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La Morale anarchiste

3.97  ·  Rating Details ·  294 Ratings  ·  19 Reviews
Après Stirner, Proudhon et Bakounine, Pierre Kropotkine poursuit le grand rêve libertaire : ce prince russe devenu géographe de renom se fait le généalogiste d'une morale anarchiste qui dénonce les fausses morales imposées depuis des lustres par " le prêtre, le juge, le gouvernant ". Avec La Morale anarchiste (1889), livre virulent et raisonné, il montre que seul l'instinc ...more
Paperback, 96 pages
Published June 25th 2004 by Fayard (first published 1889)
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Sean Wilson
Apr 14, 2015 Sean Wilson rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
In this pamphlet-essay, Kropotkin lays out the basic fundamentals of anarchist philosophy. It's a small book, but you come away with a lot to think about. Equality is at its core, as is mutual aid. He asks why any kind of morality should be obligatory, as every deliberate, conscious action by every human being is done purely for his or her own pleasure, nothing more.

"To seek pleasure, to avoid pain, is the general line of action (some would say law) of the organic world."

Kropotkin shuns relig
...more
Cristina
Dec 06, 2015 Cristina rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: soñadores perpetuos
Shelves: rusa, ensayo

"Sin equidad, no hay justicia, y sin justicia no hay moral" Piotr Kropotkin.

“El mundo cruel y despiadado del neoliberalismo o de la globalización, que es preferible llamar capitalismo a secas porque se asienta en las mismas bases de saqueo y masacre desde 1492, ostenta la moral para justificar guerras y asesinatos que le reportan una mayor ganancia inmediata. E ignora la ética cuando le conviene, o sea casi siempre.” Prólogo de Frank Mintz.

No resumiré las principales ideas expuestas por Piotr K
...more
Önder Kosbatar
Apr 10, 2013 Önder Kosbatar rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Ahlak temelini doğadan mı alır? Yoksa bir vahiy ile inmiştir? Din veya devlet, insanların “ahlaklı” olmasında bir işleve sahip olmuş mudur?
Kropotkin’in son eseri olan ve tamamlayamadan hayatını kaybettiği Etik öncelikle bu sorulara odaklanmıştır. Antik Yunan’dan itibaren ahlak, toplumsallık, adalet ilişkilerinin nasıl bir süreç izlediğini, Ortaçağ Avrupası’nda bunun nasıl bir hal aldığını ve Rönesans sonrasında ve özellikle Endüstri Devrimi ile birlikte ahlaka bakış açısının kazandığı seküler p
...more
by Ax
Aug 28, 2014 by Ax rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Interessante

Un accostarsi all'uomo attraverso il concetto filosofico di Libertà veicolato dalle conoscenze scientifiche dell'autore.
Affascinante nell'esposizione, mai estremo, Kropotkin offre la sua visione anarchica — visione che per ignoranza indispone molti, che arrivano a storpiarne il significato da 'senza governo' a 'caos'— con un approccio di ampio respiro.

Antirazzismo
Antimilitarismo
Antisessismo
Antispecismo
Yann
Jul 22, 2011 Yann rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Quelle homme ce Kropotkine!
Lionel
Aug 30, 2012 Lionel rated it really liked it
Très (trop ?) court essai de Kropotkin, mais qui se lit bien, pas de complications mais quelques très bonnes idées sur la morale et sa construction hors d'un contrat social
Tammam Aloudat
Kropotkin thinks of morality in much simpler terms than previous or contemporary philosophers. He doesn't even write a long enough volume on it. It is simple as far as he thinks that much of the existing thought on morality can be negated. All that that comes, as he puts it, from the priest, law giver, and government which he dismisses as all unnecessary for good or for moral life. He also talks dismissively of the "laws" of morality as proposed by Kant and thinks little of his categorical imper ...more
Alexandru Jr.
Apr 19, 2012 Alexandru Jr. rated it it was amazing
superb.
in primul rand, tare viguros / viu scris.
kropotkin porneste de la niste premise naturaliste / evolutioniste. pentru el, sursa moralei este evolutia speciilor, nu vreuna supranaturala.
si morala nu trebuie sa impuna nimic - sa functioneze ca un set de porunci sau sa incerce sa modifice omul in baza vreunui ideal - dar sa-l faca constient de ce este el si, eventual, sa formuleze unele recomandari pe baza observatiilor referitoare la functionarea lui buna.
kropotkin examineaza cateva niveluri.
...more
Christopher Hill
Kropotkin's conception of morality has both certain strengths as well as certain weaknesses. The main strength is that it is materialist, and that it also has a certain amount of class content which in some cases echoes that of Marxist conceptions of morality. The weakness however, is that his materialism is vulgar materialism. Drawing on the ideas he developed in "Mutual Aid" he postulated that morality is something which evolved from mutual aid behaviors in animals. The problem with this, is t ...more
Michael
Sep 03, 2016 Michael rated it liked it
Un livre concis, pleins d'opinions et d'affirmations discutables, remettant en question la morale "institutionnelle" afin de promouvoir une morale plus personnelle, et dont l'évolution se ferait de façon naturelle, comme il en est avec le génome.

Les justifications employées peuvent laisser perplexe, tout particulièrement lorsque Kropotkine s'attaque à la religion, et parfois au principe du code légal. Toutefois, l'idéal moral décrit est parfaitement raisonnable. Sa lecture seule peut être une bo
...more
Fábio Capinha
Sep 28, 2015 Fábio Capinha rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Excelente introdução ao anarquismo, reparei aqui que os ideías apresentados se baseiam na forma mais primária de liberdade "Trata os outros da forma que querias que te tratassem a ti", ou como quem diz: "a minha liberdade acaba quando a de outro começa".
O anarquista porém é alguém com sentido de justiça à flor da pele, que se indigna com a injustiça e com o caudilho "nao queremos para nós o poder absoluto", citando alguns filósofos compreende-se que a vontade primária de um libertário, é de dar
...more
Caner Aydın
Mar 27, 2016 Caner Aydın rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
"Thus by an unprejudiced observation of the animal kingdom, we reach the conclusion that wherever society exists at all, this principle may be found: Treat others as you would like them to treat you under similar circumstances."
Edward Rathke
May 22, 2013 Edward Rathke rated it it was amazing  ·  review of another edition
Simple and direct and always correct. I typically hate everyone philosopher's views on ethics/morality, but I find Kropotkin's simplicity just brilliant.
Canard Frère
Réflexions sur une morale qui dépasserait les notions de rédemption et de punition des concepts religieux traditionnels, pour leur préférer l'entraide et l'empathie.
Johannes De silentio
Feb 19, 2015 Johannes De silentio rated it it was amazing
very very necessary to a growth of conscience,actitude and movement roots.
Thomé Freyre
Fundamental.
Piet Michael
Jun 26, 2013 Piet Michael rated it really liked it
Shelves: russian, philosophy
"The Morality of Anarchism" is probably a good introduction into the philosophy of anarchism after all for anyone who hasn't had a clue of it before.
Benjamin
May 27, 2014 Benjamin rated it really liked it  ·  review of another edition
Shelves: philosophy, course
A huge amount of stuff he says is contestable, but a pretty interesting read.
Aleja Duarte
Aleja Duarte rated it it was amazing
Mar 10, 2013
Burak Oğuz
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Jun 28, 2014
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Feb 16, 2014
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Jan 13, 2011
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Pyotr Alexeyevich Kropotkin (Пётр Алексеевич Кропоткин) was a geographer, a zoologist, and one of Russia's foremost anarchists. One of the first advocates of anarchist communism, Kropotkin advocated a communist society free from central government. Because of his title of prince, he was known by some as "the Anarchist Prince". Some contemporaries saw him as leading a near perfect life, including O ...more
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“Be strong. Overflow with emotional and intellectual energy, and you will spread your intelligence, your love, your energy of action broadcast among others! This is what all moral teaching comes to.” 13 likes
“The principle of equality sums up the teachings of moralists. But it also contains something more. This something more is respect for the individual. By proclaiming our morality of equality, or anarchism, we refuse to assume a right which moralists have always taken upon themselves to claim, that of mutilating the individual in the name of some ideal. We do not recognize this right at all, for ourselves or anyone else. We recognize the full and complete liberty of the individual; we desire for him plentitude of existence, the free development of all his faculties. We wish to impose nothing upon him; thus returning to the principle which Fourier placed in opposition to religious morality when he said: "Leave men absolutely free. Do not mutilate them as religions have done enough and to spare. Do not fear even their passions. In a free society these are not dangerous.” 9 likes
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