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فیزیک ذرات (Very Short Introductions #109)

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3.97  ·  Rating Details ·  538 Ratings  ·  63 Reviews
In this compelling introduction to the fundamental particles that make up the universe, Frank Close takes us on a journey into the atom to examine known particles such as quarks, electrons, and the ghostly neutrino. Along the way he provides fascinating insights into how discoveries in particle physics have actually been made, and discusses how our picture of the world has ...more
دانش معاصر [۷]‏, 192 pages
Published 2008 by فرهنگ معاصر (first published 2004)
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ريهام يوسف

الكتاب مدهش بالمعنى الحرفي *____*
سحر ! سحر ! مش خيال بس ! وحقيقة .

تخيل كده ان انت اصلا لسا مندهش من الذرة ومن ان الذرة نفسها متكونة من الكترونات والنواة ، وان النواة متكونة من بروتونات ونيوترونات ..
Guess what ... ?! :D

البروتونات والنيترونات متكونين اصلا من حاجة اسمها كواركات , كل بروتون او نيوترون متكون من 3 كوارك ،
الكواركات دي ليها انواع كتير وشحنات وكتلة مختلفة و طاقة مختلفة ..
الكوارك اكبر من الالكترونات :'D , اه والله العظيم
الكوارك قد كتلة الالكترون ب 10 اضعاف
الكواركات دي الي واضح حجمها قد اي
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Bushra

كتاب ممتاز قرأته لأني توقفت عند بعض الجزئيات في كتاب متعلق بنظرية الكم وأعطاني بالضبط ما ينقصني وأكثر لهذا قيمته بخمس نجوم لفائدته بالنسبة لي.. على سبيل المثال مليون مرة أسمع بـ "معجل الجسيمات" والآن فهمتها.. وكل من كان يحفظ أساسيات الكيمياء بدون فهم كيف جاءت هذه الأساسيات سيفيده الكتاب..
شرح مفصل ومنظم لكن يحتاج لتركيز شديد..
Mohamed IBrahim
Jul 21, 2015 Mohamed IBrahim rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: الفيزياء
يا للهول
الكتاب رائع وملخص جيد لتكوين معلومات عامة حول فيزياء الجسيمات

اللي فات ده ريفيو الكتاب انما الكلام اللي جاي ده متعلق بانطباعي واحساسي لحظات ما بعد قراءة الكتاب
بالصلاة علي النبي كده انا هاخذ اول كورس فيزياء جسيمات كمان شهرين وواضح اننا هنشوف ايام سوداء :D
Osman Ali
أعوذ بالله من الشيطان الرجيم "سَنُرِيهِمْ آيَاتِنَا فِي الْآفَاقِ وَفِي أَنْفُسِهِمْ حَتَّىٰ يَتَبَيَّنَ لَهُمْ أَنَّهُ الْحَقُّۗ أَوَلَمْ يَكْفِ بِرَبِّكَ أَنَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ شَهِيدٌ (53)" فصّلت
من المستغرب أن ابدأ ريفيو كتاب في الفيزياء - مؤلفه غير مؤمن - بآية من كتاب مقدس "القرآن الكريم" ولكن هذا الكتاب من وجهة نظري دليل على صدق هذه الآية وفي هذا الريفيو سأستشهد بعدد من الآيات الآخرى فإذا كانت عندك مشكلة مع ذلك أو كنت من أصحاب نظرية فصل العلم عن الايمان فلا تكمل قراءة
يبدأ الكتاب برحهل
...more
Komail
Sep 12, 2014 Komail rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: فیزیک

آجرهای ساختمان عالم چیستند؟ از چه ساخته شده ایم؟

دنیای ذرات زیر اتمی ، ذرات سازنده عالم، یکی از جذاب ترین و پر ابهام ترین حوزه های دانش بشری است.آنجا که علاوه بر جستجوی سنگ بناهای آفرینش ماده و هستی میتوان به درک لحظات نخستین آفرینش نیز نزدیک شد...

سری کتابهای
a very short introduction
که تعدادی از آنها به همت انتشارات فرهنگ معاصر تحت عنوان " دانش معاصر" ترجمه و چاپ شده اند را از دست ندهید.
Mohammed Othman
على الرغم من محاولة الكاتب الحثيثة لتبسيط الموضوع إلا انني لم أستطيع المتابعة بأريحية ضمن رحلة هذا الكتاب مابين الالكترونات والبروتونات والكواركات والنتيريونات و غيرها إلا ان الجهد المبذول يدعوك مرة تلو مرة لإعادة الغوص ضمن هذه الصفحات.. أعتقد ان لي عودة أخرى معه،مما استمتعت به الفصل الثاني الذي يتحدث عن كبر ماهو كبير وصغر ماهو صغير فصل ممتع ومدهش ويفتح للعقل افاقاً كبيرة..
Ahmad Sharabiani
Particle Physics: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions #109), Frank Close

In Particle Physics: A Very Short Introduction, best-selling author Frank Close provides a compelling and lively introduction to the fundamental particles that make up the universe. The book begins with a guide to what matter is made up of and how it evolved, and goes on to describe the fascinating and cutting-edge techniques used to study it. The author discusses particles such as quarks, electrons, and the
...more
Hussain Ali
Apr 13, 2015 Hussain Ali rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: العلوم
هذا الكتاب عبارة عن مقدمة مختصرة وصلبة جدًا، يمكن للمهتم في قراءة فيزياء الكون ومراحل نشأته وعملية تطوره المستمر؛ يمكنه أن يقرأ هذه الكتيب الجميل، كل شيء بسلاسة وبساطة إلى الفصل السابع، بعد ذلك سيصعب على من لا يمتلك خبرة في مفاهيم الفيزياء الحديثة وميكانيكا الكم أن يهضم المفاهيم العلمية الدقيقة، وفائدة هذا الكتاب الحقيقية هي كما قلت في البداية "فهم الصغير جدًا لهضم الكبير جدًا" فيزياء الجسيمات هي المفتاح الرئيسي لفهم أسرار الكون، أو أحد المفاتيح الرئيسية -تجنبًا للمبالغة-
وما يميز الكتاب الصغير ف
...more
Hassnain Abd alsattar
عالم كمومي جميل غريب مدهش و غير معقول
Bojan Tunguz
Apr 22, 2011 Bojan Tunguz rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
One of the most intriguing and fascinating scientific stories of the 20th century has been the incredible advance in our understanding of matter in its most fundamental form. In a nutshell, the 20th century has seen the vindication of the atomic hypothesis: all of the nature, the matter and even the interactions of matter, can be reduced to a finite number of indivisible particles. It turns out that atoms, the original candidates for irreducible particles as their name suggests, are in fact comp ...more
Aaron
May 17, 2009 Aaron rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
There is some special sense of futility tied to the task of presenting physics without math. It's like parents trying to explain their impending divorce to their eight-year-old daughter. Bereft of any sort of background knowledge that would allow her to actually understand that reasons for what is happening, the parents must rely upon absolute pronouncements and the deployment of similes even more tortured than this one. But much like that child, I am lacking in background experience. I never le ...more
Adam
Jul 04, 2016 Adam rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
I don't really understand why people think this is a good book. It's alright. There is a section on how particles are probed that is horrifically boring and there are almost no details you would ever want to force your brain to suffer storing. Often the text just reads like a list rather than focusing on underlying principles. Other than that it's an alright primer for those who know nothing about the subject, although it lacks any charm. Strange.

Save yourself the effort and just independently d
...more
Alvaro Zinos-Amaro
Jul 18, 2014 Alvaro Zinos-Amaro rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: read-2014
Frank Close packs in a lot of information in this “very short” introduction (notice there’s no promise about difficulty!). That is at once this book’s biggest strength and its potential challenge. The reader who picks it up expecting a breezy, bird’s-eye-view of particle physics is in for a surprise. But if you stick with it, your efforts will be amply rewarded. In ten concise, albeit dense, chapters, Close covers everything from the basic scale of fundamental particles and forces and the three ...more
Thaer
Aug 19, 2014 Thaer rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: علوم, 2014
كتاب ممتاز جدا, مشكلته الوحيدة انه معقد قليلا في بعض فصوله.
بعد ان قرات كتاب فيزياء المستحيل اثارت اهتمامي مسالة فيزياء الجسيمات ولذلك سارعت لقراءة هذا الكتاب عندما وقعت عليه مباشرة.
وقد يبدو حجم الكتاب صغيرا لكن الحقيقة انه يحتاج لوقت طويل واحتمال ان لا تستطيع فهم كل شئ فيه بدقة.
يتحدث الكتاب عن الجسيمات تحت ذرية أي التي حجمها اصغر من حجم ذرة, وللمفاجاة فهناك عدد هائل من هذه الجسيمات, هناك أنواع لم أسمع بها في حياتي.
لكن بشكل اساسي هناك 3 جسيمات رئيسية في الكون وهي الالكرتونات والكواركات والنيوترين
...more
Portia Costa
Aug 09, 2012 Portia Costa rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
I must admit that this was a hard struggle for me to read. Not that there's anything wrong with the book. The author has a great style and explains difficult concepts extremely well. It's just a little too advanced for me. It did fill me with a great sense of wonder and awe though, at the way the universe is built and the magical world of the infinitesimally tiny. Despite my scientific shortcomings, I was able to grasp some new to me knowledge.
David Roberts
Jan 17, 2014 David Roberts rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
The book I read to research this post was Particle Physics A Very Short Introduction by Frank Close which is a very good book which I bought from kindle. This book is part of a series of approximately 300 which get an expert in a field to write roughly 150 pages as an introduction to their subject. They are generally fairly although this book is quite complex in places. It is interesting though especially the stuff on colliders like the one at CERN in Geneva which is 27 km long and underground a ...more
Gustav Tonér
Dec 25, 2015 Gustav Tonér rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Even though the fundamental building blocks described in this book are hard to relate to in everyday life, trying to figure them out will lead to a better understanding of ourselves and our place in the universe. This matters! (Pun intended)
So Hakim
Jun 10, 2014 So Hakim rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: physics
As the title says, a *very* short introduction to particle physics. Not that it's bad: with 129 pages the author did good job to explain basic quirks of particle physics, including all the exotic names. The only drawback is in chapter 5-6.

Right after explaining quarks & neutrino, the author suddenly jumps to how accelerators and detectors work -- the experimental detail -- and after that jump back again to the theoretical side about four fundamental forces. I feel the narrative was hurt by
...more
Steve
Oct 18, 2010 Steve rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
If you're looking for a clearer understanding of what the scientists at CERN are up to - or perhaps you just have an urge to know your baryon from your meson - this is the book to buy. I've read quite a few of the Very Short Introductions, on all sort of topics, and author Frank Close is to be commended for making Particle Physics one of the very best. It's concise, inspiring, crammed with facts (rather than opinions) and not so advanced as to curtail the beginner's attempt to gain a foothold. I ...more
BJ Rose
Feb 15, 2010 BJ Rose rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
I am not a scientist, and I have only a basic understanding of physics. So altho this is A Very Short Introduction to particle physics, it's still contains strong elements of an unknown foreign language to me.
And I was doing fine until the formulas started coming in chapter 4! The most significant thing I recall after that is that anti-matter destroys matter in a flash of light, and that positrons are destroyed when they collide with electrons. But that's OK - that I didn't get that much out of
...more
Roger
Sep 07, 2013 Roger rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
This I found to be an excellent introduction to particle physics. The enthusiasm of the author for his subject comes across very strongly and Frank Close, who is a Professor of Physics at Oxford University, is obviously very knowledgeable about particle physics. In what is a short volume (part of the "A Very Short Introduction" series) he covers a lot of ground in a clear manner and without the need for any mathematics. Close was able to explain some concepts to me, a non-physicist, with much be ...more
Sajjad thaier
Jul 18, 2016 Sajjad thaier rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: physics
كتاب اكثر من رائع وشيق يتحدث عن الكون من اصغر اجزائه الى اكبرها وييشرح كيف تم اكتشاف الجسيمات الولية للمادة بصورة ممتعة ومتسلسلة وكيف يتم بناء مصادم او مهشم الجسيمات في المختبرات وكيف يتم مراقبة النتائج وكذلك الجسمات الاساسية للمادة المتمثلة بالكواركات واللبتونات وعوائلهم وشرح مبسط للقوى الرئيسية للكون وعن حقيقة جسيم هيجز وكيف تم ايجاده و يناقش عدد الاسئلة التي ان تم الاجابة عنها ستحل الكثير من الامورالعالقة اهمها ما هي المادة المظلمة وكم كتلة النيوترينو
Jon Jacobs
Apr 05, 2016 Jon Jacobs rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This is one of my favorite books. I've read it about five times in the last several years and I learn more every time I read it.

One can read it once at get more insight into the world of particle physics than should be possible. For someone of my, admittedly, limited intellectual acumen re-reading this fine book will provide a nice working knowledge of one of the coolest topics mankind has ever looked into.
Krollo
Sep 27, 2014 Krollo rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
This is a gem of a book. Admittedly, when one attempts to explain the entirety of particle physics from scratch in 130 pages, there is going to be some loss of clarity. On the whole, the book was readable, but as the going got tough towards the end I seemed to lose my way. It's a great book for what it is, but I'd recommend something a little bigger for the added comprehension.
Gordon
Sep 29, 2015 Gordon rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Sure, it covered a lot of complex material in a short space, but the writing was pretty terrible, and the approach seemed weak - spending too much time in the middle discussing the technologies of various equipment - accelerators, colliders etc. Then no doubt the large number of matter and anti-matter particles gets pretty overwhelming to cover in a sensible, and short, way.
Bogdan Gavriliuc
Oct 11, 2012 Bogdan Gavriliuc rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: science
The amount I learned (and can probably still learn by re-reading) from this book impressed me.

I had heard of all of the names thrown around: quark, muon, leptopn, boson, gluon, pion, etc.
But only now do I have a better understanding of which is which, and why they were named so.
As with all other physics books, I still wish the math was present.

Only downsides is that at rare times, I couldn't match a particular paragraph with the diagram.

Not that it's really spoilers but:
(view spoiler)
...more
Flappers 66
Nov 17, 2015 Flappers 66 rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Great Explanations

Frank Close presents this tricky subject with clarity and takes us into how the theories have been probed and proven using ever higher resolutions- that is - at higher energies. He leaves you with a much better feel for how this all hangs together - very readable.
Ned Peneguy
Unlike most of the OUP's excellent "Very Short Introduction" series, this particular volume was very poorly written. There were several examples of non-sentences masquerading as sentences. One gets the distinct impression the author became tired of writing the book a little past the half-way mark, an exhaustion surpassed only by the reader's fatigue in trying to parse her way through the clumsily assembled miscellania of questionably related facts and slapdash sentences.
Rory Švarc
Nov 20, 2014 Rory Švarc rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: physics
A wonderfully informative introduction to particle physics. Frank Close introduces, at a very general level, some of the basic issues surrounding subject in an incredibly clear way. The clarity is achieved firstly by a very lucid writing style, that should make this accessible for any intelligent layperson interested in the subject, along with diagrams, which are another fantastic aid when reading the text. Depending on what one wants from this text, one may be disappointed that it does not requ ...more
Malcolm F. Cross
Jan 19, 2014 Malcolm F. Cross rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Naturally, since this is a technical work, I'm rating it more on the quality and breadth of the information contained - which is top notch, and while meaty on the science side, was still something I managed to follow quite cogently.

I may still not understand the full picture of quarks and particle physics, but this book's given me a good thumbnail view of what that picture looks like at a distance.
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65857
Francis Edwin Close (Arabic: فرانك كلوس)

In addition to his scientific research, he is known for his lectures and writings making science intelligible to a wider audience.

From Oxford he went to Stanford University in California for two years as a Postdoctoral Fellow on the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. In 1973 he went to the Daresbury Laboratory in Cheshire and then to CERN in Switzerland fro
...more
More about Frank Close...

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