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Akar Kekerasan: Analisis Sosio-Psikologis atas Watak Manusia

4.20  ·  Rating Details  ·  1,988 Ratings  ·  39 Reviews
In this book, the distinguished author writes to break the deadlock in the struggle between the instinctivism of Konrad Lorenz & behavior psychologist B.F. Skinner.
1 Instinctivism, behaviorism, psychoanalysis. The instinctivists
Environmentalists & behaviorists
Instinctivism & behaviorism: their differences & similarities
The psy
Paperback, 755 pages
Published January 2000 by Pustaka Pelajar (first published 1973)
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John G.
Sep 05, 2013 John G. rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
I would recommend anyone to read any of Fromm's work. This man to me, his contributions to psychology and to the understanding of the world and the human condition eclipse those of Freud and Jung. Just saying. This book gets to the questions of why things are so screwed up, why are people so violent and aggressive? I like his answers, it's a maladjusted attempt to deal with life, one way is the nihilistic (destroy that which I don't understand) or the sadistic (control that which I don't underst ...more
Hoda Marmar
I got this book for 3.5 $ one day as I was walking on the street, and a guy was selling those on the sidewalk. The book called out after me, the title was very attractive, but I never thought it would be such an amazing read! That was back in 2010, I believe. I used this book as a reference for many papers that I wrote, it made me love psychology even more. I shall reread it again this year.
Aug 05, 2014 Dan rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
"The position taken in this book is one of rational faith in man's capacity to extricate himself from what seems the fatal web of circumstances that he has created. It is the position of those who are neither "optimists" nor "pessimists," but radicals who have rational faith in man's ability to avoid the ultimate catastrophe. This humanist radicalism goes to the roots, and thus to the causes; it seeks to liberate man from the chains of illusions; it postulates that fundamental changes are necess ...more
Jun 14, 2009 Karen rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
My FIRST reading of this book was when it was first published in 1973. And now I read it again. I had read other books by Erich Fromm and was reading different approaches to Psychology. It is said that Fromm was a pioneer in theoretical works with "deep insight" into the the human psyche. As you can see by the title, he explores the dark side of the huiman psyche with quotes, references, comparisons, and rebuttals of the works of others. In the last part of this text, he discusses, "Malignant Ag ...more
Dec 25, 2012 Ali rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: recommended
نزوع الانسان نحو التدمير هو طبع تُخلق له كل الظروف لكي يتطبعه بني البشر في عصر "الانسان الحديث"
وليس بغريزة تحكمنا لا مفر منها خُلقت معنا لتلازم الانسان نحو "مصير محتوم وهو الفناء"

Jun 08, 2012 Željko rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Unfortunately, more relevant today than when I first read (early seventies). It seems everything is going a bit backwards.
The Hermit's
Jan 03, 2013 The Hermit's rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
"Is aggression instinctive or behavioral?

"Fromm moves toward a provocative conclusion which involves a critical revision of Freud's theory of a 'death instinct' in man... Fromm's studies of Stalin and Himmler, and especially his penetrating psychobiography of Hitler, fascinatingly support his thesis" - Publisher's Weekly

Only after reading this was I aware of Freud's work on a 'death instinct'. This was a hilarious insightful read of a bizarre but plausible theory. I need not explain more, the
Nov 06, 2008 Dylan rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Fromm immediately endeared himself to me with this epigraph: "When I look at history I am a pessimist... but when I look at prehistory I am an optimist." (Incidentally, this was taken out of context. The writer, JC Smuts, actually only likes prehistory because he believes it shows how far we've come. Quite contrary to the point Fromm is making.)

The first and shortest part of the book is dedicated to a discussion of psychological theory (Instinctivism vs. Behaviorism), and, not being a psychologi
Prokop Holy
Jan 09, 2010 Prokop Holy rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
We need to create the conditions that would make the growth of man, this unfinished and uncompleted being - unique in nature - the supreme goal of all social arrangements. Genuine freedom and independence and the end of all forms of exploitative control are the conditions for mobilizing the love of life, which is the only force that can defeat the love for the dead.
It is much easier to get excited by anger, rage, cruelty, or the passion to destroy than by love and productive and active interest,
Yaël Mizrahi-arnaud
Creation and destruction, love and hate, these are not merely binary categories,
but instincts that exist co-dependently. They are the same answer to the basic human need
for transcendence; the will to destroy arises when the will to create cannot be satisfied.
The need to create leads to happiness, while destruction leads to suffering. Recasting
Freud’s life and death instincts into biophilia versus necrophilia, we see that our most
evil, or most sublime manifestations of behavior are not due to our
Oct 07, 2008 Rowena rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This a book showing that human is more violent than animal. The more "civilized", the more violent he becomes. When reading this book, I remember a National Geographic episode showing the most dangerous cat variety. Can you imagine that tiger and lion are second to house-cat? House cat kills anything, while tiger and lion merely kill their food. Just like human, don't you think?
A fascinating tome I've read and re-read and highlighted and read some more. Sparked my interest in non-fiction reading in general, and Nazi history in particular. Indirectly sparked a long love affair with history, so I have much to thank it for. I must re-read it yet another time.
Yaser Maadat
Mar 30, 2015 Yaser Maadat rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
يحلل فروم في هذا الكتاب النزعة التدميرية البشرية من جانب فريد يركز على العوامل الاجتماعية في تكوين الشخصية التدميرية المتطرفة،و من امثلتها النكروفيليا و السادية و المازوخية و غيرها من اقنعة التدميرية البشرية،كما يقدم فروم نقد شاملا للغريزيين من ناحية و للسلوكيين من ناحية اخرى في تحليلهم للتدميرية بناء على اتجاهاتهم النفسية دون الاكتراث بعلم الطباع الذي ينطلق منه فروم،و يفرد فروم جزءا هاما لنقد فكرة فرويد عن التدميرية و يحللها تحليلا شاملا منطقيا،يقدم فروم عدة امثلة على الشخصية التدميرية لعل ابرز ...more
Griim Reeaper
Como criminólogo, las hipótesis de Fromm dejan mucho que desear (aunque entiendo que su postura es puramente psicoanalítica). Intentar explicar la destructividad como una manera de sobrellevar la angustia existencial es totalmente ridículo; su teoría sobre el carácter necrófilo carece de bases cientificas que lo sustenten; y por ultimo, el análisis del carácter de Hitler se basa 70% en especulaciones de Speer durante su comunicación personal. Si algo he de rescatar de este libro es que me parece ...more
Erich Frommin Tuhoava ihminen ei ole täydellinen kirja, mutta suositeltavaa luettavaa jokaiselle, joka haluaa ymmärtää miksi sivistynyt kulttuuri tuntuu olevan joskus niin täynnä ahdistusta. Se on psykologinen tutkielma, jonka suurin ansio on menneisyyden psykologisten teorioiden kumoaminen ja uusien suuntaviivojen luominen.

Kirjailija toteaa teoksessaan, etteivät ihmisen tekoja määrää yksinomaan perinnölliset seikat tai yksinomaan ympäristö, vaan ihminen on yhdistelmä kumpaakin sekä omaa, määrit
Sergey Artamonov
Jun 15, 2014 Sergey Artamonov rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: science, philosophy
Объёмная и довольно сложная книга со множеством ссылок и цитат. Фромм, успешно полемизируя с инстинктивистами (в частности, с Лоренцом), утверждает, что человеческая агрессия - иного происхождения, чем у других видов животных, и весьма убедительно, на мой взгляд, доказывает тезис о том, что человеческая жестокость обусловлена несовершенством существующих социальных систем. Множество исторических, антропологических и других данных иллюстрирует развитие деструктивных черт у нашего вида. Очень инте ...more
Erik Graff
Apr 29, 2009 Erik Graff rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: everyone
Recommended to Erik by: WFMT
Shelves: psychology
During the summer between college and my first graduate school I worked as a security guard for Chicago's Womens' Athletic Club on Ontario and Michigan Avenues in the Gold Coast area. The job had been obtained for me, and others of our friends, by Mike and Tom Miley whose mother, Helen, was working as the business manager there. After graduating from seminary she was kind enough to employ me again until I found more regular work.

The position at the club was a peach. My duties consisted of guardi
Daniel Leverquin
Knjiga bitna za razumevanje mnogih procesa savremenog društva, naročito njen drugi deo koji se bavi tipovima agresije, vezanim sa ličnostima diktatora, poput Hitlera , Staljina, Himlera. From je uspeo da osvetli najmračnije kutke njihove duše, da im ličnosti klasifikuje karakterološki, i objasni nama van struke psihologije, kako i zašto je došlo do nastajanja zla čiji su nosioci bili gore pomenute osobe. Takođe, objašnjava odnos modernog čoveka i tehničkog napretka, kao neko ko je iz vizure šezd ...more
Adam Crown
Mar 04, 2016 Adam Crown rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
I've read this one several times and often re-read specific parts. His analysis of the human condition is both insightful and inciteful. Nota bene his take on the cybernetic society and the sado-masochistic character.
Neville Tirimba Ogoti
Erich Fromm wrote a brilliant book with great insights into human behaviour. I wouldn't say that all he says in the book is true though. Some of the conclusions are over-generalised, but it's still a fascinating read.
Jun 10, 2014 Natasa rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: psy, favorites
Fascinating book, dated yet by no means outdated. Worth reading and re-reading. As Hemingway put it “Each time you re-read you see or learn something new.”
Flavia Sparacino
Mar 05, 2014 Flavia Sparacino rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Fromm's work is current even today. I keep re-reading his books from time to time.
Ileana Pinal
Feb 28, 2014 Ileana Pinal rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Excelente analisis sobre la violencia humana
Dec 28, 2015 Dilara rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
üj bucukdan.
Bryn Hammond
Dec 07, 2012 Bryn Hammond rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Hard to rate, as I read it up to 30 years ago. I'll rate as I judged then. It was big and fascinating for me then and I felt a trust for the author and what he told me. These days, I have to wonder. I don't believe potty-training plays a critical part in the formation of the adult human mind. Still, I suspect the author is a wise soul even if he talks within a frame of the theories of the day. From memory I felt him kind and wise. I'd have given five stars at eighteen.

Heavy on the Nazis.
Garrett Dunnington
Freudian; overtly biological. Too many accounts in reference to Freud and other Austrian School psychiatrists. Drags on and on. Nice introduction, but too many comparisons and way too much research data. (non-conclusive).
Islam Medhat
Sep 13, 2014 Islam Medhat rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
كتاب اكثر من رائع لكنى استفدت اكتر من الجزء الثانى فالجزء الاول يغلب عليه الطابع الاكاديمي العلمى البحت اما الجزء الثانى فهو اكثر سهوله نظرا لوجود امثله تطبيقيه كهتلر مثلا نموذج للساديه والنيكروفيليا
Sankar Raj
Dec 14, 2010 Sankar Raj rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Anatomy of Human Destructiveness is as I see it,is a difficult book to read. In it Fromm discusses various approaches to psychology to understand the roots of violence in human society
Vikas Datta
Nov 22, 2014 Vikas Datta rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Needs to be read by anyone who has wryly shook his head at the species' capacity for destructive behaviour...
Interesting ideas on aggression, although dated and based heavily on more traditional psychoanalytic theory.
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Erich Fromm was a German-born U.S. psychoanalyst and social philosopher who explored the interaction between psychology and society. His works include The Art of Loving; Love, Sexuality, and Matriarchy; and Man for Himself. He died in 1980.

Fromm's theory is a rather unique blend of Freud and Marx. Freud, of course, emphasized the unconscious, biological drives, repression, and so on. In other word
More about Erich Fromm...

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“Critical and radical thought will only bear fruit when it is blended with the most precious quality man is endowed with - the love of life” 33 likes
“The "pathology of normalcy" rarely deteriorates to graver forms of mental illness because society produces the antidote against such deterioration. When pathological processes become socially patterned, they lose their individual character. On the contrary, the sick individual finds himself at home with all other similarly sick individuals. The whole culture is geared to this kind of pathology and arranged the means to give satisfactions which fit the pathology. The result is that the average individual does not experience the separateness and isolation the fully schizophrenic person feels. He feels at ease among those who suffer from the same deformation, in fact, it is the fully sane person who feels isolated in the insane society - and he may suffer so much from the incapacity to communicate that it is he who may become psychotic.” 3 likes
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