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Escape from Freedom

4.19 of 5 stars 4.19  ·  rating details  ·  5,059 ratings  ·  206 reviews
If humanity cannot live with the dangers and responsibilities inherent in freedom, it will probably turn to authoritarianism. This is the central idea of Escape from Freedom, a landmark work by one of the most distinguished thinkers of our time, and a book that is as timely now as when first published in 1941. Few books have thrown such light upon the forces that shape mod ...more
Hardcover, 1st, 305 pages
Published July 1941 by Farrar & Rinehart, Inc. (NY)
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(showing 1-30 of 3,000)
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Maggie
Existentialism has always fascinated me as the condemnation to freedom of mankind is such hard felt in society I'm living in.

This book is quite an easy read when compared to Sartre's, Beauvoir's or Nietszche's.

The willingness of choice, human act, and thinking has been deem sinful since the dawn of civilisation- Adam and Eva being ousted from Eden in the name of infringement of Gods will - to make the choice of having knowledge and ability to think.

The powerlessness and insecurity of our generat
...more
Huyen
My rating of this book varies from one chapter to another. The first chapters explaining the attempts of Lutherism and Calvinism to fill the void freedom created during the early era of capitalism were good. Basically, when the feudal system was being replaced by capitalism, man was more free, but also more isolated and insecure. The solution offered by Protestanism was total submission to God and work as a means of searching for a sign of salvation. That laid the groundwork for the unhealthy me ...more
Ameera H.  Al-mousa
قدم فروم مؤلفة الهرب من الحرية , كمزامنة لذروة هتلر التسلطية , لذاته في القوة والهيمنة الذي يراها في العمق هرب من العجز واللاجدوي إلى القوة .

وهي أشبه ما تكون دراسة عريضة تعالج الطابع المميز لنسيج الإنسان الحديث والمشكلات الخاصة النفسية والاجتماعية و السياسية والأخطار الراهنة التي تشير إلى أعظم انجازات الحضارة الحديثة بما فيها ظهور سمة الفردية وتفرد الشخصية , ومدى مفهوم الحرية بالنسبة للإنسان الحديث من بعد ما تحرر من قيود المجتمع التي تمنحه الآمان , وحصوله من بعد ذلك على امتلاك العقلانية والاستقل
...more
Ryan
Certainly of all the nonfiction I've read this year, I would recommend Escape From Freedom above all others. This is my first time reading Fromm and I'm thoroughly impressed.

This work addresses topics which are very important to me: individuality, authoritarianism, freedom and how it all relates to our modern, democratic society. Fromm draws a causal link between the freedom gained for the individual in the transition to modernity, and the reactionary rise of the authoritarian personality. Fromm
...more
Safa Rawashdeh
كتاب رائع وقراءته لازمة
موجودن , لكن لا نعرف ما الذي يجب أن نفعله حيال ذلك
ندّعي أننا أحرار ولا نمارس أي حريّة ولا نفعل بحريّتنا شيئاً
لو صدق الإنسان أنه حر وجب عليه أن يتحمل المسؤولية
وجودنا بدون بدون إدراكنا كم نحن أحرار وجود مشوّه
Noor
كتاب مهم و متعب جداكتب ف ظل الحكم الهتلري و بحث سياسيا و اجتماعيا و نفسيا لايجاد الاجابات المقنعة حول هروب الانسان من الحرية و التفافه حول الفاشية رغم فظاعتها ) الكتاب يتحدث فقط ضمن الاطار الاوربي

بدأ بالحديث حول الازمة الحداثية و التفاضل بين مجتمع تقليدي يحوي الكثير من القيود و الروابط و التراتبيات الاجتماعية و الاقتصادية و الدينية و العرقية و بالتالي حرية الانسان محدود جدا ضمن الطبقة التي يحتلها و يكون له حقوق و التزامات واضحةو يعيش ضمن مجتمع امن بدون مفاجئات او تقلبات و بطريقة مرسومة ك مجتمع
...more
Mikael Lind
Yes, this is still a very important book even though it was written in 1942. It is mainly focused on the concept of freedom from the medieval times to the period before WWII. He points to weaknesses both in the (at the time) communist East and capitalist West, but (not surprisingly) his fiercest critique is that of the nazi ideology and the kind of man that Goebbels and Hitler wanted to create (a subordinated, disciplined creature, with a lack of critical thinking, etc.).
One thing in particular
...more
Rosa Ramôa
“Parece que a quantidade de destrutividade encontrada nos indivíduos é proporcional à quantidade em que a expansividade da vida é cerceada. Não estou me referindo às frustrações individuais deste ou daquele desejo instintivo, mas à frustração do todo da vida, ao bloqueio da espontaneidade do crescimento e da expressões das capacidades sensíveis, emocionais e intelectuais do homem. A vida tem um dinamismo interno por si mesma; a vida tende a crescer, a ser expressada, a ser vivida. Parece que se ...more
Shima
نظریهی فروم یکی از معتبرترین نظریهها در مورد عوامل ظهور فاشیسم است. در
این کتاب به بررسی سیر تفرد و دستیابی به آزادی از جنبه ی تاریخی، اجتماعی، روانی و نتایج آن میپردازد. در خلال آن مشخصا به شرایطی که سبب ظهور فاشیسم شد و زمینه را برای پذیرش آن مهیا کرد میپردازد. رها شدن از قدرتهای برونی انسان را به آزادی رساند، اما این آزادی را آزادی منفی (آزادی از چیزی) مینامد. انسان آزاد شده خود را تنها و ضعیف مییابد که باید در دنیا جهتیابی کند و از راه دیگری کسب ایمنی کند. گذشتن از فردیت، تسلیم و سپردن خود ب
...more
hissi
The fear of freedom

- Man was dominated by the rules of nature. Then man ruled it.. as a society.. and with societies rising.. the individual was oppressed. Under the unjust.. He as an individual empowered the group.. after the religion ruled.. it was perished. And man as a unit.. ruled over all..


So the man as a person.. Foolishly gave in for the society.. because he needed the society. For food, for protection and a lot of things he alone cannot master or fathom all at once.. for the fear that i
...more
Megan
A great look at both the economic, political, and social conditions under which freedom flourishes as well as the psychological mechanisms that impede or encourage individuals to either gain and use or to abandon their own autonomy. While he doesn't use this language, I think that he describes well what others refer to as "colonization of the mind."

The solutions offered at the very end of the book for what a society would look like that fully embraced freedom (Fromm suggests a state-based planne
...more
محمد الهاشمي
ستعجب أن هذا الكتاب ارتكز في حججه وتحليلاته على دراسة الاستبداد والخضوع عند الشعوب الأوروبية، والتمس الأمثلة عن النظام النازي في ألمانيا للاستدلال على أن التسلط ليس وحده كافيا للاستبداد بقدر حاجته لمن يتلذذ بالخضوع ويستأنس به.

ليت فروم كان حيا اليوم لأنني متأكد أنه سيرى فينا مثالا أكثر تطرفا لكل ما رآه في تلك الأمثلة. كتاب يمكنك أن تقرأه اليوم بعد أكثر من ستين سنة وتشعر أنه كتب للتو! قرأته سريعا وسأعود إليه مرة أخرى. لغته متوسطة الصعوبة وفيه استشهادات مهمة علميا وفلسفيا خصوصا فيما يتعلق بعلمي الس
...more
Murray Brown
Erich Fromm offers profound insights into the social character -- a synopsis of the mind of a typical person in society -- and how it has evolved historically, showing that we are a product of the prevailing culture of our times. He places this analysis in the context of the socioeconomic, cultural and spiritual factors influencing society at the time of the Reformation and then contrasts that period with the rise of Fascism in Europe (not long before he wrote the book in 1942). He examines Freu ...more
Katsumi
Escape From Freedom by Eric Fromm is an oldie but a goodie classic philosophical book about modern man freeing himself from the bonds of society--any society. Man, in breaking away from his social structure, encounters isolation, and he is confronted with a decision to either escape from the burden of his freedom into new dependencies and submission, or to advance to the full realization of positive freedom which is based on the uniqueness and individuality of man.

In Chapter 7, Fromm speaks of
...more
Carly
Jan 17, 2011 Carly rated it 5 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: People who like to think..
Here is a book that was recommended to me early in my grad school career, and for some reason I have put off reading it until now. (Studying for comps has pushed me to "get my reading on"...) I read this book in hopes of just reviewing some theory and getting Fromm's perspective. I did not expect to read it and be so engrossed (definitely didn't expect to read it in 2.5 days...).

Fromm puts it out there that as humans, our desire for individual freedom is one that at the same time makes us free,
...more
علی
Escape from Freedom, known as The Fear of Freedom
وصفی تحلیلی از انسان و رابطه اش با آزادی، در چرایی ظهور فاشیسم در جامعه ی آلمان. فروم شرایط موجود جامعه را به مثابه "تز"، و راهکارهای رهایی را چون "آنتی تز" می بیند، و معتقد است در این ساختار دیالکتیکی، جانشین یا "سنتز"، هنگامی شکل می گیرد که انسان به آگاهی بیشتری در "مراقبت از خود" برسد. او مدعی نیست این "سنتز" را می شناسد بلکه معتقد است که هر جامعه، مطابق ساز و کار خود، آن را می سازد (بداهه سازی می کند). فروم معقتد است جنگ برای آزادی، و دفاع از
...more
Erik Graff
Dec 12, 2013 Erik Graff rated it 3 of 5 stars
Recommends it for: Fromm fans
Recommended to Erik by: Erik Badger
Although I'd read quite a bit of Fromm already and had heard some of his radio lectures, I hadn't yet read his early Escape from Freedom (aka Fear of Freedom). Since it was one of the books on the core list of the "great books" college my youngest stepbrother was attending in Waukegan, Illinois and since I was hoping for a job there, I picked out the old copy on the bookshelf and read it quickly one afternoon at Panini Panini, a cafe on North Sheridan Road here in East Rogers Park, Chicago.

I was
...more
Npc Convergence
If humanity cannot live with the dangers and responsibilities inherent in freedom, it will probably turn to authoritarianism. This is the central idea of Escape from Freedom, a landmark work by one of the most distinguished thinkers of our time, and a book that is as timely now as when first published in 1941. Few books have thrown such light upon the forces that shape modern society or penetrated so deeply into the causes of authoritarian systems. If the rise of democracy set some people free, ...more
ياسمين خليفة
الكتاب يتحدث عن سبب لجوء الفرد او المجتمع إلى الحكم الاستبدادي كما حدث في ألمانيا التي لجأت للنازية وعن هروب الانسان من الحرية بسبب شعوره بالعجز عن الاختيار والوحدة وبسبب احساسه انه ترس في ألة وانه تابع للنظام الاقتصادي بدلا من ان يكون النظام هدفه خدمة الانسان
الكتاب ملىء بالمصطلحات الاكاديمية الصعبة ولكنه ايضا ملىء بالمعلومات المفيدة عن بعض الامراض النفسية مثل السادية والمازوكية وعن تطور الحرية في المجتمع الغربي وافكار المصلح الديني مارتن لوثر وكالفن وعن سبب خضوع الفرد للمجتمع وعدم قدرته على ال
...more
Gamal elneel
هل هناك دائرة محتمة تفضى من الحرية الى تبعية جديدة؟
هل التحرر من كل الروابط الاولية يجعل الفرد وحيدا ومنعزلا للدرجة انه لابد وان يهرب الى قيد جديد ؟
اهل الحرية ملازمة للعزلة والخوف ؟
هل من سبيل الى الوصول الى الحرية الايجابية ؟

اسئلة مهمة يطرحها المؤلف
باحثا عن اجابات اكثر عمقا فى سيكولوجية الفرد وسيكولوجية الجماهير
Behzad
همه ی کتاب که خیلی خوبه.
ولی اولش یه دفاع محشر از نظریه ی مارکس مبنی بر زیر بنا بودن عامل اقتصاد داره که بسیار قابل قبول، و دست کم قابل تأمله.
Dani Schechtel
Uno de los libros que me cambió la vida. Explica los factores psicológicos tanto del nacimiento del capitalismo como de su posterior crecimiento y hegemonía, y el nacimiento del nazismo. Explica cómo el ser humano teme a la libertad y, en lugar de luchar contra la desesperación, la soledad y la angustia siendo sí mismo espontáneamente, trabajando creativamente y amando sinceramente, expandiéndose en su vida emocional, intelectual y mental, el ser humano busca someterse y someter a diferentes ins ...more
د. حمدان
الخوف من الحرية إريك فروم

لطالما كان لي شغف في مفهوم الحرية.. وكم كنتُ أتوق لقراءة هذا الكتاب.. فمن بين كل من كتب في علم النفس أجد فروم أكثرهم سلاسة وتبسيطاً وإقناعاً في طرح أفكاره. كانت لي تجربة مثيرة معه في كتابه "فن الحب" وقد حاز على إعجابي الشديد حينها.. بل إنني استندتُ عليه –وغيره من الكتب- في كتابة روايتي الثانية.

صدر هذا الكتاب عام 1942 حين كانت النازية في أوج عظمتها.. فها هي ألمانيا النازية تحتل أوروبا.. وقد توغلت في الإتحاد السوفييتي وعلى ما يبدو أنها ستنجح في القضاء عليه أيضاً.. بينما ي
...more
Ammar

“ إن البحث عن الحرية ليست قوة ميتافزيقية لايمكن تفسيرها بالقانون الطبيعي، إنه النتيجة الضرورية لعملية الاصطباغ بالصبغة الفردية ونمو الحضارة. ولايمكن للأنظمة التسلطية أن تطيح بالظروف الأساسية التي تفضي إلى السعي إلى الحرية كما لايمكن أن تبيد السعي إلى الحرية الذي ينبعث في مثل هذه الظروف”.

بعض الكتب تمنحك شعوراً بالمتعة الآنية أثناء قراءتها، بعضها يوسع من أفقك ويضيف ألواناً أخرى لمحيطك، وبعضها الآخر، كهذا الكتاب، يرتفع بك لترى مالم تكن تراه، يمنحك جزءاً أكبر من الصورة مع عمق التفاصيل والكثير الكثير
...more
Adam
Fromm thoroughly analyzes the human relationship to freedom and the history of this relationship. He determines that, if we are allowed to interact with the world spontaneously (of our own free will) and fulfill our potentials, we will have gained true positive freedom. This is the end of human progress, in his mind: a sort of anarcho-syndicalist society based on technology. However, we have not reached this point in our development yet, and so various factors are colluding to induce destructive ...more
Solomon
[I've only read the book's last section "Freedom and Democracy" and so my comments are restricted to it.]

I agree with Fromm's basic observation: In modern democratic societies people are socially conditioned, in various ways, into becoming alienated from their true selves and, as a result, feel an often overwhelming, though largely subconscious, need to conform. Self-alienation and succumbing to the pressure to conform constitute a vicious downward spiral, with each feeding the other.

However, I
...more
Anna
This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here.
Dracu
Very good ideas about freedom, very good argumentation. But I don't agree with his solutions. His political system based on spontaneity and individual freedom is not possible. Not yet. When people will be able to create such political systems, politics will become obsolete. People will be able to respect others and organize themselves without any government. But of course nobody wants that and i think that we are going in the wrong way. Capitalism have failed and we can see that socialism, natio ...more
Merit Coba
I read the Tao of pooh several times and found it amusing and well written. Whether the ideas were actually practical didn't really matter. If you didn't read it for that, you read it because it was funny.
Escape from Freedom, a seminal work I am given to understand, is neither amusing nor well written. It meanders on, injecting ideas almost midsentence, without wrapping anything up. It postulates ideas such as that the human psyche in the middelages is very different from that from the renaissan
...more
Gordon Hilgers
Writing at the beginning of World War II, social psychologist Erich Fromm examines the essential meanings of freedom from a variety of stances. This is sort of a genealogy of the progression of the individual from the Middle Ages forward to the present day where humans, in escaping from the insecurity of being totally free, tend to choose one of two routes: immersion into and submission to a higher authority, or becoming an automaton that has no real thoughts and feelings but only those programm ...more
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Goodreads Librari...: Date error 2 15 Dec 18, 2013 02:04PM  
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8788
Erich Fromm was a German-born U.S. psychoanalyst and social philosopher who explored the interaction between psychology and society. His works include The Art of Loving; Love, Sexuality, and Matriarchy; and Man for Himself. He died in 1980.

Fromm's theory is a rather unique blend of Freud and Marx. Freud, of course, emphasized the unconscious, biological drives, repression, and so on. In other word
...more
More about Erich Fromm...
The Art of Loving To Have or to Be? The Nature of the Psyche The Anatomy of Human Destructiveness The Art of Being Man for Himself: An Inquiry into the Psychology of Ethics

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“The more the drive toward life is thwarted, the stronger is the drive toward destruction; the more life is realized, the less is the strength of destructiveness. Destructiveness is the outcome of unlived life.” 50 likes
“We forget that, although freedom of speech constitutes an important victory in the battle against old restraints, modern man is in a position where much of what "he" thinks and says are the things that everybody else thinks and says; that he has not acquired the ability to think originally - that is, for himself - which alone gives meaning to his claim that nobody can interfere with the expression of his thoughts.” 24 likes
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