A árvore do conhecimento: as bases biológicas da compreensão humana
Os autores mostram que a idéia de que o mundo não é pré-dado, e que o construímos ao longo de nossa interação com ele, não é apenas teórica; apóia-se em evidências concretas. Várias delas estão expostas - com a freqüente utilização de exemplos e relatos de experimentos - nas páginas deste livro. As teorias dos dois autores constituem uma concepção ori ...more
A mixture of dated scientific ideas, profound frameworks for thinking about living organisms, and unnecessarily complicated jargon, ToK is essentially the children's menu version of Maturana and Varela's Autopoiesis and Cognition papers on living organisms, communication, and consciousness.
I hig ...more
Es un libro que logra superar la visión reduccionista y mecánica de la mente como máquina de informaición, y poner ...more
I think the big concept is autopoiesis, which is that in living things there is an internal unity and divider between the living thing and the environment. This condition gives rise to possibilities of interaction, that in many lineages give rise to behaviour, and in some language, and in curren ...more
It begins by unmasking the 'temptation of certainty' in all branches of knowledge and proceeds thence to present 'a coherent formulation of the foundation of communication as the biological being of man."
Clearly illustrated with diagrams, pictures and blocks of key ...more
This describes an entirely new direction in understanding living symmetries and relational hypersystems. Our minds, ideas, and life on Earth are explicit examples of such systems.
Astonishing, and requires a few readings over years to get the ideas clearly. If -realized- they turn minds i ...more
“all knowing is an action by the knower” (34)
“Everything said is said by someone.”
Unities: A unity (entity, object) is brought forth by an act of distinction. Conversely, each time we refer to a unity in our descriptions, we are implying the operation of distinction that defines it and makes it possible. (40)
“Our proposition is that living beings are characterized in that, literally, they are continually self-producing. We indicate this proces ...more
There are a few things I didn't like about it, though.
For instance, the overall tone of the book was extremely arrogant. I know that may seem like a petty complaint, given the nature of the book, but this is major leagues conceit we are talking about. The author explicitly states at the beginning of the book that he intends to reform the totality of the scientific method, and not only that, the totality of knowledge as well, by establishing a new all-encompassing conceptual framework ...more
"Sabendo como sabemos" é o tema deste livro. Seus autores apresentam uma
nova visão da cognição que tem implicações sociais e éticas
importantes, para, eles afirmam, o único mundo em que os seres humanos
podem ter é aquele que criamos juntos através das ações de nossa
convivência. Escrito para o público em geral, bem como para estudantes,
acadêmicos e cientistas e abundantemente ilustrada com exemplos de
biologia, lingüística e novos fenômenos sociais e culturais, esta edição
revista inclui um n
Ich habe das Buch gelesen, weil es viel zitiert wurde. Und dies zu Recht - es wird über Systeme, Komunikation , Leben und Liebe biologisiert und philosophiert.
Ob Peter Druckers "Communication is what the listener does" auch ihre Wurzeln hier hat?
Und sowieso muss ein Buch mit Bilder von Escher gut sein... :)
Nur für Freunde von wissenschaftlichen ...more
For me the good parts constitute the last two chapters and the afterword. The rest does have some nice insights but consists mostly of rather dry material sprinkled with some examples. Other people who don't have previous experience with biology and sociology might enjoy it, but still I would have li ...more
|Goodreads Librari...: [Speaker Portuguese] To correct alphabetical order||2||117||Sep 18, 2016 09:34AM|
Maturana, along with Francisco Varela, is particularly known for creating the term "autopoiesis" about the nature of reflexive feedback mechanisms in living systems, and concepts such as structural d ...more