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تاریخ جنون

4.08  ·  Rating Details  ·  6,932 Ratings  ·  236 Reviews
Madness & Civilization: A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason, by Michel Foucault, is an examination of the ideas, practices, institutions, art & literature relating to madness in Western history. It's an abridged English edition of Histoire de la folie à l'âge classique, originally published in 1961 as Folie et déraison. Histoire de la folie à l'âge classique ...more
Paperback, 314 pages
Published January 25th 2003 by هرمس (first published 1961)
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Danceswithcats This service is not primarily a book supplier. It's a social network based around the enthusiasms of readers. Since Michel Foucault is a recent…moreThis service is not primarily a book supplier. It's a social network based around the enthusiasms of readers. Since Michel Foucault is a recent author, you will not be able to get hold of a copy of the book online without paying for it, unless you want to engage in bit torrent piracy, which I don't recommend. However, you can buy it from any number of online suppliers. I recommend world of books.(less)
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Dec 29, 2012 AC rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
I realize now (as I read Dreyfus and Rabinow) that I completely misread this book. I read it too quickly, and the book is maddeningly eccentric and so difficult to comprehend. Further, I read it without sufficient context either of this book itself, or of Foucault's corpus, or of the philosophical background in which or against which MF is operating. The problem is intensified by the fact that Foucault is one of those thinkers who changed his mind extensively from first to last on importa
Mamdouh Abdullah
أفضل من يملك تعريف عن فوكو هو فوكو نفسه عندما قال: أنا عاهل الأشياء التي قلتها وأحتفظ بسلطة رهيبة عليها: سلطة قصيدتي, وسلطة المعنى الذي أردت إعطاءها إياه. لست فيلسوفاً ولا مؤرخاً. أنا صانع أسهم نارية. أصنع شيئاً صالحاً في النهاية لضرب حصار, لشن حرب, للقيام بعمل تخريبي, لكنني أدافع عن إمكانية العبور, عن إمكانية التقدم, عن إمكانية إسقاط الجدران. إن صانع الأسهم النارية هو جيولوجي أولاً, أي عالم بطبقات الأرض. يتأمل طبقات الأرض وثناياها وصدوعها. ما الذي يسهُل حفره؟ ما الذي سيصمد؟ ينظر إلى القلاع كيف ...more
Jan 03, 2008 Trevor rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Philosophy for Foucault is a discourse, I guess a series of texts that cluster around a single topic and have a meaning as much based on their history as their current ‘meaning’. It is too easy to get tangled in knots with words here – but this book is actually quite a simple read and incredibly interesting.

There is the bit that is often quoted - the idea that hysteria was once considered to be a woman’s madness caused by her womb wandering around her body and thereby causing mental problems. I
David Schaafsma
Some of what we read here has become common place in the world of ideas, but this is where it started for many thinkers of the twentieth century. In this volume Foucault illustrates how notions like madness are socially and culturally constructed in any given age and place. The criteria for madness are made up, by us, they in part invented for particular social and political purposes. Leper colonies housed/confined/kept from society those with this disease, and when leprosy largely died out ther ...more
Fahima Jaffar
Jan 25, 2011 Fahima Jaffar rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
كم مرّةً وصمتُ كاتباً/عملاً ما بالجنون، ذلكَ الحسُّ المختلِفُ المفارِقُ الغريبُ الساحر، القدرةُ على الخروجِ من الصندوقِ وَقلبه بمن/ما فيه. إن كنتُ أفرطتُ في إسباغِ هذه السمةِ حتى استهلكتها على كثيرٍ من قراءاتي السابقة، فعليَّ إمّا مراجعةُ تلكَ القائمة المستطيلة أو تعيين سمةٍ جديدةٍ لـ فوكو. على كل حال، سأحجم عن إطلاقِ "سمةِ" الجنون عليه لأنَّ اختلافه – وإن بدا متطرفاً قصداً – فهو لا ينشدُ الاختلاف لذاته. بل يقرأُ فيه وجه الحقيقة – لنقل أوجهها – وَيجدُ في انفصامِ الأحداثِ وَتفككها تجلّي المعرفةِ ...more
طاهر الزهراني
كتاب عظيم، يتحدث عن تاريخ الجنون في فرنسا ودول أوروبا، لا يكتفي بالجنون فقط بل وما درج تحته من أمراض، وليس فقط سرد تاريخي، وإنما قراءة تفصيلية عن نفسيات وخطابات دينية وسياسية وفكرية، كتب بمسحة أدبية مذهلة جدا، الكتاب مرعب، ويرصد حقائق ودراسات مهمة، أعجبني في نهاية الكتاب التعريج حول الفن والجنون
سمارا البياتي
عمل نظري أكاديمي بحت تناول أندفاع الجسد والروح وتخطيهما لحدود المعقول والمستقيم والعيش داخل عوالم اللاعقل التي لاتعترف بأية حدود.

ركاب "سفينة الحمقى" هم شخصيات مجردة، أنواع أخلاقية كالجشع والحساس والملحد والمتعجرف .. وضعوا بالقوة ضمن الركاب الحمقى في رحلة أبحار بلا ميناء.

أنتشرت في جميع أوربا دور لحجز مرضى الجذام بشكل واسع في القرن الخامس عشر.
ثم تحولت الى دور رعاية لأيواء الفقراء والمشردين والعاطلين والعجزة والمرضى بالأخص الأمراض التناسلية التي كانت قد بدأت تنتشر انتشارآ كبيرآ في القرن السادس عشر.
Sia7ash Se7en
Apr 11, 2016 Sia7ash Se7en rated it really liked it
هدف فوکو این است که ثابت کند دیوانگی یک وضعیت ثابت نیست و باید آن را نتیجه تعارضات اجتماعی قلمداد کرد که در آن انسانها به لحاظ تاریخی دچار از خود بیگانگی می شوند. پس مهم است بدانیم دیوانگی چگونه تداوم می یابد و برای ترویج آن به عنوان یک مقوله چه ابزارهایی به کار گرفته میشود و برای تمایز نهادن میان دیوانه و عاقل از چه فرایندی استفاده می شود.
از خوندنش بسیار لذت بردم
Dec 30, 2007 Richard rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
It is said that Foucault enjoyed being whipped.
Dec 28, 2014 أسيل rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
روح المجانين ليست مجنونة!
Aug 30, 2009 Steve rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
I was a double major in psychology and English as an undergraduate, with a minor in philosophy. When I graduated in January of 1998, I hadn't yet heard about whether I'd been admitted to graduate school and couldn't find a job teaching English, my back-up plan. I decided to turn my philosophy minor into a major, as I already had more courses than required for a minor and was only 4 away. It so happened that I was missing were mostly already determined: (1) history of ancient philosophy, (2) clas ...more
أحمد شاكر
Dec 28, 2015 أحمد شاكر rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: فلسفة
الجنون وتاريخه في العصر الكلاسيكي. عمل ضخم. تتبع شامل للجنون وتطور فكرته. فوكو لم يغفل شيئا خلال بحثه. إن قراءة كتاب كهذا، دليل على أننا ما زلنا نمتلك عقلا. الجنون شهادة إثبات للعقل. من خلال القراءة سنعرف أننا لسنا بعيدين عن تلك الحالة، حالة اللاعقل. هنا، موضوع غير مطروق، لذا ستجد نفسك أمام كم هائل من المعلومات والأفكار الممتعة المتعلقة بالعقل واللاعقل. كتاب لابد من عودة له مرة أخرى..
Erik Graff
Mar 12, 2011 Erik Graff rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: everyone
Recommended to Erik by: James Koehnline
Shelves: psychology
By sophomore year in college I was beginning to think of becoming a psychotherapist and actually held two jobs at a psychiatric hospital during the year following, one setting up a treatment assessment program, the other administrating and evaluating diagnostic tests such as the MMPI. Then, later, back at Grinnell, I was trained in drug counseling a worked in the school's crisis center as well as in its draft counseling office. My real interest was in continental depth psychology, but the jobs a ...more
Don Rea
May 15, 2008 Don Rea rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: could-not-finish
So far I'm about fifty or sixty pages in, and I've completely lost track of what this gibbering madman is raving about. Perhaps this is a poor translation, but after the first ten pages even individual sentences are meaningless and syntactically ambiguous. I re-read paragraphs, sometimes ten or twelve times, but I simply can't make any of this make any sense. I'll slog through for a couple more chapters to see if it gets any better, but I don't have much hope for this basket of word salad.
 Δx Δp ≥ ½ ħ

ya ampun... satu hal yang membuat sebal baca buku filsafat adalah saling berjejalnya kata-kata "langit" bak dewata yang susah dimengerti "makhluk-makhluk berotak terestial" seperti saia dalam bukunya, fuih... T_T

banyak yang berpendapat filsafat itu sulit dan tidak menarik. tapi menururt saia, bukan karena "isi"nya saja yang rumit, penggunaan bahasa-bahasa "dewata" ituh justru malah meperparah filsafat untuk mudah dimengerti, yang ujung-ujungnya membuat kebanyakan orang keder baca buku
Iso Cambia
Pascal: "Men are so necessarily mad, that not to be mad would amount to another form of madness." (ix)

If folly leads each man into a blindness where he is lost, the madman, on the contrary, reminds each man of his truth; in a comedywhere each man deceives the other and dupes himself, the madman is comedy to the second degree: the deception of deception; he utters, in his simpleton's language which makes no show of reason, the words of reason that release, in the comic, the comedy: he speaks love
Oliver Bateman
Aug 02, 2011 Oliver Bateman rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: favorites
This brilliant book, which traces the shifting European "discourse systems" about madness from the late Middle Ages to the end of the 19th century, describes the process by which measures dealing with the insane shifted from exposure (as on the "ship of fools," if such things actually existed, or by wandering the countryside) to confinement (alongside the idle poor in "hospitals" and "charity wards") to paternalistic "medical" care (by doctors who, upon realizing that there were no curative tech ...more
Nov 05, 2013 hayatem rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: أخرى
عليك ان تسقط في الهاوية لتدرك مدى جحيم العودة إلى الأرض مرة أخرى.
فوكو عانى من شرارة الجنون والتشرذم في الملاجئ(دور الحجز) فأتى هذا الكتاب كثمرة مضنية تمثل شكل الجحيم الذي يعانيه الإنسان لإستعادة ذاته من
جديد وسط جماهير غفيرة لاترحم، بل موشومة بلسان لاذع وسليط وجاهز للتصنيف والتأطير المعلب والمفرغ من دماثة الرحمة.
الكتاب ملحمة فكرية فلسفية طبية ونفسية بحته لاتسع السطور لوصف جهد الكاتب في الإنعتاق من سلطة الجنون في هذا العصر.
العصر الكلاسيكي امتاز بالقسوة على الإنسان الضعيف والمغلوب ، الذي لسوء حظه
Feijiao Huo
Oct 24, 2012 Feijiao Huo rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Thinking about there's just a fine line between a madman and genius...
Maybe the only difference is the number of their fans. Genius significantly has more fans than madmen. Their fans follow them all way, while most mad men die lonely with a single story failed to leave. That's why Focau study madmen and then conclude something about politic and power. We all know many historical figures are like madmen. Then the question goes to how the madman write their own history.
If we focus too much on hu
Sep 06, 2008 Jessica marked it as aborted-efforts  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: crazy smart people; smart, crazy people
Recommended to Jessica by: crazy people; smart people (quelle est la différence?)
A last question remains: In the name of what can this fundamental language be regarded as a delirium? Granting that it is the truth of madness, what makes it true madness and the originating form of insanity? Why should it be in this discourse, whose forms we have seen to be so faithful to the rules of reason, that we find all those signs which will most manifestly declare the very absence of reason?

A central question, but one to which the classical age has not formulated a direct answer. We mus
Nov 17, 2011 Cameron rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
This book is full of interesting ideas buried in some of the densest, most obtuse prose I have ever encountered. Foucault writes about the history of the treatment of the insane, particularly in Europe, and how mental illness has been viewed in culture. Drawing heavily on French history, he makes the case that mental illness was viewed as shameful and a sign of moral degradation, so mentally ill people were no longer considered human, but were punished for being "mad". He goes into a fairly deta ...more
Jan 02, 2015 Michele rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Foucault outlines the evolution of society's definition, views, and treatments of madness from the middle ages to the 18th century. This sounds super interesting, but I found it took me a long time to get through all the specific names and cases Foucault uses and often had to puzzle out the "bigger picture" for myself to keep myself engaged with the text.

As Deleuze points out, the major fault of Foucault's work is that it doesn't bridge to the 20th and 21st century very easily. I was hoping to
May 01, 2015 Florence rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Madness in the 17th century was not easily defined. There was no distinction between insanity and other conditions for the imposition of confinement. Prisoners of the Hopital General were institutionalized because of poverty, inability to work, infidelity, religion, and ethical values. The definition & the many horrible treatments for hypochondria & hysteria vary throughout the centuries: Blood transfusions, bleedings, purges, cold water treatments, powdered lobster claw, baths, showers, ...more
Michael Burnam-fink
Madness and Civilization explores two major canonical events in the transition from medieval to modern social structures. The first is the differentiation of criminals, paupers, and the insane. The second is the relationship between the insane and the agency responsible for treating them. However, in typical Foucaultian style the book elliptically skips around these main topics, instead focusing on 18th century nosgraphies between hysteria and mania and melancholia, and the various humoral theor ...more
Matthew Leroy
This book explores the history of madness and the care, or lack thereof of people who are mad. Throughout the book Foucault discusses the complicated factors that underline madness, and the social construction that occurred, which places madness as a category itself. Overall, I loved it. Some of it was a bit challenging to understand, and I would love to discuss this book with anyone who feels a stronger expertise in philosophy or in Foucault's works. My favorite chapter was the one focused on t ...more
Clay Kallam
Michel Foucault looked where others had not, and not surprisingly, discovered much. But even though "Madness and Civilization" delivers some crucial insights into urban society, the confusion of unreason (to both the sufferers and healers) and nature of norms, its more academically oriented segments, the histories of various treatments and hypotheses, have little to offer a more general reader.

For example, Foucault assumes a pre-existing knowledge of French history on the 16th through 19th centu
Malini Sridharan
If foucault were alive today, I would comfort him in his old age whether he liked it or not.
Max Nemtsov
Nov 24, 2015 Max Nemtsov rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: ru-versions
Из всех французских пустозвонов Фуко, несомненно, самый полный, из всех говорунов — самый, пожалуй, связный, но систематического знания через эту его фильеру протолкнуть можно столько-то, но не больше. Да и не систематическое оно тут, а сродни заметкам на полях, только сбежавшим от автора и ушедшим далеко от начального текста, если он когда-то существовал. «Безумие» он понимает широко — как любой отказ или отход от общественно принятой нормы/догмы. Все, что ей не соответствует, должно лечиться, ...more
Sep 22, 2009 Dan rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
As the title suggests, this book is about madness and civilization. However, it does not argue that civilization is mad (for that, see Sigmund Freud ’s Civilization and Its Discontents and Norman Oliver Brown’s Life Against Death: The Psychoanalytical Meaning of History); rather, it argues that part of the way that civilization defines itself (rational, progressive, organized) is by distinguishing itself from that which it is not, for instance madness (irrational, regressive, disordered). In thi ...more
Jul 16, 2012 DeAnne rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy
While it is not possible to give a precis of Foucault, I'll take a running jump at it. Madness and Civilization takes an historical view of unreason, madness, passion, and the societies that create, enable, produce or punish them.

Foucault begins with the decrease in leprosy, and the rise of the Ships of Fools, his premise being that without lepers to kick around ( it were), madmen became the new scapegoats. Towns would load their insane onto the boats and send them crossing the ocean; an
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four stages 1 14 Mar 05, 2014 04:23PM  
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Michel Foucault was a French philosopher, social theorist and historian of ideas. He held a chair at the Collège de France with the title "History of Systems of Thought," and lectured at the University at Buffalo and the University of California, Berkeley.

Foucault is best known for his critical studies of social institutions, most notably psychiatry, medicine, the human sciences and the prison sys
More about Michel Foucault...

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“People know what they do; frequently they know why they do what they do; but what they don't know is what what they do does.” 588 likes
“What desire can be contrary to nature since it was given to man by nature itself?” 36 likes
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