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الاستشراق

4.06  ·  Rating Details  ·  10,235 Ratings  ·  548 Reviews
يعتبر الاستشراق، انطلاقاً من أواخر القرن الثامن عشر، مؤسسة مشتركة للتعامل مع الشرق وحكمه، إنه أسلوب غربي للسيطرة على الشرق، وإذا لم نكتنه الاستشراق بوصفه إنشاء فلن يكون في وسعنا أن نفهم الفرع المنظم تنظيماً عالياً الذي استطاعت الثقافة الغربية عن طريقه أن تتدبر وتنتج الشرق سياسياً، وعسكرياً، وعلمياً… إضافة الى الحدود المعوقة التي فرضها الاستشراق على الفكر والفعل.

يأتي الكتاب
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368 pages
Published 2003 by مؤسسة الأبحاث العربية (first published 1978)
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Erica
May 14, 2007 Erica rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
The following is a true story:

Me, in a San Franscisco bar reading Orientalism.

The blonde girl next to me reading over my shoulder: "So what's Orientalism?"

I explain as best I can in a couple sentences.

Her: "There are so many isms in Asia - like Buddhism and Taoism. You know what book you should read? The Tao of Poo. It's sooo good. It's, like, the perfect way to teach Americans about Eastern Religion."

Horrified, I look back to my book and take a sip of beer.
J.G. Keely
There's a curious double-standard between what we expect from White guy authors compared to authors of any other background. When an author is a Native American, for example, we tend to expect their books to deliver to us the 'Native American experience'. If the author is a woman, we tend to expect that her book will show us the 'female perspective'--to the degree that female authors who write stories about men are forced to take on a masculine or nondescript name, like J.K. Rowling.

So we get We
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Trevor
Apr 17, 2013 Trevor rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
This is a fascinatingly interesting book. It is also a book that is virtually required reading if you are going to say anything at all about post-colonialism. Whether you agree or disagree with the central theme of the book is almost beside the point. This work is seminal and landmark – so it can be avoided only at your own cost.

I’ll get to the central idea of the book in a second, but first some advice for people thinking of reading it. I think, if I only wanted to get an idea of what the book
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عبدالرحمن أبوذكري
شتان بين الطلسمات التي ابتلينا بها على يد كمال ابوديب في الترجمة الأولى التي صدرت قبل أكثر من عقدين، وبين هذه الترجمة السلسة الرائقة البعيدة عن التقعُّر، والإغراب، وصك المصطلحات الشاذة. إذا أردت أن تقرأ كتاب إدوارد سعيد، وتفهمه فهماً حسناً، وتفيد منه، فعليك بقراءة ترجمة أستاذنا محمد عناني، واهرب من ترجمة كمال ابوديب هروبك من المجذوم!!!!!!!!!!!!
Zanna
Jan 24, 2016 Zanna rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: John of Segovia and all who sail in him
Obviously this is a must read, which has been much drawn on and critiqued by later post/anti-colonial writers. I have just read the copious notes I made when I read it in 2007 (sort of ironic that I read a westerner's gloss rather than re-reading the original!?) and noted some points of particular interest...

John of Segovia proposed a conference with Islam designed to produce mass conversion 'even if it were to last ten years it would be less expensive and damaging than war'

To me this is a perfe
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DoctorM
Yes--- in many ways, Said's "Orientalism" is a classic. And he's right about some things: Western art and literature created a whole fantasy world about "the Orient" (which included the Balkans and Russia) over the last few centuries; Western scholarship about North Africa or the Middle East or India could be (and was) used by colonial powers. But as critics (especially Bernard Lewis and Robert Irwin)have pointed out, Said took a handful of serious ideas and created his own fantasy world of "Ori ...more
حسين العُمري
يناقش أدوارد سعيد في هذا الكتاب " الاستشراق " كظاهرة ثقافية يشوبها الكثير من التحامل الغربي على الشرق ،، يظهر ذلك في سطحية النظرة الغربية للثقافة العربية و الاسلامية بل و الشرقية بصفة عامة فيلعب المستشرق دور الراصد لما يعتقد أنه همجية في مقابل الحضارة و التقدم الغربي فينجرف وراء " نحن " مقابل " هم " أو المسيحية و الحضارة مقابل البدائية و هنا تظهر كثير من الدراسات الاستشراقية كدعامة للعنصرية و التعالي الأوربي على الشعوب الأخرى الأقل درجة في رأيهم ،، ناقش إدوارد سعيد بشكل كبير الاستشراق من عدة جوا ...more
Adam
Jul 11, 2008 Adam rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Orientalism is a masterpiece of comparative literature studies and deconstruction, published in 1978 it is arguably Said's most rigorous piece but undoubtedly his most influential. This is a examination of the academic discipline of Oriental Studies, which has a long history most of the European universities. Oriental Studies is a pastiche areas of study which include philology, linguistics, ethnography, and the interpretation of culture through the discovery, recovery, compilation, and translat ...more
Lucy
I think the problem with reading Orientalism today is that much of what he says (that was so revolutionary at the time) is so accepted now (at least among most academics). He's a brilliant writer, although he did irritate me at times (he constantly vilified anyone trying to represent anything, claiming, rightfully, that it is only possible to have a misrepresentation of anything built on one's own experiences and culture, and I did truly want to remind him that was what he was doing with Orienta ...more
Inam
Apr 25, 2010 Inam rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: Everyone
Recommended to Inam by: Professor
Still the most influential book in Cultural, Near Eastern, Arab, Islamic, and Post-Colonialist Studies.

Interesting how everyone giving it a bad/ambivalent review is someone that simply can't acknowledge history - 200-300 years of colonialism which was then only replaced by neo-imperialism in the form of wars, economic exploitation, and political interference through force. Is the world any different even today? Obviously not. You're not hating the West by acknowledging this truth, Edward Said a
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Sidharth Vardhan
“My dear Kepler, what would you say of the learned here, who, replete with the pertinacity of the asp, have steadfastly refused to cast a glance through the telescope? What shall we make of this? Shall we laugh, or shall we cry?”
- Galileo in his Letter to Johannes Kepler

The above quote had a huge impact on me when I first read it. I always thought that even if those learned men so faithful to the Christian ideas they were married to, would have looked through the telescope and saw how the Eart
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Ali Almatrood
Jan 27, 2016 Ali Almatrood rated it liked it
Shelves: 2016
الكتاب مجهدٌ جدًا، وهو مرجعٌ تاريخي أكثر من كونه كتابًا للقراءة.
Rob Salkowitz
Intellectual porn for self-hating westerners, shockingly became one of the most influential texts of the last 25 years. Said's pompous, self-important writing style papers over yawning gaps in scholarship and breathtaking dishonesty. Finally, some academics appear to be getting over their institutional infatuation with Said and the critical tide is starting to turn. None too soon.
Yann
Mar 03, 2014 Yann rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
Ce livre est un pamphlet écrit au siècle dernier par un professeur de littérature américain, dans lequel l'Orientalisme est dénoncé comme une imposture pernicieuse qui véhiculerait depuis deux siècles une fausse image négative et raciste des habitants de l'Orient, qui masquerait un dessein caché de domination et d'asservissement, et aurait conduit, du fait de son vain prestige de prétendue science, hier les gouvernements d'Europe au colonialisme et aujourd'hui celui des États-Unis à une politiqu ...more
Michael
Apr 18, 2012 Michael rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
I started to pick at this foundational work while I was still in Iraq (2007). Things I saw from both Americans and Iraqis began to remind me faintly of some half-remembered ideas from Said's pen. Said's stated purpose of writing was to show how an intellectual study such as Orientalism can not be viewed independently from the influence of power dynamics on an author. Orientalism, he stated, responded directly to the West's need to possess and control an East that it considered inferior, doing so ...more
Hadrian
A literary/philosophical analysis of perceptions of 'the Orient' as something different, exotic, passionate, religious, and inferior.

The Orient as it was, was thought of as such - in many ways- since the Crusades, perhaps before, and all the way up to the Ottoman Empire. But as the Europeans became colonial powers, perceptions continued to influence action.

Im curious over why the author omitted German sources, and possible perceptions of West v. East Europe - the multiethnic Habsburg Empire, an
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Andrew
This is a great example of a paradigm shift in the social scientist's perspective. Something like "orientalism" was so taken for granted over the centuries that it took someone like Said to simply take a step back and say "dude, what the fuck." As I read it, I found myself trying to step back from the orientalizations in my own life and in the cultural/social life around me. For the life examined.
Lina AL Ojaili
لا يحلل سعيد أصل الطابع الطاغي والمهيمن لهذه الثقافة، فهي بالنسبة له سائدة ومهيمنة لأنها غربية
كتاب "الاستشراق"، ليس دفاعا عن لإسلام فقط، انه هجوما وفضحا لبنية الاستشراق اللاإنسانية، المهيمنة، وكشف لأسسها الإستعمارية، وشبكة المصالح المرتبطة بها،
Stef Rozitis
Mar 02, 2016 Stef Rozitis rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: 1971-1980
The way this book was explaining the prevalence ond logic of Islamophobia I had to check the date, expecting it to be a very current book. Frightening that although it was written in the 70s the sort of racism and terror-mongering described in it is if anything more wide-spread than ever. This book very eloquently shows how orientalism works- it makes no parallels to things like the male/female binary (who speaks, who describes whom, who is exoticised as "other", less and deficit) but to me read ...more
Omar BaRass
مع إني سئ في الكتابة حول كتاب ما إلا إني سأكتب على أي حال...
قسم ادوارد سعيد كتابه 560 صفحة لثلاثة فصول رئيسية... 1-الاستشراق وفصل فيه حول مدى معرفة الغرب حول الشرق، تلك المعرفة الباهتة التي ألزمت الشرقي صفة الجاهل وغير عارف بمصالحه. وأن الغربي أكثر دراية بها هذا ما حاول تبريره بلفور لغزو مصر. وتحدث عن مشروعات عن مشروعين سبقا غزو نابليون لمصر. أنكتيل الذي ترجم الأفستا وترجمة الأوبانيشاد ومنها ربط بين الشرق والغرب فاكتسبت آسيا لأول مرة بعدا فكريا وتاريخيا دقيقا. ثم جاء وليم جونز الذي جاء بعد انكتي
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Fatima Alammar
Apr 26, 2014 Fatima Alammar rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: non-fiction
السنة التي تقرأ فيها الاستشراق يجب أن تكون في أهميّة السنة التي تخرجت فيها، أو حصلت على أول عملٍ لك، أو تزوجتْ. سنة فارقة؛ لأن الكتاب يشكّل بالفعل علامة فارقة في قائمة القراءات.

يتناول الكتاب تحليل "خطاب" الاستشراق، وينقسم إلى ثلاثة محاور: نطاق الاستشراق، أبنية الاستشراق وإعادة بنائها، الاستشراق الآن. ثيمة الكتاب أو الفرضية التي يقوم عليها تتلخص في أن (الاستشراق مذهب فُرِض فرضاً على الشرق) وهو (جهاز ثقافي ينحصر في العداء والنشاط وإصدار الأحكام وفرض "الحقائق" والمعرفة).

بأسلوبٍ عميق، ونثرٍ آسر، ود
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Tim
Feb 14, 2014 Tim rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: middle-east
Said was required reading in my Conflict Transformation graduate studies and this is the modern classic and standard on the concept of "othering". Yet I'd never read the entire work. Sections of this book are constantly utilized in the academic world, so it was about time to finally read it, and also timely as far as my current location (geographically and personally).

As some have said, the ideas in this book are often acknowledged by many intellectuals (with various degrees of acceptance depen
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Clif
Jan 22, 2011 Clif rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
I'm sure you've heard people say, "I've got to get a handle on it" when they are telling you they need to better understand something.

Edward Said has written this comprehensive account of how people in the West have gotten a handle on the area of the world called the Orient - the Middle East, Asia Minor, the Far East and Southern Asia, much of it Islamic. It isn't about the Orient at all but about the representation of the Orient in the West. To say the result was a better understanding would be
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Jen Padgett Bohle
Sep 01, 2010 Jen Padgett Bohle rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: students of postcolonial and transnationalist studies, anyone who can read polysyllabic words
Recommended to Jen by: former professor
It’s become a total cliché to say this, but I’m gonna anyway: This work is more relevant than ever. If you want an inexpensive, at-home university course on the history of Islam phobia and ways in which the West has appropriated, marginalized, and re/presented (and consequently colonized) the East, this is your book. This is also a scintillating example of literary analysis and how important and germane deconstruction can be in illuminating power dynamics and seemingly benign discourse which is ...more
Joel Palma
Apr 25, 2016 Joel Palma rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: culture, non-fiction
Edward W. Said's famous book "Orientalism" tackles about "the West and the rest" which has a very powerful premise and point to make about cultural representations, wrongful perceptions and generalizations...

This book proved to be indispensable specially in the field of Area Studies and is thought- provoking- although it was not written to be much of a highbrow kind of narrative (but I actually like the idea that reading this book is accessible)- the scope and discourse, in general, are worthy
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Wael
Jun 30, 2013 Wael rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
هذا الكتاب نادر من حيث المعلومات والأفكار التي يحويها بين طياته ... ما جعل مؤلفه يقود حركة "ما بعد الإستعمار" في القرن العشرين. الكتاب يرتكز على مجموعة كبيرة جدا من المراجع وهو أمر إن دل على شيء فإنه يدل على سعة معرفة الكاتب وحسن اطلاعه على الموضوع الذي يكتب فيه.

هذا الكتاب صعب و يستحق أن يدرس لمرات حتى يتم فهمه جيدا. أنا شخصيا أنوي إعادة مطالعته في وقت لاحق إن شاء المولى.

الفكرة الفلسفية لهذا الكتاب يرثها إدوارد سعيد عن فلوبر فيبرز بأن هناك علاقة وطيدة بين العلم والقوة؛ فعندما تؤسس لعلم ما و تتح
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Andreea


Such a massive disappointment. I spent quite a lot of time discussing the way Central Europe is in a weird cultural limbo between Western Europe and Asia in the last two years or so and I was really looking forward to reading this. And indeed for the first 150 pages it was so interesting, I couldn’t put it down. But after the first 150 pages the Western bias because virtually nauseating and getting through the book became a chore. What Western bias you might ask? Well, the one that makes a huge
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Mark Fitzpatrick
Nov 20, 2012 Mark Fitzpatrick rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Read after I graduated from college. Said's project is a landmark work in the project of Orientalist studies. However, it only serves as an introduction to the study of post-colonial studies and how one can analyze the literature and cultural networks the West applied to the "Orient". This book opens up the reader to see Orientalist language as racist, imperialistic, ethnocentric, and the project of European culture and society manufacturing an Other in the Orient, particularly in the geographic ...more
nanto
Ada sebuah ungkapan ," ex orient lux", dari timut terbitlah kemakmuran, yang saya dapat ketika SMA dari guru sejarah saya. Ungkapan itu merupakan sebuah cara dari sudut pandang sebuah masyarakat yang melihat di timurnya merupakan banyak tempat bagi lahir pencerahan. Konon itu ungkapan dari masyarakat eropa, entah kapan tepatnya ungkapan itu muncul saya tidak tahu. Yang jelas, ungkapan itu menunjukan tempat tempat seperti Mesir dengan piramida dan kemajuan geometrinya dan Yunani dengan filsafatny ...more
Jeremy
Jul 19, 2014 Jeremy rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Said borrows from the best of thinkers like Vico and Foucault, offering a rigorous survey and evisceration of a disgusting, racist, lazy intellectual tradition all while maintaining a profound, broadly stated humanist commitment. And he makes an airtight (and deeply troubling) case that academia has often been not only tacitly aligned with, but in many ways openly complicit with dehumanizing Imperialist ambitions. This is a brilliant statement about the inherently political, non-essentialist nat ...more
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Oriental/Russian/Non Europe medieval or recent history books 2 7 May 18, 2016 11:52PM  
All About Books: Week 8 (1978) - Orientalism by Edward Said 23 23 Apr 12, 2016 08:06AM  
Goodreads Librari...: Incorrect publication year 3 13 Jul 25, 2014 02:49PM  
help 3 83 Nov 20, 2013 03:52AM  
نادي فكر للقراءة: مناقشة كتاب: الاستشراق 13 223 Jul 01, 2013 05:25PM  
Middle East/North...: "Orientalism" by Edward Said(Jan/May 2011) 163 174 Oct 11, 2012 05:15AM  
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(Arabic profile: إدوارد سعيد)

Edward W. Said was born in Jerusalem and raised in Egypt until his parents sent him to the United States in 1951.

Said graduated from Princeton University in 1957 and earned his Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1964.

He was a professor of English and Comparative Literature at Columbia University in New York and held his chair until his death at 67. His major interests
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More about Edward W. Said...

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“The Orient and Islam have a kind of extrareal, phenomenologically reduced status that puts them out of reach of everyone except the Western expert. From the beginning of Western speculation about the Orient, the one thing th orient could not do was to represent itself. Evidence of the Orient was credible only after it had passed through and been made firm by the refining fire of the Orientalist’s work.” 35 likes
“كلما ازداد تعدي أوروبا على الشرق في القرن التاسع عشر ازدادت ثقة الجمهور [الغربي] بالإستشراق. لكنه إذا كانت هذه الزيادة في الثقة قد تزامنت مع نقصان الإصالة، فلا ينبغي لنا أن ندهش كثيراً، لأن أسلوب الإستشراق منذ البداية كان يقوم على إعادة البناء والتكرار” 21 likes
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