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فلسفه اخلاق

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3.62  ·  Rating Details  ·  1,132 Ratings  ·  91 Reviews
اخلاق در معنایی حداقلی عبارت است از تلاش برای قراردادن رفتار خود تحت هدایت عقل یعنی کاری را انجام دهیم که مناسب ترین دلایل برای آن وجود داد..... این کتاب با مبنا قرار دادن این تعریف از اخلاق می کوشد ما را به درکی نظام مند از ماهیت اخلاق و آنچه اخلاق از ما می طلبد برساند
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دو واحد اخلاق اسلامی در ترم تابستانی داشتم خوشبختانه استاد جوان و خوش ذوقی داشت
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Paperback, 304 pages
Published 1387 by انتشارات حکمت چاپ اول
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Community Reviews

(showing 1-30 of 2,488)
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Brandt
Dec 11, 2014 Brandt rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: People Interested in Moral Philosophy
After looking over some of the reviews here on goodreads about this book, I had to admit I found them somewhat amusing. After doing some research on the people who rated this book poorly, it would seem that they just don't comprehend the usefulness of this book.
I used this book as a companion piece for reading classical, modern, and contemporary essays by "the greats" in moral philosophy. Perhaps, the best way to use this book, and one I would strongly recommend for those who didn't get it, is
...more
Josh Meares
Sep 25, 2010 Josh Meares rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
This book is full of logical fallacies and unwarranted assumptions. However, these assumptions are part of the warp and woof of the modern American worldview, so they are almost invisible to the unwary reader. How surprising that an academic text on ethics would determine that religion and morality are unrelated, that human reason is the gateway and determiner of morality, and that absolute morals do not exist!! Any observer of our culture would know that this is the kind of morality that we wou ...more
Katie
Mar 02, 2012 Katie rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
I thought it was alright,
I liked the examples he used, I think they made it easier to contrast the theories with one another, however I could barely tolerate the bias throughout the thing.
Even when I agreed with the ideas Rachels was saying I found myself put off, just because of the obvious side he would take with each theory, brushing off any counter arguments that could exist.

Also the conclusions seemed hasty to me, and they would make leaps from the premises to his point, for example:
'The
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Hesam
Oct 17, 2014 Hesam rated it it was amazing
نحوه پرداخت به موضوعات مطرح در فلسفه ی اخلاق (در این کتاب) و صورت بندی ادعاها و استدلالات مربوطه بسیار خوب است.
کتاب ترجمه بسیار خوب و روانی دارد .
خوبی این کتاب برای من این بود که بسیاری از مسائلی که همیشه به صورتی آشفته و با صورت بندی ای ناواضح در پس زمینه ی ذهن م وجود داشت و گاه احساس می کردم هیچ تعریف روشن و استدلال متقنی برایش وجود ندارد رو به زیباترین شکل بیان و بررسی می کرد.
در این بین فصل رابطه ی دین و اخلاق یکی از شاخص ترین ها بود.
به طور کلی دید کلی مفید و خوبی در مورد فلسفه ی اخلاق و مکت
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Ruxandra
May 18, 2013 Ruxandra rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: ethics
Socrates: We are discussing no small matter, but how we ought to live.


This review is mostly for who is new to the world of Ethics-by-the-book, as I am.
Therefore, if you want to expand your knowledge and ethical reasoning beyond the golden rule, this book might be the best start. It is very up-to-date, very structured, not boring at all: it tries to explain philosophically the answers to many questions we have asked ourselves:

• [How] should we judge cultures that have different moral codes?
• D
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James Miller
Feb 16, 2016 James Miller rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
An excellent survey of moral theory. I have used passages with students for the new AQA Philosophy A-Level and it has proven accessible for them. It covers the major trends in contemporary theory (Kantian Deontology; Utilitarianism; Social Contract Theory; Virtue Theory) and for each acknowledges the strengths and also the more devastating criticisms.

There is a very welcome focus on case studies including Animal use, the Courage of figures both acting to prevent the holocaust and those involved
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Andrew
Feb 18, 2016 Andrew rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy, ethics
Particular reviewers here have critiqued Rachels' book on their complete misunderstanding of ethics and philosophy in general. Certain "top" reviewers here have taken umbrage at Rachels for taking the position that morality is not dependent upon God's existence or commands. The majority of philosophers take this position, so this is hardly controversial for Rachels to put forth and defend. Divine command theory died a horrible death over two millennia ago when Euthyphro, much like certain "top" ...more
Pedro Ferreira
I read this when I had a quite deep interest in philosophy and ethics - why should I or shouldn't I think or act this or that way. I hungered for some months for a book that would get me thinking correctly and logically about these kinds of issues, so I asked my philosophy teacher if he could help me find one. He immediatly recommended The Elements of Moral Philosophy, legitimating his choice by saying it's a great start-off book for those who want to think more about such important problems and ...more
khers
اخلاق در معنایی حداقلی عبارت است از تلاش برای قراردادن رفتار خود تحت هدایت عقل یعنی کاری را انجام دهیم که مناسب ترین دلایل برای آن وجود داد..... این کتاب با مبنا قرار دادن این تعریف از اخلاق می کوشد ما را به درکی نظام مند از ماهیت اخلاق و آنچه اخلاق از ما می طلبد برساند
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دو واحد اخلاق اسلامی در ترم تابستانی داشتم خوشبختانه استاد جوان و خوش ذوقی داشتیم و به من این فرستاد را داد که در کلاس با معرفی کتاب ها و تئوری های علم و فلسفه اخلاق و اخلاق مدرن را معرفی کنم و عملا کتاب
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Bukk
Feb 28, 2016 Bukk rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Moral philosophy is something I've long been interested in despite having no formal familiarity with it. I think about the concepts and reason behind values and ethics and moral behavior often, but without any grounding in the work of the field. This seemed like a swell book to introduce me to effective and reasonable ways of thinking about the subject. I was wrong. It's not merely swell, it's outstanding.

Rachels presents the main areas of moral philosophy to have developed over time, and succi
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Andrej Karpathy
A reasonably comprehensive introduction to Moral Philosophy. In first portion it touches on basic issues such as what is morality and how objective is it? How is it related to religion and can it exist without it? The second portion discusses a few historically important ideas and people in the field:

- Ethical egoism (do what's best for you)
- Utilitarianism (do what's best for an average person in expectation)
- Kant's theory (follow rules you'd think would make good universal rules)
- Social con
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Chris Hayward
The Elements of Moral Philosophy by James Rachel's. A book outlining ideas of morality. Such as life and death and right or wrong. Ideas such as cannibalism, euthanasia, abortion and treatment of other human beings. The book takes ideas of philosophers such as Hume and Descartes. Explaining their ideas on specific topics also relating the authors opinions to said ideas. The book is bit inconsistent especially comparing the beginning to end. The beginning of the book has broader ideas such as tho ...more
Landon
Nov 30, 2010 Landon rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This book has long been popular for teaching ethics in intro classes. James Rachels does a good job of explaining various issues in an easy-to-understand manner. At the same time, though, his analysis isn't simplified to the extent that it neglects to make important points. Overall, it is well worth reading for people who want to begin to think hard about ethics.

The book does a good job covering "cultural relativism," a popular view that says that what is right and wrong is relative to what cult
...more
Téa J. Acterian
Aug 17, 2012 Téa J. Acterian rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
the categorical imperative - act only according to that maxim by which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law.

act so that you treat humanity, whether in your own person or in that of another, always as an end and never as a means only.

kantian retributivism - "his own evil deed draws the punishment upon himself"; about criminals

kant's basic idea - one way of being inconsistent is to accept a fact as a reason on one occasion, while refusing to accept a fact as reason o
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Paul
Jan 08, 2008 Paul rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: ethics
This book is touted as "the standard text for undergraduate courses in ethics." That may be, I haven't seen the statistics, but I think there are better options out there on the market (cf. other my other reviews).

Rachels begins by offering what he takes to be the basics of moral philosophy. His chosen method of explicating moral philosophy is through concrete examples of ethical dilemmas (in many of my reviews, I'll use "ethics" and "moral" interchangeably, unless otherwise noted). The basic po
...more
Abe Brennan
May 17, 2007 Abe Brennan rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
James Rachels, along with his contemporary Peter Singer, is an example of the consummate intellectual translator, able to render the arcane ideas of history’s most brilliant in clean, transparent prose. His regard for his readers and his writing style combine in such a way as to make one feel like the recipient of a gift: namely, knowledge. He avoids the trap many intellectuals run afoul of when laying it out for the layman: that is, Rachels doesn’t condescend. In this skinny volume, he takes us ...more
Sergei Moska
Jan 09, 2012 Sergei Moska rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
I own the 2nd edition, so I can't comment on Rachels' treatment of feminism and the ultimate (and penultimate) editions to the book. But what I found was a very clear and interesting textbook that is suited for introductory moral philosophy and / or ethics.

Yes, there is a difference between moral philosophy and ethics. But this distinction doesn't matter at all at this level. This book is not encyclopedic and is written in a user-friendly way, so naturally it will piss off (a)purists, (b)people
...more
Devon
Apr 10, 2009 Devon rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: own
Quite a lot of this book was incredibly biased. Plus, the thing cost $50 and it's a fricken' paperback of about 200 pages. What a rip-off. So, the book and I got off on the wrong start from the very beginning.

Anyway, though, I digress. The book was incredibly biased as a whole. While most of the time I agreed, it still pissed me off. The overview of Feminism, for a start, was particularly pathetic. Then there were just some times when it was so very obviously biased toward one theory over anothe
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Michael Capielano
useful for a quick overview of different moral theories, but to be honest i didn't think too much of some of his analysis. if you read this perhaps remember the general description, but don't take anything else for granted that goes beyond that. hey, it's philosophy, what are you gonna do?
Laura Fultz
Feb 05, 2015 Laura Fultz rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
I read this for one of my graduate courses, and it was a fantastic straightforward explanation of standard views in moral philosophy. I would highly recommend purchasing this book if you are on the cusp of deciding if you should buy, rent, or borrow this book for a class. I will definitely be referring back to this book in my future professional life.
Courtney Johnson
I read this book for my philosophy 121 class. It was actually my favorite of all the books we had to read. I liked how it gave examples I could clearly understand and explained them thoroughly. I won't be reading it again, but I appreciated it for this class.
David
May 01, 2016 David rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
This is a good introduction to the complex world of moral theory, but it remains no more than an introduction. Despite the brief length of the book, Rachels manages to cover all of the main approaches to moral theory advanced over the years, but at the expense of some detail, and he occasionally skims over some of the issues involved. Nevertheless his characterisations, particularly of virtue ethics and utilitarianism are well written and concise. Less successful is his attempt in the final chap ...more
Rohail Waseem
If you've never read a book on philosophy before, this might be a good introductory book to start with. It briefly examines different systems of moral philosophy, and gives you a general overview to think about the subject.

I wouldn't say it's dry, but it's not captivating either.

Overall, it is O.K. I wouldn't recommend it except to a beginner.
Cyndi
Nov 17, 2012 Cyndi rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: school
Overview of the basics of philosophy. Theories include the smaller such as social contract, ethical egoism, subjectivism, religion and then the big three, Utilitarian, Deontology (Kant) and Virtue ethics. Instead of merely presenting each theory and giving the strengths and weaknesses of each, allowing the individual to decide which theory they agree with, the author(s) had definite ideas and were not afraid to state their views as absolute reality, not something desireable in a text book. The t ...more
Henrik
May 02, 2014 Henrik rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Helt OK innføring i etikk/moralfilosofi, men ikke noe særlig mer enn det. Forfatteren drar også flere forhastede konklusjoner som han beskriver som åpenbare sannheter, selv om dette ikke er tilfelle.
Olga
Jul 12, 2014 Olga rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
I couldn't imagine a better introduction on phylosophical ethics. Simple language but still up to a good level covering the most significant theories with a variety of practical illustrations. Just what I needed to further my knowledge on this topic.
Ana
Aug 19, 2015 Ana rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Uma introdução simples a várias visões da ética com argumentos a favor e contra para cada teoria. Bom para quem tem um interesse geral no assunto.
Mohammad
فصولِ پنجم و ششم از اين كتاب رو (دربابِ نقدِ خودگروى اخلاقى) -در قالبِ يك مقاله- خوندم و مفيد و منصفانه ديدمش. عليرغمِ همسوييم با ديدگاهِ موردِ نقد.
Farrell
Sep 17, 2015 Farrell rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
I read Rachels' piece on "Cultural Relativism". I liked it a lot. The ideas were very interesting and the way it was presented was different.
Ashley
Mar 30, 2009 Ashley rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: own, favorites
This book gave me alot of insight on the views of morals and so on. I definitely kept an openmind while reading it and I can say that I honestly understood alot of the points that were being made even if I may not have completely agreed. It makes sense as to why people would come up with the reasoning and conclusions that they do. I have a newfound respect for many different cultures, species, logics and such. This book also makes for great discussion for someone who also knows anything about ph ...more
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James Rachels, the distinguished American moral philosopher, was born in Columbus, Georgia, and graduated from nearby Mercer University in 1962. He received his Ph.D. in 1967 from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, studying under Professors W. D. Falk and E. M. Adams. He taught at the University of Richmond, New York University, the University of Miami, Duke University, and the Univers ...more
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“Our triumphs seem hollow unless we have friends to share them, and our failures are made bearable by their understanding.” 2 likes
“When we decide what to do, we in effect proclaim our wish that our conduct be made into a "universal law." Therefore when a rational being decides to treat people in a certain way he decrees that in his judgement, this is the way people ought to be treated. Thus if we treat him the same way in return we are doing nothing more than treating him as he has decided people are to be treated.” 1 likes
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