Truth: Red, White, and Black
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Truth: Red, White, and Black (Captain America Marvel Comics)

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3.78 of 5 stars 3.78  ·  rating details  ·  178 ratings  ·  32 reviews
In 1940, Joe Simon and Jack Kirby created Captain America, a frail patriot who was transformed by a "super-soldier serum" into a physically perfect specimen to champion freedom, an American alternative to the Nazi uebermensch. Now, writer Morales pursues this idea and also draws inspiration from U.S. government experiments in the 1930s that left unwitting African-Americans...more
Paperback, 168 pages
Published February 4th 2004 by Marvel Comics
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Paul
The premise and the story are excellent.
The subject matter, black men being experimented on during WWII is completely believable.
Sadly, Kyle Baker`s art is completely innapropriate for this sort of story.
Don`t get me wrong Baker has done some great stuff, his Cowboy Wally Show and Why I Hate Saturn is some of the best comedy out there, and had he used the sort of art used in these books for this one, it might even have been more fitting. But the sketchy-cartoony style used here is completely not...more
victoria.p
This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here.
David
The book is about the secret origin of Captain America. His powers come from an experiment applied to him during World War 2, and it only worked perfectly on Steve Rogers. Of course, there had to be lab rats before it was used on him. In comes Robert Morales' tale of the African-American test subjects that went through experiments before Steve benefitted from them.

While the concept is absolutely brilliant, the execution left a lot to wish for. There's a whole lot of filler, and a whole lot of no...more
Martin
Robert Morales' powerful story of the Army experimenting on African American soldiers to (re?)create the perfect soldier - with disatrous results - is mitigated by the incongruous art by Kyle Baker. Now I don't know Kyle Baker as an artist, but I seem to understand that he varies his style from one story to the next (am I wrong?). What I can't get my head around is why he chose this particular style for this project. The serious subject matter doesn't fit with the cartoony art, but not at all. T...more
Keith
This was a great book revealing the less than stellar racial past of the Marvel Universe. The story of Isaiah Bradley and his fellow soldiers during WWII makes for a good entry point for characters like Bradley and his grandson who would later become the Patriot. The look on Steve Rogers' face when he finds out the actual truth about his black counterparts was priceless. The sight of Rogers who has seen and done it all staring at photos of Bradley posing with various black celebs was also moving...more
Siria
Truth: Red, White and Black provides a twist to the Captain America origin story—and is, I believe, now treated by the Marvel writers as mainstream canon. Steve Rogers was not the first American to be experimented on by the US army in order to create a super-soldier. Instead, a group of African-American soldiers were exploited and tortured without their consent, paralleling the real life Tuskegee Experiments. The final surviving member of the group, Isaiah Bradley, goes out on a mission while we...more
Tom
I really loved the story. I really wished that Baker hadn't of phoned in the art. He set the bar, I didn't.
Tom
I reread this today during my lunchbreak. The basic idea of the story (What if the government tried to recreate the success of the Captain America experiment with a squad of black soliders a la the Tuskegee experiments) is interesting, and the years have proven that past governments were not above experimenting on soldiers when they could, even if that "experiment" was "see what happens when a human being is standing too close to a nuclear bomb going off." The added racial elements also work out...more
Travis
Jan 06, 2011 Travis rated it 5 of 5 stars
Shelves: 2009
I wish I could give this more than five stars. This is such an amazing story. Wow. Really, just...wow.[return][return]What this is is a retcon history of Captain America. The story of Captain America is that he was a guy who didn't qualify for the army in WWII, and volunteered for a government experiment that would turn him into a super soldier and allow him to fight. This comic comes up with a backstory for that. What if Captain America was not actually the first Captain America? What if others...more
arjuna
Wonderfully uncomfortable, and a very valuable addition to the Cap canon. At its best, Captain America is a fantastic way to hold certain values and assumptions and privileges up to the microscope - the character is strangely able to illuminate the untidy, unspeakable dark corners of the shiny world he seems to represent, simply by looking at it - his quiet acknowledgement is worth a dozen fire-breathing speeches of outrage. Morales and Baker use his unstated incorruptibility brilliantly here, t...more
Books written by POC
One of the best things I've read in a couple of years is the seven-issue Marvel series Truth: Red, White, And Black by Robert Morales (art, which is nowhere near as good as the writing, by Kyle Baker). It's the story of the Black Captain America -- or rather, the Black soldiers who served as test subjects for the super-soldier serum that created Captain America, and it's horrifying and fascinating and heartbreaking and all too realistic, given how America has treated its people of color over the...more
Lissibith
Ever read a comic with an annotated postscript citing the real-world atrocities that led to the story? That's one of the things that makes this book not only unusual, but all the more chilling - its something that could have happened. That did happen, in a way.

What do you do if you have a super soldier serum but don't know how safe it might be to use? Try it on some people you won't miss when they're gone. The result is a harrowing, moving tale about humanity and duty and the depths of disgustin...more
Amal El-Mohtar
I'm sad that I only came across this as a consequence of Robert Morales' recent passing. It's an incredible and harrowing book that provides a crucial context to Captain America as a character and as an entity in comics.

To go from seeing THE IRON PATRIOT in Iron Man 3 to seeing Isaiah Bradley was to be reminded (if one can be reminded of something so constant) of how the abuse of black people in America is barely even history at this point in at least two respects: it is not history because it...more
Elizabeth
Ultimately disappointing, mainly because I didn't like the art; and I wanted familiar characters to have a more central role.
Stephen
I guess this was the kind of book that had to be written at some point. Before they tried the Super Soldier Serum on Steve Rogers, they tried it on a black guy. Hey, I get it. Things like that happened.

But the thing that wasn't inevitable was the art in this thing. Garbage art, the kind you don't even think of sending to a publisher that has put out works by Moebius, Romita, Peterson, Maleev, Granov, Guice. This art is not only an insult to the fans, the character, and the publisher, it's an in...more
Molly
Great plot, artwork was not as good as I would have liked.
Kathleen
I love everything about this story. It feels true and necessary in a way that comics rarely do. More than an important addition to the Marvel cannon, I would recommend this book to anyone with an interest in US history.
M
The history of Captain America's beginnings gets a harsh look through the eyes of those who were tested first. A group of African-American soldiers find themselves "volunteered" for a serum that may produce the super-soldier that could win World War II. Faced with three possible candidates, Steve Rogers uncovers the darker corners of his creation. Though I am not entirely sold on the art, the book reminds us of the ugly truths that are often swept under the rug.
Christian
I was shocked and amazed to see how much research was done on this topic and how much the author pulled from real life examples of government over reach and atrocities against minorities and soldiers. What a great read. My only issue with it though was that it was a little disjointed in the story because he took these different examples from real life and combined them into one story even though the examples were not connected to each other in real life.
Sonic
Powerful and moving story of the origins of the super soldier program that produced Captain America. A story that draws inspiration from the sad story of the Tuskegee experiments. The sad truth is, if there really were a super soldier program it probably would have been handled like this. This book brings questions of race and equality into the Captain America mythos. Excellent writing and superb artwork!
Brian DiMattia
A great story. Looks at a totally new side of the Captain America story. Could be called revisionist, but is more like taking the understandings we now have of the past and retelling a lost story.

It was a thrill to see Marvel pick this story back up later to develop the character of Patriot in the Young Avengers series.
Jade
Really powerful story about a group of African-American in the army during WWII. The army experiment on them with the serum that will transform Steve Rogers into Captain America. My only issue with the book was the ugly art. Too bad the art didn't live up to such a great and emotional story.
Shaun
While the execution is a little awkward at points and the art might be enough to turn some readers off, this is an extremely important both American and Superheo text. Truth is an glimpse into an uncomfortable past for America and on whose shoulders many of our heroes actually stand.
Colton
Fantastic in its probing of race issues that are the backbone for contemporary America and its politics. The only reason that I can't give it five starts is that I found the introduction of the characters to be confusing and the art to be obnoxious.
Darrell
captain america was a battalion of African American soldiers who were forced into a Tuskeegee Experiment /Super Soldier serum testing program to combat the Nazis in WW2
before he was the name brand Steve Rogers - excellent writing and top notch drawing
Angie
This was an interesting spin-off of the Captain America story. I especially liked that they had a very interesting annotated bibliography focussing on African-Americans in WWII time period as an appendix.
Federiken Masters
Jan 12, 2011 Federiken Masters marked it as to-read  ·  review of another edition Recommends it for: Veremos...
Recommended to Federiken by: Dibujante principalmente
Me pregunto si la gente de Panini piensa reeditar esto en algún momento. No sé qué onda el guionista, pero el dibujo de Baker y la premisa pintan más que interesantes.
Tyler Snodgrass
Not your typical war story or super hero story. The art is especially fun and sets a tone unlike most graphic novels (especially hero ones) that I've read.
Geoff Sebesta
This was what made me sit up and start paying attention to Marvel again. The best, most heartfelt things they've done in years.
Peacegal
This comic had potential, but unfortunately the poorly-done illustrations were a distraction.
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