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Kekerasan dan Ilusi tentang Identitas

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3.83  ·  Rating Details  ·  1,010 Ratings  ·  117 Reviews
Indonesian edition of Identity and Violence: The Illusion of Destiny.

Amartya Sen adalah ekonom yang tak biasa. Bidang filsafat dan kebudayaan yang digelutinya banyak mempengaruhi teori-teori monumentalnya yang telah mengubah berbagai kebijakan pembangunan di negara berkembang.

Berangkat dari pengalaman masa kecilnya, Sen menggali konsep yang banyak disalahpahami tentang ide
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Softcover, 238 pages
Published 2007 by Marjin Kiri (first published 2006)
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(showing 1-30 of 2,801)
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أحمد أبازيد Ahmad Abazed
يتلخّص كتاب أمارتيا صن في أنّه يريد القول أن لا هويّة واحدة للإنسان , وإنّ كلّ إنسان يدخل في دوائر متعدّدة من الانتماءات و الهويّات و الجماعات , لا يمكن اختزالها بهويّته الدينية أو العرقيّة وحدها , و أنّ الهويّة اختيار لا اكتشاف .
إضافةً للتعليق على حوادث دالّة على التعصّب فيما يتعلّق بالعنصرية ضد السود أو الحرب الأهلية في راوندا أو النزاعات بين الهندوس و المسلمين في الهند , أو الأصوليّة الإسلاميّة كما يراها , مع التعريض ببعض حوادث العنصريّة الغربيّة ضدّ المسلمين , و يرى أمارتيا صن إنّه من الخطأ
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عاطف عثمان
(1

للنظريات حياة خاصة


من الغريب حقا أن تستمر الأفكار والتصورات عن العرق والجنس والطبقة بالرغم من منافاة الواقع والظواهر لتلك التصورات والتحيزات. يذهب أمارتيا صن صاحب كتاب الهوية والعنف إلي أن "النظريات لها حياة خاصة بها، شديدة التحدي لعالم الظواهر التي يمكن رصدها واقعيا" ويري أن المشكلة ليست في ظهور هذه التعميمات المبسطة وتأثيرها علي تفكيرنا ونظرتنا للآخرين، بل في أنها تتحول إلي نظريات كبري في التفسير.

فإذا كانت المرأة قد عاشت حينا من الدهر وهي قليلة الخبرة وغير متعلمة وغير مثقفة وغير قادرة علي الف
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أميــــرة
Aug 13, 2015 أميــــرة rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Recommended to أميــــرة by: عاطف عثمان
دخل هذا الكتاب ضمن قائمة أهم عشرة كتب قرأتها حتى الآن. إنه متعة فكرية خالصة، ويتعرض لمسألة عالمية هي الهويات الفردية وكيف يمكن استغلالها لتزكية العنف. الفصل الأخير بعنوان (حرية التفكير) كان أكثر الفصول إنسانية وواقعية ومناسب جدًا لما تشهده مصر وقت كتابة هذه المراجعة.

أمارتيا صن فيسلوف ويعشق الاقتصاد، لكن ما أشعل تلك القدرة الذهنية لديه على تحليل الأمور وربطها ببعضها البعض هو تلك الهزة النفسية العنيفة التي تعرض لها وهو في الحادية عشرة من عمره عندما رأي القتل بعينيه في الشغب الطائفي الذي حدث بالهند
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Ryan
Nov 12, 2007 Ryan rated it it was ok  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: those totally unfamiliar with any critique of the "clash of civilizations" thesis
The points that Sen makes in this book are valid and I agree with his basic thesis that people inhabit many different identities and to box people into identities solely based on religious ones fails to acknowledge the many different ways in which people see themselves. This type of thinking contributes to the widespread "us vs. them" mentality that leads to greater violence and less understanding between people. Sen's corrective to the widely prevalent "clash of civilizations" thesis is greatly ...more
Dan
Mar 17, 2011 Dan rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Amartya Sen really gets it. He has the language and the argument for thoughts I've had jangling in my head for years. I'd encourage this for anyone who has ever doubted monolithic identities, or has disliked being labeled, or worried over just what multiculturalism means.

I would try to summarize the book, but I think you should just read it.
Divyanshu Jha
Strongly recommended. A book that asks you to reason with it.Discusses real world issues of multiculturalism, sectarianism, Islamic fundamentalism and globalization with a lucidity of expression that befits the writer. Sen's benevolent world view and optimism shines through regularly in his analysis.
At some point of time, I could even map the issues the book raised to Hall 3 Hall 2 rivalry. :)
In short, more easily written than Sen's other more arduous works and a pleasure to read and think over
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Esra'a
Oct 11, 2014 Esra'a rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
Q: What causes violence?
A: Ignoring the relevance of all other affiliations and identities.

I have just saved you a 200 page read of going over this idea repeatedly.

Joe
Nov 30, 2009 Joe rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Sometimes it’s nice to read a book with which you wholeheartedly agree. Amartya Sen provides a very eloquent defence of recognising that humans have multiple identities and points out the sometimes dreadful results of only assigning one.

Sen seems to have an extremely good grasp of human psychology; a particularly rare attribute for an economist. He comes across as an eminently sensible and humane observer and is eloquent in his critique of both overt sectarianism, but also well meaning yet deepl
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Bookish Dervish
ثلاثة أفكار أساسية يدندن بها و عليعا الكتاب و هي من الأمية بحيث تستحق المناقشة المستفيضة:
- تُحدد هويةُ المرء بعناصر مختلفة و متداخلة كاللغة و الدين و اللون و المواطنة...... فإني مثلا عربي مسلم شمال أفريقي مغربي...... لا تتعارض هذه العناصر في حالة هويات سوية و في حالة التعارض, يوضع المرء في موقف الإختيار وهذا ما يأخدنا إلى الفكرة الثانية.
- هناك مجال واسع لاختيار المرء هويته.....
- قد لا تقابل هذه الإختيارات بتقبل أفراد آخرين.
إننا لسنا مسجونينفي مواقعنا و انتماءاتنا المتلقاة بقدر ما يبدو في افتر
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Vincent Li
Nov 30, 2015 Vincent Li rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
This book along with Appiah's Cosmopolitanism heavily shaped my opinions regarding identity. Sen's argument basically rests on two pillars. 1) Human beings do not have a singular identity but overlapping, contrasting and plural identities. 2) Identity is not discovered, immutable natural fact, but the choice of people. To the first point, Sen points to the conceptional errors of categorizing people in one box (he has a lot to say about Huntington's Clash of the Civilizations). He argues that the ...more
John David
Mar 22, 2014 John David rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: politics
This book is interested in the question of human identity, its inherent multiplicity, and the choices that we make in regard to aligning ourselves with certain identities over others. We all have multiple identities, which Sen repeatedly points out. For example, he says of himself that "I can be, at the same time, an Asian, an Indian citizen, a Bengali with Bangladeshi ancestry, an American or British resident, an economist, a dabbler in philosophy, an author, a Sanskritist, a strong believer in ...more
nanto
Membaca awalan dari buku ini cukup menarik. Sen mengajak kita memasuki diskusi seputar identitas yang di paruh akhir abad 20 kembali menjadi hangat.

Identitas sebagai bagian inheren dari manusia dibawa dalam diskusi Sen menjadi sesuatu yang tidak semata teknis, tapi juga personal. Ceritanya berawal saat ia ditanya petugas bandara berkaitan dengan alamat yang tercantum dalam paspornya. "Anda bersahabat dengan Rektor Trinity College?" Pertanyaan itu merupakan sebuah awal yang personal ketika selanj
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Andrew
May 04, 2009 Andrew rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
Amartya Sen makes one central, relatively novel argument that individuals have multiple components to their identities and problems arise when people are reduced to singular adjectives (whether Muslim, Hindu, Sunni, Shia, etc). Sen argues that periods of genocide are precipitated by pidgeonholing people into singular identities (ie. the relatively arbitrary distinction between Hutu and Tutsi in Rwanda). Sen also described Britain and India as two countries that have met the task of assimilating ...more
Mohammed AL-Khd
يركز أماريتا في هذا الكتاب على أن الصراع في عالمنا الحالي يدعمه و هم الهوية الممنفردة الذي يحكم تصنيفاتنا للبشر الآخرين بعيداً عن هوياتهم الأُخرى التي يجب ألا نتغافلها ، و يناقش و يحاول صن إ، يدعنا نجد فهم واع باالحرية الإنسانية و تأثير الصوت العام البناء في المجتمع المادي العالمي ..

و ويوضح لنا أن العالم يمكن أن يتحرك تجاه السلام بنفس القوة و الثبات اللذين تحرك بهما نحو العنف و الحرب ..


على العموم يمكن أن يعجب المهتمين بالكتاب الإنسانيين و دعاة المثالية فقد وجدت أن للكتاب نظرة طوباوية مفرطة صعبة
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Neven MuhaIsen
Nov 21, 2015 Neven MuhaIsen rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
وهم الهوية الفردية صارم اختزل الكائنات البشرية متعددة الأبعاد والمفاهيم الى مخلقوات ذات بعد واحد.
Khalil James
Dec 27, 2014 Khalil James rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Though a bit repetitive for my liking this publication provides several important discussions regarding "resisting the miniturization of human beings", some of which include:

1. the neglected role of reasoning and choice in Identity, in particular the "substantial freedom regarding what priority to give the various identities we may simultaneously have" - a heterogeneity undermined by cultural determinists and sectarian inciters alike, with grave consequences.

2. the importance of cultural liberty
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E7san
Nov 15, 2012 E7san rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: half-read
الكتاب مملّ .. مملّ جدًا، يستمرّ مارتيا سن بتكرار نفس الفكرة في كلّ صفحة ! وكنتُ سأعتقد أنّ التّرجمة وحدها هي السّبب لولا أنّ تقييمات النّسخة الانجليزية الأصلية انتقدت نفس النّقطة !

عمومًا، أتممتُ قراءة صفحة تقريبًا منه كي لا يستمرّ ضميري بتأنيبي في ما بعد، ثمّ تركته .

وبالنّسبة للترجمة، فأعتقد بأنّني لو قرأتُ النسخة الانجليزية لكان الفهم أسهل علي ! تركيب الجمل المتَرجمة معقّد وبائس جدًا !
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Jeffcolli
Sep 08, 2009 Jeffcolli rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Although Samuel Huntington puts forth an interesting social theory in his book "The Clash of Civilizations", this book pretty effectively points out how ridiculous it is. Sen explores the multiple identities we all have and examines the validity of using a single shared identity to group huge numbers of people into civilizations.
Julie
The concept of identity is something I've been ruminating on a great deal lately, especially since I'm living in a different country and culture where I'm so obviously different from everyone else. Togo is also a country cut with complicated religious, ethnic, and other cultural fault lines. Although it's hard to have internet access, I've also been trying to keep up with the latest on Identity Politics in the U.S. All this is to say, identity is a powerful and messy thing. Per usual, I apprecia ...more
Thủy Phan
It is indeed a useful and informative book discussing Sen’s view on human identities. In his respect opposing Huntington’s view in “Clash of Civilizations”, human identities should not and cannot be boxed based solely on civilization as a basic factor because this only leads to less understanding between people, causes more violence and resistance around the world. Rather than that, one should take many other factors into account, for instance, education, choice and history in order to find the ...more
Vitalie Sprinceana
O carte excelenta despre identitate si presupusul determinism continut in ea. Amartya Sen argumenteaza ca identitatile fiecaruia sunt multiple si depinde de context - in unele contexte identitatea de vegetarian e mai importanta decat cea de femeia sau ziarist, de exemplu. Asa incat reducerea identitatilor la un criteriu unic - civilizatie, cultura, clasa, religie e un act fals si incorect.
Un alt factor care ne ajuta sa dezvrajim inevitabilitatea afilierilor identitare este alegerea - faptul ca,
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Paul
Sen did a fairly good job arguing that one's identity has multiple sources and that one can prioritize his or her affiliations as chosen or desired. I thought it had a strongly individualist ethic while giving heed to the communitarian ethic and argument of "discovering oneself." Sen, nevertheless and to his credit, argues adroitly against the idea that one is necessarily defined by one's community, religion or racial/ethnic group as he argues for the idea that people have multiple affiliations ...more
Kavish
Jan 20, 2016 Kavish rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: owned, academic
Amartya Sen is known for long-winded explanations of simple things, and in this book (unlike others), he has gone a step further, and provided complicated explanations for things that don't deserve that approach. Though you could argue that talking about intolerance requires a reserved audience, I'd say that the underlying theme of the book, which is nailed down repetitively, is not provocative at all. The book bears one theme - that identity in traditional societies is focused on one major bell ...more
nick
Apr 02, 2016 nick rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: non-fiction
"Classification is cheap but identity is not"

This author was long overdue for me to read unfortunately I took the wrong book.

Not that I did not like the book or found it badly written or structured (even if at times I felt like the author was carried away by related subjects and the focus on identity and violence was a bit lost at times). My problem was that I did not really learn anything new. I have read and thought about the multiple identity theory in opposition to the singular identity theo
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Ilya
Dec 25, 2010 Ilya rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Samuel Huntington and many armchair geopoliticians want to divide up humanity into distinct civilizations; in particular, they want to call India a Hindu civilization. Hold on! says Nobel Prize-winning economist Amartya Sen. India has more Muslims than any other country except Indonesia and Pakistan; the richest Indian, software entrepreneur Azim Premji, is a Muslim, and so is Shahrukh Khan, star of the film "Asoka" about the great Maurya Emperor who converted to Buddhism. India also has had Sik ...more
Kyaw Win Tun
Nov 06, 2012 Kyaw Win Tun rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Sen suggested choosing one's identities in multiple terms, not in a single term. He points out the effect of perceiving a people, a person, a region or a civilization in the framework of only one identity which is their religion. He argues that even in that particular framework, policy makers see a certain kind of religion in a very rigid box ignoring various interpretations and choices of individuals. He attacks Huntington's concept of "Clash of Civilizations" and denies the communitarian's vie ...more
Paul
Mar 28, 2013 Paul rated it liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: non-fiction, politics
This book lives up to half of its title - there's a lot on identity, very little on violence. It seems to be more concerned with ethnic conflict in the abstract, which isn't the end of the world but a little misleading if, like me, you're reading it for an essay on the ethnic roots of aggression.

I'll give it a solid but unexceptional three stars, because I must admit it's a decent and readable introduction to the constructivist/modernist approach to identity. Still, it doesn't add much to the de
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Gordan
Dec 27, 2009 Gordan rated it did not like it  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: Nobody
Shelves: junk
First of all it has to be mentioned that I’m by far no racist or anything comparable. The reason for reading this book was certainly the curiosity in someone’s opinion on the topic of discrimination from the "other side". By saying this I don't claim to be in a group which has different attributes to identify with in a racist manner but maybe some others think that this is my way of thinking.
Anyway, the author of the book tries to point out what the term identity means to people from minorities
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Dan Yost
Oct 26, 2007 Dan Yost rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: everyone
This book presents an issue that is growing in importance. In particular, Amartya Sen argues that a growing tendency to view individuals (and ourselves) as belonging to separate groups defined by only one particular characteristic (in the vein of Samuel Huntington's 'Clash of Civilizations) is both unrealistic and dangerous. Specifically, he cites the growing tendency in American foreign policy and by Islamic extremists to define the other as singularly "Muslim" or "Western." When policy decisio ...more
I-in
Jul 16, 2007 I-in rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
an interesting paragraph at the prologue.

“Some years ago when I was returning to England from a short trip abroad (I was then Master of Trinity College in Cambridge), the immigration officer at Heathrow, who scrutinized my Indian passport rather thoroughly, posed a philosophical question of some intricacy. Looking at my home address on the immigration form (Master's Lodge, Trinity College, Cambridge), he asked me whether the Master, whose hospitality I evidently enjoyed, was a close friend of mi
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82531
Amartya Kumar Sen is an Indian economist who was awarded the 1998 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences for his contributions to welfare economics and social choice theory, and for his interest in the problems of society’s poorest members.

Sen was best known for his work on the causes of famine, which led to the development of practical solutions for preventing or limiting the effects of real or perceiv
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“إن التحريض على العنف يحدث بفضل هويات مفردة انعزالية وعدوانية، يناصرها ويؤيدها محترفون بارعون للإرهاب، على أناس بسطاء وساذجين” 4 likes
“Nilai Kemanusiaan kita ditantang secara kasar manakala keragaman di antara kita dipampatkan secara semena-mena ke dalam satu sistem kategorisasi tunggal yang semena-mena” 2 likes
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