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De Anima (On the Soul)

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4.03  ·  Rating Details ·  3,345 Ratings  ·  70 Reviews
'The soul is, so to speak, the first principle of living things. We seek to contemplate and know its nature and substance'

For the Pre-Socratic philosophers the soul was the source of movement and sensation, while for Plato it was the seat of being, metaphysically distinct from the body that it was forced temporarily to inhabit. Plato's student Aristotle was determined to t
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Paperback, Penguin Classics; Reissue edition , 254 pages
Published July 29th 2004 by Penguin Books (first published -350)
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Camille Stein
Sep 21, 2016 Camille Stein rated it it was amazing
Resultado de imagen de Aristóteles

Aristóteles * De Anima * Vaticanus Palatinus Latinus (1033) - http://ow.ly/K0EI304jKgI







Así pues, y en términos generales, el animal —como queda dicho— es capaz de moverse a sí mismo en la medida en que es capaz de desear. Por su parte, la facultad de desear no se da a no ser que haya imaginación. Y toda imaginación, a su vez, es racional o sensible. De esta última, en fin, participan también el resto de los animales.

.

A su vez, las facultades sensible e intelectual del alma son en potencia sus ob
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Steven
Apr 08, 2016 Steven rated it really liked it
Aristotle's De Anima was the primary text for the first part of my course on the history of philosophy: ancient philosophy. It is almost certainly composed of lecture notes by Aristotle and/or some of his more astute students. Its translation as On the Soul in English is likely to mislead, or at least to surprise, modern readers who have in mind the associations belonging to that laden word. For what we generally understand by 'the soul' is not that in which Aristotle is interested. In De Anima, ...more
Lotz
While I have lately been making my way through Aristotle’s physical treatises, I have often remarked that many of Aristotle’s errors stem from his tendency to see the physical world as analogous to a biological organism; so it is a pleasure to finally see Aristotle back on his home territory—living things. While Aristotle’s work in proto-physics and proto-chemistry is interesting mainly from a historical perspective, this work is interesting in its own right; in just a hundred pages, Aristotle m ...more
Jesse
Aug 23, 2016 Jesse rated it it was amazing
There are three kinds of substances: bodies, shapes, and shaped bodies. The soul, which is just a term for the principle of movement and rest, as well as of cognition, will be one of these three substances. Hence the principle of movement and thought will not be a body: because there are bodies which do not move of themselves and do not think. Likewise, it will not be a shaped body: because a shaped body is still a body, of which things are said, whereas it is not said of something else, insofar ...more
أسيل
كنت قد قرأت كتاب النفس لابن باجة وهو من اكبر شراح ارسطاطاليس بعد ابن سينا وقد وضح علم النفس على منهج ارسطو
اعجبني مما جاء بكتابه قوله

من لا يوثق بأنه يعرف حال نفسه فهو اخلق ان لا يوثق به في معرفة غيره

أما كتاب النفس لارسطو فقد رأيته ممتعاً اكثر من كتب الشرح بل وابسط
الكتاب هنا من ثلاثة اجزاء الاول في مذاهب القدماء الرئيسية في النفس والثانية في تعريف النفس وطبيعتها وجوهرها وتركيبها واللوازم التي تتعلق بالاحوال التي تخص النفس بالذات والاحوال التي تخصها في الحيوان وحركتها ويصف النفس انها منقسمة فجزء من
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Dionysus
Jul 13, 2015 Dionysus rated it really liked it
Shelves: philosophy
"If then we must say something in general about all types of soul, it would be the first actuality of a natural body with organs. We should not then inquire whether the soul and body are one thing, any more than whether the wax and its imprint are, or in general whether the matter of each thing is one with that of which it is the matter. For although unity and being are spoken of in a number of ways, it is of the actuality that they are most properly said."

Here is Aristotle's biological treatmen
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Bob Nichols
It was very difficult to engage this book (the writing is bad), but there’s an overall perspective that might be gleaned from it.* Aristotle describes three levels of soul, each with distinctive characteristics (plant–nutritive, animal-movement, and human-movement in thought). But underneath each the mission of life is the same. It’s to enable the body to survive and reproduce. Seen this way, today’s evolutionary theory adds a scientific basis to what Aristotle described over two thousand years ...more
Jana L.
Apr 17, 2016 Jana L. rated it really liked it
Shelves: thinking
A remarkable book that reaches a bit beyond philosophy into scientific inquiry. I originally read it with the 21st-century interpretation of "soul" and was quite perplexed (and disgruntled) at the end. Knowing now that Aristotle was examining lifeforce, or being itself, had me skimming back through the book and appreciating it SO much more. My apologies to Aristotle.

Obviously, Aristotle gets some phenomena wrong (his explanations of light and sight come to mind), but at other times he is impres
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Bob Nichols
Aug 09, 2009 Bob Nichols rated it did not like it
De Anima is soul and soul is life and its capacity for self-movement. It stands in contrast to inorganic matter that is moved but does not move itself. Aristotle breaks down the soul into the nutritive faculty, sense perception, intellect and desire. These components of soul are arranged hierarchically so that plants are limited to the nutritive faculty, and animals are largely limited to the nutritive faculty and sense perception. Only humans have intellect and desire (intentional movement towa ...more
Marawan Awad
و كأني أقرأ أحد كتب ابن سينا او ابن رشد تلميذي أرسطو المخلصان ....
لا أعلم هل كتبوا كتبهم على نحو ما كتب أرسطو؟ أم أن ترجمتهم و لأعماله أثررت على فهم كل من جاء بعدهم ... فصار أرسطو مرآة لأفكار هجينة بين أفكاره أفكار تلاميذه....

كتاب النفس يعد المرجع لعلوم السيكولوجي حتى القرن الثامن عشر حيث لم يكن هناك سيكولوجي من الأساس) ..... و هو أيضا من أمهات الكتب في الأبستمولوجي و فهم التفكير و الشعور و النفس و الانفعال و الوظائف الحيوية -ليس فقط للانسان بل للحيوان و النبات و الآلهة!


description

description
أعجبني من الكتاب المقسم ل
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Sawsan Alotaibi
التقرير لاحقاً ان شاء الله

لكن التحقيق جميييييييييييل من نسختين انجليزيتين من أجود النسخ كما ذكر + مقارنة مع كتاب النفس لابن رشد اللي هو من هذا الكتلب + مراجعة على اليونانية من الأب جورج.

أقل الفائدة نطلع ببعض المصطلحات بدلالتها اليونانية
Brian Schiebout
On the Soul or De Anima is a scientific treatise by Aristotle. My copy was translated from the Greek by J. A. Smith. On the Soul is Aristotle's study of the life giving force present in animals and plants. While it might be as easily called on the brain for its main focus it instead like the modern science calls itself the study of the soul or psychology. To begin his study of psychology Aristotle shows why the previous philosophers views of the soul were either completely irrational or inaccura ...more
ziombel
Aug 14, 2015 ziombel rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
These are considerations about the soul of living beings (not only human but also plants and animals). The author explains such issues as: what is the soul, the relationship of the soul, body and senses, the differences between different types of organisms and etc. For people with are very interested about beliefs in ancient Greece this book is recommended, and if not I would not recommend it. The book is hard to read because of the large number of footnotes that contain a lot of Greek words.
//p
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Karin
Jun 03, 2015 Karin rated it it was amazing
The mind is responsible for the body (Plato). Aristotle would like to say that we can explain all bodily functions that do not require the assumption that there is another party other than the body which causes him to be alive.
When we think about the non-physical aspect (the mind), we think about a small aspect of our lives. This aspect think, aware but not all of our functions is responsible for the physical. Mental aspect could explain the difference in our animals. Our relevant explanation -
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Azzam
May 08, 2014 Azzam rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
اعجبني الكثر ولكن اكثر ما اعجبني قوله عن "التخيل"
لما كان التفكير مختلفا عن الاحساس وكان يبدو من امره انه يشمل التخيل من جهه والاعتقاد من جهه اخري ,فيجب بعد تحديد طبيعه التخيل ان نفحص ايضا الاعتقاد.
اذا كان التخيل اذن هو القوه التي بها نقول ان الصوره تحصل فينا وذا ضربنا صفحا استعمال المجاز لهذا الاصلاح فأننا نقول ان التخيل ليس الا قوه او حااااااااااااااله نحكم بها ونستيطع ان نكون علي صواب او خطأ والامر كذلللللللللك في الاحساس بالظن والعلم والعقل.
C
Oct 04, 2014 C rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This is hard to rate. As a friend of mine pointed out, because Aristotle's texts are so fragmented, wide ranging, and often conflicting, if one puzzles over a synthetic whole to his work, they're likely to appear and act as if constipated. And I certainly felt and looked constipated while reading this. Nevertheless, Aristotle is a genius, he's always exploring and breaking new ground, and he is certainly a master of his craft (excels virtue in philosophy), so I suppose he deserves 5 stars, even ...more
Maria
Mar 21, 2007 Maria rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
I'm not a huge fan. It seems like a whole lotta nonsense to me, but hey, whad-do I know?
Andrew Ives
Sep 13, 2016 Andrew Ives rated it really liked it
This book is slightly misleading in two ways. Firstly, it appears to be 250 pages long, but only about 100 of which contain 'De Anima', and even those are interwoven with modern-day introductions, so I would estimate 75 of 250 pages by Aristotle. The first 120 pages consist of a super-lengthy introduction by the translator, which I found slightly long-winded and hard-going, albeit written exceptionally well. Many was the time I needed a dictionary to even half understand it.

De Anima itself is a
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Regina Hunter
Oct 27, 2010 Regina Hunter rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Not funny like Plato, but still quite entertaining.
Dan
Apr 24, 2011 Dan marked it as to-read
Book club!
Nathan
Feb 08, 2015 Nathan rated it liked it
Aristotle provides a fair amount of modern insight with regard to the soul, which he sees as a physiological and mostly non-spiritual phenomenon.
Aristotle, to me, seems intuitively to touch on what consciousness is and the hierarchical evolution of consciousness through species (and I think unbeknownst to Aristotle, through time). He presents the soul as a hierarchy among species, where a more complex soul is dependent on certain necessary precursors. His presentation of the evolution of consci
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Anom Astika
Sep 17, 2010 Anom Astika rated it really liked it
Empat hari empat malam ku habiskan waktu untuk membaca teks klasik yang terdiri dari tiga jilid ini. Itu pun karena aku harus menghadapi ujian lisan mata kuliah seminar buku ini di STF Driyarkara. Awalnya tak ku mengerti satu pun maksud dari kalimat kalimat yang terdapat dalam buku tersebut. Mau apa sebenarnya Aristoteles dengan buku ini. Lambat laun setelah mulai membaca dengan tekun bab pertama, sampai ke bagian pertengahannya, "Gila!! Inilah dasar dasar metode berpikir ilmiah". Mengapa karena ...more
Scott
Jul 17, 2012 Scott rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Back in late 2011 I decided to read back through the philosophical canon and to read some works I hadn't before and re-read some I had. I had not read De Anima.

It is one of those works which gives you insight into intellectual history, as many of the ideas proposed here had deep influence throughout our Western tradition, even if much of the science is incorrect. I enjoyed a few giggles even here and there.

This contains Aristotle's distinctions on souls and his discussion of the five senses and
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Tyler Windham
De Anima ("on the soul") is the third work of Aristotle's that I have had the pleasure to leaf through (the other two being Ethics and Politics) and I must say it left a very ambiguous--but far from indifferent--impression upon me. It is transcribed in the usual style of a work of Aristotle so it would, of course, be erroneous to expect any conspicuous writing, so what of the content? De Anima, without doubt, articulately addresses a very interesting dilemma; the nature of the soul. In his tripa ...more
Cameron
Mar 18, 2016 Cameron rated it really liked it
Heidegger's early work unlocked, or perhaps ruined, all my subsequent readings of Aristotle. In the case of De Anima in particular, I think he was right on with his interpretation of Aristotle's "ontology of life." You could read this work as a crude psychological treatise or, as Heidegger would say, think with the Greek mind and read this as a phenomenological examination of Being as presence expressed through the motion & intentionality of animal life. To read as the former is a chore, the ...more
Dwight
Dec 22, 2015 Dwight rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
There are some difficulties associated with reading Aristotle (and probably all old influential books):

1. Some of the things he discusses are initially laughable and I have to overcome that impression to dig into what he said. (e.g. organs have various elements in them, but none has fire, unless they do because you can't smell cold things)

2. Some things he talked about are rather profound but it seems on first blush that he's just saying that same stuff I've heard elsewhere. Here I have to remin
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Kevin Larsen
Feb 12, 2016 Kevin Larsen rated it really liked it
Shelves: philosophy
I was reading this for The Great Courses "Meaning of Life" course. It's interesting that the Ancient Greek idea of a 'soul' is near similar to other religions. Also interesting to Psychology majors is that Aristotle knew about images in the mind/soul, like Pavlov's experiments with dogs. If more people took philosophy, I'm sure a lot of weird ideas of science or politics would be put away or amended.
BookRider
Nov 20, 2015 BookRider rated it it was amazing
Shelves: philosophy
Rating Aristotle is an insult itself. The founder of many sciences 2400 years ago in an era when humans were even closer to an animalistic state.
Moreover, it is quite hilarious that many reviewers rate his work "ΠΕΡΙ ΨΥΧΗΣ" with less than 5 stars.

Kari
Mar 28, 2016 Kari rated it liked it
It's really cute to see how people thought in ancient times, like your Kindergartener's finger painting that you put on your refrigerator.
Jason
Sep 05, 2014 Jason rated it it was amazing
The Soul is a very complex entity within man. Aristotle makes it easier to get to know what its true purpose is.
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  • Theaetetus
  • Fragments
  • The Discourses
  • Monadology
  • The Enneads
  • Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous
  • On Duties (Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought)
  • Stages on Life's Way (Kierkegaard's Writings, Volume 11)
  • Summa Theologica, 5 Vols
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(Greece: Αριστοτέλης)
(Arabic: أرسطوطاليس)

Aristotle (384–322 B.C.E.) numbers among the greatest philosophers of all time. Judged solely in terms of his philosophical influence, only Plato is his peer: Aristotle's works shaped centuries of philosophy from Late Antiquity through the Renaissance, and even today continue to be studied with keen, non-antiquarian interest. A prodigious researcher and wri
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“Que no existe ningún otro sentido aparte de los cinco 424b 22 —me refiero a vista, oído, olfato, gusto y tacto—” 0 likes
“si el alma se encuentra en todo cuerpo dotado de sensibilidad y si además suponemos que el alma es un cuerpo, necesariamente habrá dos cuerpos en el mismo lugar.” 0 likes
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