Standing Before the Shouting Mob: Lenoir Chambers and Virginia's Massive Resistance to Public School Integration
This book provides a vivid portrayal of one southern journalist's campaign for racial justice.Lenoir Chambers was editor of the "Norfolk Virginian-Pilot" during the 1950s [and] in 1954, following the Supreme Court's Brown v. Board of Education decision, he urged southerners to accept the fact that the age of segregation was over. Instead, Virginia embarked on a determined...more
Paperback, 208 pages
Published January 8th 2008 by University Alabama Press
(first published March 30th 1997)
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This little (138-page) book covers an overlooked chapter in Virginia history: the Massive-Resistance movement that was the state's answer to Brown v. Board of Education. Largely engineered from behind the scenes by Sen. Harry F. Byrd Sr. and his political machine, Massive Resistance attempted to circumvent the federal court decision by withholding state funds from integrated schools and empowering the governor to close schools rather than integrate them. The General Assembly also subsidized tuit...more