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Seis Propostas para o Próximo Milênio
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Seis Propostas para o Próximo Milênio

4.21 of 5 stars 4.21  ·  rating details  ·  2,727 ratings  ·  185 reviews
Declaração de ética, mais que de poética, as conferências que Calvino preparou para a Universidade Harvard representam o testamento artístico de um dos protagonistas literários do fim de milênio. Em meio à crise contemporânea da linguagem, cada vez mais aguda, o grande escritor italiano identifica as seis qualidades que apenas a literatura pode salvar - leveza, rapidez, ex ...more
Paperback, 141 pages
Published August 10th 1990 by Companhia das Letras (first published 1988)
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(showing 1-30 of 3,000)
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Jonfaith
I would not be so drastic. I think we are always searching for something hidden or merely potential or hypothetical, following its traces whenever they appear on the surface. I think our basic mental processes have come down to us through every period of history, ever since our Paleolithic forefathers, who were hunters and gatherers. The word connects the visible trace with the invisible thing, the absent thing, the thing that is desired or feared, like a frail emergency bridge flung over an aby ...more
Forrest
Let's start with the fact that Italo Calvino is one of my favorite writers of all time. His crystalline surrealism, easy tone (at least in translation), and whimsical subjects (by which I mean situations and characters, inclusive) are, to me, compelling. To say that I went into this book with a favorable view of the author would be a gross understatement. I absolutely adore Calvino's work.

Now, I am also discovering that I don't really like many books about writing. Moorcock's Death is No Obstacl
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Nick
Mar 31, 2008 Nick rated it 5 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: those who care about literature as a medium
Calvino is just so effortlessly wonderful. He and literature have a very intimate relationship and she tells him secrets about herself that no one else gets to hear. Until now! Calvino spills the beans on what are the qualities he feels are most important to the literature of the future: lightness, quickness, exactitude, visibility, and multiplicity.

I think my favorites were lightness and multiplicity considering that quickness, exactitude, and visibility seem to be very self-evidently positive
...more
Nate D
Italo Calvino, given the meticulousness and conceptual cohesion of his storytelling, is an unsurprisingly lucid theorist as well. Among his final works, these five essays were drawn from lectures he he was prevented from delivering by his death in 1985, each covering a different literary trait he most valued. (A 6th was never written down.) Equally ordered and discursive, each offers insight into Calvino's writing (though much of it this is self-evident in the writing, as well), commentary on li ...more
Maria
Sono insegnamenti, consigli, per gli scrittori, ma anche per noi, per aiutarci ad affrontare la vita in modo più consapevole.
È un saggio molto utile, e molto bello.

Le lezioni, in dettaglio, le trovate sul blog.

http://startfromscratchblog.blogspot....
Mia -


Leggere “Lezioni Americane. Sei proposte per il prossimo millennio” di Italo Calvino ha avuto l’incredibile potere di farmi sentire una stupida.
Sospetto che per capirlo a pieno avrei dovuto avere una conoscenza più vasta dell’opera di Calvino, di tutta quanta la letteratura mondiale, tutta quanta la filosofia e una notevole destrezza tra i meandri della scienza.

E' un libro ricco, che affascina, che mette in moto il cervello.
E' un libro onesto, che non impone e non insegna, ma propone, getta i se
...more
Jim
After posting a couple grumbling reviews, I owe the world of authors some gratitude. I first read Calvino's little book in 1988 and periodically I pick it up and read parts of it again. Six Memos are actually five lectures – illuminating the qualities Calvino most valued in fiction: lightness, quickness, exactitude, visibility and multiplicity. What's almost miraculous is that Calvino's lectures are perfect examples of the virtues he celebrates – graceful, amused, lustrous with civilized intelli ...more
Стефан Русинов
За да има литературата смисъл в света, Итало Калвино предлага и прилага шест важни качества, на които се надява писането да наблегне през двадесет и първи век - лекота, бързина, точност, нагледност, множественост и съдържателност.

В “Американски лекции” тези наглед очевидни понятия биват разчовъркани, разпердушинени и разхвърляни, ясните думички стават на пух и прах, преди да станат нещо друго, нещо ново, нещо Калвино. Ерудираността на човека на места ми идва в повече, усещам, че не ми достига ин
...more
Tim
I've had the uncanny experience of having read this book around when it came out and forgotten most of it, yet rereading it is sort of like being under hypnosis, as it essentially embodies a great deal of what I strive for in my own aesthetic and weltanschauung and how I prepare food and live when you get down to it. In his ode to lightness, quickness, exactitude, visibility, and multiplicity, Calvino dazzles in his apparently effortless incorporation of all of these qualities, even while admitt ...more
Jim
I just had the nasty experience of writing a review of this book which Goodreads lost somewhere between the moons of Uranus and the neighborhood of Alpha Centauri. Phoooey!

To summarize briefly, Italo Calvino chooses six (actually five) traits he would like to see carried forward into a millennium which, alas, he did not live to see.It almost doesn't matter what these traits are: It only matters that Calvino took all of literature and examined it through his jeweler's loupe, showing us new relati
...more
Jason
Feb 14, 2010 Jason rated it 5 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: writers
Calvino nails it:

"It sometimes seems to me that a pestilence has struck the human race in its most distinctive faculty--that is, the use of words. It is a plague afflicting language, revealing itself as a loss of cognition and immediacy, an automatism that tends to level out all expression into the most generic, anonymous, and abstract formulas, to dilute meanings, to blunt the edge of expressiveness, extinguishing the spark that shoots out from the collision of words and new circumstances.
At
...more
Tripp
Lightness, Quickness, Exactitude, Visibility, and Multiplicity are the five memos Calvino completed for the 1985-86 Charles Eliot Norton Lectures at Harvard. He died before completing the sixth memo, Consistency. The five we have are gems, and hopeful ones at that: "My confidence in the future of literature consists in the knowledge that there are things that only literature can give us, by means specific to it," he writes in a prefatory note, and proceeds to describe the qualities he values in ...more
Emanuela
La lettura precedente risale a più di vent'anni fa. Nel frattempo ho letto altre opere come "Se una notte d'inverno un viaggiatore" e "Palomar" che mi risultano adesso più chiare alla luce di questa rilettura.
Di fronte alle riflessioni di Calvino ci si sente piccoli piccoli con la sensazione di essere di fronte all'erudito, mai saccente, che si ascolta a bocca aperta e che fa magicamente apparire vicino a te, come ologrammi, i mostri sacri del pensiero a cui dà voce e il cui compito, eclettico,
...more
Dhandayutha
Believe me i have not read any of Calvino fictions works till now.This is my first read.I really loved it for the very reason for the play of dialectics.He never talks about weight instead he talk about lightness, similarly [Lightness, Quickness, Exactitude, Visibility, and Multiplicity]. As with many authors he never use the code of mysticism, instead indulge in scientific theories to prove his point. That is the factor which interested me, gives the hope that these things are possible.
Farhan Khalid


I have tried to remove weight, sometimes from people, sometimes from heavenly bodies. Sometimes from cities

At certain moments I felt that the entire world was turning into stone

With myths, one should not be in a hurry

It is better to let them settle into the memory

It is true that software cannot exercise its powers of lightness except through the weight of hardware

The iron machines still exist, but they obey the orders of weightless bits



Death is hidden in clocks

Tristram Shandy does not want to be
...more
Sandra
Sono le conferenze che Calvino preparò per l’Università di Harvard, che non furono mai tenute perché la morte lo colse improvvisamente.
Ne erano previste sei, ma nel suo dattiloscritto, lasciato pronto sopra la scrivania da mettere in valigia, ne furono trovate solamente cinque, la sesta l’avrebbe scritta negli Stati Uniti, si sarebbe intitolata “Consistency” e di essa Esther Calvino dice che avrebbe parlato di Bartleby lo scrivano. In appendice vi è uno scritto, intitolato “cominciare e finire”,
...more
Nicola
Amazing how these memos, which Calvino wrote in 1985, apply to so much of the literature that followed. Certain memos/ideas--"lightness," and "multiplicity"--seem integral to postmodernism. Other memos--especially the ones on "exactitude," "quickness," and "visibility"--seem integral to good writing in general.

Though I'm not a personal fan of PoMo, I am--aren't we all?--a product of it in many ways--kind of like when you're born in the '80s, you aren't actively doing it, but are definitely affe
...more
Ben
Six Memos represents the English translations of essays on literature prepared by Italo Calvino for the Eliot Norton Lectures. Tragically, Calvino died a few months before delivering his discussions, but the existing manuscript was discovered by his widow, Esther, “all in perfect order, in the Italian original, on his writing desk ready to be put into his suitcase.”

Completed herein are five of the six “memos”: Lightness, Quickness, Exactitude, Visibility, and Multiplicity with Consistency being
...more
Ryan Werner
Italo Calvino's lectures on his hope for the future of literature show a deep understanding of both its changing and persistent qualities.

Italian writer Italo Calvino (1923-1985) starts Six Memos for the Next Millennium (Trans. Patrick Creagh. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1988, ISBN: 0679742379) off with a single paragraph introduction, stating near the end of it that his "confidence in the future of literature consists in the knowledge that there are things that only literature can give us, by means
...more
Piperitapitta
[10 aprile 2012]
Che ieri poi, in visita al Maxxi, mi accorgo che sulle porte a vetri del museo ci sono gli sticker delle cinque parole corrispondenti ai titoli delle lezioni americane.
Quando si dice la sincronicit�� :-)


Apprezzo, ascolto, mi faccio piccola piccola per manifesta ignoranza e taccio.
Per��, epper��, tra me e Calvino la scintilla non scocca proprio mai.
Mi entusiasma con la leggerezza, cattura la mia attenzione con la rapidit��, mi convince con l'esattezza (forse per affinit�� e orgogl
...more
Piperitapitta
[10 aprile 2012]
Che ieri poi, in visita al Maxxi, mi accorgo che sulle porte a vetri del museo ci sono gli sticker delle cinque parole corrispondenti ai titoli delle lezioni americane.
Quando si dice la sincronicit�� :-)


Apprezzo, ascolto, mi faccio piccola piccola per manifesta ignoranza e taccio.
Per��, epper��, tra me e Calvino la scintilla non scocca proprio mai.
Mi entusiasma con la leggerezza, cattura la mia attenzione con la rapidit��, mi convince con l'esattezza (forse per affinit�� e orgogl
...more
Martina Frammartino
Perché leggiamo testi come Lezioni americane di Italo Calvino? Qualcuno perché è obbligato dalla scuola, cosa niente affatto divertente e che di solito fa percepire qualsiasi libro come un mattone terribile. Gli aspiranti romanzieri, sospetto, sono in cerca di una formula magica che li aiuti a scrivere il bestsellers dell’anno, se non del decennio, che gli consenta di diventare ricchi e famosi. E poi c’è chi vuole riflettere seriamente sulla scrittura, provare a guardare le cose dall’angolazione ...more
Jan van Leent
"Six memos for the next Millennium" by Italo Calvino is a collection of five Charles Eliot Norton Lectures written in 1985/1986 about what should be cherished in literature with intriguing titles:
1 – Lightness,
2 – Quickness,
3 – Exactitude,
4 – Visibility,
5 – Multiplicity
and the never written memo "6 – Consistency".

In my opinion these lectures transcend “Goodreads”, these lectures are a must-reads for every serious writer and reader!

The third memo by Italo Calvino – Exactitude – begins as follows:
...more
Boryana  Ilieva


Най-лошата от всички напасти по днешната литература: писането в общи линии.

Така Итало Калвино без да иска дефинира болестта на задаващата се на границата на две хилядолетия вълна от устойчив хедонизъм, който ще пуска корени и ще ражда гнили плодове.

Авторът не доживява сбъдването на предсказанието си, всъщност той не доживява да допише и труда си – в лицето на последната от шестте лекции, озаглавена именно Съдържателност. Звучи като проклятие.

Завършените пет лекции са Лекота, Бързина, Точност, На
...more
Andrew
It sounds weird and slightly retarded to say it, but Calvino was good with words.

Revisiting a great many themes he discussed in The Uses of Literature, he breaks down what he values in reading and writing, and shows examples of the qualities he admires. Throughout, he's an entirely witty, charming commentator. I mean, the categories for literature that he espouses sometimes seem a wee bit arbitrary, but I didn't really care. He makes his case and makes it well.
Mahmoud
Though this is my first book for Italo Calvino, but that was sure more cogent and potent with ideas, literature and simple ideas than anyone else in that field . a lift-off from the complexities of language and thought he deliberately list down a number of methods that could maintain a simple yet glancing stream of beautiful words, so poetic, so natural and with exactitude i personally bookmarked some of the favorite examples in world literature evincing the lightness of being and it's profoundl ...more
Judith Shadford
Very much worth reading, not least because Calvino's approach to writing is so different from my own mentors. And the literature referenced so different from my reading (which never has been the original Italian!) I loved his first section on Lightness, not least because he quotes the Perseus-Medusa story in such wonderful detail. That metaphor will stay with me a long time.
Rory
A much-needed reminder of why I write, and of what writing can do that no other art can. Each "memo" is centered on a different quality that Calvino considers essential to literature (and thus timeless). His thoughts on lightness and exactitude especially (but to me the entire second half of the book is really about exactitude) will continue to blow my mind for a long time.
Fahad
"الأدب يطل حيًا فقط إذا وضعنا لأنفسنا أهدافًا غير قابلة للقياس، أهدافًا تقع ما وراء كل أمل بتحقيقها."

لم استوعب الكثير من هذا الكتاب، ولكن ما التقطته جدير بالتأمل. هو من نوع الفلسفة الأدبية وتتوفر ترجمته في مكتبة المجلس الوطني للثقافة والفنون والآداب - الكويت، تحت عنوان:
ست وصايا للألفية القادمة.
Lightingcloud
Trama: ...Cos��, a cavallo del nostro secchio, ci affacceremo al nuovo millennio, senza sperare di trovarvi nulla di pi�� di quello che saremo capaci di portarvi.

Quando mor��, nel 1985, Italo Calvino aveva quasi finito di preparare l'ultima lezione che avrebbe dovuto tenere all'universit�� di Harvard nell'ambito delle prestigiose Norton Lectures. A tema libero, queste lezioni erano tenute da eminenti artisti a proposito del proprio campo di conoscenza (musica, scrittura, pittura, scultura) in ci

...more
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Italo Calvino was born in Cuba and grew up in Italy. He was a journalist and writer of short stories and novels. His best known works include the Our Ancestors trilogy (1952-1959), the Cosmicomics collection of short stories (1965), and the novels Invisible Cities (1972) and If On a Winter's Night a Traveler (1979).

His style is not easily classified; much of his writing has an air of the fantastic
...more
More about Italo Calvino...
If on a Winter's Night a Traveler Invisible Cities The Baron in the Trees Cosmicomics Il cavaliere inesistente

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“I will start out this evening with an assertion: fantasy is a place where it rains.” 47 likes
“One should be light like a bird and not like a feather.” 19 likes
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