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Méditations Métaphysiques
 
by
René Descartes
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Méditations Métaphysiques

3.69 of 5 stars 3.69  ·  rating details  ·  11,609 ratings  ·  250 reviews
Meditations on First Philosophy is a philosophical treatise written by René Descartes first published in Latin in 1641. The book is made up of six meditations, in which Descartes first discards all belief in things which are not absolutely certain, and then tries to establish what can be known for sure. The meditations were written as if he was meditating for 6 days: each...more
315 pages
Published 2004 by Presses universitaires de France (first published 1641)
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زاهي رستم
الفلسفة تستخدم العقل، بينما الإيمان يستخدم القلب. وعندي أن يقوم فيلسوف بإثبات وجود الله خير من أن يقوم به رجل دين، فإن للثاني مصلحة في ذلك. وإن كان ديكارت قد أسهب في استخدام المنطق لإثبات ذلك فأعزو هذا بأن الكتاب نشر عام 1641، حيث أن العقل البشري أنذاك أقل معرفةً من عقلنا في الزمن الحالي. ومن المفيد أنه تطرق للنفس البشرية، وللخطأ البشري مما يزيد من قيمة الكتاب.

أنا أشك، إذاً أنا أفكر. أنا أفكر إذاً أنا موجود. أنا موجود إذاً هناك من أوجدني. ولأنني غير كامل فمن المستحيل أنني أوجدت نفسي. فينبغي أن ي...more
Greg
I once wrote a song that had a very witty line in it about Descartes and Robots getting killed by Zombies-- and accused Descartes of being in league with Robots against Humanity. And it's true. Rene Descartes believed in Robots soulless creatures that an evil and malicious god controlled to destroy us all. It's all there in his book, you just have to realize what it is that he is writing about. His whole "I think therefore I am" was a youthful revolutionary vigor, he thought he was some kind of...more
محمد غنيم
لا يختلف ديكارت كثيرا عن الغزالي بل ربما يكون قد سلك ديكارت سبيل الغزالي في كتابه هذا غير أن شك الغزالي كان حقيقيا وكان إلحادا كما فعل مثله الدكتور مصطفى محمود بينا شك ديكارت كان شكا أكاديميا تعليميا من باب أن يضع نفسه محل صاحب الفكرة الأخرى وهو الملحد أو الشاك في وجود الله.

وديكارت متدين بطبعه بل ودرس في مدرسة القديسين وهي مدرسة مسيحية بمثابة الأزهر عندنا وعندما ألف كتابه هذا ألفه وأهداه إلى الخاصة من العلماء واختص به علماء المسيحية أكثر من غيرهم وطلب منهم مراجعة الكتاب وإخباره بتعليقاتهم عليه ل...more
Jonathan

René Descartes' Meditations on First Philosophy is a book I picked up for two reasons. The first is that a friend had been reading and enjoying his work, the second is that I have developed an interest in philosophy due to my university units. I am currently undertaking one literature unit on the 'Philosophies of Hell and Heaven' which is rather fascinating (though I disagree with many points). I figure that if I wish to understand a wide variety of views, I must read about those opinions and ph...more
Ken Moten
The crowning achievement of Descartes and the work that would cement his legacy. He had already stunned the world in Discourse on Method with that famous Latin phrase cogito ergo sum; in this work he defends the ideas laid down in "Discourse" and sets about giving his own spin on the ontological argument.

I know that this book gets some criticism now because time has marched on it should not be forgotten that this book changed the course of western philosophy. This work is the reason why the tim...more
Jess
Undeniably a monumental work in the field of philosophy. Decartes gives us the bridge from scholastic thinking to modern Piercean methods. Thus opening up a huge and important discussion on the forum of the ethics of belief. A must read for parties interested in the history of modern thought. With that being said Decartes comes off as an arrogant, aristocratic, Johnnie Terry. Defending his flawed, cyclical arguments for the existence of God as if they were absolute, infallible truths.
Kristi
Way good book.

Descartes is clearly a funny intelligent humble man. He opens with a letter to some scholarly men explaining what will be discussed throughout the book. It is completely entertaining.

Clearly a man of words and people, he manages to state that his work is more clear than simple geometry but that people will not understand it, all while maintaining the appearance of being a humble man. He manages to imply that he is the only philosopher that could have accomplished this idea, but al...more
Andrew Anony
This was a bit of a sludge to read through. Descartes, or the translation, is very boring; and he keeps going back to the whole "God: That He Exists" topic, a bit too often. It seems to me that Descartes was bending over backwards for the Church in order to not be labeled a rebel.

He defined God in such a way that God must exist - its a bit more complicated than that, but that's the gist of it. But, why call this substance 'God'? With our current terminologies concerning existence would probably...more
محمد غنيم
يتحدث ديكارت في هذا الكتاب عن الروح أو ما أسماها في كتابه "الروح الحيواني"، ويعتمد في تمييزها عن الجسد بأن الجسد هو الإمتداد بينما الروح أو النفس هي التفكير، وأن الروح أو النفس هي المسؤولة عن كل ما لا علاقة مباشرة للجد به كالتفكير مثلا.
ولكي تحقق أكبر فائدة من هذا الكتاب ينبغي أن تكون مطلعا في مجال البيولوجيا والتشريح خاصة حيث يستطرد ديكارت في توضيح بعض العمليات الحيوية خاصة ما يتعلق بالجهاز الدوري ورحلة الدم في الأوعية الدموية، وثمة أمور فيما يتعلف بهذا الأمر غير ثابته عليما بل هي محض نظريات خاص...more
Gregory
About 25 pages from the end of my first reading, will prob reread this within the season. Funny how this book for me, is understood better through the objections and the replies. Also funny, how a short book reads like a long book, Would love to read this in French, if I only knew French: Delicately Strong, and Strongly Delicate, A book to really get lost in, I am certainly pleasantly lost in this book. Such eloquence- - -.

I did finish and my only regret is That I do not know how to read French...more
Ameera H.  Al-mousa

ديكارت يستخدم التبرير اللاهوتي .! وحق إقصاء ذهنية المسلمات السابقة وإحلال بدلاً منها فلسفة منطق العقل البشري لبرهنة الله كوجود .!

استدل من قراءته للكتب المقدسة ومسلمات رجال الدين لها ,
أشاد بنفسه عن السبب أو الدافع وراء هذا الكتاب وهو التحدي الذي وقع بعد عقد أجتماع البابا ليون العاشر لدعوة الفلاسفة المسيحين عن دحض مزاعمهم وطلبهم لتمكين العقل للبرهنه بوجوده .

والشك بالأمور العامة كما ينتهى به ديكارات هو طريق أثبات الوجود .
محتوى الكتاب جيد جداً لمن لايحمل مقاليد التصنم بالثوابت واليقينيه .
Al Grey

يتأمل الفيلسوف الفرنسي ديكارت في كتابه حول وجود الله ، و جود الماديات ، وحول ماهي مصادر المعرفة التي نستطيع الوثوق بها ، علماً بنقص الحواس وانها توهمنا كثيراً ، كتب عده مقاربات بين الوجود و الماهية ، حول ان الفكر الانساني المتناه لابد ان يكون له فكر إلهي لا متناه و أمور أخرى ، كتاب جميل و عمل قيم حقا من ديكارت على الرغم من أنه ازعجني تدخل المترجم في صميم الكتاب والقوم بأدلجته ، اندهشت من وقاحة المترجم عندما بدا يروج لمعتقداته عن طريق اللعب بكلام ديكارت ، عموما هو كتاب جميل
Sara
Oh Descartes, we have an interesting relationship, you and I. You are a necessary step in Philosophy classes, and yet I abhor you. So you get 3 stars.
فضيض
انطلق من نقطة بسيطة، عندما نظر إلى نفسه فوجد أن جميع ما أكتسبه وتلقاه كان بواسطة الحواس، والحواس قد تكون خادعة أحيانًا، فعينيّ مثلا تريني الكواكب البعيدة كأنها جميعا في حجمٍ واحدٍ صغيرٍ!، (ومِن الحكمة ألا نطمئن كل الاطمئنان إلى مَن خدعونا ولو لمرةٍ واحدةٍ) كما قال ديكارت، إذن فقد تكون حواسي تخدعني الآن، فكم مرةٍ حلمتُ – والكلام لديكارت – بأنني في هذا المكان (بيته)، وأني لابس ثيابي وإني قرب النار، مع أني أكون في سريري متجردًا من ثيابي، إذن .. ( ليس هنالك إمارات يقينية نستطيع بها أن نميّز بين اليق...more
Clint
So it has taken Descartes up to the last meditation to determine if material things exist or not. He has already proven that God and the mind exist, but material things he’s not so sure about. It’s interesting to me because we tend to take for granted what it means for something to exist and what a fantastic phenomena it is for that to occur, whereas Descartes is being very careful to be absolutely certain of what he knows. I’m not sure I agree with Descartes about the importance of absolute cer...more
Anand
Cogito Ergo Sum ~ I think therefore I am.
The famous passage from Descartes.

Considering how short this reading is, about 59 pages, it is fairly dense. Almost all of the pages has some sort of thought, or insight into Descartes thinking. I thoroughly enjoyed reading this book. I know some what about Descartes philosophy, but reading what he actually have written is totally different from the snippet thoughts, i read or heard from others that are written about his philosophy. If i knew Latin, it w...more
Thomas
Reading Descartes's Meditations was like examining a speech by Hitler - while I disagreed with almost everything on the content level, I admired his rhetoric and how it made me think. Of course this also changed the entire canon of philosophy which proves its prevalence. Some of my favorite parts include the Cartesian Circle, the mind-body substance dualism, and the power of reason. My rating, while low, does not really reflect the quality of the work so much as my personal opinion/enjoyment of...more
Fuad Takrouri
في ما قد يبدو بسيطاً تناول المواضيع الواردة إلا إنها في غاية الأهمية
وضرورية .
الكتاب جاء على ثلاثة أقسام ..
القسم الأول

الانفعالات بشكل عام:
يفسر ديكارت الانفعال والفعل وتحليل لكل منهما
دورة الدم في الجسد...العقل... النفس...الروح..الإرادة.
أما إذا نظرنا إلى نوعي الأفكار القائمة في النفس والتي ميزت بينها وقلت أن بعضها هي الأفعال أي إرادات النفس،وبعضها الآخر انفعالاتها بالمعنى الأعم لهذا التعبير،أي بالمعنى الذي يشمل مختلف أنواع الادراكات ،فإننا نرى بأن الأفعال هي تماماَ تحت سلطة النفس ولا يمكن أن يغيره...more
Ali Reda
Although both Descartes and Al-Ghazali start their skepticism with the same principles, they end their skeptical journey using different methods, Descartes proves one amazing truth, the cogito ("I think therefore I am") then he goes on to prove God's Existence and being good and from this he proves the rest of his arguments, although this proof is wrong, but his overall impact resulted in two things 1) skepticism as the begining stage of the modern process in philosophy and science 2) Logic and...more
Mike Behlen
While Descartes perhaps failed to adequately examine several of his critical assumptions (the existence of free will, the unity of the mind, the validity of the 'self'), his core assertion remains valid: The only thing we can know for sure is that we, as a 'thinking thing,' exist. For me, this notion highlights the fact that all of empirical science takes place in the context of a few important assumptions, such as:

1) Our senses yield valid data about a "real world" that, presumably, exists some...more
ريفيّة
ليس بالضرورة أن يقبل الإنسان أو يُسلّمَ في كل ما حوله حتى يكون طبيعياً بالرغم من أنه كائن منتهي أو محدود القدرات، ولكن فضلٌ من الله أن خلق الإنسان كائناً مفكّراً و ذا إحساس، يشكّ فيُثبِت، يرفض ثم يقتنع، يَضِلّ ثم يهتدي.

تأملات ديكارت الستة كانت كما يلي:
التأمل الأول: "في الأشياء التي يمكن أن توضع موضع الشك"، مثل الأشياء التي يمكن التيقن من وجودها بالتجربة.

التأمل الثاني: "في طبيعة النفس الإنسانية وأن معرفتها أيسر من معرفة الجسم" ، فـما الأنا إلا شيء مُفكر، أي روح و ذهن وعقل.

التأمل الثالث: "في الله...more
Jane
One of the things I dislike about the philosophy classes I've taken so far is how super focused they are on the nitty-gritty little details. Like, we just sit there, analyzing every turn of phrase in people's arguments, fretting about whether it all makes total sense. Which is important, don't get me wrong. But I'm personally also more interested in thinking about things in a more big picture way, and I feel like that stuff gets glossed over a lot. Maybe I'm just taking the wrong classes. Anyway...more
Zach
i hope to come back and read the the objections and replies soon, for i enjoyed reading Meditations.
here are a few thoughts i wrote out about them.

Doubting Descartes

The method of doubt used in Meditations brings the text to such proximity to doubt that doubting the text’s veracity readily suggests itself as an approach for understanding the text. This would likely have vexed Descartes, who suggested that the methods employed in Meditations would eventually be considered by all who could closely...more
Laura
I gave this two stars originally; because past the second meditation I thought Descartes' arguments became ridiculous. However, after a discussion with my philosophy teacher today, I decided that I needed to re-evaluate my opinion.

The third Meditation primarily discusses arguments concerning the existence of God, and despite the fact there are some large gaps in what Descartes says, the questions he asks are important; it's the conclusions that he draws from them that mean I can't possibly justi...more
Brandon
Quite frankly, I thought this was garbage. I felt like it was written by a modern day apologetic trying to convince themselves of God's existence. There are about 5 pages where Descartes displays a healthy dose of skepticism and makes some fairly astute introspective observations. The rest is him making outrageous assumptions, and then making further assumptions based off those first assumptions.

I do think it's important to know about his ideas if you are into philosophy. Perhaps, when taken int...more
Nikki
I think this is an important work to read if you're doing philosophy. I don't like Descartes' philosophy, personally, but his writing is relatively easy to read and he wrote some very important arguments that must be considered. For example, "I think therefore I am."

I loathe his ontological argument beyond all believing, but don't mind me. You should read this and make your own decisions.

Edit: Reread. Still don't like his philosophy, but it's easier to read when you read it all at once and sequ...more
John Grochalski
i think i understood this...it's about girls, right?
Andrew Marr
All right, all right. Descartes screwed everything up with the subjective turn, and everyone hates him for it. Kant's scathing criticism showed the Cartesian project misguided, Wittgenstein's private language argument let us not even buy into Descartes' premises, Ryle's Concept of Mind showed us the inadequacy of "it was all a dream," etc. etc.

That is to say, Descartes is fun to poop on, poke holes through, etc. But nonetheless this book is genius and superbly written -- if you choose to read i...more
Nat
This is a perfect introduction to philosophy partly because it reveals, in concentrated form, the experience of studying philosophy as a whole: it begins with a very compelling worry about an important issue, pushes that worry to a worrisome extreme, then tries to address the worry in a totally unsatisfying way.
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René Descartes, also known as Renatus Cartesius (Latinized form), was a highly influential French philosopher, mathematician, scientist, and writer. He has been dubbed the "Father of Modern Philosophy," and much of subsequent Western philosophy is a response to his writings, which continue to be studied closely. His influence in mathematics is also apparent, the Cartesian coordinate system that is...more
More about René Descartes...
Discourse on Method and Meditations on First Philosophy Discourse on Method The Philosophical Writings of Descartes (Volume I) Selected Philosophical Writings Meditations and Other Metaphysical Writings

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“It is only prudent never to place complete confidence in that by which we have even once been deceived.” 52 likes
“But I cannot forget that, at other times I have been deceived in sleep by similar illusions; and, attentively considering those cases, I perceive so clearly that there exist no certain marks by which the state of waking can ever be distinguished from sleep, that I feel greatly astonished; and in amazement I almost persuade myself that I am now dreaming.” 22 likes
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