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The Art Instinct: Beauty, Pleasure, and Human Evolution

3.80  ·  Rating Details  ·  1,449 Ratings  ·  77 Reviews
In a groundbreaking new book that does for art what Stephen Pinker's The Language Instinct did for linguistics, Denis Dutton overturns a century of art theory and criticism and revolutionizes our understanding of the arts.

The Art Instinct combines two fascinating and contentious disciplines—art and evolutionary science—in a provocative new work that will change forever the
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Hardcover, 278 pages
Published December 23rd 2008 by Bloomsbury Press
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Community Reviews

(showing 1-30 of 3,000)
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Lazarus P Badpenny Esq
Occasionally irate academic becalmed in his own backwater mentality fails to deliver the book this subject deserves.

Thank God it's over. Like this book, life's too short to waste another moment on such a risible act of narrow-minded scholarship [an oxymoron if ever there was one:], suffice to say it was rife with under-argued assumptions and intermittently self-contradictory. Yet, paradoxically, if the experience had been prolonged it may have been less painful. In a longer, better book every la
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Kathryn
Jun 23, 2009 Kathryn rated it did not like it
Shelves: nonfiction
I began this book with unbounded optimism, excited to hear a Darwinian take on the human drive for creativity. I liked some of the information, like Dutton's ideas on how storytelling helped our Pleistocene ancestors survive their hunter/gatherer lifestyle or the ways our ancestors may have come to enjoy certain types of landscapes over others. I was slightly less excited about Dutton's take on postmodern ethnography and his weird repetition of the physical characteristics of women as they apply ...more
Al Bità
May 09, 2013 Al Bità rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
The Arts have been with us a long time, starting, perhaps, with language and story telling, dance, musical sounds, cave paintings, etc. Ditto regarding speculation on them: as early, at least, as Pythagoras and music. In general, each of these disciplines have developed and flourished more or less independently (or so we have been lead to believe) culminating in reaching alleged apexes (within specific cultures and racial groupings) determined more or less in the 19th-century. But it was really ...more
Billy
Jan 22, 2014 Billy rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
I suspect that portions of this work were written while drunk, given the blazing confidence of some of its assertions. Dutton's exploration of what primitive, evolutionarily-derived characteristics of the human species drive our interest in making and appreciating art today is built on two premises that permeate (to the point of stifling the analysis, in my view) the exercise: (1) that there is a definable, intrinsic and essential human nature; and that (2) there is a definable, intrinsic essenc ...more
Duncan Berry
Apr 28, 2012 Duncan Berry rated it liked it
A modestly competent popularization of the evolutionary psychology of artistic expression.

While there is a fairly decent representation of more recent speculations on the topic — the survival-, fitness- and sexual selection-value of artistic "activity — Dutton completely ignores the notion that the idea of an "art instinct" has a long and glorious pedigree outside the Darwinian intellectual trajectory.

When I was first thinking about these matters as an undergrad in the late-70s, there was only o
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Jeff
Dec 28, 2010 Jeff rated it really liked it
For the past 50 years or so, most discussions about art and its meanings have been based in either semiotics or phenomenology. Discourse either focused on how art (in whatever medium) functioned as a language, or it focused not on the construction of art but rather the experience of the perceiver. Denis Dutton's book is part of a new trend (particularly popular in the UK, Australia & New Zealand it seems) to examine the notion that artmaking and art enjoying are part of a deeply ingrained an ...more
Avery
Mar 16, 2011 Avery rated it did not like it
Shelves: gave-up-on
I started reading this book because of a blurb on the Arts and Letters Daily site. It looked intriguing, and I was very interested in the subject.

I finished the intro and that was enough for me. I agree with the premise (that art is an innate evolutionary trait) but disagree with the approach he took. Perhaps it is because I am an anthropology student, but I do not think you can take a cross-cultural approach to anything. While it is true that there are similarities and comparisons between cultu
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Dave
Oct 11, 2014 Dave rated it liked it
My main interest in reading this was to try to figure out at what point art becomes too much. Or to put it another way, how much cultural fluff needs to be stripped away for us to be sustainable? The author doesn't focus on this too much, and I wasn't really expecting him to. This is mostly just him trying to make a case for artistic interests being innate to humanity rather than just a result of cultural values. While he does spend a lot of time in bullshit territory, I do at least agree with t ...more
Nish
Jun 21, 2015 Nish rated it really liked it
I used to read Arts & Letters daily quite often and learned that the editor had died. I checked out Dutton's book on the possible evolutionary roots of aesthetics and the arts. The book begins with a meditation on America's Most Wanted, a painting in the mid-90s by expat Soviet artists Komar and Melamid. The work was commissioned to satisfy the preferences of Americans through polls, focus groups, and other surveys. What follows is a pastiche of "desired images" that patch together to create ...more
Benjamin Featherston
Denis Dutton sets out to address a challenging question; how do the Arts, with their excesses and disconnections from the real world, relate to human evolutionary history? Given that evolution manufactures no trait in a vacuum, and punishes any creature which is not attuned to its environmental realities, Arts and Survival should be forces at odds. Instead, Dutton builds a persuasive argument for how human artistic preferences and practices assisted human survival in the Paleolithic era, and how ...more
Lauren Albert
There are basic logic problems here but I think Dutton's book is worth reading even if you don't agree with his theories. I like books that give me something to think about.

I tend to be a Dantonian (to coin a term)--I mostly agree with Danto's institutional theory of art. To give an example, Dutton uses his 12 criteria of "art" to look at Duchamp's readymades and to "decide" if they are truly art. He writes, "On a numerical calculation of items on the cluster criteria list, not to mention the o
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Steven Peterson
Jul 06, 2009 Steven Peterson rated it liked it
This is a well written work, accessible to a general audience, on the linkage between art and evolution. Up front, Dutton contends that (Page 1): "It is time to look at the arts in the light of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution--to talk about instinct and art."

The book begins with reference to a study that found that humans across many cultures seemed to prefer a very similar type of painting--a landscape with people, animals, water, with a preference for the color blue being a part of the w
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Liviania
Jun 12, 2012 Liviania rated it liked it
If you can't tell, I don't read much non-fiction for pleasure. I love learning about things, but I usually save that for school and use my reading time for other pursuits. However, THE ART INSTINCT appeared to combine two of my favorite things, genetics and the arts. Unfortunately it is not friendly to casual reading. Denis Dutton's authorial voice is rather dry and unengaging.

Various ideas caught my attention, but I didn't really get into his argument until the 8th chapter (Intention, Forgery,
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Ryan
Jan 26, 2013 Ryan rated it it was ok
Does Dutton know that art is created during times of affluence? To suggest that since the birth of man, humans have been creating for the sake of creating is confounding. He toes the line: asserting ceramic bowls are somehow more than ceramic bowls. Skill and creative ability is present and necessary in some ancient crafts, and can represent the snapshot of a culture, making it important in its own right, but sometimes a bowl is still a fucking bowl! The idea that there is an over-arching, cross ...more
Bill Gusky
Jul 08, 2012 Bill Gusky rated it liked it
OK I bagged this about 4/5 through. By that time I felt as though I'd gotten all I was going to get out of it.

The author spends an inordinate amount of time correcting what he views as the mistakes of other anthropologists, mistakes that are not in the forefront of consideration for anyone who isn't also an anthropologist.

Meanwhile the author's intense focus on Darwin for pretty much every reference to adaptation is exhausting, considering that biologists have advanced so far beyond the basic i
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Kyle
Nov 09, 2010 Kyle rated it liked it
Shelves: art, science, nonfiction
The thesis of Dutton's The Art Instinct is that aesthetics can be understood in very rational terms as a product of human evolution. He uses the muscular prose of a good, strong-minded, confident scientific/intellectual argument, while also remaining crystal clear and (somehow) delicate. Still, the book never completely coalesces into an effective work.

I admire the audacity and provocation at the core of an argument like his -- marrying the seemingly cloudy and subjective (what is beautiful, int
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Simone
Nov 17, 2011 Simone rated it it was ok
While Dutton's theories are interesting, I find he relies to often on singular sources of knowledge, specifically Steven Pinker. While I understand Dutton is modelling his theory loosely on Pinker's developments in linguistics as an evolutionary adaptation/instinct, I think the subject matter of art as a human instinct and not a culturally infused by-product of evolution demands a wider array of sources and scientific research. Dutton also takes a significantly long-winded approach to his explan ...more
Ben Babcock
I am at war with myself. The feminist in me, who has been taking philosophy courses and reading books that challenge contemporary notions about gender, regards much of culture as a construction, something abstract and even arbitrary that we should alter to improve the status of various groups of people. The scientist in me, who reads books about genetics and ponders how amazing it is that we're programmed to learn how to talk but have developed writing as a skill, not an innate ability. These tw ...more
Nat
Aug 17, 2009 Nat rated it liked it
Dutton wants to turn attention away from marginal artistic "hard cases" like Duchamp's readymades that dominate contemporary aesthetic debates back to central features of art. He argues that art is a "cluster concept", meaning that it isn't defined by a single set of necessary and sufficient conditions, but that central, canonical art works satisfy twelve different criteria, from the demonstration of skill to the production of "imaginative experience", and less central examples (like the readyma ...more
Serena
Aug 06, 2010 Serena rated it it was amazing
Shelves: popular-science
This was definitely amazing. :) :)

So easy to read, yet so richly, DELICIOUSLY informative--no, INSIGHTFUL! XD XD Just the PERFECT balance for a popular science/ philosophy book. :) :)

My favorite chapter of all, was of course "Uses of Fiction" :D :D :D :D :D Oh gosh, it's intensifying my hunger to read more literary classics! XD XD

I just love how Denis Dutton gives a UNIVERSAL explanation of our passion for art, rather than sticking to "culturally relativistic" ones--which I simply hate. Also, it
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Curtis Butturff
Should prove an interesting argument. Basically it's making a case that what we like in art (and other venues presumably) aesthetically isn't a social convention that it is in fact hardwired genetically. I'll confess up front I'm skeptical of this as an end all argument. Certainly we have evolved to see a particular part of the wavelength spectrum of light there is no denying an underlying linkage to taste. I am just not likely to be sold there is nothing to the social construct theory of it. Li ...more
Julian Weitzenfeld
Mar 23, 2016 Julian Weitzenfeld rated it really liked it
Dutton is widely and sympathetically read with good instincts. He discusses the Danto- institutional approach to art, the question of what level evolution would act act to produce art, the "they don't have our concept of art" argument, and the problems of intention, forgery, and Dada. He likes Pinker.
Neowuf
Mar 04, 2014 Neowuf rated it it was amazing
Must read for artists. The author defend a argument that art is a human instinct, and all people around the world have this instinct. He defend the argument very well, but most important, as he defends his point of view, he show others point of views and arguments about art I never really thought of. The book also is clear and easy to read.
David Dacosta
Feb 19, 2016 David Dacosta rated it liked it
Well put together but nonetheless info a little out dated..

I enjoyed the stories of how art helped our ancestor hunter/ gatherers survive.
Greta
Jan 14, 2014 Greta rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: art
The author of this book attempts to explain, from an evolutionary perspective, why humans create art. The book was all over the place, really, but provided some interesting food for thought. There were a few bits of information that I hadn't considered before like why men give women flowers and diamonds, but other than that, it was all just a lot of speculation.
Sarah
Jan 31, 2015 Sarah rated it liked it
I ran across this book while researching the cognitive benefits the arts confer on children and adults. I started reading it out of curiosity, and although it's interesting, the reasoning seems a little stretched in places. It's reasonably well written, though. (Full confession: I didn't finish it ... I read around in it here and there.)
Nelson Zagalo
A masterpiece, and a mind-bending work. Denis Dutton faced criticism from the entire continent of art theorists to research and publish his work. As evolution theory continues to be doubted and critiqued by sceptics, trying to extend its rules and naturalism to the arts, is not only an act of bravery, but also of pure scientific curiosity. Humanities have lacked for too long a scientific foundation, Dutton opened here a new avenue for critical thinking. As Steven Pinker states in the back cover ...more
Greg
Mar 20, 2016 Greg rated it it was amazing
A lucid, engaging, and scientifically-informed exploration of how our evolutionary past shapes our intuitions about art. This understanding enhances our appreciation of art, rather than cheapening it. Dutton is a consummate appreciator of art, generally, and his treatment of, say, modernist music is much more comprehensive than certain writers who have a more scientific background. It has changed my attitude toward sophisticated art, which I had previously dismissed as an outgrowth of the modern ...more
Colleen
Feb 06, 2015 Colleen rated it it was amazing
Shelves: 2015-read
Mr. Dutton posits a detailed definition of art based on human evolution. I found it fascinating
Greg Linster
Sep 22, 2015 Greg Linster rated it it was amazing
Shelves: audio-books
An outstanding philosophical and evolutionary inquiry into the nature of art.
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Denis Dutton was the founder and editor of the immensely popular Web site Arts and Letters Daily, named by the Guardian as the “best Web site in the world.” He also founded and edited the journal Philosophy and Literature.
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