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Metaphysics

3.98 of 5 stars 3.98  ·  rating details  ·  8,431 ratings  ·  93 reviews
Metaphysics (Greek: τὰ μετὰ τὰ φυσικά) is one of the principal works of Aristotle & the first major work of the branch of philosophy with the same name. The principal subject is "being qua being", or being understood as being. It examines what can be asserted about anything that exists just because of its existence & not because of any special qualities it has. Als ...more
Paperback, 498 pages
Published January 28th 1979 by Peripatetic Press (first published -330)
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Nina
"When he to whom one speaks does not understand, and he who speaks himself does not understand, that is metaphysics."
-Voltaire
Riku Sayuj

The Plan

I had been able to bring together my notes/thoughts for the earlier parts of this reading. Those can be found here:

Book 1: A Preliminary Outline of Philosophy

Book 2: An Introduction to Philosophical Problems

Book 3: The Basic Instruments Of Philosophy

From Book 4 onwards, it becomes slightly harder to talk about the books in isolation. Also, A became easier to follow - so I stopped using so many supplementary resources. I will try to put up a review here incorporating my reading notes, a
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AC
An awful text -- use Ross' Greek text.

The story goes thus: Jaeger was working on a text of the Metaphysics, when W.D. Ross published (with Oxford) his magnificent two-volume text with commentary in 1924. Of course, Jaeger, who had already done a lot of work, had to scrap his project. He did, however, then publish two long articles (in German) on the text and manuscripts of the Metaphysics, discussing various textual crux' in a series of lemmata. These are reprinted in his Scripta Minora. They ar
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Jesse
What is the being of that thing which underlies any phenomenon? The central question of metaphysics is an intriguing one, and it must be said for the benefit of all the atheists on here who might think that this is a religious question, it is a perfectly scientific query, for it is in fact the question of, how can we say a person is the same person even though all of her organs have been shed and renewed, or, in the case of an artefact, how is a house the same house after it has been renovated? ...more
Alan Johnson
This translation of Aristotle's Metaphysics by Hippocrates G. Apostle is apparently now out of print. When I read it in 1969, I was impressed with the accuracy of the translation as well as with Hippocrates Apostle's Glossary and editorial commentary. Equally serviceable translations are doubtlessly available today, though I have not consulted them.

The term "metaphysics" should not mislead the twenty-first-century reader. Unlike Plato, Aristotle exhibited no trace of mysticism in his surviving w
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Yann
J'étais très curieux de lire ce petit livre, sur lequels se penchèrent des commentateurs célèbres, comme Maïmonides, Averroes, ou encore Thomas d'Aquin. J'ai vite compris pourquoi des hommes prétendant trouver leur chemin dans le labyrinthe de la Métaphysique ont pu en imposer à leur semblables, tant le brouillard qui enveloppe les idées exposées dans l'ouvrage est épais. Cette épaisseur tranche d'ailleurs avec la clarté d'autres ouvrages d'Aristote, comme la Poétique ou la Rhétorique. On pourra ...more
Erik Graff
Jul 17, 2015 Erik Graff rated it 3 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: philosophers
Recommended to Erik by: Leo Sweeny
Shelves: philosophy
Hippocrates G. Apostle, the translator of this text, taught at Grinnell while I attended college there and some of my friends worked with him. Other than teaching, he and his wife also maintained a Personal column in the town newspaper, a column with notices such as the following: "M.E. Nalus reports the return of wife, Helen, from Turkish tour." I, having insufficient Greek, never more than glancingly met the fellow.

Aristotle's Metaphysics is of uncertain origin. We don't know when it was writt
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Thomas
"The word metaphysics, when heard by most people, is apt to raise a smile of the sort reserved for innocent souls who are harmlessly deluded." So begins Joe Sachs, by way of introduction to his translation. Aristotle is not for "most people," it's true, but Sachs' translation makes it a little easier for the remainder to rest confidently in harmless delusion.

Many years ago I struggled through Hippocrates Apostle's translations of Aristotle and the frustration I experienced can be exemplified in
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Dean Cummings
Considered by many academics to be the most challenging work throughout all of literature, Aristotle's "Metaphysics" is more than just fancy words and non-sensical theorems. It deals with the most important theme possible: being/existence - both generally and specifically. For the Greek philosopher, nothing takes precedence over being because without being, there would be nothing. In other words, Aristotle deals with First Principles of knowledge by determining what composes the fabrics of our v ...more
Bilgehan
Aristoteles, metafiziği "varlık olması bakımından varlığın bilimi" olarak tanımlar. Metafizik 14 kitaptan oluşuyor ve her kitapta farklı konular ele alınıyor. Birinci kitap önsöz niteliğindedir. Platon ve öncesindeki filozofların görüşlerine kısaca yer verilir. İkinci kitapta felsefe üzerine genel düşünceler vardır. Üçüncü kitapta metafiziğin 14 ana problemi sıralanır. Dördüncü kitapta metafiziğin tanımı yapılır ve amacı açıklanır. Protogorasın görelilik görüşü eleştirilir. Beşinci kitapta Arist ...more
Lotz
I have very mixed feelings about Aristotle.

On the one hand, he's so tedious and uninspiring. This is only partially his fault: everything we have of his are lecture notes, and so it is no surprise that they are stylistically wanting. Many scholars think that Metaphysics contains many sections written at different times and for different purposes, which Aristotle never intended to be read together. There is even one section which may not have been written by him at all. This makes his work (parti
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Jesse
An incredibly lucid text, though admittedly a brain-twister, Aristotle here examines First Philosophy and finds Plato's Forms wholly deficient of a real existence. He concludes that there is a prime mover, and refutes the sophistic reasoning of almost all of his contemporaries. Aristotle leaves metaphysics an open issue, generally, perhaps recalling, despite, no doubt, being an atheist, that to deny metaphysics is just as arrogant as to detail it. Read after his Organon.
Samrat Singh
We all would indefinitely want to walk the distance through space and time. While this walk, the world happens same to those who have stopped walking or those who have finished the walk. After this, there is no space and no time. Just the essence of it. In truth, we can never kill a thought of being present, we can only kill man's pretense at revealing a thought to himself.
Kevin
I went to school where Joe Sachs teaches, and his translations are excellently faithful, even if that does mean a little initial adjustment on the part of the reader; compound Greek words are often translated as hyphenated English phrases, ie, "entelecheia" is "being-at-work-staying-itself," if I recall.
Ryan
You have to love the old unmoved mover. "It's like a Coke machine. It doesn't move, but it causes you to move toward it because you want a Coke."
Susi
A Filosofia Primeira ou a existência das coisas.
3 princípios aristotélicos:identidade, não-contradição e terceiro excluído. Os princípios lógicos são ontológicos porque definem as condições sem as quais um ser não pode existir nem ser pensado; os primeiros princípios garantem, simultaneamente, a realidade e a racionalidade das coisas;

Pela causa das coisas podemos constatar a existência,sendo estas 4,em Aristóteles:material,motora e final.A teoria aristotélica sobre as causas estende-se sobre tod
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Sarah
This is, of course, one of the foundational texts of western philosophical thought. It contains many fundamental doctrines and questions/explorations (including the inaugural presentation of the Law of Non-Contradiction). However, the translation was pretty painful, and for more complex, mind-bending investigations, there are many other volumes that get much more of a rise out of me. This is kind of like if you need to brush up on your Calculus and you start by going all the way back to multipic ...more
Reinhard Gobrecht
Ein ganz großes Buch des Aristoteles. Hier versucht Aristoteles 'Seinsgesetze' zu beschreiben. Ein Thema sind z. B. die Modalitäten Möglichkeit (Vermögen), Wirklichkeit und Notwendigkeit. Auch über die verschiedenen Ursachenformen findet man interessante Abhandlungen (Stoff, Form, Wirkung, Zweck).
Das Prinzip vom ausgeschlossenen Widerspruch, das Prinzip vom ausgeschlossenen Dritten, das Bivalenzprinzip und das Prinzip der Identität werden in diesem Buch behandelt. Logische aber auch ontologische
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Alex Kartelias
This not being an actual work of Aristotle- none of his actual work survives- I can't be too critical nor too impressed. However, the essence of Aristotle as a original, scientific philosopher is defintely reaveled in this work. It was helpful to get a quick history of the pre- socratics and their opinion on how the world works and the nature of realiy. What is the crux of his evualation is his attack on his teacher, Plato and how his Ideas fall apart as a very poetic elaboration, whose Forms go ...more
Kevin K
The Metaphysics itself is one of the timeless classics of Western philosophy. It certainly rates five stars and needs no introduction from me.

This review only pertains to the Penguin edition of the Metaphysics translated by Hugh Lawson-Tancred. The edition rates one star. Generally I trust the quality of Penguin books, but this particular translation is shockingly bad. Almost comically so at times.

First, Lawson-Tancred has an irritating tendency of peppering his writing with inappropriate words
...more
john
The translation is great, and needed. But if I'd lived with Plato for a solid 20 years, would (even) I have written something better than the Metaphysics? I believe so, yes.
Margad Esme
энэ номыг нэг хүн 30 удаа уншаад ойлгоогүй гэсэн... би лав өөрийхөөрөө хэд хэд уншаад ойсон ч ахин унших бүрт ахин шинэ зүйл нэмэгдээд сонин шүү
Sara
Don't even think you can understand this by reading it on your own. Perhaps the greatest work in philosophy of all-time.
eesenor
Aristotle invents Metaphysics, for him the study of the permanent features of existence.
Alisha G
Studying this in college was my favorite intellectual exercise of those four years.
Michael Pugh
I try not to go on about it because it's a condition that I have, it's not the condition that has me (if that's not a silly way of putting it) but I have a brain injury from a car accident. Because of that, I don't do well with things that aren't said or written clearly. I was reading this book for an essay that I'm working on (I have no idea when that will be finished, but certainly a knowledge of Aritstotle might have helped me) but I have had to check out of it in book Alpha Five. This is the ...more
Sam Gilbert
A stirring paean to rational inquiry of the most refined sort—an investigation of the being of being, the nature of the most essential categories, in this case what A calls (in Ross's translation) "substance," meaning the most essential aspect of a thing. What makes a human being and how does it change? Along the way, A offers a strong rebuttal to Heraclitean cognitive relativism and, revealingly, speaks of the need to heed and take orders from those who investigate the most essential questions: ...more
Cain S. Pinto
Much more difficult than Hegel, really.
Matt
Metaphysics, true to its name, studies the essence of being. The study of “being qua being” seems to be the phrase of choice. Much of the book appears to be an extension of ideas originally brought forth in Categories. Essentially, Aristotle attempts to define the essence of a thing. What makes each thing…“be.”

Not surprisingly, Aristotle spends considerable time with definitions. He reacts to his predecessors, contemporaries and the absurdities in the sophist tradition.
And definition arises out
...more
Joseph Sverker
The first thing I must confess is that I read this book far to sketchy. This is not even a book that is possible to read in a skimming manner, because then you will miss the very intricate argument, which is exactly what I did. But my reason for reading it was actually just to have a sense of what it is about and that I got. I was interested in his thoughts on the First philosophy on, even though I didn't quite follow it, the idea of the monads, the first cause. A further thing that I am glad th ...more
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Philosophy: Aristotle's Metaphysics 151 108 Mar 12, 2015 01:23PM  
'perfections' vs 'copies' 1 12 Sep 14, 2013 09:47PM  
  • Sophist
  • Critique of Practical Reason (Texts in the History of Philosophy)
  • The New Organon
  • Introduction to Metaphysics
  • Philosophical Essays
  • The Enneads
  • Ptolemy's Almagest
  • A Treatise of Human Nature
  • Cartesian Meditations: An Introduction to Phenomenology
  • A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge
2192
(Greece: Αριστοτέλης)
(Arabic: أرسطوطاليس)

Aristotle (384–322 B.C.E.) numbers among the greatest philosophers of all time. Judged solely in terms of his philosophical influence, only Plato is his peer: Aristotle's works shaped centuries of philosophy from Late Antiquity through the Renaissance, and even today continue to be studied with keen, non-antiquarian interest. A prodigious researcher and wri
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More about Aristotle...
Politics The Nicomachean Ethics Poetics De Anima (On the Soul) Physics

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