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The Foundations of Social Research: Meaning and Perspective in the Research Process
Choosing a research method can be bewildering. How can you be sure which methodology is appropriate, or whether your chosen combination of methods is consistent with the theoretical perspective you want to take? This book links methodology and theory with great clarity and precision, showing students and researchers how to navigate the maze of conflicting terminology. The ...more
Hardcover, 256 pages
Published October 15th 1998 by Sage Publications Ltd
(first published August 26th 1998)
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Comprehensive (and sometimes dense) articulation of the historical origins and contemporary perspectives of the major paradigms which govern how we discover and understand the world. Crotty's inclusion of the contemporary debates surrounding the paradigmatic assumptions of positivist, post-positivist, constructivist, interpretivist, critical, transformative, feminist, Marxist, modernist, and post-modernist paradigms (among others) effectively situate the underlying philosophies of social researc ...more
Good discussion on the four dominant research paradigms. A good read to understand the type of research that is produced and the researcher's position. I stand in the critical paradigm (if I have to choose one this is it) that seeks to transform the world in communion with others. The reading is helping me to understand the foundation of the other paradigms (positivism/postpositivism, interpretivism, and deconstructionism). Croty's discussion of Marx falls short; he only focuses on economics as ...more
Crotty presents the four research paradigms in an easy-to-read format. He clearly explains ontology, epistemology, positivism/post-positivism, and constructionism. The Critical theory section is a bit weak, especially the feminist chapter because Crotty relies heavily on Tong's work. Getting through the post-modern section is tough, but that is to be said of anything attempting to explain post-modernism and research from that paradigm.
I am not a fan of this book. It contains a great deal of information, but it is hard to access because the author's presentations are disorganized and circuitous. It certainly provided an interesting perspective on various philosophies unpinning research frameworks. However, it is for the initiated and not the novice.