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Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Wake of World War II
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Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Wake of World War II

4.08 of 5 stars 4.08  ·  rating details  ·  1,781 ratings  ·  117 reviews
John Dower, distinguished historian of modern Japan, casts his eye on the immediate aftermath of World War II. Drawing on a vast range of Japanese sources, this new study illuminates how shattering defeat followed by over six years of American military occupation affected every level of Japanese society in ways that neither the victor nor the vanquished could anticipate. T ...more
Hardcover, 676 pages
Published March 17th 1999 by W. W. Norton & Company (first published January 1st 1999)
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AC
I posted some comments under updates (http://www.goodreads.com/review/show/...),
and so will not add a special review here. Suffice it to say, this is a book of real depth and intelligence, and is fully deserving of the many awards and prizes it won. Anyone who's interested in Japan (that's you, Jimmy...lol), or in the turns and events of the Postwar period, will gain immeasurably from reading this volume. One point that came through loud and clear is the degree to which the U.S., and its ideals
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Stuart
Quite simply the most in-depth, perceptive and brilliant study of the post-war US occupation and reconstruction of Japan after World War II. Even with almost 600 dense pages of academic but well-written erudition, it's not easy to tackle how Japan was transformed from a brutal imperialistic aggressor into a docile, cooperative, contrite and eager anti-Communist ally of the US, and how the decision to preserve the Japanese Emperor as a symbol of both Japan's rich cultural heritage and its new pea ...more
John
Because I've not read other writing of any kind or description on WWII in the Pacific, I can't comment on the content. I can only describe my experience of reading this particular book. In sum, Dower's book is a brilliant, entirely engrossing historical narrative that fully merits reading and consideration. I would expect such a book to have garnered as many awards for exemplary historical scholarship and writing as there are organizations to present present them.

I can just barely begin to imagi
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J
This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here.
Diane
Nov 20, 2008 Diane rated it 4 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: History buffs
The defeat was Japan's in WWII. The author describes the Japanese response to finding themselves a defeated nation, occupied by the the U.S. from 1946-1952. Although it was a long read, 564 pages, I found it well worth sticking with it. Each chapter was filled with such interesting stories and facts. The author dealt with such subjects as the Japanese having to digest their defeat after they had been told they were winning the war, the Emperor's admission he was not a god (a muddled confession!) ...more
Lynda Un
Japan in the aftermath of WWII was full of contradictions, chaos and sweeping change. The American occupation that lasted from 1945 to 1952 forever changed the course of history in shaping Japan's future and consequently its role in the region and the world. The fate of Emperor Hirohito who was the subject of intense debate as to whether he was directly responsible for the war's atrocities, hung in the balance, with those favoring his preservation (including General MacArthur) in the name of Jap ...more
Nooilforpacifists
Simply among the most spell-binding books ever. Arranged topically, Embracing Defeat proceeds both topically and chronologically from the end of the war to the signing of the peace treaty. The two most riveting chapters tell how fewer than 10 lawyers on MacArthur's staff (none experienced in Constitutional law) wrote Japan's post-war Constitution in under a week. One of those lawyers was a woman (she died in 2013)--she's responsible for Japan's strong woman's rights protections. On the other han ...more
Jerome
Dower has put together a great book on postwar Japan, which will undoubtedly remian definitive for quite a while. He smoothly interweaves different historical narratives of post-war Japan. He looks first at the social history, and uses that to build the political issues. His idea is that for a while Japan was a vibrant democracy and had all of those leanings. It was the paradox of revolution on high by the Americans, and the oncoming of the Cold War that killed the larger movement toward a freer ...more
S.
Winner of the Pulitzer Prize; Winner of the National Book Award. John W. Dower is a named history professor @MIT, Japanologist, Japanophile. Won a slew of slightly less prestigious awards; wrote a Yoshida Shigeru biography. (Yoshida was from an old samurai family; had American contacts before the war, and after the defeat, was installed by the Allied Command as 'rehabilitated' and anti-Communist.)

Embracing Defeat is very tightly, elegantly written. explains culture of "decadence/defeat = kyodats
...more
Patrick
An outstanding, scholarly book with a lot of detail. Well researched, and deserving of the Pulitzer it won for general non-fiction in 2000.

This is the model on how to run an occupation for a defeated enemy (in the unlikely event that your country should find itself in that position). Get in - take charge of everything for awhile - maintain order and basic services so that you don't antagonize the people (this is where we blew it this time) - and the get out on your own terms within a decade.

Of
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Clayton
This was the first Pulitzer Prize winning history book I ever read, and boy what a treat it was. John Dower spent nearly a decade exhaustively researching Imperial Japan in days following it's collapse after World War II. A theme emerges about what it was like to be "Japanese" after the war. This book is about "identity."

Allied forces thought it was imperative to keep Japan's Emperor in power as a figure heard of nationalism. Without a figurehead the Japanese people might descend into a sort of
...more
JoAnn
If you are interested in Japan, this is a must-add to your bookshelf! Don't let its page count deter you. It is a gripping and fascinating read. (If only all historians wrote as well as Dower!) It illuminates the years between the immediate post-war devastation of Japan and its rise from the ashes in the mid-50s--and just how much the U.S. was involved in all of it. (For example: Did you know that the Japanese constitution was written by a handful of twenty-something Harvard grads in less than a ...more
Skuli Saeland
Fróðleg bók um umbrotatíma í Japan í kjölfar síðari heimsstyrjaldar. Dower fer ítarlega yfir kollsteypu japansks samfélags og hvernig það breytist í bókmenntum, iðnaði, fjölskyldutengslum o.s.frv. Hann fer einnig yfir hernám Bandaríkjamanna undir stjórn Douglas McArthurs hershöfðingja og einræðisstjórn hans í landinu þar til hann var rekinn úr starfi af Truman forseta.
Þetta rit snertir ótrúlega marga þætti í japönsku samfélagi og má nefna sem dæmi að Dower fer yfir leiki barna í Japan og hvernig
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Vheissu
What Americans have been taught about U.S. occupation of Japan is mostly wrong. Dower tells the truth from a perspective of respect and sympathy for the Japanese.
Mrdavidpeat
I listened to the audiobook of this, read by Edward Lewis.

This is a pretty exhaustive analysis of the culture and government of the American occupation of Japan following their defeat. It thoroughly outlines the victorious US' 'plan' for Japan, a grand experiment purporting to install democracy and democratic thinking in Japan. This was a huge undertaking and particular attention is paid to the shotgun-marriage constitution writing, the controversial policy of absolving Emperor Hirohito of any w
...more
Sy De Witt
This is an absorbing read.....The author covers a very wide range of topics associated with the U.S. occupation of Japan following surrender in August 1945. The author maintains that retaining the Emperor as titular head of Japan was decided long before the actual surrender. He uses the term "dividing wedge" to describe the policy pursued by both the Japanese and SCAP (Supreme Commander, Allied Powers) to rehabilitate and retain the Emperor. He suggests that no meaningful investigation was carri ...more
Robert
John Dower's comprehensive study of the years during which the Japanese lived under American-led occupation is undoubtedly the masterwork from which many PhD studies have derived. It's a fascinating account of a devastated people wrestling with Japan's responsibility for the horrors that occurred before and during WWII's conflicts in the Pacific.

There's too much here to describe in detail. I'll highlight some points that I found particularly intriguing and capstone them with a general observatio
...more
Ilya
There are many books on the 1941-1945 war between the United States and Japan, but few (in English) about what happened later. This is one. When the Emperor announced the surrender on August 15, 1945, Japan was in ruins. 4 percent of the population, 3 million people, had been killed in the war; a quarter of the national wealth had been destroyed; the standard of living of rural Japanese had fallen by a third compared to the prewar level, and that of urban Japanese by two thirds. The country was ...more
Nilesh
History is and should not be a chronicle of wars, battles, their plots and plotters. This book shows the way.

Future generations will always wonder how economically and politically the world got shaped so radically and quickly post WW2. Nowhere the transformation was bigger and swifter than in Japan. The book provides a sweeping view of the changes in the first seven year of the war - how a starving nation, that agreed to total pacifism, that was still coming to grips with its own defeat and horr
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Tony
EMBRACING DEFEAT: Japan in the Wake of World War II. (1999). John W. Dower. *****.
This is the best history I have read about the post-war period in Japan under American occupation forces. Although somewhat dense, the book examines the many varieties of how the Japanese coped with the loss of the war and with their new status as a subject people. This work won the Nobel Prize for general non-fiction in 2000. The author is currently a professor of history at MIT and has published many works on th
...more
Josie
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Yifan (Evan) Xu (Hsu)
Ramifications of the American Occupation in Japan

The American occupation over Japan after the World War II followed Japan’s unconditional surrender in 1945. It was the first occupation of a post-war enemy territory that aimed to bring modern democracy instead of colonialism to the occupied country. The term of the occupation was relatively short, since it had an objective to facilitate the social and political transformation. Despite of the fact that the main theme of the occupation was to est
...more
Brian
Much more what I was hoping for out of So Lovely a Country Will Never Perish: Wartime Diaries of Japanese Writers, Embracing Defeat is an excellent tale of the high hopes for post-war Japan and how they were undercut in a number of ways. How shutting out the reactionaries and war elite became an embrace of them as the Cold War began and America needed Japan to stand against Communism. How many traits considered quintessentially Japanese today have their genesis either in the war years or in the ...more
Alex Napoli
Perhaps I'm a bit biased as I primarily focused in postwar Japanese History in college, but this book has become a sort of Bible to me. It critically engages with the postwar period, revealing a more chaotic time that goes far beyond SCAP simply "rebuilding" Japan. Whenever I feel like doing any further research on a topic, I can always revisit Dowers extensive list of works cited and find something else to read. It's also refreshing to know that almost every topic that Dower covers has been cor ...more
Ebonique
I don't really understand the point of writing a book about the occupation without acknowledging/researching why the occupation was successful. It just seemed to drone on about how the Americans were imperialist and not democratic enough. I didn't like the book and I felt like Dower's research interests changed remarkably after the death of Edwin O. Reischaer (sp?)...but I'm probably being overly dramatic.
Chris
An intriguing and thorough look at the years immediately following Japan's surrender. It addresses the immediate challenges of food shortages and basic survival, the psychological challenges of transitioning from decades of conquest to total defeat and occupation, and the U.S. occupation. I had expected the book to cover a longer period, but while a few tendrils extend into the early 50's, most of the book is focused on the three years following surrender. The book is well cited and appears to b ...more
Cathy
I can't even begin to describe how fascinating this book is. It helps you imagine the defeated Japan of August 1945 and understand the Japanese response to the occupation, General MacArthur, the new constitution written by a group of Americans appointed by MacArthur, the Cold War and the Korean War and how they all helped shape modern Japan. The book is well written and not at all dense while at the same time it is exhaustively researched and documented. I can't recommend it enough.
Jonathan
A very approachable history of the American occupation of Japan after WWII. After the Americans had smashed Japan pretty much down to the bedrock, they took over and proceeded to convert the Japanese - who, with a few exceptions, were very ready and willing to be converted - to democracy and representative government. True, the Americans, and especially MacArthur, were mistakenly convinced that the continuation of the monarchy was necessary for a smooth and successful transformation; one of the ...more
Alice
After months of reading, I finally finished Dower's Pulitzer Prize winning _Embracing Defeat_. At times I felt Dower's different tangents did not connect and relate to each other as much as I would have liked, but his Epilogue was fantastic and his arguments convincing.

Dower wrote a great section on censorship in Japan under SCAP. His chapters on the drafting of the 1947 constitution, the Tokyo war crimes tribunal, and engineering growth were excellent. His sources are diverse. And the book is w
...more
Ivan Shopov
Real easy to read, informative. Did not seem biased towards the American or Japanese side of things, though some more familiar with the subject might argue differently.

I learned a lot about Japan from this book, it's easier for me to put this nation down to Earth now; they're not as it seems the descendants of a Sun goddess and simple human beings like ourselves.
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John W. Dower is the author of Embracing Defeat, winner of the National Book Award and the Pulitzer Prize; War without Mercy, winner of the National Book Critics Circle Award; and Cultures of War. He is professor emeritus of history at MIT. In addition to authoring many books and articles about Japan and the United States in war and peace, he is a founder and codirector of the online “Visualizing ...more
More about John W. Dower...
War Without Mercy: Race and Power in the Pacific War Cultures of War: Pearl Harbor/Hiroshima/9-11/Iraq Ways of Forgetting, Ways of Remembering: Japan in the Modern World Japan in War and Peace: Selected Essays The Elements of Japanese Design: Handbook of Family Crests, Heraldry, and Symbolism

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“The occupation of Japan was the last immodest exercise in the colonial conceit known as “the white man’s burden.”2” 0 likes
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