الاستشراق
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الاستشراق

4.04 of 5 stars 4.04  ·  rating details  ·  7,463 ratings  ·  423 reviews
يعتبر الاستشراق، انطلاقاً من أواخر القرن الثامن عشر، مؤسسة مشتركة للتعامل مع الشرق وحكمه، إنه أسلوب غربي للسيطرة على الشرق، وإذا لم نكتنه الاستشراق بوصفه إنشاء فلن يكون في وسعنا أن نفهم الفرع المنظم تنظيماً عالياً الذي استطاعت الثقافة الغربية عن طريقه أن تتدبر وتنتج الشرق سياسياً، وعسكرياً، وعلمياً… إضافة الى الحدود المعوقة التي فرضها الاستشراق على الفكر والفعل.

يأتي الكتاب...more
368 pages
Published 2003 by مؤسسة الأبحاث العربية (first published 1978)
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Erica
The following is a true story:

Me, in a San Franscisco bar reading Orientalism.

The blonde girl next to me reading over my shoulder: "So what's Orientalism?"

I explain as best I can in a couple sentences.

Her: "There are so many isms in Asia - like Buddhism and Taoism. You know what book you should read? The Tao of Poo. It's sooo good. It's, like, the perfect way to teach Americans about Eastern Religion."

Horrified, I look back to my book and take a sip of beer.
Keely
There's a curious double-standard between what we expect from White guy authors compared to authors of any other background. When an author is a Native American, for example, we tend to expect their books to deliver to us the 'Native American experience'. If the author is a woman, we tend to expect that her book will show us the 'female perspective'--to the degree that female authors who write stories about men often take on a masculine or nondescript name, like J.K. Rowling.

So we get Western-ed...more
Trevor
This is a fascinatingly interesting book. It is also a book that is virtually required reading if you are going to say anything at all about post-colonialism. Whether you agree or disagree with the central theme of the book is almost beside the point. This work is seminal and landmark – so it can be avoided only at your own cost.

I’ll get to the central idea of the book in a second, but first some advice for people thinking of reading it. I think, if I only wanted to get an idea of what the book...more
DoctorM
Yes--- in many ways, Said's "Orientalism" is a classic. And he's right about some things: Western art and literature created a whole fantasy world about "the Orient" (which included the Balkans and Russia) over the last few centuries; Western scholarship about North Africa or the Middle East or India could be (and was) used by colonial powers. But as critics (especially Bernard Lewis and Robert Irwin)have pointed out, Said took a handful of serious ideas and created his own fantasy world of "Ori...more
عبدالرحمن ابوذكري
شتان بين الطلسمات التي ابتلينا بها على يد كمال ابوديب في الترجمة الأولى التي صدرت قبل أكثر من عقدين، وبين هذه الترجمة السلسة الرائقة البعيدة عن التقعُّر، والإغراب، وصك المصطلحات الشاذة. إذا أردت أن تقرأ كتاب إدوارد سعيد، وتفهمه فهماً حسناً، وتفيد منه، فعليك بقراءة ترجمة أستاذنا محمد عناني، واهرب من ترجمة كمال ابوديب هروبك من المجذوم!!!!!!!!!!!!
Adam
Orientalism is a masterpiece of comparative literature studies and deconstruction, published in 1978 it is arguably Said's most rigorous piece but undoubtedly his most influential. This is a examination of the academic discipline of Oriental Studies, which has a long history most of the European universities. Oriental Studies is a pastiche areas of study which include philology, linguistics, ethnography, and the interpretation of culture through the discovery, recovery, compilation, and translat...more
Lucy
I think the problem with reading Orientalism today is that much of what he says (that was so revolutionary at the time) is so accepted now (at least among most academics). He's a brilliant writer, although he did irritate me at times (he constantly vilified anyone trying to represent anything, claiming, rightfully, that it is only possible to have a misrepresentation of anything built on one's own experiences and culture, and I did truly want to remind him that was what he was doing with Orienta...more
حسين العُمري
يناقش أدوارد سعيد في هذا الكتاب " الاستشراق " كظاهرة ثقافية يشوبها الكثير من التحامل الغربي على الشرق ،، يظهر ذلك في سطحية النظرة الغربية للثقافة العربية و الاسلامية بل و الشرقية بصفة عامة فيلعب المستشرق دور الراصد لما يعتقد أنه همجية في مقابل الحضارة و التقدم الغربي فينجرف وراء " نحن " مقابل " هم " أو المسيحية و الحضارة مقابل البدائية و هنا تظهر كثير من الدراسات الاستشراقية كدعامة للعنصرية و التعالي الأوربي على الشعوب الأخرى الأقل درجة في رأيهم ،، ناقش إدوارد سعيد بشكل كبير الاستشراق من عدة جوا...more
Inam
Apr 25, 2010 Inam rated it 5 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: Everyone
Recommended to Inam by: Professor
Still the most influential book in Cultural, Near Eastern, Arab, Islamic, and Post-Colonialist Studies.

Interesting how everyone giving it a bad/ambivalent review is someone that simply can't acknowledge history - 200-300 years of colonialism which was then only replaced by neo-imperialism in the form of wars, economic exploitation, and political interference through force. Is the world any different even today? Obviously not. You're not hating the West by acknowledging this truth, Edward Said a...more
Rob Salkowitz
Intellectual porn for self-hating westerners, shockingly became one of the most influential texts of the last 25 years. Said's pompous, self-important writing style papers over yawning gaps in scholarship and breathtaking dishonesty. Finally, some academics appear to be getting over their institutional infatuation with Said and the critical tide is starting to turn. None too soon.
Yann
Ce livre est un pamphlet écrit au siècle dernier par un professeur de littérature américain, dans lequel l'Orientalisme est dénoncé comme une imposture pernicieuse qui véhiculerait depuis deux siècles une fausse image négative et raciste des habitants de l'Orient, qui masquerait un dessein caché de domination et d'asservissement, et aurait conduit, du fait de son vain prestige de prétendue science, hier les gouvernements d'Europe au colonialisme et aujourd'hui celui des États-Unis à une politiqu...more
Michael
I started to pick at this foundational work while I was still in Iraq (2007). Things I saw from both Americans and Iraqis began to remind me faintly of some half-remembered ideas from Said's pen. Said's stated purpose of writing was to show how an intellectual study such as Orientalism can not be viewed independently from the influence of power dynamics on an author. Orientalism, he stated, responded directly to the West's need to possess and control an East that it considered inferior, doing so...more
Omar BaRass
مع إني سئ في الكتابة حول كتاب ما إلا إني سأكتب على أي حال...
قسم ادوارد سعيد كتابه 560 صفحة لثلاثة فصول رئيسية... 1-الاستشراق وفصل فيه حول مدى معرفة الغرب حول الشرق، تلك المعرفة الباهتة التي ألزمت الشرقي صفة الجاهل وغير عارف بمصالحه. وأن الغربي أكثر دراية بها هذا ما حاول تبريره بلفور لغزو مصر. وتحدث عن مشروعات عن مشروعين سبقا غزو نابليون لمصر. أنكتيل الذي ترجم الأفستا وترجمة الأوبانيشاد ومنها ربط بين الشرق والغرب فاكتسبت آسيا لأول مرة بعدا فكريا وتاريخيا دقيقا. ثم جاء وليم جونز الذي جاء بعد انكتي...more
Hadrian
A literary/philosophical analysis of perceptions of 'the Orient' as something different, exotic, passionate, religious, and inferior.

The Orient as it was, was thought of as such - in many ways- since the Crusades, perhaps before, and all the way up to the Ottoman Empire. But as the Europeans became colonial powers, perceptions continued to influence action.

Im curious over why the author omitted German sources, and possible perceptions of West v. East Europe - the multiethnic Habsburg Empire, an...more
Steven Salaita
A theoretical and political standard. Its mythology has long superseded its actual content. People rarely get to Said's basic arguments anymore, busy as they are dickering over immaterial phenomena like Said's childhood biography or his chucking a stone into Israel from Lebanon. (The only problem I have with the latter action is that the stone didn't plunk a soldier.)

Leave the culture wars aside and give Orientalism a try. You may find that the most noteworthy thing about it is how the passage...more
Zanna
Jan 20, 2014 Zanna rated it 5 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: John of Segovia and all who sail in him
Obviously this is a must read, which has been much drawn on and critiqued by later post/anti-colonial writers. I have just read the copious notes I made when I read it in 2007 (sort of ironic that I read a westerner's gloss rather than re-reading the original!?) and noted some points of particular interest...

John of Segovia proposed a conference with Islam designed to produce mass conversion 'even if it were to last ten years it would be less expensive and damaging than war'

To me this is a perfe...more
Clif
I'm sure you've heard people say, "I've got to get a handle on it" when they are telling you they need to better understand something.

Edward Said has written this comprehensive account of how people in the West have gotten a handle on the area of the world called the Orient - the Middle East, Asia Minor, the Far East and Southern Asia, much of it Islamic. It isn't about the Orient at all but about the representation of the Orient in the West. To say the result was a better understanding would be...more
Lina AL Ojaili
لا يحلل سعيد أصل الطابع الطاغي والمهيمن لهذه الثقافة، فهي بالنسبة له سائدة ومهيمنة لأنها غربية
كتاب "الاستشراق"، ليس دفاعا عن لإسلام فقط، انه هجوما وفضحا لبنية الاستشراق اللاإنسانية، المهيمنة، وكشف لأسسها الإستعمارية، وشبكة المصالح المرتبطة بها،
Tim
Said was required reading in my Conflict Transformation graduate studies and this is the modern classic and standard on the concept of "othering". Yet I'd never read the entire work. Sections of this book are constantly utilized in the academic world, so it was about time to finally read it, and also timely as far as my current location (geographically and personally).

As some have said, the ideas in this book are often acknowledged by many intellectuals (with various degrees of acceptance depen...more
Hussain
"If the knowledge of Orientalism has any meaning, it is in
being a reminder of the seductive degradation of knowledge, of any
knowledge, anywhere. at any time. Now perhaps more than before."

The very last three lines of the masterpiece Orientalism .
Andreea


Such a massive disappointment. I spent quite a lot of time discussing the way Central Europe is in a weird cultural limbo between Western Europe and Asia in the last two years or so and I was really looking forward to reading this. And indeed for the first 150 pages it was so interesting, I couldn’t put it down. But after the first 150 pages the Western bias because virtually nauseating and getting through the book became a chore. What Western bias you might ask? Well, the one that makes a huge...more
Mark Fitzpatrick
Read after I graduated from college. Said's project is a landmark work in the project of Orientalist studies. However, it only serves as an introduction to the study of post-colonial studies and how one can analyze the literature and cultural networks the West applied to the "Orient". This book opens up the reader to see Orientalist language as racist, imperialistic, ethnocentric, and the project of European culture and society manufacturing an Other in the Orient, particularly in the geographic...more
nanto
Ada sebuah ungkapan ," ex orient lux", dari timut terbitlah kemakmuran, yang saya dapat ketika SMA dari guru sejarah saya. Ungkapan itu merupakan sebuah cara dari sudut pandang sebuah masyarakat yang melihat di timurnya merupakan banyak tempat bagi lahir pencerahan. Konon itu ungkapan dari masyarakat eropa, entah kapan tepatnya ungkapan itu muncul saya tidak tahu. Yang jelas, ungkapan itu menunjukan tempat tempat seperti Mesir dengan piramida dan kemajuan geometrinya dan Yunani dengan filsafatny...more
Jeremy
Said borrows from the best of thinkers like Vico and Foucault, offering a rigorous survey and evisceration of a disgusting, racist, lazy intellectual tradition all while maintaining a profound, broadly stated humanist commitment. And he makes an airtight (and deeply troubling) case that academia has often been not only tacitly aligned with, but in many ways openly complicit with dehumanizing Imperialist ambitions. This is a brilliant statement about the inherently political, non-essentialist nat...more
Jen Padgett Bohle
Sep 01, 2010 Jen Padgett Bohle rated it 5 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: students of postcolonial and transnationalist studies, anyone who can read polysyllabic words
Recommended to Jen by: former professor
It’s become a total cliché to say this, but I’m gonna anyway: This work is more relevant than ever. If you want an inexpensive, at-home university course on the history of Islam phobia and ways in which the West has appropriated, marginalized, and re/presented (and consequently colonized) the East, this is your book. This is also a scintillating example of literary analysis and how important and germane deconstruction can be in illuminating power dynamics and seemingly benign discourse which is...more
Siria
This was a really difficult book to read. Both in the sense that Said really didn't believe in using one word where ten would do, and because this is also a book designed to make you think, long and hard, about your own attitudes and culture, and the way you see history. I though it could have used some serious editing, however; there were times when he seemed to be rehashing the same arguments over and over, and points where he could be clearer on the conscious/unconscious nature of the 'Wester...more
أحمد
يرصد ادوارد سعيد الاستشراق كظاهرة يوجه لها مجموعة من الانتقادات
فهو يرصد الصورة الذهنية للشرق في وعي الغرب و يرصد مجموعة من السلبيات منها مجموعة من الاحكام المسبقة سببها الحقبة الاستعمارية

الكتاب كان صدمة وقت نزوله و مازال حتي الان يعتبر مرجعا في الدراسات الشرقية
ادي هذا الكتاب لتحول في الاستشراق حتي ان بعض الكتاب قد استشعرت خطر الكتاب و هاجمته باعتباره نوع من الارهاب الفكري علي العقلية الغربية

اعتقد انه قدغير كثيرا في طريقة تناول العقلية الغربية للشرق عموما
Raymond
This is an historically important book because it has become a touchstone for Muslims who blame all their problems and shortcomings on "western imperialism". It is a hard book to read, however. Said's writting often resembles postmodern constructionist rambling. I am far from an expert in eastern cultures, but even I found numerous factual errors in the text. Don't waste your time - read Ibn Warraq's critique "Defending the West" instead.
Jeff
i only speak english... there are entire pages in french and german with no translation. so i stopped reading 2/3rds through it thinking it was written for a different audience. could have put his points across in much simpler terms. those that do come across to my simpler mind are good points made more clearly by other people.
Eleanor
Jun 20, 2007 Eleanor rated it 5 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: Nerds, historians, everyone
I've been meaning to read this book for ever (or at least since college). I've been using Said's theories for a long time, but not actually reading him. That's a problem. He is an amazing writer and I think this book is really important for understanding these times politically (which he makes clear in the forward he wrote in 2003).
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Goodreads Librari...: Incorrect publication year 3 11 Jul 25, 2014 02:49PM  
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نادي فكر للقراءة: مناقشة كتاب: الاستشراق 13 188 Jul 01, 2013 05:25PM  
Middle East/North...: "Orientalism" by Edward Said(Jan/May 2011) 163 144 Oct 11, 2012 05:15AM  
  • The Location of Culture (Routledge Classics)
  • Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism
  • A Critique of Postcolonial Reason: Toward a History of the Vanishing Present
  • Black Skin, White Masks
  • Provincializing Europe: Postcolonial Thought and Historical Difference
  • Imperial Leather: Race, Gender, and Sexuality in the Colonial Contest
  • The Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine
  • Discourse on Colonialism
  • The Dialogic Imagination: Four Essays
  • Colonialism/Postcolonialism
  • The Colonizer and the Colonized
  • Decolonising the Mind: The Politics of Language in African Literature
  • Beyond Chutzpah: On the Misuse of Anti-Semitism and the Abuse of History
  • Fateful Triangle: The United States, Israel and the Palestinians
  • Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age 1798 -1939
  • Mimesis: The Representation of Reality in Western Literature (Fiftieth-Anniversary Edition)
  • The Foucault Reader
  • Illuminations: Essays and Reflections
24390
(Arabic profile: إدوارد سعيد)

Edward W. Said was born in Jerusalem and raised in Egypt until his parents sent him to the United States in 1951.

Said graduated from Princeton University in 1957 and earned his Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1964.

He was a professor of English and Comparative Literature at Columbia University in New York and held his chair until his death at 67. His major interests w...more
More about Edward W. Said...
Culture and Imperialism Out of Place Covering Islam: How the Media and the Experts Determine How We See the Rest of the World The Question of Palestine Representations of the Intellectual

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“The Orient and Islam have a kind of extrareal, phenomenologically reduced status that puts them out of reach of everyone except the Western expert. From the beginning of Western speculation about the Orient, the one thing th orient could not do was to represent itself. Evidence of the Orient was credible only after it had passed through and been made firm by the refining fire of the Orientalist’s work.” 24 likes
“كلما ازداد تعدي أوروبا على الشرق في القرن التاسع عشر ازدادت ثقة الجمهور [الغربي] بالإستشراق. لكنه إذا كانت هذه الزيادة في الثقة قد تزامنت مع نقصان الإصالة، فلا ينبغي لنا أن ندهش كثيراً، لأن أسلوب الإستشراق منذ البداية كان يقوم على إعادة البناء والتكرار” 14 likes
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