A Peace to End All Peace: The Fall of the Ottoman Empire and the Creation of the Modern Middle East
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A Peace to End All Peace: The Fall of the Ottoman Empire and the Creation of the Modern Middle East

4.14 of 5 stars 4.14  ·  rating details  ·  2,743 ratings  ·  264 reviews
The critically acclaimed New York Times bestselling account of how the modern Middle East came into being after World War I, and why it is in upheaval today
In our time the Middle East has proven a battleground of rival religions, ideologies, nationalisms, and dynasties. All of these conflicts, including the hostilities between Arabs and Israelis that have flared yet again...more
Paperback, 635 pages
Published September 1st 2001 by Owl Books/Henry Holt and Company, Inc. (first published 1989)
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أحمد عبد الفتاح
لا يمكن للقارئ إلا أن يثني مبدئيًا على جلد ومثابرة المؤلف في جمع كل هذا القدر من المصادر من كتب ووثائق ومذكرات لتكوين هذه القصة المتماسكة إلى حد كبير لنشأة ما يسمى "الشرق الأوسط" الحديث.

وإلى جانب الجهد العظيم للمؤلف لا يمكن نسيان الجهد المتميز للمترجم كي يخرج الكتاب في هذه الصورة المبهرة.

يعتمد الكتاب بشكل رئيس على المصادر البريطانية لرواية ما حدث بدون اعتماد من المؤلف عليها وفقط، ذلك أنه يبين في مواضع كثيرة أخطاء وجهات النظر التي تبنتها الحكومة البريطانية تجاه العديد من المسائل، مركزًا على الصرا...more
محمد على عطية
يعد هذا الكتاب من أقوى و أجمل و أمتع كتب التاريخ التي قرأتها في حياتي
و هذا كتاب لا تستطيع إلا تبدي إعجابك بالمجهود الذي بذله مؤلفه في تجميع مادته, من بين مئات المراجع من هنا و هناك...و قد اختصر لك رحلة غوص بين مئات الكتب و آلاف الوثائق سواء كانت إنجليزية أو فرنسية أو ألمانية أو عثمانيةأو روسية....إلخ
و إن كان لنا أن نخرج من دراسة التاريخ عموماً بدرسٍ واحد, فإن هذا الدرس هو أن من العبث أن نتخيل أن الأحداث الكبرى في التاريخ كانت في كل مرة تتمخض عن مؤامرة كبرى , دون أن نؤمن بدور آخر للصدفة و الغباء...more
عمر
كيف كان الشرق الأوسط قبل مائة عام - ما يُسمى بالشرق الأوسط المتعارف عليه حاليًا؟! هل فلسطين أو الأردن أو سورية أو العراق أو .. كانت هكذا قبل مائة عام؟!

عندما تجتمع القوى الإمبريالية العالمية وتتحارب وتتنازع في تقسيم التركة الإستعمارية دون وعي بخطورة تقرير مصير شعوب هم لا يعرفون أي شئ عنهم سوى القشور = وقتها تكون الحرب العالمية الأولى!

شاهدت منذ 10 أيام وكنت وقتها بالفعل قبل منتصف الكتاب هذا الفيديو وهذا رابطه

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VRzlsw...

ووجدت أنه صحيح 100% لأن هذا ما حدث بالفعل في اتفاق...more
عمار البلتاجي
هذا أهم كتاب تاريخي قرأته في حياتي
Mohamed
5 نجوم من اجل كل شئ
انتهي من هذا الكتاب في عشية الذكرى الثالثة لثورتنا الاولي
مشاعري مختلفة ما بين الحلم و الالم و الحزن و لكن يبقي الايمان هو الدافع الاساسي
ـــــــــــــــ
الكتاب موسوعة مصغرة
عن تسوية العام 1922 كما سماها الكاتب
سقوط الامبرطوراية العثمانية في عصور صراع الامبراطوريات العريقة
و ظهور ما يسمي بالدول القومية
الكتاب به كم هائل من المعلومات و الشخصيات
الشريف حسين و فيصل و ابن سعود و ايز مان و بولفور و تشرشل
و يبقي اسمين
سيكس بيكو الانجليزي و الفرنسي اصحاب الخريطة
ستذهل حين تعرف انهم ق...more
Jeff
This book details the fall of the Ottoman Empire and creation of the modern Middle East. The Ottoman Empire, like most empires built upon rapid acquisition by a warrior people (the conquests of Genghis Khan and Tamerlane are other examples) couldn’t effectively manage (after 500 years of trying) their conquered territory.

By the beginning of the twentieth century, the Ottoman Empire was collapsing faster than a cheap deck chair beneath a fat man. One of the architects of the new order (circa 1908...more
Cendri
An interesting history of the machinations that set the stage for the current Middle East. I've read more gripping historical counts, but this is very detailed, and well thought out. It traces the usually (but not always) well-intentioned policies, the brilliant but ill-informed and culturally ignorant politicians, and the unfortunate historical legacy of the Great Game played by the European powers that led to a division of peoples and power in the remains of the Ottoman Empire during and in th...more
Ahmad Alhussiny
في هذا الكتاب تعرف لماذا وصل الشرق الأوسط لما هو فيه , و تعرف مدى تفاهة و هشاشة معتقدات تبدو الآن كأنها من المسلمات البديهية عند الكثير .
Ahmed
يمكن لو حبينا نعمل مسابقة أحسن عنوان بديل حبيب إلى قلوبنا للكتاب ده، مش هنلاقي أحسن من الأمثال التوكتوكية العظيمة من قبيل " مفيش حد صالح ، كله بتاع مصالح" أو " مفيش صاحب يتصاحب " ، أو غيرها من بقية الإبداعات الأدبية الشعبية اللي مش واخدة حقها من الاهتمام

مبدأياً نقول إن الكتاب عظيم فعلاً على العديد من المستويات سواء النواحي المتعلقة بالتاريخ أو الساسة ، بيحسن الوعي و الإدراك وعمق الفهم ، وبيخلي الواحد يبعد عن الثنائيات السخيفة اللي الناس بتريح دماغها بيها و اللي ملهاش معنى ، و الترجمة العربية محت...more
David
This book was recommended in the article “A Reporter's Arab Library”, N Y Times Book Review, 30 Oct 2005.

This is an excellent book, but will strike different people differently. People used to reading serious history will find it easy to read – the author's conclusions are clearly stated and supporting evidence easily located. People used to reading novels will find it hard to read – there is a bewildering variety of place names and personalities to keep track of. People who derive a sense of sa...more
Mark Singer
Sep 30, 2012 Mark Singer rated it 5 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: anyone interested in modern and middle east history
Recommended to Mark by: gift
I can't emphasize enough how this book is essential reading for anyone who wants to understand why the Middle East is the way it is today. It's long, densely written, and well worth the effort. This book was given to me as a present on my 30th birthday, and I have read it three times since.
Robert Kroese
A Peace to End All Peace covers the events leading up to what Fromkin calls the "Settlement of 1922," when the political boundaries and institutions that were to predominate in the Middle East for most of the next century took shape. The book details the many factors involved, such as the rise of Zionism, the exaggerated sense of importance to the war effort of both Jews and Arabs that predominated in Europe, and the personal ambitions of the many actors on the stage, from Winston Churchill to S...more
Clif
One of the best books I've read, Peace is a thorough account of the events and personalities that shaped the Middle East as a result of World War I.

Taking Winston Churchill as the principle character, the framework upon which the book is built, Fromkin let's us see how momentous policies are made, often with complete ignorance of the true situation of the people inhabiting the lands that will be subject to the policy.

It also reveals how individuals can change the course of history. I don't refer...more
G.d. Brennan
World War I was a profound cataclysm for much of the world. In some places, its effects were merely monumental, but in others, its consequences were so great that we are only now beginning to deal with them. World War I may have changed the face of Europe dramatically, but it completely remade the face of the Middle East. And that remaking has had profound aftereffects--virtually every major problem in that region (from the insurgency in Iraq, to the Israli-Palestinian conflict, to the struggle...more
Tony Heyl
Reading Fromkin's A Peace to End All Peace could very well give you the impression that World War I was the dumbest war ever. Yet at the same time, every miscalculation, every arrogance, every partnership created and dissolved, seems to make sense in terms of the historical actors involved.

Lesson one: Never doubt the human capacity to make very bad decisions.

Lesson two: If you don't learn history, you are doomed to repeat it. And we've been repeating many things.

This book is not about all of Wor...more
Abdullah Alfakharany
لم انوي من قبل ان ابدا قراءة كتاب قد انتهيت من قرائته من جديد .. ولكن هذا الكتاب يستحق القراءة من جديد بل ويستحق اقتناء نسخة ورقية منه !
أحمد
انتهيت للتو من قراءة هذا الكتاب ، بعد رحلة قرائية استمرت قرابة ثلاثة أشهر

الكتاب يجيب عن سؤال ربما خطر على بال كثير من شباب المسلمين ، وهو " كيف أصبحنا هكذا " ؟
وبالرغم من أن الكتاب لا يضع الإجابة الكاملة عن هذا السؤال الواسع ، إلا أنه يتناول جانبا هاما جدا من جوانب المسألة
يتحدث الكتاب عن فيض غزير من المسكوت عنه في مناهج التعليم ووسائل الإعلام في الشرق الأوسط ، واستدل الكاتب بكم ضخم من الوثائق الرسمية والمراسلات الخاصة بالسياسيين المشاركين في صنع أحداث الفترة الزمنية التي يتناولها الكتاب .

ومما يمي...more
Kristi
What a slog! This book aggravated me on so many levels: the author's inconsistent use of sources to provide context on the Arab and Turkish perspectives, his irresponsible handling of the Zionist/Arab conflict, his irresponsible handling of the Armenian/Ottoman and Greek/Ottoman politics, etc. Moreover, he tries to center the book on Winston Churchill, who I don't find to be a terribly charismatic character... but then he doesn't even have Churchill in the book for the middle 300ish pages. Go fi...more
محمود النويشي
سلام ما بعده سلام
أو
سلام ينهى كل سلام

كتاب يحكى عن قصى تكون الشرق الأوسط وتقسيم حدود الدول العربية فى المنطقة وذلك خلال الحرب العالمية ألأولى وما تلاها

يتحدث عن القومية كسلاح وضع للتحكم بالعرب والمسلمين وهو سلاح غربى أمام فكرة الشيوعية

يتحدث عن خطط محاولة تقسيم جسد الدولة العثمانية والتى أمتدت عبر أكثر من 20 قومية عندما كان الرابط الإسلام ، حيث يتحدث الكاتب عن وصف ضعف الدولة العثمانية ولكن بقى التوحد بسبب الدين

يتحدث عن نشأة الاتحاد والترقى ، ومن الممتاز أن نسمع من وجهة نظر غير عربية وغير اسلامية...more
thad.miller
A VERY detailed examination of the Middle Eastern theater before, during and after WWI. Fromkin looks at the fall of the Ottoman Empire and the characters and processes that drew up the boundaries of what essentially became the current day Middle East up to the "settlement of 1922." For anyone looks for a non-biased, historical look into the complexities of the Middle East situation, this is a fantastic (though extremely dense) book. The final chapter really brings it home as Fromkin poses the q...more
Patrick Grady
My brother bought me this book when it was first published in paperback years ago. Recently, I finally decided to take it off the shelf and read it. This book is an excellent, detailed survey of the western (British) strategy and events that led to the current middle eastern map and today's conflicts. Fascinating to see the strategy and personalities rise and fall like the tides.

This book, along with the 3 books listed below provide a full review of the run up to World War 1, the war and the ba...more
John
Right after Orientalism, I read David Fromkins’ A Peace to End All Peace: The Fall of the Ottoman Empire and the Creation of the Modern Middle East . Fascinating. This detailed work covers everything leading up to, through and right after the First World War, related to the Middle East. Fromkin is a very engaging writer. Even though the book had more historical details than I really needed, I enjoyed the whole thing.

As I read this last fall, I was amazed by the absolute disaster created by the “...more
Renee
This is a must read for people trying to make sense of the current shape of the world. It really is needed as the foundation for other readings. The author David Fromkin is a brilliant writer and an excellent story teller. Having a fair understanding of the Ottoman Empire and Colonial France and England help before reading this book, because all though it is full to the brim with data, Fromkin does not proceed chronologically and moves rapidly to and fro. Keeps you on your toes and while he is e...more
محمود
واحد من افضل الكتب التي قراتها في حياتي ،
بل ولن اكون مبالغا اذا قلت انه واجب على كل مسلم عاقل قرائته

فالكتاب يتناول فترة الحرب العالمية الاولى وما قبلها وبعدها
والاهم اثر ذلك على الشرق الاوسط ، وكيفية نشاة الدول القومية المسلمة لننتقل الى عصر التيه

ويكفي ان تعرف ان الاردن نشات كدولة لان النجليز مش كانو عارفين يعملو ايه في الارض والملك عبد الله
يكفي ان تعرف ان الوان الدول العربية الحالية اللي وضعها واحد انجليزي

وغني عن الذكر طبعا ان الكاتب بذل فيه مجهودا خرافيا

هذا من الكتب التي غيرت حياتي ....
Mohamed El-Dhshan
واحد من أهم الكتب التي تشرح تقسيم خريطة الشرق الأوسط الجديد وكيف تبدلت سياسة الحلفاء طوال الحرب وكيف كانت الدولة العثمانية تقود نفسها للهاوية منذ عقود مضت ما جعلها خارج حسابات الحلفاء لكن معركة جاليبولي وهزيمة الحلفاء جعلها تتجه للشرق الأوسط من أجل السيطرة على الدولة العثمانية وكيف ساعدت الحسين في بلاد الحجاز ودعمت الشقاق داخل الصف العربي حتى يخدم مصالحها ضد الدولة العثمانية وكيف ساعدها ذلك على دخول القدس ثم سورية ولبنان والعراق من ناحية آخرى وكيف زرعت بريطانيا فكرة قومية داخل البلاد الناشئة على...more
Pankaj Singh
I picked up this book knowing about the First World War as much as high school teaches you. I knew the Entente powers fought the Central Powers, and the Entente won. I knew the Russian and Ottoman empires collapsed. What I never knew was how pointless and unreasonable the First World War was. This book goes into some serious political detail, and everything points towards a war resulting from miscommunication, poor intelligence and plain jackassery.

I loved the detailed history of Central Asia,...more
Paul Boger
I don't understand history, or geography, well enough to truly appreciate Fromkin's research and conclusions, but I'm glad that I stuck with it. Novices, like me, will need either an atlas, the Wikipedia, or both. More than anything, I have a deeper appreciation of Winston Churchill, an even deeper disdain for bureaucracy, and a renewed need to visit Turkey and the Middle East someday. A great book, but a tough read.
Rogerrohweder
I picked this up because I had recently travelled to Turkey, and realized that I didn't know much about the fall of the Ottoman Empire. Little did I know that ISIL would pop-up as I was reading it, making this more-than-a-decade-old book currently relevant. Very interesting information about the war that changed the world, and (in particular) set the path for the mess that is the current middle east.
Cyndie
A dry read, but worth it. You'll be saying "ooh, so that's how that came to be" This book covered a part of history that were never "zoomed in" on in history class - what happened to the middle east during World War I - that is relevant to the way the world looks today and the relationships between the west and middle east. You'll be a better and more informed human being for having read it.
Alper Çugun
One of the definitive guides to the First World War and its role in shaping the Middle East. Though the book has a tremendous scope, it necessarily focuses on Britain's role in the Great War and in its resulting division of the Middle East into the state it is in today.

There is too much to tell of that period of history, but this book can serve as a good starter.

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Middle East/North...: A Peace to End All Peace (May - September 2012) 93 53 Sep 27, 2012 04:12AM  
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David Fromkin is a noted author, lawyer, and historian, best known for his historical account on the Middle East, A Peace to End All Peace (1989), in which he recounts the role European powers played between 1914 and 1922 in creating the modern Middle East. The book was a finalist for both the National Book Critics Circle Award and the Pulitzer Prize. Fromkin has written seven books in total, with...more
More about David Fromkin...
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