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Religion and Science

3.99 of 5 stars 3.99  ·  rating details  ·  1,655 ratings  ·  73 reviews
In this timely work, Russell, philosopher, agnostic, mathematician, and renowned peace advocate, offers a brief yet insightful study of the conflicts between science and traditional religion during the last four centuries. Examining accounts in which scientific advances clashed with Christian doctrine or biblical interpretations of the day, from Galileo and the Copernican ...more
Paperback, 272 pages
Published May 29th 1997 by Oxford University Press, USA (first published 1935)
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Bertrand Russell was an extremely intelligent, witty and entertaining writer, and I enjoyed most of this book in the way I would have enjoyed a very good comment thread on Goodreads; perhaps the book in question was the Bible, or The God Delusion, or one of Ann Coulter's more demented outpourings. Russell has set the ball rolling with a provocative review, designed to tease and infuriate people with religious sympathies; he then proceeds to dispatch the resulting army of trolls, to the amusement ...more
Joshua Parkinson
Imagine two brothers born to compete, the elder dominating the younger. The elder brother is arrogant and manipulative, but also sincere and well-intentioned. When people ask him questions about the world, he answers quickly and often flippantly, as if he knows all. When he doesn’t know, he answers anyway, gleaning his answers from within. He never thinks to look to the world for his answers because he’s certain he already knows everything. His younger brother agrees and admires him, repeating h ...more
Ayman  Agour
الكتاب يتحدث فى عشر فصول عن تاريخ الصراع بين الدين والعلم، منذ ظهور كوبرنيكوس وآراؤه حتى العام 1935، عام صدور الطبعة الأولى من الكتاب .. كتاب هام جداً.

الكتاب نسخة pdf


العلم يبدأ بـ (الملاحظة) ثم (افتراض علمى) ثم مجموعة من الظواهر والملاحظات ترتقى بالافتراض العلمى لدرجة أعم وأشمل هى (النظرية العلمية) ، وقد تكون مجموعة من النظريات العلمية افتراض جديد أكثر عمومية وشمولية الذى بدوره قد يؤدى إلى نظرية عملية جديدة أ
بسام عبد العزيز
لماذا يصطدم العلم بالدين؟
ببساطة لأن رجال الدين لديهم إصرار لانهائئ في الدخول إلى العلم من بوابة النصوص المقدسة!

على العكس تماما نجد رجال العلم لا يهمهم الدين.. فمباحث العلم لا تشتمل على الغيبيات ... و بالتالي فلا علاقة لهم بمباحe الدين..
لماذا لا يحاول المتدينون التفكير بهذه الطريقة مثل العلماء ؟!!

عندما قرأت الكتاب وجدت الفكر الديني السائد في عصور أوروبا المظلمة هو نفس الفكر السائد لدينا في دولنا الإسلامية الغراء!

ما التشابه؟ لنلق نظرة..

"من الذي سيجرأ على وضع مرجعية كوبرنيكوس فوق مرجعية الروح القدس
محمد  الخواص
كعادة المنطقى برتراند راسل فى السرد لا يحيد عن الحقائق العلمية (فى عصره) كما يلتزم قدر الامكان لعله اكثر حذرا ايضا بالتماسك المنطقى
كما انه لا يخلو من علم بالتاريخ
يبدأ فى سرد الصراع بين العلم والدين وكيف تحول العلم مصدرا بديلا عن المفاهيم والحكاوى الدينية ليس بسبب طبيعة الغرب الالحادية كما يعتقد الكثير من العرب ولكن بسبب ان العلم يقدم نجاحاته ليس فقط النظرية ولكن العملية والمتمثلة فى اغلب الاشياء حولك
ان ما يؤلم فى سرد الماضى الاوربى هو انه يناظر واقعناوحاضرنا فى كل شئ لدرجة ان حاضرهم الان اعتق
In the first instance, I wish to repudiate the statement made by Manny on comment 72 here:

I mean, I was gasping, possibly even moaning...but it wasn't because Bertrand is my pornography....

So we have here a guy who thought he could spend his life being opinionated about everything and telling it how it is until he changes his mind. Russell believed that facts weren't the way to change people's minds, only emotional arguments could do that, and this book i
Sep 17, 2014 Armin rated it 4 of 5 stars
Recommends it for: Rationalists
Considering the book was written in the 30's, it is still relevant today. Russell deals with many fresh issues including dogmatism, ethics, evolution, scientific revolution and its implications for theology. The book is quite short and can be read easily. I’m not going to summarize all the chapters here. I’m just going to share my favourite quotes from the book, for your enjoyment, and my own.

Reason is a harmonising, controlling force rather than a creative one. Even in the most purely logical r
Samah Mohamed
كتاب يستحق القراءة من كاتب رائع ..

العلم : يهدف للكشف من خلال وسائل الملاحظة والبرهان المرتكزة على أحداث خاصة في العالم ..

ثم بواسطة القوانين يربط الأحداث الواحد بالآخر،وبعد ذلك يتنبأ بالأحداث المستقبلية..

هذا الجانب النظري للعلم مرتبط بالتقنيات العلمية التي تستخدمها المعرفة العلمية من أجل إنتاج ظروف لراحة الإنسان والتي كانت غير قابلة للتحقق من قبل،أو أنها كانت مكلفة جدا في عصور ما قبل العلم.

هذا الجانب الأخير يعطي أهمية كبيرة للعلم حتى في عيون الذين لا يؤمنون به.

الدين: ومن وجهة نظر اجتماعية،هو ظاه
It's amazing how prescient Russell's insights from 70 years ago are even today. Many "philosophers" multiply words and leave you understanding less than when you met them. Russell is, first and foremost, an insightful thinker and clear writer.

This is a quick read and covers religion and science, their separate spheres of importance and relevance, and their interplay over the centuries.
Ahmad Sharabiani
عنوان یک: «علم و مذهب»، اثر: برتراند راسل؛ ترجمه: رضا مشایخی، نشر: تهران، کتابفروشی دهخدا، در ص، چاپ 1355، انتشارات
عنوان دو: «نبرد دین با علم»، اثر: برتراند راسل؛ برگردان: «احمد ایرانی» و «علی اصغر مهاجر»، نشر: لس آنجلس، در 192 ص، چاپ سال 1993 میلادی،
With a title like "Religion and Science" one might be apt to believe that this is a book of comparative essays, conflicting viewpoints one might say. However, what Russell really does is to offer first a historical view of religion's relationship with science and then in latter writings, how that relationship went wrong.

From metaphyscial meanderings to epistemological epiphanies Russell points out that the truth of the matter is: religion has been in the business of either editing or censuring s
Not a lot to this one - I was surprised by how light on it was. There were some themes I really would have liked to have heard more on. He talks about Marxism (coming from Hegel) being based on Dialectics and this being somewhat similar to mysticism - all is one, everything is related to everything else - but does no more than mention this.

I would have liked more detail and more depth.

The thing I found most interesting about this was finding out that this book was written when Russell was in his
Alfaniel Aldavan
Russell's clarity alone is a reason to read this book, any time.

The book is an easy read, articulate and entertaining. It's not a part of Russell's influential theories, rather an aside. Russell presents a history of refutations, from an analytical/scientific perspective, of arguments in favor of God's existence.

Written in a style accessible to the large public, the book can serve as introduction to the controversy between religion and science, as well as offer an enjoyable moment to the reader
Dan Arel
I really loved this book! Russell tells the major differences between logical, scientific thought vs illogical theology. His love of the scientific method is unmatched and his points still stand up this many years later.

he points out why theology is so much different and can be very dangerous. He touches on morality and ethics and points out why you are not getting those from your religion.

Amazing read, i recommend this to everyone! the kindle edition is free on amazon too!
Trey Nowell
I thought reading this, Russell's understanding of current events made the book very relevant for the WWII time. Of course looking at this book in 2014, there might be the need for some readers to criticize not realizing the setting in which Russell wrote in. I felt he brought up some important historical considerations for what has happened in the name of religion, however that focus is consuming today for many people, but what impressed me is he actually acknowledged that good things are done ...more
Stephen Curran
I often find that people who believe that science and religion are compatible have misunderstood what science actually is, seeing it as a Big Book of Inflexible Rules rather than a method, a tool we use to develop a clearer understanding of the world. I would happily see the first chapter of Bertrand Russell's book (titled 'Grounds of Conflict') added to the school curriculum as required reading. Its explanation of the scientific method is so clear-sighted and reasonable that it achieves a kind ...more
Ahmed M. Gamil
التقييم قريباً، إن شاء الله.
أحمد البخاري

برتراند راسل فيلسوف كبير لا شك في ذلك، ولكن لدي مشكلة كبيرة في أسلوب كتابته، ولا أدري هل العيب من راسل أو من المترجمين، لكن طريقة إيصاله للمعلومة صعبة جداً، ومعقدة، وهذه المشكلة واجهتني في كتابه الأول أثر العلم في المجتمع وهذا الكتاب ويبدو أن المشكلة ليست من المترجمين لأن مترجمي الكتابين مختلفين بل هي من برتراند راسل فأنا أعتقد أنه فيلسوف ومفكر عظيم ولكنه كاتب غير جيد ذو أسلوب غير سلس على الإطلاق، عموماً الكتاب جيد وأنا قد قرأته لأنني أحاول أن أقرأ في العلاقة بين العلم والأخلاق هذه الأيام ، وقد
Alexander Arsov
Bertrand Russell

Religion and Science

Oxford University Press, Paperback, 1997.

8vo. xxiii+254 pp. Introduction by Michael Ruse, 1997 [v-xxiii].

First published, 1935.


Introduction by Michael Ruse

I. Ground of Conflict
II. The Copernican Revolution
III. Evolution
IV. Demonology and Medicine
V. Soul and Body
VI. Determinism
VII. Mysticism
VIII. Cosmic Purpose
IX. Science and Ethics
X. Conclusion



This book makes a particularly rewarding read after The God Delu
Bertrand Russell est un philosophe et logicien anglais du début du siècle dernier. Dans cet ouvrage, on peut distinguer trois parties successives : tout d'abord, une apologie de l'athéisme, ensuite, un exposé de la philosophie de la connaissance, et enfin une apologie de la libre pensée.

La première partie rappelle les circonstances historiques lors desquelles les théories scientifiques ont valu à ceux qui les soutenaient d'être persécutés par des autorités religieuses, lorsque les dogmes de la d
David S. T.
In this book Russell discusses Religion and Science with some of their historical conflicts. Russell was an atheist and I think one can easily guess who the victor was in any matter where religion and science conflict. Overall compared to some of the new atheist books this one wasn't very harsh on religion, I think at the time Russell was more concerned with the growing regimes in Germany (National Socialism) and Russian Communism. It seemed he was thinking that Christianity was taking a more to ...more
In one of his shorter books, logician and philosopher Russell briefly explains the history of conflict between faith and reason, and his exacting train of thought (as you'd expect from a mathematician) in concluding that science is the domain better based in rational thought, and the more conducive to human progress. Russell is popular among students of philosophy young and old for his readability. More than many other, equally prolific authors, he rehashes the ancient points of debate in a clea ...more
Mostafa Nour
"الدين والعلم" لبرتراند راسل
ثلاث مُلاحظات أسجلها تعليقي علي الكتاب :

أما أولهما : أن راسل (وهو فيلسوف وعالم رياضيات كبير) لم يعرض صراعًا بين الدين والعلم في أوروبا، وإنما صراع بين رجال الدين والعلم. وهذا حق لا بُد من إقراره.
فالمعركة بالأساس كانت مع رجال الدين "اللاهوت المسيحي" مع العلم، ولو كانت مع الدين نفسه، لماذا لم يعرض لنا بعض من نصوص الأنجيل توحي بمعارضتها للعلم ؟!
ولو كانت هناك نصوصًا، فهي من اللاهوت المسيحي التي وضعها بولس وتحول إثرها الدين إلي كنيسة (مؤسسة). فأصبح عيسي والأنجيل في ناحية
Un bon résumé sur les grands points de désaccord entre la science et la théologie. Les terrains de conflits se sont multipliés depuis Copernic : Astronomie, médecine, évolution, mysticisme .. etc et durant ces quatre siècles de combats qui ont, pour la plupart des questions, donné raison à la science.

Russell est un esprit scientifique pure et dure. Selon lui tout s'explique par la rigueur scientifique sauf les questions dont la définition de ses termes n'est pas définitive; la morale, est l'exem
Bertrand Russell, as usual, gives a brilliant, accessible and eloquent account of the general history of science and religion. Lucidly, he explains how they have come into conflict in the past, when scientific achievements started to revive again in the 17th century.

He explains how the two are sometimes parallel and other times at odd with one another, charting its temporal progression, from the physical sciences to biological and currently, to the psychological sciences. Each takes its turn to
A nice overview of standard points of contention between science and religion. From going over the works of famous historical people (Copernicus and Galileo), to discussing abstract concepts (mystics, metaphysics, soul, etc.), Russell is firmly on the side of science while trying to be as fair as possible. His thoughs on mysticism in particular are quite enlightening and worth a read.

All in all, this is quite short and informative, if somewhat dry book.
Prooost Davis
How delightful finally to have read Bertrand Russell. His wisdom is conveyed by an eloquence that reminded me of Mark Twain.

This book, written against the backdrop of the coming of the second world war, gives a history of the conflict between science and religion since the seventeenth century. In those days, claims Russell, churches were more prone to persecution of those with new knowledge than they are now.

In Russell's time, the Christian religion having dropped some of its bad habits from the
Maged Kazlak
Bertrand Russell is such a genius philosopher.In this book,he proved that science always had the upper hand over religion through time.He also showed that the priesthood is nothing but a bunch of tainted indoctrinated minds and they always seek to smash any scientific proof that opposes their dogma.i liked his thoughts about the afterlife and morality as well.
John Broussard
Quick read that clearly explains religion vs. science in terms of the domains in which they reside in the human experience. Science in testing for knowledge and religion in the spiritual realm. Russell contends that religion ought not attempt to make truth claims as science can potentially undermine with evidence if those assertions prove false.
Amr Omran
من برونو لـ كوبرنيكس لـ جاليليو وعلماء غيرهمّ كانت البداية بلا شك مريرة علي العلماء لكن الحقيقة تنتصر في النهاية. "برتراند راسل" اخذ المواجهة مباشرة الي الدين. تحتم علي العلماء الذين كانوا يؤمنون بأعمالهم ان بتصارعوا مع المتدينين بدون وضع ادني اعتبار للعلم وعلي انه هرطقات عقلية. يتغير الزمن والعلم يتقدم.

التعذيب والقتل وما شابه ذلك لم يقتل شغف العلم في أي زمن لكنه رجع اقوي من السابق, برؤيا جديدة ولا تعرف معني الفشل.
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Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell, OM, FRS, was a Welsh philosopher, historian, logician, mathematician, advocate for social reform, pacifist, and prominent rationalist. Although he was usually regarded as English, as he spent the majority of his life in England, he was born in Wales, where he also died.

He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1950 "in recognition of his var
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“حتى أكثر الناس حماساً فى إيمانه بالروحانيات لا يستطيع الزعم بأن لديه دليل من الدلائل على استمرار الحياة بعد الموت.” 19 likes
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