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The Surrender Tree: Poems of Cuba's Struggle for Freedom
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The Surrender Tree: Poems of Cuba's Struggle for Freedom

3.94 of 5 stars 3.94  ·  rating details  ·  1,476 ratings  ·  294 reviews
It is 1896. Cuba has fought three wars for independence and still is not free. People have been rounded up in reconcentration camps with too little food and too much illness. Rosa is a nurse, but she dares not go to the camps. So she turns hidden caves into hospitals for those who know how to find her.

Black, white, Cuban, Spanish—Rosa does her best for everyone. Yet who ca
ebook, 176 pages
Published April 1st 2008 by Henry Holt and Co. (BYR)
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Cuba's three wars for independence are conveyed in expressive free verse. A variety of voices, from an angel of mercy nurse and her husband to a merciless solider known at Lieutenant Death; slaves, resistance fighters and refugees--all tell of Cuba's tragic nineteenth century quest to be free of Spanish colonial rule.

The first concentration camps were created in Cuba during this time, a legacy of tyranny and slavery that carried from the Caribbean to South Africa to Central and Eastern Europe t
It's good to finally get a chance to read the most infamous of the 2009 Newbery Honor books, but I'm confused by at least one plot gap. Lieutenant Death just sort of fades away without much explanation. With his Javert like intent upon killing Rosa, why did that disappear? Shouldn't we have gotten some conclusion there? Still, a great little book. And admittedly I probably wouldn't have read it had it not been for the big shiny award it garnered.
I'm not the biggest fan of novels in blank verse, but I do find this book to be useful.

A three part history of 19th century Cuba, this book is told in brief poems, mainly through the voice of Rosa, a young natural healer, and Lt. Death, her nemesis, the slaveholder.

The poems are occasionally gory (the slaveholder collects ears to count how many slaves he catches) and occasionally magical. They are all spare, blank verse.

I'm not sure a teen would pick this up on their own, but it would make a go
WOW! What a powerful story for such a little book.

Using sparse, beautiful poems to chronicle a period in Cuba's struggle for independence, this story depicts the beauty of compassion and dignity as well as the ugliness of greed and hate. Margarita has created a story that will stay with you long after you finish the last page.

"Can it be true that freedom only exsists
when it is a treasure,
shared by all?"
Anna Reid
Rosa, a natural healer who doesn't charge for her services, helps victims of the war as Cuba fights for freedom in the 19th century. She is known as a natural healer by some and a "witch" by others. She marries Jose who joins her in natural healing as they both pass on knowledge to other free slaves like Silvia. Towards the end of the book, the fictional character, Silvia is introduced who has lost her whole family due to disease and the war. She learns from Rosa, and helps others in need. This ...more
This book is powerful and interesting. It chronicles the three wars of independence fought in Cuba, ending with the close of the Spanish-American War and the transfer of power from Spain to the United States. The poetry is fair to good, often reading with little difference from prose, but with some shining moments, including: "Rumors blossom/and wither like orchids." and English as an "odd, birdlike language." These occasional fragments of brilliance bring an element of wonder and beauty to an o ...more
This book was written as a poem describing the several attempts of the Cuban people to win their freedom from the Spaniards. It accounts for all the emotional and physical struggles this small group of fighters encountered during their long struggle for freedom. The poem is written from the perspective of several different characters from both sides of the revolution which truly gives us a rounded view of the conflict and struggles of war. The central character is Rosa, known as a natural healer ...more
Beverly Kennett
I read along with this story while listening to the CD. The book tells a fictional dramatization of historical figures struggling during the years of three wars for Cuba's independence from Spain. The story tracks Rosa's life. The book begins by describing how she fled to the woods to hide from soldiers and was taught how to use plants and nursing techniques to heal the wounded and sick while hiding the ill from soldiers, too. Then the story jumps a few years when Rosa is grown, and she marries ...more
The Surrender Tree: Poems of Cuba’s Struggle for Freedom by Margarita Engle, tells the story of Cuba’s struggle for independence in the second half of the 19th century, through poems. Each page or poem tells a portion of the story, from the perspective of the different characters. Rosa and José are freed slaves trying to avoid the reconcentration camps, the military leaders, and the former slave catchers, while using Rosa’s skills as a natural healer to help those around them. As Cuba’s wars be ...more
Feb 02, 2010 Melissa rated it 5 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: higher level eighth graders and up
This book was historically enlightening and captivating due to Engle's amazing use of language. The book is written in prose form and covers Cuba's struggle for freedom from 1850 to 1899. At first glance, I thought that the book might be difficult to understand since it was written in poem form; however, it was surprisingly fluid and so interesting that I could not put the book down. Each poem is told by a different character, hence a different perspective. Rosa is the main character and she is ...more
Angela Bailey
Title / Author / Publication Date:
The Surrender Tree: Poems of Cuba's Struggle for Freedom. / Margarita Engle. / 2008.

Genre: Young Adult Historical Nonfiction.

Format: Book (in verse) - print. 169 pages.

Plot summary:
"Poems that explore Cuba's fight for independence follow Rosa, a nurse who turns hidden caves into hospitals for those who know how to find her, and who does her best to help everyone, with no regard to race or nationality" (NoveList).

Considerations or precautions for readers advisory
Jul 08, 2008 Becky rated it 4 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommended to Becky by: Sylvia Vardell
Set in the last half of the nineteenth century (1850-1900), The Surrender Tree traces the struggle of Cuba's freedom and independence movements. Told through multiple narrators (Rosa, Silvia, Jose, etc.), the poems are strong, vivid, and powerful. They capture the gritty hardships of a life lived on the run, in hiding. These freedom fighters and these nurses have a price on their head. They were especially hunted down by slavehunters.

When the slavehunter brings back
runaways he captures,
he rec
Historical Fiction; Novel in Verse
This portrayal of Cuba's struggle for independence from Spain is told through alternating first-person poems. Characters both historical and composite include Rosa, a nurse who heals rebels and Spaniards alike using cures from nature; Jose, her husband and nurse; Lieutenant Death, a slave hunter; Captain-General Weyler of the Spanish military; and Silvia, a young girl who aspires to be a nurse. Engle weaves Spanish and English together to create terrible and bea
This is an interesting historical fiction book about Cuba. The three main characters are: Rosa, Jose, and Lieutenant Death. Rosa and Jose help the wounded during several of the wars that Cubans had fought in. Rosa is a nurse who uses natural remedies to help cure the sick and injured. Rosa doesn't discriminated when it comes to helping people. She helps all people. Jose is her husband and they work together to help those in need. They both are constantly on the move and hiding. Lieutenant Death ...more
L- Lisa
This Newberry Honor Book is a must read for insight into the history of Cuba's tragic struggles for freedom. The books' use of prose invites the reader to feel the pain of Rosa, the nurse and natural healer of Cubans and all the others from the Spanish army injured and sick during this long war. Her healing efforts were not selective as she worked endlessly to help. Cuba's reconcentration camps were the first in history and where Cubans died in hideous conditions.

Engle organizes the book into ti
Newberry Honor 2009

Pura Belpre Award 2009

This story is the story of Cuba’s struggle for freedom during three wars in 1850-1900. It is told from the viewpoint of both the rebels and those hunting them down. Rosa learned healing methods young and together with her husband, Jose, heals the hurt and sick, even the enemy. Lieutenant Death tells of his hunt for Rosa and trying to kill her. He even gets injured to learn how she works, but it doesn’t help. The various points of view made the story inter
Rebecca McNutt
in-depth collection of poetry with powerful themes of hope, loss and finally freedom. Various characters and their situations are introduced and it quickly gets incredibly intriguing and gripping.
528_Mary F.
In this award winning book by Martha Engel, we hear stories of Cuba's troubled past presented in poetic form. It does seem a little repetitive at times. Perhaps that is symbolic the struggles in Cuba for freedom.

My criticism would be that I have very little background knowledge about Cuba. The chronology in the back of the book helps with that. If I had known it was there I would have read it first.

Winner Americas Award
ALA Best Book for Young Adults
Bank Street College of Education Best Book
Miz Lizzie
Apr 08, 2009 Miz Lizzie rated it 3 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: 10 year olds and up
A fascinating poetic account of Cuban history that is not addressed much in children's literature. It is a difficult to fully comprehend the span of years involved, especially in between the various wars, given the narrative format of the poetic snapshots. The American complicity at the end is certainly an eye-opener. I would have found it easier to follow the actual history if there had been some explanatory prose as an introduction to each part. Certainly more historical and fictional narrativ ...more
Sort of like a YA version of In the Time of the Butterflies by Julia Alvarez, in that it tells the story of a small nation (Cuba) suffering due to war and the people - especially women - who devote their skills and lives to subvert the war. Engle tells the story through poems that switch narratorial voice. Most are from the perspective of Rosa, the young healer who devotes her life to undoing the damage from the war, and grows old as the war goes on and on. Other poems are in the voice of her hu ...more
Abby Johnson
In beautiful, luscious verse Margarita Engle gives readers a look into the Cuban wars for independence through the eyes of a slave healer. Rosa, born a slave, learns the healing arts from her mother and uses plants in the jungle to heal rebel fighters while Cuba battles Spain for independence. I found it to be an accessible, interesting read well deserving of its Newbery honor. An author's note, historical note, chronology, and list of sources make me giddy with glee. Highly recommended for fans ...more
Vamos a Leer
The Surrender Tree is a unique novel, both for its content and its style. It tells the story of an often overlooked or overshadowed period in early Cuban history when the country was embroiled in three different wars for independence between 1868-1898. In an unexpected move, the author, Margarita Engle, chooses to tell the story in verse form. Now, I have to admit to some hesitancy and a little bit of dread when I realized the novel was written in free verse. Yet, I was captivated by the story a ...more
Rocio Martin
KIRKUS REVIEW (Posted by Kirkus – - Tales of political dissent can prove, at times, to be challenging reads for youngsters, but this fictionalized version of the Cuban struggle for independence from Spain may act as an entry to the form. The poems offer rich character portraits through concise, heightened language, and their order within the cycle provides suspense. Four characters tell the bulk of the story: Rosa, a child who grows up to be a nurse who heals the wounded, sick ...more
I learned quite a bit more about Cuban history than I knew before thanks to this book. It's subtitled "Poems of Cuba's Struggle for Freedom," but I'm afraid the one-page sections, although arranged typographically as poetry, do not fit my definition of poetry. Yet, they are well and sometimes beautifully written, and I can understand the temptation to call them poems. They would work well as a set of readings in two or three voices.

The pieces center on Rosa, who is a child during the earliest ye
Janelle Fila
The Surrender Tree is a collection of poems that read like a book about Cuba's fight for freedom against Spain in the 1800's. Different characters "narrate" different poems and share different points of view hiding in the woods, burning crops, starving, running, and living in caves. Historically based, the poems show a glimpse of life's true experiences during Cuba's civil war.

I highly recommend this book, especially for young readers who (like myself) might not know a lot about Cuba's history.
I listened to The Surrender Tree by Margarita Engle on audio. This collection of poems is based on the actual events and actual historical figures in the Cuban struggle for independence. It is about Rosa, a slave freed by an owner who rebelled against Spain and said that freedom only existed when everyone shared in it. She healed the injured during Cuba’s three wars for independence, hiding out in the mountains and forests and caves, healing not only the sick and injured Cuban rebels, but also t ...more
You wouldn't think you would be able to learn so much from so few words! But not only are many details here, the emotion and depth of these characters shines through. This is a great way to learn some history and read some beautiful poetry at the same time. This made me want to learn more about Cuba's history. It definitely deserves the awards it has received.
What a powerful and beautifully written book!! Cuba is a country I know little about to be honest, so I was shocked to learn about the slavery issues and the oppression they endured at the hands of the Spaniards. It's classified as fiction but I would say it's historical fiction written in verse, and it's found in the poetry section. The main "character" is Rosa, a healer, whose father owns slaves, but who is against this forced slavery. Even when Cuba decides to free its slaves, Spain wont allo ...more
Alyssa Becker
The Surrender Tree: Poems of Cuba's Struggle for Freedom; written by: Margarita Engle; Copyright 2008, 169 pgs.
*Pura Belpre Award Winner (author) 2009*

Where can I even start for this fantastic book of poems. Through the words of many individuals on these pages, we see the hardship, struggle, and perspectives of those who were fighting for over 30 years for their independence from Spain in Cuba. I cannot say too much without giving this book away, but the stories of the strong healer Rosa and the
Kati Haynes
This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here.
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Margarita Engle is a Cuban-American poet, novelist, and journalist whose work has been published in many countries. She lives with her husband in northern California.
More about Margarita Engle...

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“If we knew how to find
the lost, we would know
how to rediscover
the parts of our minds
left behind
in battle.”
“The old life is gone, my days are new,
but time is still a mystery
of wishes, and this sad, confusing fragrance. "
More quotes…