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Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience

4.08 of 5 stars 4.08  ·  rating details  ·  22,167 ratings  ·  996 reviews
The world's foremost producer of personal development and motivational audio programs gives you the tools to unleash the secret of peak performance.

Remember the last time that you were so focused, so motivated that you felt at the absolute top of your form -- alert, energized and free of self-consciousness? Chances are you were experiencing flow -- an almost euphoric state
Paperback, 320 pages
Published March 13th 1991 by Harper Perennial (first published 1990)
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Andy Mitchell
My notes, including liberal use of direct quotes:

8 elements of enjoyment:

1. confront challenging but completable tasks
2. concentration
3. clear goals
4. immediate feedback
5. deep, effortless involvement (lack of awareness of worries and frustrations)
6. sense of control over actions
7. concern for self disappears (paradoxically awareness of self is heightened immediately after flow)
8. sense of duration of time is altered

5 elements of happy teenagers' growing up:

1. clarity
2. centering: pare
"While humankind collectively has increased its material powers a thousandfold, it has not advanced very far in terms of improving the content of experience."- Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, Flow

I found this book very intriguing. It made me think a lot, especially on what it means to be happy and satisfied. This is not a self-help manual and the reason I picked it up despite it's self-helpy title and cover is because I had read some of Csikszentmihalyi's stuff in my developmental psychology course an
This is quite possibly the most important book I have ever read. Consider it the official "Handbook on Happiness." Part science and part philosophy, it essentially defines happiness itself, then proceeds to explain in detail how we can attain it every waking moment of our lives (hypothetically at least). Although far from a "light read," I found the intense mental concentration the book demanded to be almost physically pleasurable (yes, I am in fact the very definition of a nerd). When I closed ...more
Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi created the notion of "flow" to describe the experience which we have all had -- but all too rarely for most of us -- of becoming so immersed in and challenged by an experience that we lose track of time, our own self-concsciousness and feel most fully engaged in life. Interestingly, he found, this has little to do with people's most enjoyable leisure activities. Folks love to watch TV and movies, eat dinner with friends and so forth, but rarely does that achieve a state ...more
Nov 20, 2011 Jeff marked it as books-i-didn-t-finish
Given the attention this book has received I had some pretty lofty expectations. Sadly, those expectations weren't met. Part of the problem is that "Flow" is widely cited by the current crop of pop-pscyhology books. For that reason I felt like I got the idea of "flow" long before I even cracked C's book. My "heard it all before" feeling wasn't helped by the redundancy that C builds into his text. Authors and editors take note, one really good example or analogy is usually enough to illustrate a ...more
Flow was a interesting look into the titular state, that of being "in the zone" or the slightly more dated "on fire". Flow is the mental and physical state of being where one is completely absorbed in the task at hand, and so well matched to the task, that everything else disappears from awareness. Csikszentmihaly makes a distinction here between "fun" and "enjoyment", claiming that something does not have to be fun to be enjoyable, and the latter is ultimately preferable to the former. While a ...more
Csikszentmihalyi's seminal work in the field of positive psychology reveals a man with a ridiculously hard to spell last name. I can't be the first person to posit this as the reason why he became so interested in how people overcome mental chaos (psychic entropy as it is called in the book) to achieve harmony and, I almost typed satisfaction but that would be missing the point. Csikszentmihalyi (hereafter referred to as Mr. C) actually prescribes against a state of perpetual satisfaction becaus ...more
Jul 28, 2008 Herbie added it
I read this for a class called "Human Pursuit of Euphoria" during the winter of 2003 at Exeter. That was my senior year, and I was primarily concerned with finding other outlets for my desire to do drugs. Now I am re-reading it. It helps me think about the nitty gritty of everyday self-motivation. I really like this book, even though it seems like a cheesy self-help book. The footnotes in the back and the constant references to psychology research disarm my usual skepticism. At the same time tha ...more
করিকেটে এরকম একটা রময আছে, গজ পিচের মাঝে একজন বযাটসমযান হলেন নিঃসঙগ এক লড়াকু সৈনিক,আর পুরো পৃথিবী তার বিপকষে। তার চারপাশে সরবকষণ ঘিরে থাকবে দশজন ফিলডার। উইকেটের পেছনে,সলিপে,শরটে(মুরালি বা শেন ওয়ারন বোলিঙে থাকলে হয়তো উইকেটের পাশেই নাম না জানা আরও অনেক জায়গায় রকতচোষার মত ছোঁকছোঁক করবে নিষঠুর ফিলডাররা।)আর একটু চুলচুক হলেই শাসতি দেয়ার জনয আছেন আমপযায়াররা। বযাটে বল না লেগে কিপারের হাতে গেলেও হয়তো আয়মপায়ারের কাছে জোর চিললাচিললি করে শাসতি আদায় করে ছাড়বেন ফিলডাররা। মাঠে যখন বোলার অপর পরানত থেকে রানাআপ শ ...more
This book explains that true happiness is obtained by achieving an optimal state of mind called "Flow".

This state of mind can be best described as one where the participant's consciousness is so involved in its activity that self-consciousness disappears, in a way similar to meditation.

This state is most commonly achieved in situations where a goal that participant(s) feel skilled to achieve is set clearly, and for which constant feedback on how close participants are getting. Such Flow experien
This book is filled with insight. The author explains the personality type possessed by those who experience flow often, the "autotelic" personality. He says that these individuals interpret their negative circumstances in a positive way, continually challenge and enrich themselves, and take ownership of their choices making them more dedicated to their goals. He discusses how to experience flow - that one must become immersed in the activity and perform it for its own sake, in a manner that is ...more
Joselito Honestly and Brilliantly

How must you live your life?

Live it in happiness. But how to be happy? When I was a small boy I would often be missing my father for two straight days only to find out that he had been playing mahjong with friends nonstop for 48 or so hours, not getting tired, or sleepy or even hungry (despite the lack or proper meals). The game is played by a group of four, and when my mother would send me to check my father out from wherever part of the neighbourhood they’ve set up their mahjong table to play,
This book has a sometimes annoying pedantic tone, but is basically an interesting repackaging of Buddhist ideas with a view to providing concrete recommendations for how to enjoy your life more. I don't think the author specifically aligns himself with Buddhism, but the parallels are clear to me.
Flow is the state where all mental energies are concentrated on an event which results in the person attaining "optimal experience," which is basically happiness. C(I refuse to spell this authors insane surname), states that to be happy we need to lessen our mental chaos by providing/creating a structure for our mental energies to play in. He identifies certain conditions required to achieve flow:

1. The person must be engaged in an activity that requires skill.
2. There is a convergence of Acti
Nathan Maharaj
You know that uncle you have, who doesn't have any kids and loves to talk your ear off every Thanksgiving, and he's a really nice guy, and he seems to know a lot of stuff, but when you look up the stuff he quotes he seems to always have it a bit off, and he never seems to have a book with him so maybe he did all his reading when he was young, but there's no point calling bullshit on him, and you get a sense he's not really listening anyway -- well, this book is written by that guy.

This could ha
Every once in a while I read a book that I think some people I know might like or should read, and other times I read a book that I think everyone should read. This is one of those books. It can profoundly change or fortify the way you look at life and happiness…in a good way! I am SO impressed. I wasn’t two chapters in when I was buying a copy for my wife, starting a weekly video-chat with my brother as we read through it together, and telling other friends about it. It did not disappoint. I tr ...more
It took months to finish this book because there's only so much of Mihaly's BS that I can take at a time. The last chapter is a real piece of work, containing (a) an apology for Adolf Eichmann and (b) a call to eugenics as a foundation for a new religion: "The reality of complexification [sic:] is both an *is* and an *ought*: it has happened...but it might not continue unless we wish it to go on. The future of evolution is now in our hands." Is Csikszentmihalyi an insidious repressed Nazi or jus ...more
Jay Kamaladasa
Five stars because it broadened my perspective on life.

This is not a full review of the book, but a glimpse of what the author has to say. What the book describes is far more important to be buried down a criticism of literature.

1.) We overcompensate our efforts in work, and under-compensate our efforts in our leisure lives.
2.) If you fine tune your life's challenges so that they are sufficient to keep you from being bored, and not limited to ensure minimal stress and anxiety, you are ready t
Armine Mamikonian
Поток М. Чиксентмихаи решила прочитать по рекомендации Рубена Варданаяна (Список рекомендаций Р. Варданяна можер найти здесь). Для меня книга была интересна тем, что автор структурировал очень правильные и важные мысли, c которыми тяжело не согласится. В то же время в книге я не нашла ответов на вопросы, которые больше всего меня интересовали Как прийти к состоянию потока? «Как контролировать сознание? Как упорядочивать его, чтобы получить радость? Как наполнить жизнь смыслом?»… Еще один недоста ...more
Jul 31, 2007 D rated it 4 of 5 stars
Recommends it for: just about anyone
this book makes a lot of sense. it's about happiness, consciousness, work, relationships, and purpose--and basically, the thesis is that people are happiest when they have clear goals and well-defined perimeters to work within to achieve those goals.

sounds a little dry, but I found it both interesting and relevant. as someone who is still working out what my "ideal" career or life model looks like, I enjoyed seeing my typical questions examined by a research psychologist, and applied to a large
Mahmoud Shehata
I rate this book five stars and a half. Actually it makes me want to go back and unrate every other book I gave 5 stars to. Throughout the book I felt Dr. Mihaly was talking about me. It explained a lot to me why I do certain things in certain ways and why I think this way.
Dr Mihaly is very deep and very analytical keeping in mind every single detail and what might be going through the readers' mind as well. The book is well written, yet better than all the thoughts and concepts in the book left
Fantastic book. I liked that he gives many examples of types of experiences that can constitute flow, as well as what is necessary for it: a match between complexity and skill. I would argue that even experiences that do not add complexity to the self can be flow experiences. Being fully present with one's surroundings, for example, can constitute a flow experience, although no special skills are being used and there isn't a great deal of complexity being explored (or is there?). Perhaps most be ...more
Довольно подробное (читай чрезмерно :)) описание принципа достижения состояния счастья.

1. В результате прочтения, появились новые вполне конкретные цели, которые предстоит достичь;
2. Общие ожидания от жизни стали четче;
2. Сегодня утром, по пути на любимую работу, вдыхая свежий воздух и наблюдая родной город, только что обнявшись с женой и детьми, слушая приятный забой, прочитав пару комментариев на свои фото - почувствовал себя абсолютно счастливым :)

Так что - рекомендую.
Very interesting book. I admit I was skeptical earlier with some pseudo-scientific terminology, but I become more convinced the more I read. Discusses the nature of happiness, by becoming totally focused in an action/thought, and a less of self-consciousness. Very interesting indeed.
Ispirian Hovhannes
Об этой книге очень много сказано, а слово поток активно вошло в оборот масс благодаря этой интересной работе Чиксетмихайи, которую я могу рекомендовать всем исследователям счастливой жизни.
Отмечу особо научный подход - книга является результатом многолетней исследовательской работы и клинической практики автора. Однако как научной работе книге не хватает стройности структуры.

Вопросы и тезисы ответов, которые вы можете найти в книге:

Что такой счастье?
/Только непосредственный контроль над свои
Jordan Kinsey
Yep. One of the top five books I've ever read, up there with Steinbeck's East of Eden and M. Scott Peck's The Road Less Traveled. It's one of those books that will have a palpable day-to-day impact on my life.

Here are some notable quotes:

"Yet we cannot reach happiness by consciously searching for it. 'Ask yourself if you are happy,' said J.S. Mill, 'and you cease to be so.' It is by being fully involved with every detail of our lives, whether good or bad, that we find happiness, not by trying t
After coming across Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi's intimidating and intriguing name several times on the Internets (in particular on Wikipedia) I decided it was finally time to tackle one of his books.

Things I liked:
-Stories and anecdotes from Csikszentmihalyi's research subjects. Csikszentmihalyi has clearly met a large number of fantastically awesome people in the course of his research on 'flow' and he does a pretty good job of weaving their experiences into the framework of his book.
-Appeals to
S Kasm
Mar 24, 2007 S Kasm rated it 4 of 5 stars
Recommends it for: Inspiration
Flow is that "zone" that we all strive to achieve in any exercise that we undertake. In a state of "Flow," your creativity is un-inhibited and you are completely enraptured in the "here and now" -- with notions of time and space completely being altered in your consciousness. For example, if you're an artist, classical musician, a novelist, a worl-class surgeon, or even a sports-enthusiast of any kind -- then you'll appreciate Flow and will relate to the theories advanced in this incredibly expa ...more
Apr 02, 2015 Dan rated it 4 of 5 stars
Recommends it for: artists, athletes, entrepreneurs, those seeking general happiness from life.
Utilized Accelerated Reading Technique - as taught by Tai Lopez.


Author Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi lays out a complex but thorough outline of what he describes as FLOW. In simple terms flow is the optimal experience, or more simply happiness.

Mihaly gives much credence to the power of the individual and their consciousness as the the focal point of the flow state. They need to shed the perception that their lives are shaped by forces outside their control.

Conditions or elements of flow: chall
Flow has always held my fascination from past psychology courses, and after reading Csikszentmihalyi's classic book on the subject, I found myself reflecting on the changes I can make and the potential satisfaction I can strive for in my life. The author defines Self as a hierachy of goals influenced by biology and society, but we also must find our own individual ones. Instead of using leisure time as sitting on the couch watching TV or going through monotonous routines while the mind wanders t ...more
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A Hungarian psychology professor, who emigrated to the United States at the age of 22. Now at Claremont Graduate University, he is the former head of the department of psychology at the University of Chicago and of the department of sociology and anthropology at Lake Forest College.

He is noted for both his work in the study of happiness and creativity and also for his notoriously difficult name, i
More about Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi...

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“Control of consciousness determines the quality of life.” 67 likes
“Most enjoyable activities are not natural; they demand an effort that initially one is reluctant to make. But once the interaction starts to provide feedback to the person's skills, it usually begins to be intrinsically rewarding.” 64 likes
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