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Por Que Escrevo e Outros Ensaios

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4.08 of 5 stars 4.08  ·  rating details  ·  3,341 ratings  ·  258 reviews
George Orwell (1903-1950) foi um dos mais importantes ensaístas de meados do século XX. Esta é uma selecção de ensaios que Orwell publicou entre 1928 e 1949, incluindo trabalhos curtos, de apenas duas páginas, e outros de maior fôlego, que chegaram a ser publicados em livro. São ensaios que abordam temas políticos e literários, publicados em revistas e jornais, e servidos ...more
Paperback, 154 pages
Published May 2008 by Antígona (first published 1946)
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(showing 1-30 of 3,000)
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Mohamed Al Marzooqi
هذا الكتاب المترجم عن الإنجليزية يجمع بين دفتيه مجموعة من المقالات الثقافية/النقدية للصحفي والروائي الإنجليزي جوروج أورويل، ولضيق المساحة في هذا المكان سأتحدث –فقط- عن المقال الذي حمل الكتاب اسمه "لماذا أكتب؟".

ورغم أن السؤال يتكون من كلمتين لا غير إلا أنه يحتمل مئات إن لم يكن آلاف الإجابات. إجابات قد تكون تافهة وقد تكون سطحية وقد تكون ساذجة وقد تكون عميقة إلا أنها لا يمكن أن تكون خاطئة. فمبررات الكتابة تختلف من شخص إلى آخر، بل إنها أقرب ما تكون إلى بصمات الأصابع التي يستحيل أن تتطابق.
فغابرييل م
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Shovelmonkey1
Sep 04, 2011 Shovelmonkey1 rated it 3 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: Orwell fans and people who like political history
Sometimes it would be nice to get a little closer to the author of your favourite books. See things a little more from their perspective and, you know, really get inside their heads. There are various approaches which can be taken in order to achieve this. Isabelle Arundell was quite a big fan of the work produced by writer, explorer and all round fantasy-adventurer Richard Burton. She achieved closeness by monitoring his globe trotting adventures, hanging out in part of London which he frequent ...more
Shaimaa Ali
تبدو هذه المقالات كقصص قصيرة تارة ووقائع حقيقية تارةً أخرى .. قرأت هذا فى المقدمة بقلم "برنارد كريك" وتأكدت منها طوال مقالات الكتاب ..
يبدو لى هنا أورويل كاتب المقالات كشخصية مختلفة جداً عما عرفناه ككاتب روايتى 1984 ومزرعة الحيوان .. هل هو فعلاً من يتمتع بإحساس القتل بدم بارد كما فعل فى "واقعة شنق" و "صيد فيل" ؟! .. أو تشبيه الزنوج بقطيع من الماشية فى "مراكش" ؟!
ولكن أورويل يعود بقوة كناقد أدبي محترف فى مقالاته: ( داخل الحوت - ويلز وهتلر ودولة العالم - مارك توين: المضحك المرخص) ويجذب انتباهي لعدة
...more
Fahad
لماذا أكتب؟

عنوان مخادع نوعاً ما، فهو يوهمك أنك مقبل على كتاب يتحدث فيه أورويل وباستفاضة عن كتاباته، تخيلت وأنا أشتري الكتاب – بلا تصفح ما دام لأورويل – كل الحديث الذي سيدور عن (1984) و(مزرعة الحيوان) و(متشرداً في باريس ولندن) و(الطريق إلى رصيف ويغان) و(الحنين إلى كاتالونيا) و(ابنة القس)، تخيلت تلك اللحظات الحميمة عندما يعطف كتاب عملاق على قرائه فيمسك بأيديهم ويقودهم إلى الشوارع الخلفية لحياته، كيف تحولت مواقف ما وشخصيات ما إلى كتب مذهلة، ولكن القراءة الأولية أصابتني بخيبة أمل، فالكتاب ليس كما ح
...more
Mark Donnelly
Each one of us has to decide what we want to do with the days that unfold, way too quickly. Orwell's penmanship cuts through the wordiness that only a man that knows what he wanted, where he was at, and where he wanted to go could achieve.

As a writer myself, I am on a journey where I also knew with a lighting-bolt shift in consciousness at 31 years of age that I was to write. And so my eyes still in a soft thrill, when I find a writer that I can learn from, to understand me, my craft, and life b
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Stian
This is a short little book containing a few of Orwell's writings. These are as follows: A Hanging (1931), The Lion and the Unicorn (1940), Politics and the English Language (1946), and Why I write (1946).

The Lion and the Unicorn is the longest essay by quite some distance, and deals with wartime Britain and how Orwell perceives the British "family," its politics, its weaknesses, flaws, and what the state of the nation is in itself, and what role Britain plays in the war. It begins, "As I write
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بثينة العيسى
تعرفت على أورويل الأكثر حدة، المتهكم بمرارة، الملتزم سياسيا وأخلاقيا تجاه الإنسان، والذي يقدس إنسانيته إلى درجة المطالبة باقتراف الأخطاء ومحاربة مبدأ القدسية .. سرد رصين ولغة متحفظة ومع ذلك هي قديرة إلى حد بعيد.
محمود حسني

ثلاث درجات ونصف

قال في نهاية مقال لماذا أكتب :

كل الكتاب معتزون بأنفسهم و أنانيون وكسالى وفي قاع دوافعهم يكمن غموض ما. لأن تأليف كتاب هو صراع رهيب ومرهق، كما لو كان نوبة طويلة من مرض مؤلم، لن يحاول المرء القيام بشئ كهذا إن لم يكن مدفوعا بشيطان ما.

أكثر ما عجبني هو مقال لماذا أكتب ومقال تولستوي عن شكسبير ومقال اورويل عن غاندي

ومقال عن الشاي ومقال عن العمل في المكتبة .. والباقي يتراوح بين درجات مختلفة في الاعجاب .. هو في كل الاحوال تجربة ثرية ..
Kevin
George Orwell explains his main motivations for writing in these four essays, which are included in the Penguin Great Ideas box set. Basically, he always knew that he would become a writer and his life experiences shaped him, all stemming from when he lived in Burma and saw the injustices of the Imperial Administration that he served as a policeman under. This led George Orwell to become a Socialist, or rather a Democratic Socialist and his journalism exposes the injustices of the system that he ...more
Henry Manampiring
Sep 27, 2007 Henry Manampiring rated it 4 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: English people or those with interest in political language
A collection of essays from the guy invented 'doublespeak', 'groupthink', 'Big Brother', whose own name is immortalized into the English language ('Orwellian').

Roughly 80% of the book is about the English people and its political dynamics during WWII. Unless you have interest in the subject AND have the slightest familiarity with the histirical context, you will waste your time.

The last 20% of the book is actually rare gem. One is Orwell's eye-witness account of a hanging when he was posted in B
...more
Sarah Canavan
May 04, 2008 Sarah Canavan rated it 5 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: creative minds.
i thought this was really interesting. i love the way that orwell lists everything out before he starts to really get to his point. i feel thats the way that most logical thoughts form anyway. i think he makes a really strong argument for why people do the things they do, be it writing or not. how they grow up and where they find the most affirmation. his numbered reasons for writing really remind me of why any human would have motivation to do anything creative really. sometimes the fear of any ...more
Kris
I was all prepared to read a short group of essays on Orwell's writing techniques... instead I got a mouthful of rambling about the uniqueness of British culture and some vague praises of Socialism. It was all political and all annoying... Okay, mostly. He does bring in some valid points, and a few things were mildly interesting. But it took me a while to pick it up again and finish it.

On the last page, after a tiny chapter at the very end on how bad English has become in recent years, this quot
...more
Kayla
****UPDATE 18/01/2013******

Sartre's Essay 'What is writing?' in his book 'What is literature?' has put this selection of essays in context for me. It's forced me to contemplate aesthetic vs truth value in writing (I'm still in the camp which appreciates and is okay with literature being a mix of the two), and I now understand the relevance of the essays in the book I didn't before like being chosen for this title. Althout they're still not in line with what I like to think of 'writing' as a conc
...more
César
Nov 19, 2007 César rated it 3 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: people interested in politics of writing or orwell
Shelves: essays
the first thing to know about this collection of essays by george orwell is that it would have been better titled "on writing," because this is NOT about why orwell wrote, as teh title implies. except perhaps for the section of the title essay in which he discusses the four motivations that he believes exist for writing, this book is not about orwell's motivations. the most personalized section of the any of these essays consists of a few pages in which orwell remembers his earliest childhood wr ...more
Batool
Orwell discusses his own personal need ways to to write, and he also talk about politics.
this book contain 4 essays that Orwell wrote during his life.

the one with the title "A Hanging": This rather misplaced essay was taken from his time in Burma. Orwell witnesses a hanging and discusses the rather unusually casual attitude of the hangmen.
it was the best one for me!

the last essay "Politics and the English Language: This brief essay attacks writers for being lazy by relying on recycled phrases i
...more
Najla Hammad
مجموعة مقالات لأورويل عن وجهات نظره الأدبية والسياسية-خاصةأنه كان يعمل في بورما- وغيرها.. أعجبني مقاله عن طريقته في صنع الشاي، وعن شكسبير وتولستوي
لو لم اقرأ هذا الكتاب لما علمت أن تولستوي كان يحمل كل هذا الحسد تجاه شكسبير! لكن تحليل جورج أورويل كان جميل جداً، خاصة في مقارنته لحياة تولستوي الشخصية بالملك لير!
"وماذا كانت النتيجة؟ أربعون سنة لاحقاً وشكسبير مايزال موجوداً غير متأثر،ومن محاولة إزالته لا شيء يبقى عدا صفحات غادية نحو الإصفرار لكتيب بالكاد قرأه أحد، والذي كان قد نسي لو أن تولستوي لم يك
...more
F.R.
I received this slim book (a pamphlet really) of four Orwell essays for my birthday earlier this year and am immensely glad of the fact.

The first of the collection is 'Why I Write', in which Orwell - in beautifully clear prose - examines what really drives writers. There was so much in these ten pages I could empathise with, particularly: "All writers are vain, selfish and lazy, and at the very bottom of their motives there lies a mystery.'

Next is the most substantial essay of the collection, 'T
...more
رغد عبد الزهرة
حسناً علي الأعتراف أنني كنت قبل هذا الكتاب أجد جورج أوريل كاتباً مملاً و ببساطة لا أحبه، ترددت كثيراً قبل أن أضع كتاب آخر له في قائمة قراءاتي بعد مزرعة الحيوان و 1984
و السبب أنني رأيته في مزرعة الحيوانات كاتب من كتاب "الأدب الخفيف" الذي لا يناسب قارئة نخبوية مثلي, رغم فكرتها إلا أن طريقة عرض الفكرة بدت لي ساذجة إلى حد مبتذل.
و 1984 عبرت عنها بجملة واحدة "تُشبه جرعة كبيرة من الكآبة" ,قررت منحه فرصة أخرى و معرفة لماذا يكتب هذا الرجل ؟!...حسناً ، لم أتوقع أن أجده مثيراً للإهتمام هكذا ، جورج أوريل كا
...more
Dan
When I was a child, I loved Animal Farm. As I got older, I found and fell for 1984. A grown man of 30 now, I find that the more I read Orwell, the more I appreciate the author. His depth of thought and logic really shine through in Why I Write. He explains himself, his socialist world view, his writing style, and takes on the Nazis. Easy read, simple, concise, beautiful.
Fernando
Gostei particularmente das seguintes passagens:

"Enquanto escrevo, seres humanos civilizadíssimos sobrevoam-me, tentando matar-me.
Não sentem qualquer inimizade em relação a mim enquanto indivíduo, nem eu em relação a eles. Estão <>, como se costuma dizer. A maior parte deles, não tenho dúvidas, são homens, com bom coração e cumpridores da lei, que jamais sonhariam em cometer um homicídio na vida privada. Por outro lado, se um deles conseguir fazer-me explodir com uma bomba bem dirigida, não
...more
Suncan Stone
A dinky book consisting of four very different texts.
1. Why I write is a short discourse in the reasons behind it. A few interesting ideas, but have a feeling it would not be published if it was written by John Smith.
2. The lion and the unicorn was probably my favourite, for it reveals a very socioloigical mind Orwell had. It suddenly becomes clear how well he studied the system and his surroundings for 1984 and animal farm...
3. A hanging is as short story like text which leaves you pondering i
...more
Anna
Orwell is a brilliantly acerbic writer. All the pieces in this anthology are beautifully crafted and interesting. The longest (which can be read here: http://orwell.ru/library/essays/lion/...) provides a thought-provoking perspective on prospects for the future of Britain, written at the height of the Blitz. In it, Orwell muses on the characteristics of the English, some of which seem oddly familiar more than seventy years later. On the other hand, it's sad to contemplate the massive inequality ...more
Muhammad Fakhruddin
Kebetulan saya membaca esei-esei George Orwell ini (yang saya kenali dengan Animal Farm )sebelum PRU13. Maka saya coretkan resensi penuh dengan tajuk ini http://ohbuku.com/why-i-write-membaca...

* * *
Semacam ironi apabila kulit muka buku ini meletakkan cuplikan esei terakhir dalam kumpulan ini “Politics and the English Language”. Hal ini sedikit sebanyak memberi gambaran bahawa inti esei yang dimuatkan dalam buku nipis ini (120 muka surat) menyentuh hal politik terutamanya empayar Inggeris sekita
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Rachel Jackson
(I'm reviewing two of the essays in this book: Why I Write and Politics and the English Language.)

As a journalist, I often wonder and worry how my political biases will become evident through my writing, given the things I believe in compared to the things I write about. For George Orwell, the thought process seems to be the same, even when he's not writing as a journalist, as he explains in Why I Write. In every form of self expression, one's personal views emerge, and fiction writing is no dif
...more
Judyta Szaciłło
"This war, unless we are defeated, will wipe out most of the existing class privileges. There are every day fewer people who wish them to continue." (George Orwell, 1940)

He was a brilliant man, but, as to his foresight, he failed at it as much as anybody. Nevertheless, the essay "The Lion and the Unicorn" is a stunningly accurate analysis of the English society at the time. The other essays are also shrewd, honest and very well written.
وردٌ شاميّ
بعض المقالات جميلة جداً، بعضها عادية وأخرى أصابتني بالسأم بعد عدة صفحات.
المقالات الجميلة في هذا الكتاب جواهر مخبأة تستحق التقليب بسأم بين الصفحات ريثما تصل إليها.
Cat Tobin
Brilliant, insightful essays on writing, the futility of war, the death of the Labour party and why modern English is rubbish. Highly recommended.
Merve Eflatun
''Neden yazıyorum?'' sorusuna cevap hariç her şey var gibi geldi bana.
Ying Ying
This is a collection of four essays.

The first one is "Why I write" for which the book bears the title. The elucidated reasons for writing are applicable to all authors, but the one political reason is salient and characteristic of Orwell and presages the second and the lengthiest essay in this book: the lion and the unicorn. This is a treatise about England around World War II and the options England has, as a unique nation and empire, to go backward or to go forward by starting the social de
...more
Reid
Excellent accompaniment to Animal Farm - includes the really good essay he wrote during WWII advocating democratic socialism, titled The Lion and the Unicorn: Socialism and the English Genius. It begins, "As I write, highly civilized human beings are flying overhead, trying to kill me." The essay is full of this type of frank statements of truth and the uncovering of illusions, as is Animal Farm. "One cannot see the modern world as it is unless one recognizes the overwhelming strength of patriot ...more
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3706
Eric Arthur Blair, better known by his pen name George Orwell, was an English author and journalist. His work is marked by keen intelligence and wit, a profound awareness of social injustice, an intense opposition to totalitarianism, a passion for clarity in language, and a belief in democratic socialism.

Between 1941 and 1943, Orwell worked on propaganda for the BBC. In 1943, he became literary ed
...more
More about George Orwell...
1984 Animal Farm Animal Farm / 1984 Down and Out in Paris and London Homage to Catalonia

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“So long as I remain alive and well I shall continue to feel strongly about prose style, to love the surface of the earth, and to take a pleasure in solid objects and scraps of useless information.” 83 likes
“All writers are vain, selfish, and lazy, and at the very bottom of their motives there lies a mystery. Writing a book is a horrible, exhausting struggle, like a long bout of some painful illness. One would never undertake such a thing if one were not driven on by some demon whom one can neither resist nor understand. For all one knows that demon is simply the same instinct that makes a baby squall for attention. And yet it is also true that one can write nothing readable unless one constantly struggles to efface one's own personality. Good prose is like a windowpane.” 64 likes
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