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Karl Marx
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The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte

4.08  ·  Rating Details ·  2,171 Ratings  ·  76 Reviews
On December 2 1851, followers of President Louis Bonaparte (Napoleon's nephew) broke up the Legislative Assembly and established a dictatorship. A year later, Louis Bonaparte proclaimed himself Emperor Napoleon III.

Marx wrote The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon between December 1851 and March 1852. The "Eighteenth Brumaire" refers to November 9, 1799 in the French Re
Hardcover, 192 pages
Published 1943 by George Allen & Unwin Ltd (first published 1852)
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Gregory Sadler
I'd like to specify before launching into my review of this excellent work of analysis that I'm neither a Marxist nor even someone on the Left (though I once was). I do still grant and appreciate the role of economic conditions and relations in conditioning what occurs in politics, culture, law, and religion, but I don't see the economic sphere as determining, or even as predominating, the other dimensions of human existence.

That's actually one of the lessons that comes through in this brilliant
Anthony Buckley
Just the best piece of political analysis ever written.
Ahmad Sharabiani
Der 18te Brumaire des Louis Napoleon = Der achtzehnte Brumaire des Louis Bonaparte = The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte, Karl Marx
عنوان: هجدهم برومر (نهم نوامبر) لوئی بناپارت؛ اثر: کارل مارکس؛ ترجمه: محمد پورهرمزان؛ مشخصات نشر: بیجا، بینام،1353، مشخصات ظاهری: 110 ص، عکس، نمونه، چاپ دوم، فرانسه -- تاریخ-- کودتا، 1851م. انقلاب فوریه، 1848 م. جمهوری دوم، 1848 - 1852 م.
ادامه اثر دیگر مارکس بنام «مبارزه طبقاتی در فرانسه از سال 1848 تا 1850» است
Willow L
Jan 20, 2017 Willow L rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Finished this on the day of Trump's inauguration - apposite.
Karlo Mikhail
Classic. Doubly relevant with the contemporary fascist upsurge
Jun 30, 2014 Leonardo rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: francia
Creo que lo hubiera disfrutado mucho más si tuviera un mejor conocimiento sobre la historia de Francia durante los siglos XVIII y XIX. Creo que es un ensayo de teoría política muy bueno, pero no llegué a sacarle jugo porque las discusiones en las que anda me resultaron bastante ajenas, entonces me costó hacer el link con alguna cosa que me sea más familiar. Muy bueno leer a Marx haciendo más "opinión" que "teoría".

"Tampoco debe creerse que los representantes democráticos son todos shopkeepers o
Aug 25, 2007 Jules rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: communists and socialists
This piece is a demonstration of a social scientist's theoretical evolution over time. For my first couple years in college, I was unsure of my theoretical standing. On my good days, I believe in the good of humanity and anarchy in its true sense; on bad days, I know people are terrible and am a communist even though democracy is still probably the most plausible (if it actually worked).

Then I began reading Marx fully, not just the required segments. I realized that this piece is the mile-marker
Feb 16, 2017 hayatem rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: سياسة
«يصنع الناس تاريخهم بيدهم، لكنهم لا يصنعونه على هواهم، إنهم لا يصنعونه في ظروف يختارونها هم بأنفسهم، بل في ظروف يواجَهون بها، وهي معطاة ومنقولة لهم من الماضي. إن تقاليد جميع الأجيال الغابرة تجثم كالكابوس على أدمغة الأحياء، وعندما يبدو هؤلاء منشغلون فقط في تحويل أنفسهم والاشياء المحيطة بهم، في فترات الأزمات الثورية على وجه التحديد، نراهم يلجؤون في وجل وسحر إلى استحضار أرواح الماضي.. لكي يمثلوا مسرحية جديدة على مسرح التاريخ العالمي..»

كتب كارل ماركس هذا الكتاب بين كانون أول 1851 وآذار 1852 ونشر في
tom bomp
Idiosyncratic and often tough to follow but ultimately valuable as an example of Marx's historical method. Sometimes loses focus or doesn't really make itself clear - there were quite a few sentences that seemed to be missing a clause, a few times he describes a class acting against its class interest as if it's normal, some other stuff I should have noted down. The last couple sections are the best, I think, although I might just have been in a better mood reading them. He often assumes knowled ...more
Très éclairant sur une période de l'histoire de France que je ne connaissais que fort mal. Karl Marx raconte avec beaucoup de détails les différentes étapes de la prise du pouvoir par Napoléon III, et la chute de la seconde république née de la révolution de 1848. Sans vouloir rien retirer aux mérites de l'auteur, j'ai un peu regretté que les actions des protagonistes ne soient éclairées que du point de vue de l’intérêt. L'indignation, pierre sur laquelle s'aiguise la vertu, et parfois très part ...more
David Nichols
It's probably not a good idea to attempt this long essay unless one is A) comfortable with the author's heavy, Germanic prose style, and B) familiar with the history of the short-lived, unlamented Second French Republic. Assuming both of these conditions pertain, though, the Eighteenth Brumaire is well worth the time invested in it; it contains some of Marx's bitchiest invective and concludes with a startling observation about the first French Revolution. (Namely, that its winners were not the b ...more
Aug 05, 2016 Pablo rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
"La historia se repite dos veces, primero como tragedia, despues como farsa"
Libro realizado por Marx meses despues del golpe de Estado de Luis Bonaparte en 1851.
Análisis histórico, político y económico de este proceso. En cada capítulo se asoman fugaces las ideas fundamentales que Marx desarrollaría más tarde. Tiene una prosa bastante irónica y ácida, mezclada con figuras literarias bastante poéticas, y un sin número de referencias literarias y culturales; que demuestran que el autor era una p
Dec 30, 2009 Trevor rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: social-theory
I really struggled with this - but I had downloaded it from and it didn't really have an introduction or notes - I think Marx is making many very clever asides and observations throughout which, due to my complete lack of knowledge of post-Nepoleon French politics, barely made a whizzing sound as they flew straight over my head. I'll have to track down a penguin edition of this or something that explains all his jokes.
Daniel Wright
I have no idea how accurate the history of the events described in this book actually is. The analysis is extremely dense and difficult to follow, but this is slightly beside the point. This book is an attempt to put into practice the principle stated so famously at the beginning of The Communist Manifesto: 'The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles.'

The problem is, that this is nonsense. While it is certainly the case that class antagonism can be a driving f
Se lee como análisis político más que como periodismo. Marx arranca in medias res, y algunas consultas a la wikipedia son inevitables. Al cubrir un evento histórico concreto tiene que introducir algunos matices a su esquema sociológico por la intervención del campesinado y del "lumpenproletariado", dos conceptos que a los marxistas posteriores les dieron muchos problemas. Para Marx la primera es una clase transicional políticamente incapaz de adoptar una misión histórica, y la segunda es una esp ...more
Aug 16, 2016 Derek rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
excellent work of history; went into this knowing essentially nothing of the Bonaparte the nephew or 19th century France post-Restoration and feel as if I've come out with a decent base knowledge of events. Marx excellently elucidates his often oversimplified theories of capitalism and historical materialism here, hashing out some of the idiosyncrasies of bourgeois rule in the particular context. i believe a focus on the particular (actors, events and contexts) as opposed to the basic structural ...more
Bernardo Kaiser
Jan 25, 2016 Bernardo Kaiser rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Some eerie similarities with the current state of events in Brazil
Vittorio Ducoli
Feb 23, 2013 Vittorio Ducoli rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Attualità di Marx

L'altro giorno, 14 marzo, ricorreva il 130° anniversario della morte di Karl Marx.
Per puro caso, nello stesso giorno ho finito di leggere Il 18 brumaio di Luigi Bonaparte, che ritengo uno dei testi fondamentali per addentrarsi nelle idee di questo grandissimo pensatore e per apprezzarne appieno l'attualità, a dispetto della vulgata interessata che vorrebbe il pensiero marxiano solo un retaggio del passato.
Un primo elemento a favore di questo testo è il tema. Non si tratta di un
"Einer Nation und einer Frau wird die unbewachte Stunde nicht verziehen, worin der erste beste Abenteurer ihnen Gewalt antun konnte."

Garl Mark's
Ali Reda
Dec 22, 2014 Ali Reda rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
"The parliamentary republic, in its struggle against the revolution, found itself compelled to strengthen the means and the centralization of governmental power with repressive measures. All revolutions perfected this machine instead of breaking it. The parties, which alternately contended for domination, regarded the possession of this huge state structure as the chief spoils of the victor".

Karl Marx wrote this book, on an entirely different event 52 years later, It dealt with the 2 December 18
Pierre E. Loignon
Il n’y a aucun doute, si la doctrine matérialiste de Marx ne peut être appliquée partout sans susciter quelques doutes, sa puissance heuristique s’impose lorsqu’il est question d’expliquer les variations dans la qualité de son écriture. En effet, alors que ses analyses faites en France font état d’un esprit dialectique très fin et à l’ironie fertile, celles qu’il produira dans la misère à Londres montrent toujours une intelligence exceptionnelle, mais leur style est désormais d’une lourdeur asso ...more
Jacques le fataliste et son maître
Cronaca serrata e analisi illuminante del processo di dissoluzione che colpì la Seconda Repubblica francese (nata nel 1848) e ne provocò la morte sotto il colpo di Stato del dicembre 1851 di Luigi Bonaparte (l’impero sarà proclamato solo nel 1852).
Marx descrive le forze in campo – “partito dell’ordine” (monarchici legittimisti e orleanisti: repubblicani controvoglia), borghesi repubblicani “puri”, Montagna democratica, proletariato… –, i loro conflitti, le fughe in avanti, i voltafaccia, le alle
Aaron Aoyume
I decided to read 18 Brumaire, a book that had been forgotten and lost on a shelf at home since my college days, because of the hot debate about the political crisis currently developing in Brazil. The motivation came from a very close friend (well-versed in Marx), when he accused me to misread the popular quote "History repeats itself, the first time as tragedy, the second as farse," so popular it is spread out on the net in memes and is even quoted in the last scene of "Argo" the movie. Accord ...more
Feb 08, 2016 Ana rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: tenho
O livro todo trata da trajetória vivida pela França até o golpe de Estado realizado por Carlos Luís Napoleão Bonaparte, o Luís Bonaparte em 2 de Dezembro de 1851. Nessa obra, Marx mostra que a história tende a se "repetir" - usando Hegel - e acrescenta ser uma vez como tragédia e outra como farsa. Aqui, ele se refere principalmente ao "feito" de Luís Bonaparte.

Marx, através de uma análise de toda a sociedade e contexto histórico franceses, vai explicar que esse "fim" - o golpe - já era previsto,
Oct 24, 2015 Ryan rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: european-history
Turgid, shrill and unsubstantiated.

Marx writes as if he knows the precise goals and conditions of every "class" in France. Any exceptions to his rules are quickly dismissed as the "slum" variant of that particular class ("slum-proletariat", "slum-farmers", etc). He also believes that the bourgeoisie are primarily responsible for Louis Napoleon's coup because of their parliamentary infighting. Certainly one can point to disagreements between political factions (Legitimists, Orleanists, Republican
May 17, 2012 Ben rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: favorites
An excellent work by Marx as journalist/historian; a nice companion piece to "The Class Struggles in France, 1848-1850" and a bit more entertaining, though it lags in the middle and suffers from dryness at times. It contains interesting political musings and some very valuable and still relevant insights on class and politics (particularly in Part VII). I would give it a 4.5 stars if I could (this option is not available), but opted for 5 stars instead of 4 due to some very valuable ideas and so ...more
Aug 16, 2008 June rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
From Rossana Rossanda's (founder of Il Manifesto) memoir--"I don't know how I came to the conclusion that it was the Communists who were most sure of what they were doing--or who told me, 'But Bafi is a Communist.' I was so ignorant that I marched straight up to him, between classes...'Someone said you are a Communist.' 'What are you looking for?' I told him about the leaflets I'd seen, about being confused, not knowing. 'Read these books. Come back when you have done so.' I ran to the railway s ...more
This is a political analysis of the stages of the French revolution of 1848. The revolution was initiated in February 1848 by the industrial capitalists who were in rebellion against the financial capitalists. The workers rose up in revolt as the political dam burst open. The proletariat of Paris was the most radical element of the revolution but their uprising was crushed during June 1848. After the workers were crushed the revolution went through various stages where more and more right wing e ...more
Feb 20, 2010 Alex rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
The 18th Brumaire is off the hook; in the key of multiplicity where previous work was in the key of singularity or duality; in the key of tragedy whereas the rest of the work is comedy; in the key of rage instead of science; in the key of history rather than structure. Yes, the relations of production, yes class interests still run the game, but doesn't it seem like the political sphere is its own beast in this story? Don't you get the sense that the struggle between capital/proletariat only hap ...more
Christopher Roth
The first time I read this I knew so little about French history that I got little out of it. This time I read it in conjunction with learning more about 19th-century France. At that level, it is a brilliant description of the political dynamics leading up to the rise of Napoleon III--all the more amazing for how soon after his accession it was written. As for the theoretical context, it is of course hard to read this and not think about Marx's later writings, but I definitely detect here a forc ...more
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In 1818, Karl Marx, descended from a long line of rabbis, was born in Prussian Rhineland. Marx's' father converted to Protestantism shortly before Karl's birth. Educated at the Universities of Bonn, Jena, and Berlin, Marx founded the Socialist newspaper Vorwarts in 1844 in Paris. After being expelled from France at the urging of the Prussian government, which "banished" Marx in absentia, Marx stud ...more
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Hegel remarks somewhere that all great, world-historical facts and personages occur, as it were, twice. He has forgotten to add: the first time as tragedy, the second as farce.” 288 likes
“Man makes his own history, but he does not make it out of the whole cloth; he does not make it out of conditions chosen by himself, but out of such as he finds close at hand.” 6 likes
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