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Гибель империи. Уроки для современной России.

4.25 of 5 stars 4.25  ·  rating details  ·  91 ratings  ·  20 reviews
Hardcover, 440 pages
Published 2006 by Москва :РОССПЭН
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Pavel
Author of this book, first prime-minister of Free Russia died today, he was 53.
He was widely hated in his country. In 1992, when Russia was on the verge of starving he released prices for goods and empty state stores collapsed. Pretty quickly new private stores somehow was filled with food and other products. Vast majority thought he stripped ordinary people from cheap food and clothes (although those were not available for several years already) and he was removed from his office. (there is a b
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AC
If you're ever in a bookstore and see this book, read the Introduction which is insightful and moving. The rest of the book can be handled quickly. Gaidar (who omits personal recollections from this account) believes that the USSR was undone by an economic (fiscal, currency/balance of payments) collapse brought about by the sudden collapse of oil prices after the Iraq-Iran war came to an end. There are interesting observations on the collapse of multi-ethnic territorially integrated empires thro ...more
Alex Goldstein
Очень интересный период экономического краха и распада СССР в конце 80-х годов. К сожалению, книга больше напоминает научную работу - громадное количество прямых цитирований из советских хозяйственных документов, куча цифр и деталей. В итоге, за деревьями тяжело увидеть лес, то есть понять базовые причины и основные процессы. Гайдар их тоже описывает, просто нужно вылавливать ключевые предложения в массе текста состоящего из цифр и специальных хозяйственных терминов.
Основные мысли - сельское хоз
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Ru Galiev
"Это классика. Это знать надо."
Rashid
I picked up this book in the thick of Russia’s euphoria over annexing Crimea, hoping to understand the USSR and its eventual fall. An event of history the current administration covets to rectify.
As one of the authors of the “Belovezh Accords”* and later a minister in the Russian government under Boris Yeltsin, Yegor Gaidar offers a detailed analysis into why empires disintegrate in general and then draws parallels with the USSR, the last empire to fall in the 20th century.
His thesis is that “in
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Jan
This book gives you a very good analysis of the reasons for the collapse of the Soviet Union. In addition to give a comprehensive understanding of what happened the writer also manages to put new light on common assumptions. For instance he illustrates that Gorbachev's huge unpopularity among many Russians is rather unfair, as any Soviet leader in his position would have to make many of the same decissions. He illustrates that one should be careful before jumping to conclusions about Gorbachev's ...more
Artem Komisarenko
Розповідь про те як і чому розвалилась радянська імперія від очевидця та учасника подій, Єгора Гайдара. Про нафтову хворобу, про невдалі спроби економічних реформ, про невдалу зовнішню і внутрішню політику, про масове зневірення навіть охоронців режиму.

Найважливіша книга про розпад СРСР як на мене.
Andrew Osipenko
Книгу можно было сделать раз в 10 короче. Много внимания уделено документальным фактам экономической деградации СССР. в 1990 в Москве закончилось молоко, а в 1991 колбаса. Внешний долг СССР в 1986 был такой а в 1987 такой.
Причины развала союза раскрыты хорошо.
Alex Filatau
В целом неплохой обзор. Но как сам Гайдар предупреждает в ведении, очень очень и очень много цитирования оригинальных документов. Их, к счастью, можно опустить.
Не понравилось то, что по ряду вопросов о конкретных исторических событиях автор лишь отписывается "эта тема и так подробно описана в ряде источников", в то время как именно этих описания мне и были бы весьма интересны.
Первый части книги с общим экскурсом в историю империй выглядят поверхностно и не убедительно.
Книга хороша с точки зрени
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Riku Sarlin
Tiukkaa kamaa. Vähän raskaalla tyylillä kirjoitettu. Argumentaatio ja tilastot ovat kyllä hyvin uskottavat. Neuvostoliitto romahti huonosti hoidettuun talouteen, riippuvuuteen länsiviennistä (myös viljan suhteen) ja öljyvaltiolle tyypilliseen liialliseen riippuvuuteen öljyn viennistä ja sen tuotannosta. Muut talouden alat jäivät kehityksestä jälkeen, kun öljytuloilla korttitalo pysyi pystyssä Stalinin ajan jälkeenkin - pienen tovin.
Olga
Эту книгу непременно нужно читать всем. В первую очередь, чтобы понять закономерности, которые привели к краху огромную империю. Понять, что Советский Союз развалился не в один момент и не из-за действий одного конкретного человека, как до сих пор многие думают. И самое главное - понять, что у Советского Союза не было шансов на существование.
Vitaly Repin
One of the most interesting books on the economical history of Soviet Union I have read.

It contains a deeep analytic which is well supported by the statistical facts from the trustworthy sources. Great analysis of an attempt to build "planned economy" in Soviets.

I believe this is "must read" book for everybody who wants to understand how this economy worked and why had it crashed.
Jose Papo
A fantastic insider's view on the causes and consequences of the collapse of the Soviet Union. For me chapter 3 was the best one. Explaining the Oil Curse and how autocratic/dictatorial empires or countries based on commodity based economies are very prone to fall if they not have a reserve or funds for such events.
Mik Chernomordikov
Титанический труд Егора Гайдара о развитии экономики Советского Союза, зависимости от нефти и причинах краха советской системы. Максимально подробный анализ с цифрами, таблицами и сравнением с другими экспортно-ориентированными странами в истории.
Tair Kuanyshev
Отличный анализ экономики СССР, подкрепленный источниками. Проблемы, которые были заложены задолго до распада вкупе с политическими ошибками привели к крупнейшему в 20 веке коллапсу державы.
Fedor
Написано как будто для сегодняшнего дня.

К сожалению, часть пессимистических прогнозов автора оказываются пророческими.
Freicoin
Economic nonviability of socialism in globalized world shown on historical example of the biggest empire of XX century
Maxim Ananyev
На мой взгляд, это самый полный big narrative об экономической истории СССР.
Elvira Baryakina
Блестящая книга.
Karina Babenko
very interesting!
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“The situation—having to choose between imposing higher retail prices and reducing investments and military spending—created a dilemma for the government: deciding between conflict with the public or with the Party economic elite. But not making a decision heightened the risk that, as the crisis developed, there would be conflict with both the public and the elite.18 The new generation of leaders clearly did not understand this. The traditional management of the economy was oriented on natural, rather than abstract, parameters. The development of cattle breeding was discussed at the highest level more frequently than the country’s budget. Industry and business leaders regarded finances as necessary but dreary bookkeeping.19 In addition, information on the real state of the budget, hard currency reserves, foreign debt, and balance of payments was available only to an extremely narrow circle of people, many of whom understood nothing about it anyway.” 1 likes
“Most observers had overlooked the radical change in the relationship between the USSR and the world that took place in the 1960s and 1970s. At that time, the Soviet economy, formally still closed, had in fact become deeply integrated into the system of international trade and dependent on world markets (see table 4-19). This change, as a rule, was noticed only by researchers concerned with grain and oil markets. The majority of analysts studying the socialist system considered its foundation to be solid.99 Some publications spoke of risk factors that could undermine the stability of the Soviet regime. But they were exceptions, and their influence on the future image of the USSR was limited.100 In 1985 almost no one imagined that six years later there would be no Soviet Union, no ruling Communist Party, no Soviet economic system.” 1 likes
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