Der Luzifer-Effekt. Die Macht der Umstände und die Psychologie des Bösen
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Der Luzifer-Effekt. Die Macht der Umstände und die Psychologie des Bösen

3.92 of 5 stars 3.92  ·  rating details  ·  6,751 ratings  ·  423 reviews
Was bringt gute Menschen dazu, B ses zu tun? Wie k nnen normale Menschen dazu verleitet werden, unmoralisch zu handeln? Wo liegt die Grenze zwischen Gut und B se, und wer l uft Gefahr, sie zu berschreiten? Der renommierte Sozialpsychologe Philip Zimbardo erl utert in seinem neuen Buch Der Luzifer-Effekt, wie wir alle f r die Verlockungen "der finsteren Seite" anf llig sind...more
Hardcover, 532 pages
Published July 30th 2008 by Spektrum Akademischer Verlag (first published 2007)
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Rebecca
Philip Zimbardo’s The Lucifer Effect is a difficult read, not because its premise is particularly startling, but because its examination of the psychology of evil shows it to be disturbingly simple. By placing each act of breathtaking cruelty beside a description of its perpetrator--invariably an ordinary, psychologically normal person--Zimbardo makes clear that we are just animals socialized into one behavior, and easily socialized into another. And though he never outright asks it, every page...more
David
Well, I need to state my prejudices upfront. I'm kind of a secret fan of Doctor Zimbardo. See, I guess at some point he put together some kind of massive 26-episode series of half-hour lectures on how the mind works for public TV. They would come on at some ungodly hour of the morning so that I used to catch them while scarfing down my nutritious Lucky Charms and locally squozen OJ before leaving for work. Doctor Z would introduce each episode with a kind of geekish seriousness of purpose that o...more
Amanda
I, after a couple of weeks, have finally finished “The Lucifer Effect.” I normally don’t dog ear books because, well, that’s almost sacrilegious, but there were points that I knew I wanted to come back to. Like this one which really came out there unexpectedly, and had me laughing so hard.

After asking what his parents do, his religious background, and whether he goes to church regularly, Prescott is angered by the prisoner’s statement this his religion is “nondenominational. He retorts, “You ha...more
Katie Abbott Harris
I was excited to read this, since I have a psychology background and had heard that it was a good look at the Stanford Prison Experiment, which I studied in college. I wasn't too impressed with this book though. It is at least 100 pages too long and bogged down by excessive detail, making it read like a numbing textbook. The breakdown is as follows: 200 pages on Zimbardo's Prison Experiment, 100 pages of analysis of the experiment, 75 pages on Abu Ghraib, 75 pages about the Bush administration's...more
Eden Prosper
Philip Zimbardo’s The Lucifer Effect: Understanding How Good People Turn Evil was a stimulating read. A lot of psychology books tend to be a bit dry or scientifically wordy, becoming tedious and stodgy. It’s refreshing to be able to retain knowledge that can later be reflected on.

The Lucifer Effect delves into the psychology of roles we assume when forced into power struggles. It’s a facet of research that reveals the power of social situations and the social construction of reality.

Starting of...more
George Hu
Dec 16, 2007 George Hu rated it 2 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: ehh, not sure
Well, interesting title and interesting subject, but I highly doubt his hypothesis. This book was borne out of Philip Zimbardo's work with a U.S. army soldier, who was one of the prison guards at Abu Ghraib in Iraq. Zimbardo is also the one who ran the infamous Stanford Prison Experiment in the 1970s. Basically, his premise in this book is that circumstances shape the individual, and our actions can be molded by the circumstances that we are in. E.g., it was the duress and egregious circumstance...more
K
Be forewarned -- this is not a relaxing book on any level.

Having said that, it's pretty fantastic. How good people turn evil is a huge question, more ambitious than most authors would undertake and probably a set-up for disappointment as who can possibly answer that? And I admit, Zimbardo's answers are incomplete but still pretty impressive.

According to Zimbardo, when we try to explain good people committing evil deeds we tend to rely on what's called dispositional explanations -- it's about THE...more
John
Zimbardo argues that human behavior is highly plastic and that evil behavior comes from situational rather than dispositional factors (outer vs inner determinants). He talks a lot about what happened and why in his fascinating and revealing Stanford Prison Experiment. The rest is about the what and why of US military personnel torturing people at the Abu Ghraib prison and sketches of numerous other experiments supporting his thesis. He argues that the experiments and evaluations of what happened...more
Rachael
Nov 21, 2008 Rachael rated it 5 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: those interested in psychology, and the effects of a situation on human behavior
If you've ever wondered how people get to "that" point when they can do something you consider heinous or evil, this is an interesting read. This book discusses the Stanford Prison Experiment and how the impact of a situation can have a greater impact on human behavior than we as an American society recognize. Although everyone has individual choice, we habitually underestimate the impact of the situation on the individual in both positive and negative cases. It is a fascinating and intriguing t...more
Sitaphul
um, so i decided to stop reading this book because it's not suprising to me (in the LEAST!) that a bunch of college educated, middle-class white kids would act all brutish and prison-guardesque if they didn't have to be responsibile for any of their actions, and stuff. hello, blackwater? hello, um, the u.s. army? hello, fox news network? screw situational ethics when white boys have the whole world as their prison den!

also, i stopped reading this book because zimbardo (google his picture! eerie...more
Letitia
It is extremely difficult to rate this book because I have a thousand thoughts about it. So I am rating it a 4-star because I DO want people to read it. However if I were ranking Zimbardo as an author alone, I would give it 2 stars.

Despite Zimbardo's abysmal efforts as a writer, this is a fascinating book, which examines many known and unknown studies on "evil." To read this, I recommend skimming the whole section where Z describes the Stanford Prison Experiment. Maybe watch the videos online, i...more
Aaron Schmidt
I read this book at the exact right time in my life, at the end of college and before grad school. Just as I was thinking about what it would mean to be an educator, this book pushed me right over the edge. It's such a fascinating read, and really makes you contemplate things you'd probably rather ignore, like humanity's capacity for, well, humanity in the face of stress, strife, and life in general.

I think it's a little self-referential and a bit self-congratulatory, which means the analysis co...more
Lisa
The dust jacket and introduction of this book claim that the author will investigate such horrors as the Holocaust, the Jonestown massacre, the Rwandan genocide, and Abu Gharib prison abuses. However, more than half the book is a play by play of Zimbardo's Stanford Prison Experiment. The other topics are briefly touched upon, but with nowhere near the depth that he scrutinizes his own experiment. It becomes incredibly tiring to have one experiment cited over and over as proof for why people do b...more
Colin N.
I picked up "The Lucifer Effect" because Zimbardo, the author, was the creator of the Stanford Prison Experiment in the 1970s, which I had studied in Psych in college and thought was really interesting. Zimbardo expands on the lessons learned from that experiment to present an extensive analysis of what forces cause good people to act in evil ways. His basic thesis is that people often focus on disposition in assigning blame for evil acts, thinking that a person must be inherently evil or good....more
Maria Caggiano
Jul 01, 2007 Maria Caggiano rated it 2 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: Those who anticipate staying in the military or other large organization
Shelves: othernon-fiction
First the Pro's: This book was written by the principle investigator of the "Stanford Prison Experiment" in the 1970's. This individual also was an expert witness at the trial of SFC Frederick, one of the MP's convicted for abusing prisoners at Abu Garhaib. It sheds light on how poor leadership and systemic dehumanization can lead normal people to commit acts of incredible cruelty. I think it is an important read for any of us who anticipate staying in the military long enough to be in a leaders...more
John Wiswell
This is one of those books that exposes ratings as preposterous. Any conscientious person ought to read segments of this book, particularly Zimbardo's early chapters on his infamous Stanley Prison Experiment. Performed decades ago, it exposed that the horrors of Abu Ghraib were not the implausible acts of monsters, but the likely results of unchecked prison power situations. Zimbardo hired students to roleplay for two weeks as either guards or prisoners in a mock facility. Within a week he had t...more
Andrew Smith
I happened across this while researching an article and devoured it thereafter. For such a weighty, research-based book, it's tremendously readable, well-written and entertaining and offers a very, very surprising and important view of what makes us tick as humans in society, along with suggestions for how to avoid the worst sides of our nature, encouraging the best. I know this is probably said too often, but everyone should read this book!
Kq
This book should be called "The Stanford Prison Experiment and Other Things Regarding How Good People Turn Evil". The first 200 or so pages are about The Stanford Prison Experiment (1971 study involving the psychological effects of prisoners and prison guards). If you took Psychology 101 or 102 in college you more than likely read about it. Anyway, once I reached page 113 I was really wishing for a new topic, but no, it kept going and going--repeating the same subject matter and psychological fi...more
Tori
I actually had to skip a chapter in this book, as it was a loner and there was no way to renew it and the fines were piling up, so I skipped chap. 15 "Putting the System on Trial" as it was not applicable to the point I read the book for (to gain a better understanding of villains for my writing). Overall, this is perhaps the most depressing book I've ever read. It challenged my beliefs about humanity, and made all too clear how base our country has been and has become. Reading it was like bathi...more
Nancy
I would give this book 5 stars for subject matter and 3 stars for execution. While this Stanford Prison Experiment is a fascinating subject, and it's great to get all the details lo these many decades later, the book offers diminishing returns after the first half or so. It picks up a bit when Zimbardo gets into the parallels with Abu Ghraib, but that section dwindles in value after a while as well. Still, the fact that the experiment so clearly shows the impact of environment on behavior and ho...more
Judyta Szaciłło
It could be an incredibly interesting book had the author been far more concise. The same information, observations and conclusions are repeated over and over again. Nevertheless, the subject of the book is fascinating and worth the effort, because it helps a lot in understanding how human beings work - as individuals and as societies. It also forces you to think more critically about yourself and, at the same time, it makes you aspire to do better. It is a great pity that the narrative is so di...more
Ken Dowell
Zimbardo, a Stanford University psychology professor, delves into the question of why seemingly normal people become abusive or worse. He is a social psychologist and as such hypothesizes that situational factors are in play here rather than dispositional ones. In other words the kind of evil that we find in Nazi Germany, in the genocide in Rwanda and in the Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq is not the result of individuals who are predisposed to abusive, cruel and immoral behavior but rather the result...more
Steven Peterson
This is an important book. It presents a perspective on the roots of human behavior, let's call it "the situational approach," against other orientations. As Philip Zimbardo notes, many of us commonly commit the "Fundamental Attribution Error," in which (page 212) "dispositions matter more than situations." That is, when others do something of which we disapprove, we tend to assume that some internal motivation led them to the bad deed, rather than that they may have simply been responding to a...more
Morgan Blackledge
This book represents Philip Zimbardos life's work. Over thirty years in the making. It's brilliant. its important. But be warned, this book is way too fuckin long! The book weighs in at a tubby 575 pages. I believe it could have been more effective at half the length. One thing you should know before reading this book is that an enormously large portion of it is an account of the authors infamous Stanford Prison Experiment (SPE). If you (like me) are tiered of hearing Zimbardo talk (on and on) a...more
Tom
This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here.
Noah W
"Am I capable of evil?" is the question that I want you to consider over and over again as we journey together..." ~ Zimbardo

This book explains how "normal" people can commit atrocities. He delves into both physical and academic examples of normal students and citizens that turn into brutally ruthless bullies.

The Holocaust, Abu Graib, and his infamous Stanford Prison Experiment are the main case studies that Zimbardo uses to drive his point home.

Some important lessons:
- People will inflict pain...more
Angie Andrewes
This book is Philip Zimbardo's first full account of the famous Stanford Prison Experiment he headed up back in 1971. The first half of the book deals with the experiment itself, and the second half is dedicated to Zimbardo's application of his experiment and lifelong work to the group of Abu Ghraib soldiers caught torturing their Iraqi prisoners of war some years back. This is a fascinating work, but requires dedication. It may be a little overlong and does read very much like a psychological r...more
Holmes
By detailing the whole story of the Stanford Prison Experiment, which is the masterpiece by Zimbardo himself, as well as compelling evidence from the Abu Ghraib prison, The Lucifer Effect convincingly argues that we constantly miss the real picture by accusing wrong-doers "bad apples". The truth is that we tend to over-attribute evil behaviours to dispositional traits and character flaws, when we should more closely examine situational influences and systemic factors. Instead of being "bad apple...more
Annie
Overall, I thought this was a really fascinating and in-depth book. I'd heard of the Stanford Prison Experiment before, and always been curious but didn't really know much beyond the pop culture references. Zimbardo's retelling of what went on in the experiment is really, really gripping reading, and he's able to go into an incredible level of detail about what happened.

I thought the sections on Abu Ghraib and the U.S. government were fascinating too - Zimbardo obviously doesn't have the same l...more
Glenn
May 27, 2008 Glenn rated it 4 of 5 stars  ·  review of another edition
Recommends it for: psych majors, psych novices, those involved in shaping human systems
The first half of this book is devoted to the Stanford Prison Experiment of 1971. Zimbardo recruits normal young men to be randomly assigned as guards or prisoners in the basement of Jordan Hall (a simulated prison, for the purpose) and intends the experiment to last two weeks. It is cancelled after 6 days because of a nervous breakdown and observed abuses.

The second half of the book is about prison abuses at Abu Ghraib. Zimbardo was an expert witness on behalf of one of the seven low-ranking "...more
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Dr. Philip George Zimbardo is an American psychologist and a professor emeritus at Stanford University. He is president of the Heroic Imagination Project. He is known for his Stanford prison study, and authorship of various introductory psychology books and textbooks for college students, including The Lucifer Effect and The Time Paradox.
More about Philip G. Zimbardo...
The Time Paradox: The New Psychology of Time That Will Change Your Life The Demise of Guys: Why Boys Are Struggling and What We Can Do About It Shyness: What It Is, What To Do About It Psychology: Core Concepts (6th Edition) The Psychology of Attitude Change and Social Influence (McGraw-Hill Series in Social Psychology)

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