? Why read?) seem forced. Bloom is not a very articulate critic in the sense that his appreciation of a writer's merits is of ...more
 مولاي أرشيد أحمدو
كتاب جيد، ما يعيبه فقط أنه ركز على الكتب الأدبية، رغم أنه هذا ما كنت أريده، الإجابة على سؤال : لماذا نقرأ الكتب الأدبية؟
بين القصص القصيرة والمسرحيات والقصائد الشعرية والروايات يأخذك بلوم نحو رحلة بين كتب وكتاب ويطرح أمام كل كتاب :لماذا نقرأ هذه الرواية أو هذه القصة؟
يقول بلوم بأنه لا يجب أن تختلف قراءة رواية عن قراءة قصة أو مسرحية أو حتى قصيدة شعرية، إن المهم أن تعرف فقط من أنت لأنك أنت من ستقحم ذاتك في عملية القراءة.
Chris
I couldn't get into this. Slow and turgid prose. It brought back nightmares from college English-having to read impenetrable, pedantic prose. You know, the types of books you would have to read and re-read and re-read to understand WTF the author was saying. Bloom worships Shakespeare too. I've never been into the Bard. You almost expect a test after reading each chapter. I made it to the poetry section and said adieu.
Sean Gainford
Why Not to Read This Book

Harold Bloom definitely gets off on Shakespeare, and his decision on how good other writers are is based off the criteria of how Shakespearean they are. This book also doesn't go into how to read or why. This book is more about what to read, according to Harold Bloom. His book isn't very Shakespearean though, so I wouldn't bother reading it.
Adrienne
This book made me not ever want to read again. And I didn't, for about six months. This book is geared toward the top 1% of English professors. It's like reading 250 pages of the New York times. He's not interested in engaging the average reader, just impressing some etherial elite group somewhere. If you love reading, STAY AWAY from this book.
Leonard
I listened to the recorded version of this book, some parts of it four times. I was really impressed with Bloom's insights about reading, how it effects our lives and enriches us. When I heard that Bloom wrote, "There are parts of yourself that you will never know until you read and know Don Quixote," I immediately when to the library and checked it out since I haven't read it yet! I'm 66 years old and so I better soon know myself! Bloom evaluates and critiques many writers and I'm sure that som ...more
Blayze Hembree
Harold Bloom, arguably our greatest literary critic since Lionel Trilling, published his How to Read and Why in 2000, just two years after The Western Canon. Some might find monotony in Bloom because his writing often seems to repeat itself, and it is true that there are many overlaps. In this book, we become reacquainted with his reading of the works of of Shakespeare, Cervantes, Jane Austen, Walt Whitman, Emily Dickinson, Marcel Proust, and Jorges Luis Borges. In fact it exalts as his past out ...more
Max Maxwell
May 19, 2009 Max Maxwell rated it 3 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: Confident readers who need a little scaffolding
Recommended to Max by: Good question, I think I just noticed it myself
I can definitely see what Harold Bloom is getting at when he asserts that when one is in one's seventies, one does not have time to read bad literature; I'm in my twenties, and I can't see that I have any more time for it than Bloom could. The worst thing that can be said of Bloom is, of course, that he goes on about what "good literature" is, but has no qualm with you reading his own okay-ish tomes.

The worst thing that could be said about this book in particular, however, is that its title is a
...more
Randi Taylor-Habib
Harold Bloom is an elitist, a snob, a horrible sexist, and as an Ivy League professor, could care less. He is not here to make friends, he is here to inform us that we are incredibly under read and that we are reading for the wrong reasons.

Once he gets past his ranting in the beginning regarding the politics of education regarding not pursuing excellence, that reading is in no way improving of society as in his mind it is a "selfish act", and spending long dreary moments denouncing feminism in
...more
Laura
Another book from my Harold Bloom kick some years past, when I was in the grips of my ontological meltdown. Some of the many good bits:

“[Virginia Woolf]’s best advice is to remind us that ‘there is always a demon in us who whispers, ‘I hate, I love,’ and we cannot silence him.’ I cannot silence my demon, but in this book anyway I will listen to him only when he whispers, ‘I love,’ as I intend no polemics here, but only to teach reading.” (20)

“How to read the splendid Satan is the key to opening
...more
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Bloom is a literary critic, and currently a Sterling Professor of the Humanities at Yale University. Since the publication of his first book in 1959, Bloom has written more than 20 books of literary criticism, several books discussing religion, and one novel. He has edited hundreds of anthologies.
More about Harold Bloom...
Kurt Vonnegut's Cat's Cradle (Modern Critical Interpretations) Aldous Huxley's Brave New World (Bloom's Guides) Shakespeare: The Invention of the Human Harper Lee's To Kill a Mockingbird (Bloom's Guides) The Western Canon: The Books and School of the Ages

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“We read, frequently if not unknowingly, in search of a mind more original than our own.” 12 likes
“... one doesn't want to read badly any more than live badly, since time will not relent. I don't know that we owe God or nature a death, but nature will collect anyway, and we certainly owe mediocrity nothing, whatever collectivity it purports to advance or at least represent.” 12 likes
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