Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read.
Start by marking “Economic & Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844/The Communist Manifesto” as Want to Read:
Economic & Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844/The Communist Manifesto
Enlarge cover
Rate this book
Clear rating
Open Preview

Economic & Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844/The Communist Manifesto

4.10  ·  Rating Details  ·  1,775 Ratings  ·  69 Reviews
(Great Books in Philosophy) Communism as a political movement attained global importance after the Bolsheviks toppled the Russian Czar in 1917. After that time the works of Karl Marx and Frederick Engels, especially the influential Communist Manifesto (1848), enjoyed an international audience. The world was to learn a new political vocabulary peppered with "socialism", "ca ...more
Paperback, 243 pages
Published March 1st 1988 by Prometheus Books (first published 1844)
More Details... edit details

Friend Reviews

To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up.

Reader Q&A

Be the first to ask a question about Economic & Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844/The Communist Manifesto

The Communist Manifesto by Karl MarxDas Kapital by Karl MarxThe State and Revolution by Vladimir LeninThe Jungle by Upton SinclairReform or Revolution by Rosa Luxemburg
Socialist Classics
25th out of 284 books — 170 voters
Pride and Prejudice by Jane AustenJane Eyre by Charlotte BrontëWuthering Heights by Emily BrontëThe Picture of Dorian Gray by Oscar WildeCrime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoyevsky
Best Books of the 19th Century
369th out of 870 books — 4,775 voters

More lists with this book...

Community Reviews

(showing 1-30 of 3,000)
filter  |  sort: default (?)  |  Rating Details
Ian GalaDali

Early Work

The EPM is an early work by Marx.

It is where he develops his version of alienation and the relationship of the self to others, but also the relationship to work and the means of production.

By the time of The Communist Manifesto, Marx and Engels had got involved in History and were not content just to describe it.

They became theorists and publicists for a revolutionary cause.

They created a theoretical justification for violence as a methodology for achieving a politica
Ian GalaDali
Early Work

The EPM is an early work by Marx.
It is where he develops his version of alienation and the relationship of the self to others, but also the relationship to work and the means of production.
By the time of The Communist Manifesto, Marx and Engels had got involved in History and were not content just to describe it. They became theorists and publicists for a revolutionary cause. They created a theoretical justification for violence as a methodology for achieving a political goal.

Heather Schwartz
Nov 08, 2009 Heather Schwartz rated it really liked it
I single this out (but I like most of Marx's writings)because it still gives me shivers. It isn't dry and tedious or in the realm of pure philosophy. It is what it emotional (maybe dumbed down), political tract that has no fear. I don't care where in the political spectrum/circle you's a good read.
Jan 27, 2015 Phillip rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
I would actually give the Frederick Engels essay "Outlines of a Critique of Political Economy" and The Communist Manifesto five stars, but I would only give Marx's Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts three stars, so I figure that balances out to an overall four stars.

The problem with the EPM is not that I disagree with the arguments or anything, but that much of the manuscript seems to consist of long quotes from other works that Marx never got around to contextualizing or commenting on. Obviou
Nov 17, 2008 Justin rated it it was amazing
Recommends it for: Everyone
Do not purchase this book from a store. Either steal it or pirate it. Enlightening and inspiring. Everybody needs to read this book at one point or another, and be able argue for and against its claims. Marx sums up the basics of his philosophy and critiques past leftist movements such as religious socialists and anarchists and explains why they have and will continue to fail. He gives us his 'scientific socialism' which explores the economic side of communism and why it is destined to eventuall ...more
Aug 05, 2010 Jeremy added it
Shelves: philosophy, politics
This is kind of a mixed bag. It's seems more like a peek into Marx's private notebook than a fully formed treatiste per se, he's just starting here to pin down things like capital, labor, money, and the individual, and to give some basic analysis with regards to how they interact. But by the end, I was surprised at just how humanistic it turned out to be. This isn't the often cold, polemical materialism that he would develop later on, but something which is deep down concerned with the problems ...more
Noor Sabah
Apr 14, 2015 Noor Sabah rated it it was amazing
Very deep philosophy , nothing to do with Stalin ....
Jul 09, 2015 Grace rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: marxism
The Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 present some of Marx's earliest formulations on ideas he would later flesh out and modify in Capital, the Grundrisse, the Critique of the Gotha Programme, etc. A lot of these, like the discussion of the inherent contradictions within capitalism and the coercion necessary for its functioning, are really good ideas.

However, the humanism that is so pervasive in these manuscripts is pretty off-putting. I'm pretty skeptical of the whole alienation hum
Allen Dark
May 08, 2014 Allen Dark rated it really liked it
Martin Milligan's translation is good, but if I had time I would like to read other translations of Marx. As you will see when you read this book, Karl Marx was excellent at analysis of economic systems and problems (and he's very worth reading for his situation analysis, and his analysis applies today) but he was not very good at imagining solutions. He seems to have been another binary thinker (black or white, good or evil, right or wrong, etc) and not good at imagining practical, balanced sol ...more
Jan 25, 2016 Joe rated it really liked it
Marx's fascinating analysis of why work alienates its workers from their employers, themselves, and society at large. Really interesting transitional writings for Marx, as you can see he more or less begins moving from his background in Hegel's philosophy to explaining labor dynamics via economics. Marx poses a few interesting thoughts throughout, starting with Hegelian ideas around human relationships with their work. He posits first that it's through our work that we connect and interact with ...more
Gary Bruff
This is my favorite book by Marx. Here the reader finds a young Hegelian philosopher, a thinker more obsessed with the possibilities of human fulfillment than with the inner workings of that bugaboo called bourgeois capitalism. Certainly Marx in 1844 is already preoccupied with the plight of the poor and the fate of those driven into exile. Yet here in his youth he seems to transcend the economic, not yet bogged down in the specifics of history, nor is he here quite so lost in the circuits of co ...more
Eja Batbold
Jul 18, 2014 Eja Batbold rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: yay
This is my first book by Karl Marx. My mind is completely in a shock, and trying to recover from such a deep and yet simple philosophies. Most of the times, I was nodding my head along reading this book, and often times I would stop reading and be staring at the window trying to figure out the logics behind his statements. Without a doubt, he was such an incredible man with a genius mind, who devoted his life for the betterment of society. Behind every page, I could almost see a man with a huge ...more
Alex MacMillan
Feb 27, 2015 Alex MacMillan rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
Marxist Humanism: A Tale of Two Drug Dealers
Karl Marx criticizes capitalism as an institutionalization of separation and violence between mankind. Like most political theorists, Marx seeks to determine what causes roadblocks to justice. He presumes that men are malleable and perfectible, and that the relative degree of human emancipation depends on the means of our society’s ‘chains’ to mold behavior. He defines our chains as impersonal forces of production that alienate us from the fruits of ou
Sep 19, 2010 Alex rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Down and out in Paris. The first manuscript has three columns, one headed Wages, another Capital, and the third Land Rent. Marx, who was ambidextrous, and also had a third hand (what Adam Smith had called "the invisible hand"), wrote all three at the same time. Marx gets to use Smith and Say and Ricardo as puppets to say things about economics. Also Friedrich Wilhelm Schulz. Lol, who?

There's that wonderful section about money having the power to turn things into their opposites, where Marx shows
Chris Herdt
Nov 02, 2009 Chris Herdt rated it liked it
I skipped straight to the end and read the Communist Manifesto without reading the preceding essays.

The critique of bourgeois production and its consequences (periodic crises, e.g. the business cycle, and globalization and consolidation) I found timely for today's economic crisis, but it was heavy on effect and light on cause, so I may be forced to read the rest of the book to find out what Marx was really on about.

I was surprised to find elements of the 10 key points of communism in our own cap
Feb 27, 2014 Leah rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
I probably should have picked something else to read as my introduction to Marx, as the fragmentary nature of the work and its heavy reliance on Feuerbach and Hegel (neither or whom I've read) made significant sections of the EPM very difficult to parse. Still, Marx's account of both the functioning of capital and the reality of alienation were very evocative, and I look forward both to reading more Marx with this text as a background and to possibly revisiting it once I have a better appreciati ...more
James Richardson
Nov 30, 2014 James Richardson rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
I just finished reading and analyzing Karl Marx's Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844. Suffice it to say his analysis and critique of Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations is right on! I argue that many of his conclusions are applicable today and relavent as well. It is too bad that Stalin gave Marx and Marxism a bad name which is ironic as well for Stalin wasn't even a true Marxist.
Jun 01, 2015 nicki rated it liked it
The first part was interesting but the latter part was very confusing probably because I don't rightly understand Hegalian concepts
Chozen Pazoki
در مقايسه با كتاب سرمايه، اين كتاب خيلي «هگل»ي تره و كمتر از اشتباهاتي كه ماركس در طرّاحي تئوريهاي نهايي خودش مرتكب شد خبري هست. اين كتاب مرجع مهمّي براي شاخههاي متأخّرتر سوسياليسم (شاخههاي غيركمونيستي) به شمار ميره. چرا گفتم «متأخّرتر»؟ مگه شاخههاي غيركمونيستي سوسياليسم اون موقع وجود نداشت؟ چرا، ولي هيچكدومشون با ماركس حال نميكردن! (مثال مشهورش همين جورج اورول معروف خودمون كه مزرعهي حيواناتو نوشته)
1. اين كتاب خيييلي سنگينه و من با اين همه ادّعام مخم تيليت ميشه وقتي پرخوري ميكنم
2. موقع خوند
Perotine Massey
Sep 27, 2007 Perotine Massey rated it it was ok
Recommends it for: the easily angered
Shelves: programbooks
It's an important read. Marx is nothing if not an amazing writer. But---but---what? Are you kidding me? It's not that I disagree with his arguments; they're all well-reasoned. It's just that I don't agree with any of the central premises of his arguments. He might as well be asking me how I'd live if dragons walked the earth. The essays themselves are an interesting read, but the manifesto is a maddening piece of rhetoric.

I can't automatically dismiss this book and say FUCK IT. It needs to be r
The Communist Manifesto is not really a grand work, but functions more like promotional material for the revolutionary proletariat, but it is also a fundamental part of twentieth century thought. It is also prophetic in some ways as you can see many of the things Marx predicted coming to pass today. It is to bad that so many nations have hijacked real communism to serve their own misguided agendas, because there are many very important issues raised by Marx and Engles and should serve as a warni ...more
Levie Galapon
A surprisingly easy to read yet compelling book by Karl Marx. This was one of the first works of Karl Marx that I have read and I would suggest any aspiring Marxist to read this. Marx makes his concepts on labor, wages, etc. concise and philosophical. Over all actually a very fun read but I just can not see myself agreeing with Marx and his radical views on economics. Essentially this is a must read for anyone who is into socialism and or wants to learn more about the ideas surrounding socialism ...more
So this is the much-vaunted humanist Marx... he's definitely a different Marx than the strict economic thinker of Capital. Rather, this is a guy who thinks that capitalism destroys the soul of the worker, alienating him from his labors and alienating humanity from history.

And given that a lot of Marx's specific economic theories are now pretty suspect while his social theories remain strong, this seems to be the Marx we should be paying attention to. Check it out!
Jul 21, 2013 Orcun rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: favorites

Marx'ın ölümünden 44 yıl sonra keşfedilip kitaplaştırılan bu el yazmaları, yıllar içinde, katı ekonomizmden çıkış arayan hümanist Marksistler için temel metinlerden biri haline geldi. Zaman zaman edebileşen dili, politik iktisatçıları eleştirirken etiğe, insani duygulara yaptığı vurguyla, "Genç Marx" deyip küçümsenemeyecek kadar önemli bir yerde duruyor. (Metnin orijinalini okumadım, ama sanki bu çevirinin kimi yerleri sorunluymuş gibi geldi bana.)
Feb 18, 2014 Kristen rated it liked it
Shelves: master-s-degree
As with all things, it is important to read the original work and not listen to the heresay. The communism that is implemented in reality, current society, isn't the philosophical design intended by Marx. The work eloquently establishes that man's downfall is putting worth in things. We becomes machines and lose our humanity.
Jul 28, 2011 Phillip rated it really liked it
Somewhat densely economical, these manuscripts aren't complete because pages were lost or what have you. For me the most interesting part of this collection was Engels' essay, which is much more readable than Marx's manuscripts. And of course everyone who has studied Marx at least minimally has likely already read the Communist Manifesto, which is also included here.
Dec 13, 2008 Alma rated it it was amazing
One can argue that Marx has a Utopian ideology, as Tomas More had, because this manifesto reflects many of More's ideas. They both devised calculated procedures on how to create a functioning society of equality. Their hope in humanity's willingness and cooperation for a greater society requires faith beyond that what many people have nowadays.
Paul Hampson
Apr 11, 2013 Paul Hampson rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
A very difficult book, mainly on account of the stage of Marx's development in which it was written.
There is, predictably, a lot of Hegel's influence in this relatively early work. That in mind, I would consider it crucial for understanding Marx's development,his view of alienation, and the philosophical ideas of Humanist Marxism.
For my grad seminar. I hated this book. HATED it! Marx had interesting (although not feasible) ideas but he is a lousy writer. It was hard to focus on what he was saying because the way he said it was so confusing and laborious to read.

Blech. This doesn't even rate a star.
« previous 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 99 100 next »
topics  posts  views  last activity   
Essay Prompt 1 6 Oct 24, 2011 06:54PM  
  • History and Class Consciousness: Studies in Marxist Dialectics
  • For Marx
  • Imperialism: The Highest Stage of Capitalism
  • The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State
  • Their Morals and Ours
  • A Companion to Marx's Capital
  • An Introduction to Marxist Economic Theory
  • Main Currents of Marxism: The Founders, the Golden Age, the Breakdown
  • The Rosa Luxemburg Reader
  • Karl Marx: His Life and Environment
  • The Encyclopaedia Logic: The Encyclopaedia of Philosophical Sciences 1 with the Zusatze
(Arabic: كارل ماركس)
In 1818, Karl Marx, descended from a long line of rabbis, was born in Prussian Rhineland. Marx's' father converted to Protestantism shortly before Karl's birth. Educated at the Universities of Bonn, Jena, and Berlin, Marx founded the Socialist newspaper Vorwarts in 1844 in Paris. After being expelled from France at the urging of the Prussian government, which "banished" Marx in
More about Karl Marx...

Share This Book

“If money is the bond binding me to human life, binding society to me, connecting me with nature and man, is not money the bond of all bonds? Can it not dissolve and bind all ties? Is it not, therefore, also the universal agent of separation?” 65 likes
“Communism is the riddle of history solved, and it knows itself to be this solution.” 38 likes
More quotes…