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The Virtue of Selfishness: A New Concept of Egoism

3.45  ·  Rating Details  ·  9,696 Ratings  ·  346 Reviews
Ayn Rand here sets forth the moral principles of Objectivism, the philosophy that holds human life--the life proper to a rational being--as the standard of moral values and regards altruism as incompatible with man's nature, with the creative requirements of his survival, and with a free society.

More than 1.3 million copies sold!
Paperback, 176 pages
Published November 1st 1964 by Signet (first published 1961)
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Gene Wagendorf III
Sep 26, 2007 Gene Wagendorf III rated it it was amazing
Recommends it for: Those with conficts of interest/morality
Shelves: non-fiction
I didn't really get this book when I first read it, but having read it multiple time since, it's become like a bible. Rand outlines her Objectivist philosophy and explains the concept of rational self-interest. This book will turn you into an asshole once you read it, someone will smack you, you'll read it again, pick up the part everyone misses (about morality being intrinsic, not non-existent) and then you'll live a happier, more whimsical life.
Aug 02, 2007 jessica rated it did not like it
This book once meant a lot to me. When I was 15. If anything written by Ayn Rand means a lot to you and you're not going through adolescence, you should be ashamed of yourself. Yeah, I know I sound like a self-righteous douchebag, but seriously. Give me a break.
Part II of multi-part review series.

Reading Rand reminds me of teaching freshman composition at university years ago. There’s not nearly as many spelling errors, but Rand’s pronouncements bear all the markers of severe Dunning-Kruger effect: under-researched, un-theorized, insufficiently self-aware.

For instance, this text has a tendency to adopt dogmatic solecisms, such as “In popular usage, the word ‘selfishness’ is a synonym of evil” (vii)--uh, not really. This is a nasty problem throughout t
Aug 14, 2012 Manny marked it as to-read
Just noticed this in Johan Hari's column from today's Independent:
Trump probably won't become the Republican nominee, but not because most Republicans reject his premisses. No: it will be because he states these arguments too crudely for mass public consumption. He takes the whispered dogmas of the Reagan, Bush and Tea Party years and shrieks them through a megaphone. The nominee will share similar ideas, but express them more subtly. In case you think these ideas are marginal to the party, reme
Apr 12, 2009 Eric_W rated it really liked it
Shelves: philosophy
Ayn Rand was not afraid of turning conventional wisdom on its head. For millennia, one of the few ethical principles that prevailed across cultures was the value of altruism, i.e. , giving up your life for the benefit of others. Rubbish, writes Rand.

Rand was as anti-community and pro-individual as anyone I have ever read. Adamantly opposed to coercive state and religious power, she built a philosophy, Objectivism, on rational thinking and reason. She became too dogmatic and rigid for my taste in
May 23, 2008 Tim rated it it was amazing
Altruism ain't all its cracked up to be.

Although she tends to take things a bit too far, Rand touches on an often overlooked point of life: we are the ones best-equipped to care for ourselves. It is a wonderful and necessary aspect of humanity when we chose to show charity and care for others, but when is it appropriate to sacrifice ourselves for the well-being of another? You would jump into a rushing river to save your child, but would you do the same for an elderly stranger? A young stranger?
Jun 16, 2008 Mary.dooms rated it it was amazing
The best thought I embraced from this book was a simple, yet powerful, soundbite: "A plant will not destroy itself, but man will".

Towards the end of the school year, a couple of kids in class had some serious self-destructive behavior--not just your run-of-the-mill, "I didn't do my homework." I dropped math for the day and we had an outstanding class discussion about how a plant will grow around a rock to seek light, and that roots grow deep to seek water--doing everything it can to sustain itse
Kevin J. Rogers
Apr 11, 2009 Kevin J. Rogers rated it liked it
Ayn Rand was one of the most controversial thinkers--and successful fiction writers--of the 20th Century. Her detractors would claim that there is little to distinguish her fiction from her philosophy: that both are the result of a fantasist's distorted perspective on the world, tainted by an extreme egoism and fueled by some rather profound delusions. Her supporters would claim that it is the world as we know it that is distorted, mostly through the insidious influence of the philosophy of altr ...more
Sep 26, 2010 James rated it did not like it
It's fitting that Rand's non-fiction reads like an advertisement for Atlas Shrugged; she is the ultimate capitalist after all. This is the lowest score I've yet given a book on this website; it's rare that I can't find something of significance to appreciate in any of the books I read. Although Anthem was a semi-interesting (if shrill) way to spend an afternoon, this essay collection is as bad as it gets. Supposedly a scholarly work of philosophy, this book has inspired many people (some of whom ...more
♥ Ibrahim ♥
Jun 30, 2008 ♥ Ibrahim ♥ rated it did not like it
Shelves: literature
This woman, Ayn Rand, is more bizarre than bizarre can ever be! Who in the big, wide world would be in his right mind and still write a book to praise selfishness?! As if to be self-centered needs to be praised or called even virtuous! And she calls that philosophy! But with that spirit in which she praises selfishness you will find that a common theme in all of her writings. Look at Emmanuel Levinas,a real philosophers who never ceases to assure us that the "others" are we and for others we are ...more
Jul 13, 2008 Shea rated it it was ok
I could write an entire dissertation on the inconsistencies of Rand's philosophy and the arguments she makes, but I'll behave and limit myself to just one criticism: she flagrantly disregards the meaning of the term "ethics" and argues that a purely "selfish" approach (i.e. one that is concerned only with one's self) is not only a rational thing to do, but it is, in fact, an ethical approach to take.

The first part of her argument does make sense if you boil rationality down to a purely biologica
Rachel Terry
May 27, 2011 Rachel Terry rated it really liked it
Shelves: sociology
It's a shock value title because the book is really about individualism vs. collectivism, and if you've read Atlas Shrugged or know about the Russia Rand immigrated from, you know where she stands on that issue.

There were a couple of chapters I liked in particular. I liked the discussion about the importance of property rights. Rand asserts that there are no individual rights without property rights. If people cannot claim the fruits of their labors as their own, they are completely at the mercy
May 11, 2009 Marshall rated it did not like it
This book summarizes Ayn Rand's philosophy of Objectivism. I really like many of the values Objectivism champions: reason, ethics, self-love, self-esteem, self-reliance, individualism, joy, and pleasure. But emphasizing these in absolute terms, as polar opposites to other qualities, creates a lot of problems.

Like most Western philosophers, Rand is a dualistic thinker, which I find simplistic. To her, value and morality are objective, inherent in human nature. There is Self and Other, Moral and I
Mar 21, 2010 notgettingenough rated it did not like it
Shelves: sociology
The star's for this: she writes a novel and then quotes one of the characters at length in this book. What chutzpah.

It's even better than the academics who cite things they haven't written yet.

Why have I picked it up? I'm sleeping badly. It made me closely examine what's in the bookshelf in the room in which I am generally living at the moment.

Oh yes. I see what's happened. Many years ago when I first moved into this house, I very sensibly put all the philosophy out in the spare bedroom where no
Aug 07, 2010 Marlenecabada rated it it was amazing
I found this book to be worth reading.After twenty one years of sacrificing my life and raising two arrogant teenagers who remain ungrateful for my efforts.I understand what Rand is trying to say.We cant always do all the giving because we will end up spent with nothing to show for it.We must nurture ourselves always, in this way we will have inner strength and the ability to get through life regardless what may come our way.
I disagree that her philosophy is founded on a Dr. Spok mentality.Her
Colin Gabriel
Oct 03, 2007 Colin Gabriel is currently reading it
I heard it will make you an asshole.. I can't wait

on a side note I have a problem with reading while driving
Lisa (Harmonybites)
Sep 27, 2013 Lisa (Harmonybites) rated it it was amazing
Ayn Rand was once asked if she could present the essence of her philosophy while standing on one foot. She answered: Metaphysics: Objective Reality; Epistemology: Reason; Ethics: Self-interest; Politics: Capitalism. I first encountered Ayn Rand through her works of fiction as a young woman barely out of my teens. Back then I was already an atheist, one with a great belief in science and reason. There was nothing in her "metaphysics" or "epistemology" that I found the least bit surprising or cont ...more
Mar 10, 2011 Mark rated it really liked it
Ayn Rand's philosophy, Objectivism, is often misinterpreted and misused, without ever being studied or even read. Often, the argument is that 'capitalism' has failed, and therefore Rand's philosophy is a failure as well. This is a strawman argument at best. The Virtue of Selfishness, as provocative a title as the book may have, is a philosophical synopsis of the application of Rand's philosophy, objectivism; it is not Rand's philosophy in itself.
Those that have read Rand know that her writing st
Jun 14, 2011 Robert rated it it was amazing
The title of the book is slightly misleading as most people have no true philosophical understanding of what is "selfishness", immediately thinking of the irrational blanket understanding of individuals acting in grotesque mockery of true self interest, often harming themselves in the process. Her contention is that such people are not selfish enough, for if they were truly selfish, they would have their true self-interest at heart and are therefor acting irrationally and not selfish at all. Thi ...more
Gregg Bell
Jan 14, 2014 Gregg Bell rated it liked it

Ayn Rand is an event. She had one of the most astute and utterly confident minds of all time. Whether she's right about what she thinks is a different story. But make no mistake--Ayn Rand thinks about thinking. She is a true intellectual.

That said, I think "The Virtue of Selfishness" is not her strongest effort. For starters it has an uncharacteristically provocative title. Which is okay, but when a title is too sensationalistic (a la Ivan Boesky's "Greed is good.") I'm always skeptical. There a

Nov 19, 2009 Christopher rated it it was amazing
This book by novelist and philosopher Ayn Rand, (author of "Atlas Shrugged" and "The Fountainhead") is an ethical treatise on her philosophy of Objectivism, which sets out the principles of rational egoism—selfishness—and is the answer to thousands of years of the ethics of self-sacrifice—altruism.

This morality is based on the needs of man’s survival, with one’s self as the standard of value, (hence selfishness,) and the pursuit of one’s own happiness as the moral ideal. Or, to quote Miss Rand:
Anshupriya Goswamy
Apr 28, 2010 Anshupriya Goswamy rated it it was amazing
Shelves: philosophy
Recently Right to Education was enacted and intellectuals hailed it as a major success of Indian democracy. As the Indian Govt paves the way for Right to Food Act, I see that there is an increasing need for more people to read this book and realise what they are witnessing is not the victory of Indian democracy over poverty and hunger, a victory of the principles of modern day altruism, the success of government over economic ills.

What we are seeing is the constant abdication of private rights t
Sunny Yoo
Nov 26, 2015 Sunny Yoo rated it it was amazing
"Why do you use the word 'selfishness' to denote virtuous qualities of character, when that word antagonizes so many people to whom it does not mean the tings you mean?"

"For the reason that makes you afraid of it."

The Virtue of Selfishness is all about the individual and his rights. Anyone who dares to read this book should stay open minded until the end of each chapter. I found her writing and beliefs liberating and I feel no pressure from anyone else to live out my dreams, nor do I care about
Jun 13, 2009 Dave rated it really liked it
After reading Capitalism: The Unknown Ideal, I started this and was thinking- Oh boy, another collection of articles from Rand's Objectivist newsletter. Turns out there is a lot of good stuff here. The theme that runs through these essays is much the same as Unknown Ideal, as well as all of Rand's other works: In a truly free society, the individual is all-important. No man should be sacrificed, in whole or in part, for the benefit of another.

There are two articles here that I think many would f
Jul 16, 2008 Jonathan rated it did not like it
Rand's points often seem interesting except for one huge logical flaw that will well up and ruin her whole argument. Her enormous arrogance often gets in the way as well. A useful philosophy to follow if you believe that you are smarter than everyone else and that only your own happiness really matters in the end.
Jan 25, 2016 Tamara rated it liked it
This is a difficult book to review, largely due to the fact that I am a liberal, and rather proud of it. However, not being one to follow the herd, I actually will seek out the views of the other side. That said, I feel like Ayn Rand and I are defining the word socialism differently, as the bulk of what she criticizes it for is exactly the same thing that I criticize capitalism for. She makes several fantastic points, and several cringe worthy points throughout the essays that make up this book. ...more
D. B.
Jan 03, 2016 D. B. rated it really liked it
Less like an old-timey blog than Capitalism: The Unknown Ideal, contains 19 tightly focused essays reflecting various sociopolitical, economic, and psychological issues through the prism of Objectivist philosophy. The results yield a number of classic (for an Objectivist) essays, including "The Ethics of Emergencies," "The Nature of Government," and "Racism."

"The Ethics of Emergencies" questions the Judeo-Christian (not to mention Marxist) vaunting of self-sacrifice, arguing that is not only mor
Ash Ryan
Aug 18, 2015 Ash Ryan rated it it was amazing
By way of review, I thought I would simply provide some brief excerpts from one of the essays in this collection, "The Argument from Intimidation", so that readers can get a glimpse of her reasoning and writing style. As an added bonus, these excerpts are relevant to some of the other reviews here:[return][return]"[The Argument from Intimidation] is used in the form of an ultimatum demanding that the victim renounce a given idea without discussion, under threat of being considered morally unwort ...more
Apr 03, 2013 SandraH rated it did not like it
I read this book when I was a teenager and it made sense then. I needed a kick in the pants to get my "individual self-interest" started. I needed to see the world as an arena where I could jump in and succeed. I needed to engage in a discussion about values that questioned faith, intuition, tradition, and instinct that put all human endeavor on a level playing field.

A decade or so later, I read that she was buried with a six-foot-tall floral arrangement in the shape of a dollar sign beside her
Jun 04, 2013 Nicole rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
I rated this book with two stars, meaning 'it was ok', because, very simply, I understand Rand's philosophy and why she flung herself wholeheartedly into it. I understand ethical egoism and individualism and moral objectivism. I understand the desire for all men and women to act morally and to think rationally. I understand her distaste for collectivism. I understand her predictions regarding capitalism. I can fully conceptualize the virtue of selfishness.

But I cannot internalize it.

Rand makes t
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Alisa Rosenbaum was born in pre-revolutionary St. Petersburg to a prosperous Jewish family. When the Bolsheviks requisitioned the pharmacy owned by her father, Fronz, the Rosenbaums fled to the Crimea. Alisa returned to the city (renamed Leningrad) to attend the university, but in 1926 relatives who had already settled in America offered her the chance of joining them there. With money from the sa ...more
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“The man who does not value himself, cannot value anything or anyone.” 918 likes
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