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The Wretched of the Earth

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4.15 of 5 stars 4.15  ·  rating details  ·  8,503 ratings  ·  276 reviews
Frantz Fanon (20 July 1925 - Dec 6 1961), a psychiatrist and a social philosopher black, was born in Fort-de-France - Martinique Islands, knew بنضاله of freedom and against discrimination and racism
Served during World War II in the Free French Army and fought against the Nazis. He joined the medical school in the city of Lyon, specializing in psychiatry and then worked as
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Paperback, Reprint Edition, 316 pages
Published 2000 by Grove/Atlantic Inc. (first published 1961)
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Aubrey
Fans of Conrad, Morrison, Friere. Lovers of Things Fall Apart, Les Misérables, The Hunger Games. Definers of postcolonialism, social justice, revolution. Members of the military, political parties, life itself.

Think on the lies you live by.

The parameters do not matter. Neither do your excuses. If you are for peace, you are for it completely, or you are not for it at all. If you condone violence in any amount, the memorial, the dramatizations, the history of your people, you condone it all. When
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Colin
My favorite part of this book was the chapter called "On Colonialism and Psychoanalysis" where Fanon talks about how psychology can be used to colonize and control people, and details how the French scientific community criminalized and pathologized Algerian people through psychology to further colonialism and racism. These concepts are central to radical disability activism and Disability Studies today, and Fanon originally published "Wretched of the Earth" in 1961.

I had a hard time with the c
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Paul
This book is angry passionate, but written with great clarity and purpose. It is the classic critique of colonialism from the Marxist left with a powerful introduction by Sartre. It is written before Vietnam, before the changes in the sixties and by an eminent psychiatrist enmeshed in the struggle for freedom in Algeria. Fanon examines nationalim, imperialism and the colonial inheritance and manages to turn the traditional definition of the lumpenproletariat on its head.
There are significant pro
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أنس خالد
"...إن تصرُّف المثقف في هذه الفترة تصرُّف رجُل انتهازي رخيص، والحقُّ أن مناوراتِه لم تنقطع لحظة، والشعب لا يريد أن يُبعِدُه أو أن يُحرجه. فما يُريدُه الشعب هو أن يكون كل شيء مشتركـًا .. وجود ذلك الميل الغريب إلى التفاصيل لدى المثقف هو الذي سيؤجِّل انغماس المثقف في الموجة الشعبية العارمة. لا لأن الشعب عاجز عن التحليل، فهو يُحب أن تُشرَح له الأمور، هو يُحب أن يفهم مفاصل استدلال من الاستدلالات، يُحب أن يرى إلى أين هو ذاهب. ولكن المثقف المُستعمَر، في أول اتصاله بالشعب، يُركِّز اهتمامه على التفاصيل ا ...more
الاء الشنطي Ala Al-Shanti
الاستعمار لا يمكن التحرر منه بالمعاهدات أو الاتفاقيات .. إن ما أخذ بالقوة لا يسترد إلا بالقوة ..مفهوم الاستعمار الذي تحدث عنه فانون ليس الاستعمار الخارجي فقط .. بل الاستعمار الداخلي .. إن ما تصنعه الحكومات بنا .. من تجويع و استعراض للطائرات التي لا تجد إلا رؤوس المواطنين للتحليق فوقها .. و زرع الخوف .. و تقليص التفكير ليصبح حول مائدة العشاء فقط .. إن ما يصنع بنا يجعلنا في حالة من الإنكار الداخلي لنا .. لكرامتنا .. لإنسانيتنا!
في داخل كل منا... مستعمٍر .. و مستعمَر ..
أيهما بلغ أشده .. استوطننا !
ال
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K.D. Absolutely
Feb 19, 2010 K.D. Absolutely rated it 3 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommended to K.D. by: 501 Must Read Books - History Category
Shelves: 501, history
Prior to reading this book, I had absolutely no idea about the French rule in Algeria. Both countries are too far from the Philippines for me to be concerned about. Because it is the reason why Mr. Fanon wrote this book (published in 1961), I had to Google that part of Algerian history in the middle of my reading. I learned that French colonization of Algeria took almost a hundred years (1830 to the 1900's) and it was one of the most bloodiest colonization in the history of the world. The height ...more
أحمد أبازيد Ahmad Abazed
فرانز فانون, أحد الاستثنائيين الكبار الذين يجدر تذكّرهم في التاريخ الذي يُكتب الآن ويُراد له أن يكون عاديّاً من استعماراتنا المحلية الشبيهة باستعمار الغرباء الذي يكتب عنه فانون.
Jafar
Today Sartre would be sent to Guatanamo for the introduction that he wrote for this book.
Jane
I recommend Colin's review, especially on Fanon's masculinist approach - go read that.

Other things to say - I think "On Violence" is the best essay in the book, and put in front for a reason. It's brilliantly written, an unforgettable indictment of the utter, unforgivable evil of colonialism. I won't forget Fanon's characterization of Nazi Germany's empire as colonialism within Europe, which I think is incredibly illuminating.

That said, I hate the way discussions of "On Violence" seem to go. Pe
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Jamie
Not rating this one, because it would be impossible. I read this as a recommendation to learn more about the French-Algeria conflict. It was more philosophical than factual, which is what I needed (but I've found another one for that.) but the philosophy was though provoking. Especially as I look at his theory of colonization and decolonization based on experiences of my own lifetime (the Balkans, Rwanda)

Recently, I was watching an episode of the super annoying Treme, and the scene was the New
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Miquixote
Exemplary leftist work.

Some say the most complete synthesizer of political and psychological struggle.

The question is: was Sartre right that his book was an advocacy of violence? Or was Bhabha right that that is too limited a take. Undoubtedly they are both right.

The colonized are a in a position of being violated and liberating themselves (through violence) in such an extreme context is cathartic, but not without its negative effects (the part about the devastating psychological effects on peo
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Anna
It took me some while to get through 'The Wretched of the Earth', as it is a painful book to read and a period of history that I know far too little about. Fanon systematically dissects the phenomenon of colonialism, with a focus on Algeria and its attempts to break free from French rule. He explains how the native population is dehumanised by their occupiers, enslaved, exploited, killed, raped, and their land treated as a resource to be expropriated. He demonstrates the pernicious pseudo-scient ...more
Mahmoud Omar
كتب عثمان تزغارت:

صدر «معذّبو الأرض» عام 1961، فيما صاحبه على فراش الموت. أراد فرانز فانون أن يكون كتابه بياناً ضدّ الهيمنة الاستعمارية والإمبريالية الغربية. ركّز الكتاب على شرعية وحتمية المقاومة المسلحة، بوصفها السبيل الوحيد للخلاص من الهيمنة الاستعمارية. «الاستعمار ليس آلية تفكير، ولا حتى جسداً محكوماً بالعقل. إنّه العنف في شكله الأكثر توحشاً. لهذا، هو لا يمكن أن ينكسر إلا إذا وُوجِه بعنف أقوى». وخلص: «بالنسبة إلى شعب محتلّ، لا يمكن أن يبزغ نور الحياة سوى فوق الجثث المتفسخة لمستعمِريه».

ضمّن فا
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Nora
May 31, 2007 Nora rated it 5 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: revolutionaries and those who are puzzled by them
Must-read for those interested in the effects of colonialism & skeptical about the inevitability of violent rebellion. May not convince you of the necessity of violence, but will explain a few things about the psychology of colonialist occupation. it's not a perfect book - it's full of bitterness and vitriol, but some of its insights are astounding.
Ben
This is the book to read to understand the exploitative relationship between the colonizers and the colonized and is a damning critique on the history of colonialism as an institution(particularly in the French-Algerian context). It is a blend of anthropology, sociology, philosophy and psychology (Fanon's roots were in medicine, and particularly psychiatry, after all, and we can sense an indebtedness here to the writings of Freud, whom Fanon cites in the text). Parts of it seemed also to draw on ...more
أسيل

معذبو الأرض
كم يرتبط الافريقي بالارض ويربط بينها وبين كرامته
يجب على الشعب أن يحرر أرضه، لأنها هي التي تؤمن له الخبز والكرامة"
"
اورد هنا مقطع من الادب الافريقي


عدنا الى الوطن
من الحرب الخالية من الدماء
بقلوب كسيرة
واحذيتنا الطويلة ملأى بالزهو
عدنا من المذبحة الحقيقية للروح
بعد ان تساءلنا
ما ثمن ان نحب وان نترك وشأننا؟
عدنا الى الوطن
ومن خلال وميض البرق
والمطر الراعد
نرى الطاعون والقحط
والروح المتبلدة
تتسكع على الطريق الرملية
وتسند البقايا المعذبة للجسد
تلك الروح التي لا تطلب معروفاً من العالم
سوى ان تملك الكرامة

ال
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DoctorM
I assigned this for a couple of classes I taught on Nationalism, Revolution & Ethnicity. It's a classic indictment of the effect colonial rule has on the minds and psychology of the colonised and a classic justification for revolutionary violence as necessary catharsis. It's a powerful book, and Fanon was a skilled writer and a trained and practicing psychologist among the 'assimilated' middle classes of French colonies. Fanon speaks for the rage of the partly-assimilated, educated colonised ...more
Matthew
Like Fanon's previous (and, from my perspective, better) work Black Skin, White Masks, as a middle class caucasian male (MC^2, if you will) it's difficult to offer a critique to The Wretched of the Earth that feels either relevant or responsible. After all, in Fanon's terms, I am (at least through complacency) part of the problem that this work tries to solve: writing this review is a bit like a 1950's Republican critiquing The Feminine Mystique. (Is there really anything to learn here, apart fr ...more
Mohamed
كان مستخبي فين من زمان
الكتاب ذكر في كتابين كنت لسه مخلصه لشريعتي و تيموثي ميشل
حديث رائع عن الاستعمار وما يفعله بالشعوب
الجزء الاروع هو الحديث عن دول ما بعد الاستعمار
ودور الزعيم و البرجوزية الوطنية
في نهاية الفصول يرسم الكاتب ابواب للخروج واضحة
من اين نبداء ؟
من الوعى للجميع و بالجميع
لانه لا ثورة بلا وعى و لا وعى بدون عقل جمعى يشمل الكل
الحماسة لا تصلح كي تقود للفترة اللازمة للتغيير
الكتاب رائع مكثف
ممتع
شكراً
تم بحمد الله
muaad alqaydy
الكتاب يحلل شخصية المستعمَر .. ونفسية القهر والمقهور .. واختلاط المقاومة بالرغبة في تأكيد الذات، وما يفعله المستعمِر من عملية طمس تام لمن يستعمرهم .. وأثر ذلك على الحياة العامة .. وعدم القدرة على المقاومة كيف يكون أثره ع النفسيات والحياة وتعامل الناس مع بعضهم .. وكيف يحول الاستعمار/الاستبداد/الاستعباد/ الناس إلى مستبدين على بعضهم وينتهبون بعضهم ..
الكتاب جيد ومفيد .. ويفسر كثير من عقليات الاستبداد وهي شبيهة بالاستعمار وتحدث عنه جورج طرابيشي وعقد مقارنة بينه وبين كتاب الانسان ذا البعد الواحد لهرب
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Andrew
Frantz Fanon was considered a radical thinker in his time. But nowadays, who honestly defends colonization? Maybe a few old right wing French and Brits muttering through their mustaches in smoke-filled bars in Aix-en-Provence and Sheffield, but the rest of us have come to realize the truth of the matter. In "Black Skin, White Masks," Fanon performed a subtle psychological analysis of the colonial situation, but in "The Wretched of the Earth," he takes his fight to the streets. And he has plenty ...more
Bara' Ayyash
كتاب رائع يتحدّث عن الإستعمار والتحرّر ومرحلة ما بعد الإستعمار، ويصف دور المثقف في تلك الفترة، ويفرّق بين المثقّف السلبي والمثقّف الذي يلجأ إلى الريف، ويبيّن الدور السلبي والإيجابي للأحزاب، والأمر الرائع في الكتاب هو الفصل الأول الذي يتحدّث فيه عن العنف كحتمية ضرورية لأي شعب يريد التحرر بشكل كامل من الإستعمار

فانون: " إن الشعوب المتخلفة تحطم أصفادها .. و الأمر الخارق أنها .. تنتصر!" ..

“إن تصرُّف المثقف في هذه الفترة تصرُّف رجُل انتهازي رخيص، والحقُّ أن مناوراتِه لم تنقطع لحظة، والشعب لا يريد أن ي
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Maya Rock
Wow, I tried to read his other book, Black Skin, White Masks a couple of times and failed, but sped through Wretched. I have many thoughts and reactions:

1) I skipped the intro by Sartre and was viscerally turned off by the idea. It felt too much to me like when people had to be like look, Lou Reed likes Yeezus. (Though people like it so much I feel guilty . . . and I liked LR's comments on Yeezus!) I think if I had read it, I might be more feeling a certain way about violence vs. nonviolence, bu
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Banan fahed
"آه يا جسدي، اجعل منّي انساناً يسائل دائماً !".
كانت هذه العبارة من آخر ما صرخ به فانون وهو على فراش الموت، وبقيت من أكثر ما يعرّف هذا الإنسان ، والذي سيظلَم لو وصف بالثوري، فرانز فانون إنسان نبضت الثورة فيه حتى مماته،حتى لكانك تخاله أمامك وهو يكتبلك و يسائلك .
كان فانون من أوائل من حددوا بأن ثورية الكتابة لا تتحدد بالكتابة عن الثورة فقط، وإنما بأسلوبها المتحرر من كل أشكال الخطاب الميتة و نتاج الفكر الاستعماري ، فولد هذا الكاتب ، ابن مناخ الخمسينات والستينات التحرري ، والذي كان مرجعا رئيسيا للثو
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David Spencer
Powerful, and more importantly, powerfully relevant. The conclusion hits like a ton of bricks, because today it is clear that African nations did exactly the opposite of his advice, with exactly the effects he warned of. Frantz Fanon's prophetic words feel like a bible written for a time that has not yet arrived, the holiest of scriptures for a time when humanity attempts to become human across all dimensions.

As someone who believes in non-violent/pacifist options as the first and best ways to
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Kim
Amazing. The book jacket says "Readers owe it to their education to study the whole of it." I thoroughly agree.

It's interesting to see the results of decolonization almost 50 years after this book was written. Interesting and depressing as I'm not so sure many countries have headed Fanon's advice to "start a new history of Man." I also think too much credit is given to Europe, or notoriety. I'm not so sure setting the continent and the West as the root of all evil makes sense today. Obviously Eu
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Roger
A powerful book written in extremely eloquent fashion. Fanon proves himself an expert observer of not only the French-Algerian war of liberation, but the greater dynamics of social, economic and power relations within the colonial world. He thoroughly explores the chronological patterns of a colonial enterprise from the first explorations of the colonizers to the surging climax of rebellion by the colonized. Other topics include the usefulness or necessity of violence in the wars of anti-colonia ...more
Dan
i was somewhat familiar with the historical relevance of this book when i started it, and i must confess that (at first) my preconceptions almost interfered with the reading experience itself. the wretched of the earth is perhaps best remembered for its moments of insurrection - its advocacy of violent resistance and its status as an emblem of the french-algerian war. it's certainly noteworthy for both of those reasons, but it's not limited by them at all.

in 2009, it can be easy to approach "rev
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Florence
FANON discusses the evolution of the native. the purpose of Manicheism, as used by the settlers, was to dehumanise the native in their struggle for decolonization, their fight against poverty, illiteracy and independence. Though a unifying factor, we see that the natives internalized their aggressiveness; tribal warfare and feuds became more common. Hopeless efforts lead to thoughts like "Nothing to lose and everything to gain". Heroes were those who started resistance movements.
Capitalism reali
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blake
I feel fortunate to have read Camus' The Rebel right before starting this, and then taking a break in the middle to re-read Galeano's seminal Open Veins of Latin America. The three books use completely different methods to analyze essentially the same phenomenon: the search for freedom and autonomy in the face of systematic oppression.

Camus mines this territory the deepest from his philosophical perspective. So deep, in fact, that many times he lost me completely. But his analysis was also the m
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Frantz Fanon was a psychiatrist, philosopher, revolutionary, and author from Martinique. He was influential in the field of post-colonial studies and was perhaps the pre-eminent thinker of the 20th century on the issue of decolonization and the psychopathology of colonization. His works have inspired anti-colonial liberation movements for more than four decades.

فرانز فانون

طبيب نفسانيّ وفيلسوف اجتم
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More about Frantz Fanon...
Black Skin, White Masks A Dying Colonialism Toward the African Revolution Concerning Violence Fanon Reader

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“Each generation must discover its mission, fulfill it or betray it, in relative opacity.” 130 likes
“For a colonized people the most essential value, because the most concrete, is first and foremost the land: the land which will bring them bread and, above all, dignity.” 81 likes
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