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On the Genealogy of Morals

4.08 of 5 stars 4.08  ·  rating details  ·  8,061 ratings  ·  218 reviews
On the Genealogy of Morals (1887) is a book about the history of ethics and about interpretation. Nietzsche rewrites the former as a history of cruelty, exposing the central values of the Judaeo-Christian and liberal traditions - compassion, equality, justice - as the product of a brutal process of conditioning designed to domesticate the animal vitality of earlier culture ...more
paper, 208 pages
Published February 25th 1999 by Oxford University Press, USA (first published 1887)
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Apr 09, 2009 Jacob added it
Imagine that you are in a nameless suburb, say California for example, and you stumble home drunk on bad whiskey and stoned off of cheap weed. This is purely hypothetical. You hover over the toilet and puke up the bad whiskey and some nameless food substance. The next morning you sit on the toilet reading this book. You read the lines "the complete and definitive victory of atheism might free mankind of this whole feeling of guilty indebtedness towards its origin, its causa prima. Atheism and a ...more
Rowland Bismark
On The Genealogy of Morals is made up of three essays, all of which question and critique the value of our moral judgments based on a genealogical method whereby Nietzsche examines the origins and meanings of our different moral concepts.

The first essay, "'Good and Evil,' 'Good and Bad'" contrasts what Nietzsche calls "master morality" and "slave morality." Master morality was developed by the strong, healthy, and free, who saw their own happiness as good and named it thus. By contrast, they s
مانیفستِ ضد اخلاق نیچه! نیچه در این کتاب کاری را که در ابتدا آغاز کرده بود و در آثار بعدی و به خصوص فراسوی نیک و بد ادامه داده بود به سرحدات خود میرساند. او با اخلاق میجنگد و جنگ خود را یکی از معلولهای خود آن اخلاق میداند.
نیچه در این اثر به خوبی واژگونگی مفاهیم را به ریشخند میگیرد و بیان میکند چگونه مفاهیم «نیک» اخلاق روزگاران گذشته امروز «شر» تفسیر میشوند و برعکس. او برای کار خود از زبانشناسی، تاریخ، اسطورهشناسی، فیزیولوژی، دین و حتی خود اخلاق برای اثبات مدعایش استفاده میکند و در بیشتر مواقع در
Hamidreza Hosseini
ما اهل دانش رفته رفته به هرچه اهل ایمان است بدگمان شده ایم. و این بدگمانی ما را رفته رفته به نتیجه گیری هایی باژگونه ی نتیجه گیری های روزگاران پیشین رسانده است: یعنی هر جا که قوّت ایمان بسیار به نمایش گذاشته می شود، حکایت از ضعف برهان دارد و ناممکنی درونمایه ی ایمان. ما هیچ انکار نمی کنیم که ایمان مایه ی سعادت است، بلکه درست به همین دلیل بر آنیم که ایمان چیزی را اثبات نمی کند …
Very readable, once I got into it. I would recommend to anyone wanted to make a start with Nietzsche, and it's really short too. He was obviously a very troubled man as well as a bit of a psychologist. I'm pretty sure he wouldn't give a second thought to my opinion though - I'm definitely one of the sick. From a history of ideas point of view, his take-up of ideas about degeneration and frequent health and illness related metaphors are particularly useful. And good to read in conjunction with Fo ...more
Dustyn Hessie
Feb 14, 2012 Dustyn Hessie rated it 3 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: Young Thinkers
Recommended to Dustyn by: Michel Foucault
I think it will be useful for future readers that I point out a few of Nietzsche's highly problematic ideas in this book (this book is not one of my favorite Nietzsche books, but it's still full of great ideas):

1) Nietzsche goes a little too far in his attack of dirtiness when he states that we should segregate the sick from the healthy, he suggests that the healthy and happy men should, "keep clear of the madhouses and hospitals". Didn't Nietzsche spend quite a lot of time in a madhouse?

2) He
Dana Garrett
It's difficult to identify what is most drudging about Nietzsche's Genealogy of Morals. There is so much to choose from: the incessant implicit boasting of how the author transcends the puerile morality of the masses or the juvenile tirades against democracy and egalitarianism or the unmistakable misogyny (rife in his other writings as well) or the flimsily concealed antisemitism (Nietzsche's denunciations of blatant antisemitism notwithstanding) or the brutish exaltation of violence and conques ...more
Sheldon L
In this stunningly awesome book, Nietzsche investigates the origins of morality!

Unlike other philosophers who look for the origins of morality in utility (i.e. what is good is what is useful qualitatively not quantitatively to most persons), Nietzsche conducts an etymology of sin and morals.

Surprisingly, the root words of moral actions have several links with ideas of nobility and slavery.
Nietzsche fleshes this out as the opposition of master/noble morality vs. slave morality.

The master morality
عهد زرزور
القلق النيتشاوي الذي يبعثه في مباحثه الثلاثة *الخير والشر * الضمير المتعب *المثل الزهدية،
هذا القلق الذي بتّ في أمر حقيقة عدم وجوده رغم سخريته ممن يدعي امتلاك كنه الحقيقة، يوصلك إلى أبعاد أخرى غير التي قصدها، من غيرالعقلاني أن أضع تقييماً للكتاب من موقف نيتشه اتجاه الدين والروحانيات وإلا لكنت احترزت من قراءته أصلاً،
في النهاية الإنعكاسات الإجتماعية والسياسية لأية افكار تجعل لها مساحات جيدة وكثيرة قابلة للفرد والإلغاء وخاصة في مراحل الإنحطاط الحضاري، ومراحل الإنغلاق على التاريخ والقيم والشيء الجاهز
Rebecca McNutt
detailed and extensive account on the history of ethics and how religion and idealism has changed and shaped human morality over time. It was incredibly interesting, well-written and definitely worth reading.
Nietzsche is, as he always is, awesome. His criticism of empiricism and Kant could be more elaborate but the value of his thoughts is more in the process rather than the result. Challenging the methods and ultimately their results is where Nietzsche succeeds. His whimsical polemic emphasizes a historical approach and challenges the standards of his time. The re-evaluation of values is his ultimate conclusion due to the prevailing Christian morality, which seems to be on the right track.
Dylan Grant
A truly delightful intellectual romp that is both entertaining and disturbing.

It is entertaining because Nietzsche is an outrageously brilliant writer who expresses his complex philosophical ideas in a creative way, and who makes even the most cynical ideas sound beautiful. Nietzsche is truly blessed for having the analytical brain of a philosopher as well as masterful skill in sculpting beautiful phrases, like a poet.

It is disturbing because of Nietzsche's tremendous cynicism, which can often
This little number packs a wallop.

Unlike The Gay Science and Beyond Good and Evil, the writings here are not in Nietzsche's usual aphoristic form (though still not long by any means). The essays sprawl, ebb into ellipses, and start again with dashes. They are decorated at random by curiously-placed ?'s and !'s, and what can be the most disruptive parenthetical asides, sometimes all within the same sentence. He quotes himself. He seems to be yelling at times, laughing and lamenting in others. He
Joao Vaz
Odeio-te Nietzsche. Vou eu na minha senda de “Ora vamo’ lá ver que isto da moralidade é assunto sério!” e que, como Cristão sem espinha que sou, a custo tento justificar a cristalização universal de valores altruístas quando, de repente!, dou de caras com este abutre pérfido com cheiro a percevejos que se me fere o orgulho e me ofende a fé! Um verdadeiro patife. Mas agora mais a sério: ele é um génio.

Mas antes de nos masturbarmos a falar de intelectualidades é preciso entrar no estado de espírit
Lettura scorrevole solo in apparenza, come sempre in Nietzsche! Questo libretto va in realtà letto lentamente o, come Nietzsche stesso suggerisce, "ruminato".

Questa è una riedizione della mia recensione a suo tempo su aNobii. Mi permetto di farne una descrizione scolastica, in quanto molte delle recensioni italiane su aNobii si riferivano ad altri libri di Nietzsche, o giravano attorno al problema di non essere mai andate/i oltre la IV di copertina.

Innanzitutto, alla base del libro è l'identifi
Juan Bosco
Contrario a lo que esperaba, hay poco que puedo decir de este texto, porque fue poco lo que llamó mi atención. Si hubiera leído esto hace unos diez años quizás me hubiera producido una impresión mucho más poderosa, pero como ya he estado en contacto con las ideas de personas que se inspiraron en Nietzsche, aunque no compartieran del todo sus puntos de vista (ej, Foucault), todo lo que podría asombrarme perdió mucha fuerza.

Esto no es equivalente a decir que las ideas por sí mismas no fueran subve
A profoundly and arrogantly racist work, grounded entirely in baseless supposition and sweeping generalization. It reads like a fervent and heartfelt prayer whose direct answer came in the person of Adolf Hitler. It may be true that Nietzsche, in contrast to many of his contemporaries, was not an anti-Semite - however, his unmasked contempt and loathing for the infirm and marginalized members of society looms large and ironical given his own eventual fate.

The chief point of interest that I found
Once in a while something so truly shocking is written that even if you don't agree with what the author says, it still makes you take stock and examine your beliefs. This Essay by Nietzsche made me question the nature of my conscience and made me realize how much guilt is a part of it. I had read "Thus spoke Zarathustra" by Nietzsche before, but it didn't have the same effect on me. This may have come along at a key point in my life, or perhaps, it really is a phenomenal Essay.
I gave it 4 star
Florin Buzdugan
că trebuie s-o recitesc.
I found this the most accessible of Nietzsche's books because it comes closest - especially in the second essay - to a straight exposition of his theories. The trouble is I liked it too much to paraphrase anything. I will only give one quote, which you will notice is excessively lengthy:

Section 13: To give at least an idea of how uncertain, how supplemental, how accidental the “meaning” of punishment is, and how one and the same procedure can be employed, interpreted, adapted to ends that differ
John Pistelli
I feel like I've been reading this book all my life, but I've never done it carefully and cover to cover before. I first tried it when I was too young to understand (18 or 19--a crack-spined copy purchased at a now-defunct occult shop on the South Side of Pittsburgh), then again in the summer of 2003, when I did understand a bit, more than I wanted; it put me off Nietzsche for a while--the description of the beast of prey, performing murder, rape, and arson like a schoolboy playing a prank, soun ...more
Não é raro sentir que li certo livro na altura certa para tirar o maior partido, senão intelectual, pelo menos como meio de reestruturação de ideias. Foi o que se passou aqui. Senti que as questões abordadas: Bom/Mau vs Bem/Mal, "má consciência" ou culpa e o ideal ascético, eram questões que necessitava de ver tratadas e respondidas através dum pensamento diferente do que estou habituado. Passo o resumo:

Do primeiro capítulo, destaco a temática do bem e do mal visto através das massas oprimidas.
Nietzsche's On The Genealogy of Morals is an interesting one - I find it difficult to say that I liked the book, for 'like' seems to be an inadequate moniker for how I approached the work. I enjoyed the read, not because I agree with everything Nietzsche writes and not because I found the structure compelling or the argument entirely cohesive, but because reading Genealogy makes you think and encourages critical engagement: Do value systems have inherent value? Have morals always been as we conc ...more
Sam L
I still can't quite make my mind up about Nietzsche - on the one hand he has these undeniable flashes of brilliance, but on the other I often find his writing, which so many claim to be poetic, to be merely hyperbolic, and frequently thin on substance. That said, On the Genealogy of Morals is by far the best of his I've read. While his account of how Western moral values came about can seem a bit of a post hoc just so story, I guess what's so powerful about it is that it demonstrates the very po ...more
Ahmed Azimov
شوط اخر في سعي الانسان الى الشقاء بتفسيراتٍ حياتيّه تزيد من جرعته، فالانسان اعجز من أن يبرر ذاته أو يؤكدها، فيبقى شقيّا أمام حياته ومعناها

من أرفع الأعمال النيتشويه بجوار زرادشت وماوراء الخير والشر
Nietzsche is provocative, cynical, and outspoken. His eloquent prose, however, leaves much to be desired in terms of careful historianship.
Marwan Saleh
عجيب هذا النيتشه كم هو عميق!
من جميل ما قاله عن الذين يستخدمون الدين كأفيون للشعوب:

النعاج السقيمة تسير على هذا المبدأ :
"أنا أشقى, إذن لا بدّ أن يكون هناك من هو السبب في شقائي هذا.."
عندئذ ينبري راعيها, الكاهن الزاهد, ليجيبها: "أجل, يا نعجتي, لا بدّ أن يكون هناك السبب, والسبب هو أنت.. أنت نفسك سبب لنفسك"
هل هناك قدر أكبر من هذه الوقاحة ومن هذا الخطأ!!! يتابع نيتشه
عندما يخفق امرؤٌ بالتغلّب على ألم نفسي فالذنب لا يقع على نفسه, بل على بطنه!!
نعم على بطنه, لأنّ الإنسان القوي الموهوب يهضم حادثات حياته كما
These notes are taken from [the book](, [an episode from]( the partially examined life, and [a course on modernity]( on Coursera.

# High-Level Thoughts
Nietzsche is the anti-modern modern.

He offers a critique of Christian morality and exposes another version of morality that he finds more natural, more true.

Ultimately though, he admits that there is no ground for a moral syste
María I.
'La genealogía de la moral' es la obra más sombría y cruel de Friedrich Nietzsche. Su primer tratado se ocupa de la contraposición entre los conceptos de 'bueno' y 'malo', así como de la posterior transformación de su significado por obra de la interpretación judeo-cristiana. El segundo tratado analiza la mala conciencia, cuya causa en épocas primitivas era la culpa entendida no en el sentido de responsabilidad moral, sino como equivalente a deuda material. La última parte, que anuncia el nuevo ...more
Covered this in year 12 philosophy, and again going back to it at uni. I like Nietzsche. He makes really like deep truthful statements about existence and whatever. But I get vibes of an imbalanced human with a very dark edge that makes me not want to linger on him too much. He's one of those people that when it comes to real life he's more powerful to the average human in one-liner quotes than spending hours brooding over. Unfortunately I am stuck in the latter. But hopefully he will help boost ...more
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  • Nietzsche and Philosophy (European Perspectives)
  • An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals
  • Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics
  • The Sickness Unto Death (Kierkegaard's Writings, Vol 19)
  • Nietzsche: Philosopher, Psychologist, Antichrist
  • Cartesian Meditations: An Introduction to Phenomenology
  • Essays and Aphorisms
  • On Certainty
  • The German Ideology
  • De Anima (On the Soul)
  • Naming and Necessity
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1844–1900) is a German philosopher of the late 19th century who challenged the foundations of Christianity and traditional morality. He was interested in the enhancement of individual and cultural health, and believed in life, creativity, power, and the realities of the world we live in, rather than those situated in a world beyond. Central to his philosophy is the ide ...more
More about Friedrich Nietzsche...
Thus Spoke Zarathustra Beyond Good and Evil On the Genealogy of Morals/Ecce Homo The Anti-Christ The Gay Science: with a Prelude in Rhymes and an Appendix of Songs

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“We are unknown to ourselves, we men of knowledge - and with good reason. We have never sought ourselves - how could it happen that we should ever find ourselves? It has rightly been said: "Where your treasure is, there will your heart be also"; our treasure is where the beehives of our knowledge are.” 11 likes
“At this point, I can no longer avoid setting out, in an initial, provisional statement, my own hypothesis about the origin of “bad conscience.” It is not easy to get people to attend to it, and it requires them to consider it at length, to guard it, and to sleep on it. I consider bad conscience the profound illness which human beings had to come down with, under the pressure of the most fundamental of all the changes which they experienced—that change when they finally found themselves locked within the confines of society and peace. Just like the things water animals must have gone though when they were forced either to become land animals or to die off, so events must have played themselves out with this half-beast so happily adapted to the wilderness, war, wandering around, adventure—suddenly all its instincts were devalued and “disengaged.”

From this point on, these animals were to go on foot and “carry themselves”; whereas previously they had been supported by the water. A terrible heaviness weighed them down. In performing the simplest things they felt ungainly. In dealing with this new unknown world, they no longer had their old leader, the ruling unconscious drives which guided them safely. These unfortunate creatures were reduced to thinking, inferring, calculating, bringing together cause and effect, reduced to their “consciousness,” their most impoverished and error-prone organ! I believe that on earth there has never been such a feeling of misery, such a leaden discomfort—while at the same time those old instincts had not all at once stopped imposing their demands! Only it was difficult and seldom possible to do their bidding. For the most part, they had to find new and, as it were, underground satisfactions for them.”
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